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Tokushima Prefecture
徳島県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese徳島県
 • RōmajiTokushima-ken
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalTokushima
SubdivisionsDistricts: 8, Municipalities: 24
Government
 • GovernorKamon Iizumi
Area
 • Total4,146.80 km2 (1,601.09 sq mi)
Area rank36th
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
 • Total728,633
 • Rank44th
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-36
Websitepref.tokushima.jp/english/
Symbols
BirdWhite heron
FlowerSudachi (Citrus sudachi)
TreeYamamomo (Myrica rubra)
Tokushima Prefectural Office
Tokushima Prefectural Office

Tokushima Prefecture (徳島県, Tokushima-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku.[1] Tokushima Prefecture has a population of 728,633 (1 October 2019) and has a geographic area of 4,146 km2 (1,601 sq mi). Tokushima Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the north, Ehime Prefecture to the west, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southwest.

Tokushima is the capital and largest city of Tokushima Prefecture, with other major cities including Anan, Naruto, and Yoshinogawa.[2] Tokushima Prefecture is located on the Kii Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Wakayama Prefecture on the Kii Peninsula of the island of Honshu. Tokushima Prefecture is connected to Awaji Island across the Naruto Strait by the Ōnaruto Bridge as part of the Kobe-Awaji-Naruto Expressway, connecting the prefecture to the city of Kobe and the San'yō Expressway on Honshu.

History

See also: Historic Sites of Tokushima Prefecture

Until the Meiji Restoration, Tokushima Prefecture was known as Awa Province.[3]

Tokushima Prefecture and Myodo Prefecture

In ancient times, Tokushima City belonged to a region known as Myōdō-gun. In the first wave of government consolidation following the abolishment of the fiefdom system and construction of prefectures in 1871, it became known as Myodo Prefecture. At the time, it included the Awa region to the south and the Awaji Island regions as well. In 1873 it further incorporated the region currently occupied by Kagawa Prefecture in its borders.

In the second wave of government consolidation, on September 5, 1875, the Sanuki Region separated to form the modern day Kagawa Prefecture. On August 21, 1876, Awaji Island separated to join Hyogo Prefecture and the Awa region separated to form Kochi Prefecture.

On March 2, 1880, Myodo Prefecture fully separated from Kochi Prefecture to be inaugurated as Tokushima Prefecture.

Post-war

Geography

Map of Tokushima Prefecture.     City      Town      Village
Map of Tokushima Prefecture.
     City      Town      Village
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)

The Sanuki Mountains run along the northern border of the prefecture.

As of April 1, 2012, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai National Park; Muroto-Anan Kaigan and Tsurugisan Quasi-National Parks; and Chūbu Sankei, Dochū-Kōtsu, Hashikura, Higashi Sankei, Okumiyagawa-Uchidani, and Ōasayama Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Cities

See also: List of cities in Tokushima Prefecture by population

Eight cities are located in Tokushima Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Anan
阿南市 279.25 70,405
Awa
阿波市 191.11 35,294
Komatsushima
小松島市 45.37 36,817
Mima
美馬市 367.14 28,689
Miyoshi
三好市 721.42 24,368
Naruto
鳴門市 135.66 56,222
Tokushima (capital)
徳島市 191 258,554
Yoshinogawa
吉野川市 144.14 39,405

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Aizumi
藍住町 16.27 35,054 Itano District Town
Higashimiyoshi
東みよし町 122.48 14,025 Miyoshi District Town
Ishii
石井町 28.85 25,062 Myōzai District Town
Itano
板野町 36.22 13,183 Itano District Town
Kaiyō
海陽町 327.65 8,578 Kaifu District Town
Kamiita
上板町 34.58 11,562 Itano District Town
Kamikatsu
上勝町 109.63 1,344 Katsuura District Town
Kamiyama
神山町 173.3 4,724 Myōzai District Town
Katsuura
勝浦町 69.83 5,131 Katsuura District Town
Kitajima
北島町 8.74 22,645 Itano District Town
Matsushige
松茂町 14.24 14,819 Itano District Town
Minami
美波町 140.8 6,433 Kaifu District Town
Mugi
牟岐町 56.62 3,852 Kaifu District Town
Naka
那賀町 694.98 7,549 Naka District Town
Sanagōchi
佐那河内村 42.28 2,106 Myōdō District Village
Tsurugi
つるぎ町 194.84 7,877 Mima District Town

Mergers

Main article: List of mergers in Tokushima Prefecture

Economy and Industry

Tokushima depends on agriculture, forestry and fisheries. The percentage of agricultural workers and productivity is the second largest in Shikoku next to Kochi. Rice fields occupy the lower region of the Yoshino River and the small, narrow plains along the shore. Much of the remaining land is used for vegetables and flowers. The prefecture is the nation's largest supplier of cauliflower and lotus roots, and the fourth largest producer of carrots. Japanese indigo is only produced here.

Northern Tokushima's growth was accelerated by the completion of the Akashi Channel Bridge, which completes the road connection from Tokushima to Kobe. Industrial development continues around the Tokushima and Naruto districts. In particular, Itano District's Aizumi Town and Kitajima Town have experienced rapid growth, which has led to a proposed merger of the towns of Itano District into Itano City in the future.

Agriculture

Tokushima abounds in agricultural resources and is the site of large-scale production of many different types of vegetables. The plains north of the Yoshino River are particularly fertile and the produce here is often shipped to mainland Japan in the areas around Kobe, Osaka and Kyoto. Produce from Tokushima always claims top shares in markets in the Kansai region and particularly prominent are Naruto sweet potatoes, the citrus fruit "sudachi", lotus roots and strawberries.

The lack of goods heading to Tokyo has led to a relatively low national profile for local Tokushima brands.[citation needed] To combat this, the local Tokushima government now sends the "Fresh! Tokushima" moving display about the country with its mobile kitchen set to increase general awareness of the local food available in Tokushima Prefecture.

Demographics

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (December 2018)

Culture

Sports

Pocarisweat Stadium in Naruto.

Tokushima hosted the official 2007 Asian Basketball Championship.

Further, the sports teams listed below are based in Tokushima.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Transportation

Railway

Road

Expressway

Long Distance Bus (from Tokushima)

Airport

Ferry from Tokushima Port

Prefectural symbols

Tokushima's prefectural symbol is a stylized combination of the hiragana for to and ku, the first two characters in the hiragana spelling of the prefecture's name.

Politics

Prefectural Governor (as elected by public vote)

Prefectural Assembly

Party Total
Total 41
Liberal Democratic Party / Shinsei Club 11
Liberal Democratic Party / Koyu Club 9
Meisei Club 7
Shinpu Democratic Club 6
Kaikaku Isshin Club 3
Japanese Communist Party 3
New Komeito Group 2

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tokushima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980, p. 980, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Tokushima" at p. 980, p. 980, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Awa no Kuni" at p. 62, p. 62, at Google Books; "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 26 June 2012.

References

Coordinates: 34°2′N 134°26′E / 34.033°N 134.433°E / 34.033; 134.433