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Tokushima Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese徳島県
 • RōmajiTokushima-ken
The confluence of the Shinmachi River and the Suketō River in Tokushima City, Tokushima Prefecture centered on the prefectural headquarters
The confluence of the Shinmachi River and the Suketō River in Tokushima City, Tokushima Prefecture centered on the prefectural headquarters
Flag of Tokushima Prefecture
Official logo of Tokushima Prefecture
Anthem: Tokushima kenmin no uta
Location of Tokushima Prefecture
SubdivisionsDistricts: 8, Municipalities: 24
 • GovernorMasazumi Gotoda
 • Total4,146.80 km2 (1,601.09 sq mi)
 • Rank36th
 (October 1, 2019)
 • Total728,633
 • Rank44th
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
 • TotalJP¥ 3,222 billion
US$ 29.6 billion (2019)
ISO 3166 codeJP-36
Symbols of Japan
BirdWhite heron
FlowerSudachi (Citrus sudachi)
TreeYamamomo (Myrica rubra)
Tokushima Prefectural Office

Tokushima Prefecture (徳島県, Tokushima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku.[2] Tokushima Prefecture has a population of 728,633 (1 October 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,146 km2 (1,601 sq mi). Tokushima Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the north, Ehime Prefecture to the west, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Tokushima is the capital and largest city of Tokushima Prefecture, with other major cities including Anan, Naruto, and Yoshinogawa.[3] Tokushima Prefecture is located on the Kii Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Wakayama Prefecture on the Kii Peninsula of the island of Honshu. Tokushima Prefecture is connected to Awaji Island across the Naruto Strait by the Ōnaruto Bridge as part of the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway, connecting the prefecture to the city of Kobe and the San'yō Expressway on Honshu.


See also: Historic Sites of Tokushima Prefecture

Until the Meiji Restoration, Tokushima Prefecture was known as Awa Province.[4]

Tokushima Prefecture and Myodo Prefecture

In ancient times, Tokushima City belonged to a region known as Myōdō-gun. In the first wave of government consolidation following the abolishment of the fiefdom system and construction of prefectures in 1871, it became known as Myodo Prefecture. At the time, it included the Awa region to the south and the Awaji Island regions as well. In 1873 it further incorporated the region currently occupied by Kagawa Prefecture in its borders.

In the second wave of government consolidation, on September 5, 1875, the Sanuki Region separated to form the modern day Kagawa Prefecture. On August 21, 1876, Awaji Island separated to join Hyogo Prefecture and the Awa region separated to form Kochi Prefecture.

On March 2, 1880, Myodo Prefecture fully separated from Kochi Prefecture to be inaugurated as Tokushima Prefecture.



Map of Tokushima Prefecture.
     City      Town      Village
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)

The Sanuki Mountains run along the northern border of the prefecture.

As of April 1, 2012, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai National Park; Muroto-Anan Kaigan and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and Chūbu Sankei, Dochū-Kōtsu, Hashikura, Higashi Sankei, Okumiyagawa-Uchidani, and Ōasayama Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]


See also: List of cities in Tokushima Prefecture by population

Eight cities are located in Tokushima Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Anan 阿南市 279.25 70,405
Awa 阿波市 191.11 35,294
Komatsushima 小松島市 45.37 36,817
Mima 美馬市 367.14 28,689
Miyoshi 三好市 721.42 24,368
Naruto 鳴門市 135.66 56,222
Tokushima (capital) 徳島市 191 258,554
Yoshinogawa 吉野川市 144.14 39,405

