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Kobe City Subway
Kobe Municipal Subway Logo
Kobe Municipal Subway Logo
Kobe Municipal Subway 5000 trainset on the Kaigan Line
Kobe Municipal Subway 5000 trainset on the Kaigan Line
Native name神戸市営地下鉄
LocaleKobe, Hyogo, Japan
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines3
Number of stations28
Began operationMarch 13, 1977 (1977-03-13)
Operator(s)Kobe Municipal Transportation Bureau
System length38.1 km (23.67 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Top speed
  • 90 km/h (56 mph) (Seishin-Yamate Line)
  • 70 km/h (43 mph) (Kaigan Line)
System map
Map of Kobe Municipal Subway
Kobe Municipal Subway 3000 trainset (Seishin-Yamate Line)

The Kobe Municipal Subway (神戸市営地下鉄, Kōbe-shiei chikatetsu) is a rapid transit system in Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. Like other large Japanese cities, Kobe's subway system is heavily complemented by suburban rail. In addition, two people mover lines also serve the Kobe area: the Port Island Line and the Rokko Island Line.


Construction of the first line of the subway system, the Seishin Line, began on November 25, 1971. The line opened on March 13, 1977, running for 5.7 km (3.5 mi) between Myōdani and Shin-Nagata stations. A second line, the Yamate Line, opened on June 17, 1983, running for 4.3 km (2.7 mi) between Shin-Nagata and Ōkurayama stations. On June 18, 1985, the Yamate Line was extended to Shin-Kobe and the Seishin Line was extended to Gakuen-toshi. When the final stage of the Seishin Line, an extension to Seishin-Chuo, opened on March 18, 1987, the Seishin Line and the Yamate Line were merged into the Seishin-Yamate Line.

The Hokushin Kyūkō Electric Railway opened the 7.5 km (4.7 mi) Hokushin Line extension between Shin-Kobe and Tanigami on April 2, 1988; services on the Hokushin Line have through service onto the Seishin-Yamate Line.

On January 17, 1995, the Seishin-Yamate Line was damaged in the Great Hanshin earthquake. The day after the earthquake, limited services resumed between Seishin-Chuo and Itayado; full service was restored to the entire line in March 1995 after repairs were completed.

On July 7, 2001, the 7.9 km (4.9 mi) long Kaigan Line opened between Sannomiya-hanadokeimae and Shin-Nagata.

On June 1, 2020, Hokushin Line was transferred to Kobe Municipal Subway.


Color & Icon Mark Name First section
Last ex-
brown S Hokushin Line 1988 - 7.5/4.7 2[a]
Yamate Line (Seishin-Yamate Line) 1983 1985 7.6/4.7 8[b]
Seishin Line (Seishin-Yamate Line) 1977 - 5.7/3.5 4[c]
Seishin-enshin Line (Seishin-Yamate Line) 1985 1987 9.4/5.8 6[d]
blue K Kaigan Line (Yumekamome) 2001 - 7.9/4.9 10

Network map


See also



Media related to Kobe Municipal Subway at Wikimedia Commons