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Toyama Prefecture
富山県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese富山県
 • RōmajiToyama-ken
Toyama-tateyama.png
Flag of Toyama Prefecture
Official logo of Toyama Prefecture
Anthem: Toyama Prefecture Goes to Town
Location of Toyama Prefecture
Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E / 36.717°N 137.150°E / 36.717; 137.150Coordinates: 36°43′N 137°9′E / 36.717°N 137.150°E / 36.717; 137.150
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Hokuriku)
IslandHonshu
CapitalToyama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 2, Municipalities: 15
Government
 • GovernorHachiro Nitta
Area
 • Total4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi)
 • Rank33rd
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,044,588
 • Rank37th
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-16
Websitepref.toyama.jp
Symbols
BirdPtarmigan[1]
FishJapanese amberjack
Pasiphaea japonica
Firefly squid[1]
FlowerTulip (Tulipa)[1]
TreeTateyama Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)[1]
Toyama Prefectural Office Building
Toyama Prefectural Office Building

Toyama Prefecture (富山県, Toyama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[2] Toyama Prefecture has a population of 1,044,588 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,247.61 km2 (1,640.01 sq mi). Toyama Prefecture borders Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture to the south, Nagano Prefecture to the east, and Niigata Prefecture to the northeast.

Toyama is the capital and largest city of Toyama Prefecture, with other major cities including Takaoka, Imizu, and Nanto.[3] Toyama Prefecture is part of the historic Hokuriku region, and the majority of prefecture's population lives on Toyama Bay, one of the largest bays in Japan. Toyama Prefecture is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast and has the advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources. Toyama Prefecture contains the only known glaciers in East Asia outside of Russia, first recognized in 2012, and 30% of the prefecture's area is designated as national parks.[4]

History

See also: Historic Sites of Toyama Prefecture

Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province.[5] Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture. In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture.

In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecture.[citation needed]

The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950.

Geography

Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north.

As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks.[6]

Municipalities

See also: List of cities in Toyama Prefecture by population

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village (before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages).

Toyama Prefecture is located in Toyama Prefecture
Himi氷見市
Himi氷見市
Imizu射水市
Imizu射水市
Kurobe黒部市
Kurobe黒部市
Namerikawa滑川市
Namerikawa滑川市
Nanto南砺市
Nanto南砺市
Oyabe小矢部市
Oyabe小矢部市
Takaoka高岡市
Takaoka高岡市
Tonami砺波市
Tonami砺波市
Toyama (capital)富山市
Toyama (capital)富山市
Uozu魚津市
Uozu魚津市
Asahi朝日町
Asahi朝日町
Funahashi舟橋村
Funahashi舟橋村
Kamiichi上市町
Kamiichi上市町
Nyūzen入善町
Nyūzen入善町
Tateyama立山町
Tateyama立山町
Municipalities in Toyama Prefecture      City      Town      Village

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Toyama Prefecture

List of governors of Toyama Prefecture (from 1947)

Economy

Agriculture

In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 2.5% of Japan's rice production[7] and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate. It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline.

Manufacturing

Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices (industrial robots, general machinery, etc.), and metal products (aluminum, copper etc.) manufacturing.

Energy

Kurobe Dam

Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company. It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture.

Demographics

Toyama prefecture population pyramid in 2020
Toyama prefecture population pyramid in 2020

Per Japanese census data,[8][9] the population of Toyama has been relatively stable since 1950.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 724,000—    
1930 779,000+7.6%
1940 823,000+5.6%
1950 1,009,000+22.6%
1960 1,033,000+2.4%
1970 1,030,000−0.3%
1980 1,103,000+7.1%
1990 1,120,000+1.5%
2000 1,120,851+0.1%
2010 1,093,247−2.5%
2020 1,044,588−4.5%

Transportation

Rail

Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen

Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express

Expressway

Air

Domestic

International

Culture

UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites

Gokayama Historical Village (Nanto City)

National Treasures of Japan

Zuiryū-ji Temple (Takaoka City)

Festivals

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Spring

Tonami Yotaka Festival (June)
Tonami Yotaka Festival (June)
Uozu Tatemon Festival (August)
Uozu Tatemon Festival (August)

Summer

Fall

Winter

Regional Foods

Regional sake

Sports

Toyama Stadium.

The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama.

Football

Basketball

Baseball

Rugby Union

Tourism

International Links

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d 富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル. Toyama Prefectural website (in Japanese). Toyama Prefecture. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p. 991, p. 991, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Matsutani, Minoru (April 6, 2012). "First glaciers in Japan recognised". The Japan Times. Retrieved May 20, 2012.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  7. ^ "米の生産 〔2014年〕" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  8. ^ Toyama 1995-2020 population statistics
  9. ^ Toyama 1920-2000 population statistics
  10. ^ "Toyama Prefecture". Canton Basel-Stadt. Retrieved December 9, 2022.
  11. ^ "Andhra Pradesh inks pact with Toyama Prefecture". The Hindu. December 29, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2019.

References