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Aizumi 藍住町 16.27 35,054 Itano District Town
Higashimiyoshi 東みよし町 122.48 14,025 Miyoshi District Town
Ishii 石井町 28.85 25,062 Myōzai District Town
Itano 板野町 36.22 13,183 Itano District Town
Kaiyō 海陽町 327.65 8,578 Kaifu District Town
Kamiita 上板町 34.58 11,562 Itano District Town
Kamikatsu 上勝町 109.63 1,344 Katsuura District Town
Kamiyama 神山町 173.3 4,724 Myōzai District Town
Katsuura 勝浦町 69.83 5,131 Katsuura District Town
Kitajima 北島町 8.74 22,645 Itano District Town
Matsushige 松茂町 14.24 14,819 Itano District Town
Minami 美波町 140.8 6,433 Kaifu District Town
Mugi 牟岐町 56.62 3,852 Kaifu District Town
Naka 那賀町 694.98 7,549 Naka District Town
Sanagōchi 佐那河内村 42.28 2,106 Myōdō District Village
Tsurugi つるぎ町 194.84 7,877 Mima District Town


Main article: List of mergers in Tokushima Prefecture

Economy and Industry

Tokushima depends on agriculture, forestry and fisheries. The percentage of agricultural workers and productivity is the second largest in Shikoku next to Kochi. Rice fields occupy the lower region of the Yoshino River and the small, narrow plains along the shore. Much of the remaining land is used for vegetables and flowers. The prefecture is the nation's largest supplier of cauliflower and lotus roots, and the fourth largest producer of carrots. Japanese indigo is only produced here.

Northern Tokushima's growth was accelerated by the completion of the Akashi Channel Bridge, which completes the road connection from Tokushima to Kobe. Industrial development continues around the Tokushima and Naruto districts. In particular, Itano District's Aizumi Town and Kitajima Town have experienced rapid growth, which has led to a proposed merger of the towns of Itano District into Itano City in the future.

[6] In April 2023 a school of tech entrepreneurship - the first of its kind in Japan - was opened in the Tokushima town of Kamiyama. The students, aged from 15 to 20, will be taught engineering, programming and designing, as well as business skills such as marketing. They will also learn how to pitch their business plans to investors in order to raise money.

The man behind it is Chikahiro Terada, the boss of Tokyo-based start-up Sansan, which specialises in the digitalisation of business cards. These still play a huge role in Japan's corporate world.


Tokushima abounds in agricultural resources and is the site of large-scale production of many different types of vegetables. The plains north of the Yoshino River are particularly fertile and the produce here is often shipped to mainland Japan in the areas around Kobe, Osaka and Kyoto. Produce from Tokushima always claims top shares in markets in the Kansai region and particularly prominent are Naruto sweet potatoes, the citrus fruit "sudachi", lotus roots and strawberries.

The lack of goods heading to Tokyo has led to a relatively low national profile for local Tokushima brands.[citation needed] To combat this, the local Tokushima government now sends the "Fresh! Tokushima" moving display about the country with its mobile kitchen set to increase general awareness of the local food available in Tokushima Prefecture.


This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (December 2018)
Tokushima prefecture population pyramid in 2020



Pocarisweat Stadium in Naruto.

Tokushima hosted the official 2007 Asian Basketball Championship.

Further, the sports teams listed below are based in Tokushima.

Football (soccer)






Long Distance Bus (from Tokushima)


Ferry from Tokushima Port

Prefectural symbols

Tokushima's prefectural symbol is a stylized combination of the hiragana for to and ku, the first two characters in the hiragana spelling of the prefecture's name.


Prefectural Governor (as elected by public vote)

Prefectural Assembly

Party Total
Total 41
Liberal Democratic Party / Shinsei Club 11
Liberal Democratic Party / Koyu Club 9
Meisei Club 7
Shinpu Democratic Club 6
Kaikaku Isshin Club 3
Japanese Communist Party 3
New Komeito Group 2

See also


  1. ^ "2020年度国民経済計算(2015年基準・2008SNA) : 経済社会総合研究所 - 内閣府". 内閣府ホームページ (in Japanese). Retrieved 2023-05-18.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokushima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980, p. 980, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Tokushima" at p. 980, p. 980, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Awa no Kuni" at p. 62, p. 62, at Google Books; "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  6. ^ "Can a sleepy Japanese town become Asia's Silicon Valley?". BBC News. 2022-08-21. Retrieved 2022-08-22.


34°2′N 134°26′E / 34.033°N 134.433°E / 34.033; 134.433