Higashikurume
東久留米市
Higashikurume City Hall
Location of Higashikurume in Tokyo Metropolis
Higashikurume
Higashikurume
 
Coordinates: 35°45′28.8″N 139°31′47.5″E / 35.758000°N 139.529861°E / 35.758000; 139.529861Coordinates: 35°45′28.8″N 139°31′47.5″E / 35.758000°N 139.529861°E / 35.758000; 139.529861
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Government
 • MayorKatsumi Namiki
Area
 • Total12.88 km2 (4.97 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2021)
 • Total117,020
 • Density9,100/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeGinkgo
• FlowerAzalea
• BirdAzure-winged magpie
Phone number042-470-7777
Address3-3-1 Hon-cho, Higashikurume-shi, Tokyo 203-8555
WebsiteOfficial website
Mt Fuji from downtown Higashikurume
Mt Fuji from downtown Higashikurume

Higashikurume (東久留米市, Higashi-kurume-shi) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the city had an estimated population of 117,020, and a population density of 9100 persons per km². The total area of the city was 12.88 square kilometres (4.97 sq mi).[1]

Geography

Higashikurume is in the north-center of Tokyo Metropolis, on the Musashino Terrace, approximately 25 kilometers from downtown Tokyo. The Kurome River flows through the western end of the city, and the Ochiai River flows through the center of the city. The land slopes gently from west to east.

Surrounding municipalities

Tokyo Metropolis

Saitama Prefecture

Climate

Higashikurume has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Higashikurume is 14.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1647 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.7 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.3 °C.[2]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Higashikurume increased rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s due to the establishment of many large scale public housing complexes, but has remained relatively constant for the past 40 years, and is now suffering from rapid aging of the population base.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 4,605—    
1930 5,153+11.9%
1940 6,168+19.7%
1950 8,415+36.4%
1960 19,637+133.4%
1970 78,075+297.6%
1980 106,556+36.5%
1990 113,818+6.8%
2000 113,302−0.5%
2010 116,572+2.9%

History

The area of present-day Higashikurume was part of ancient Musashi Province. In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of April 1, 1889, Kurume Village were established within Kitatama District of Kanagawa Prefecture. The entire district was transferred to the control of Tokyo Prefecture on April 1, 1893. The area began development after connection to central Tokyo was established by the Musashino Railway from 1915. In 1956, the village of Kurume attained town status. In the 1960s and 1970s, the population rapidly expanded with the construction of large public housing estates. The city was founded on October 1, 1970.

Etymology of the city name

The origin of the name Kurume is unclear, but there are several theories:

At the time of the founding of the city, the name was changed to Higashikurume in order to avoid being confused for Kurume, Fukuoka. Since the new name already had already existed since 1915 as the name of the local train station, the name was already familiar to residents and adopted quickly.[4]

Government

Higashikurume has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 22 members. Higashikurume, collectively with the city of Kiyose, contributes two members to the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Tokyo 20th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

The mayor is Katsumi Namiki, an independent candidate.

City council

The current city council was elected on April 26, 2015, with 21 council seats currently occupied.[5]

Political party Number of representatives
Liberal Democratic Party 6
Komeito 5
Japanese Communist Party 4
Democratic Party 3
Citizen Autonomy Forum 2
Others 1

Former mayors

Economy

Higashikurume is primary a regional commercial center, and a bedroom community for central Tokyo. According to the 2010 census, the commuting rate to the special wards of Tokyo is 33.2%. Globeride has its headquarters and a factory in the city.[8] Factories of Coca-Cola and Yamazaki Baking are also located in the city. A few attractions exist, such as Chukurin Park.

Education

Higashikurume has 13 public and one private elementary schools, seven public and two private middle school. The city also has two public and one private high school. Higashikurume is the site for Tokyo Gakugei University's International Student Dormitory, as well as the private Christian Academy in Japan.

Transportation

Railway

- Seibu Railway, Seibu Ikebukuro Line

Highway

Notable people from Higashikurume

References

  1. ^ "Higashikurume city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Higashikurume climate data
  3. ^ Higashikurume population statistics
  4. ^ 東久留米市文化財資料集(9) [Higashikurume City Cultural Properties Collection] (in Japanese). Higashikurume City. 1983. p. 2f.
  5. ^ Election results on the website of Higashikurume City
  6. ^ 東久留米市史 [Higashikurume City history] (in Japanese). Higashikurume City. 1979. p. 741.
  7. ^ 東久留米の近代史 [Higashikurume's modern history] (in Japanese). Higashikurume City. 2012. p. 151f.
  8. ^ "Profile." Financial Times. Retrieved on August 3, 2018