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Gurugram Rapid Metro
Gurugram Metro
Rapid Metro near Phase 2
Overview
OwnerRapid Metro Gurgaon Ltd.
LocaleGurugram, Haryana, India
Transit typeLight rapid transit
Number of lines1
Number of stations11
Daily ridership50,000 - 55,000 (2018)[1]
HeadquartersAmbience Corporate Towers, Ambience Island, NH 8, Gurgaon
Websiterapidmetrogurgaon.com
Operation
Began operation14 November 2013; 7 years ago (2013-11-14)
Operator(s)DMRC
CharacterFully elevated and grade-separated
Number of vehicles12
Train length3 coaches
Headway4 minutes
Technical
System length11.7 km (7.3 mi)
No. of tracks2 (7.8 km)
1 (3.7 km)[2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) (standard gauge)[2]
Electrification750 V, DC via third rail[3]
Average speed35 km/h (22 mph)
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)

Gurugram Rapid Metro is a light rapid transit (LRT)[4][5][6] system serving the city of Gurugram, Haryana, India.[7] Rapid Metro connects the commercial areas of Gurugram, and acts as a feeder link to the Delhi Metro with an interchange with its Yellow Line at Sikandarpur Metro Station.

Built and operated by Rapid Metro Gurgaon Limited (RMGL), the system was the world's first fully privately financed modern light metro system. The venture does not have any investment from the Union Government, Government of Haryana or any public sector undertaking. However, it was not the first fully privately financed rapid transit system, as the Metropolitan Railway was privately financed.[8] Originally planned to open in 2012, the first phase of the system opened on 14 November 2013. The second phase of the project began commercial operation on 31 March 2017.[9] In September 2019, IL&FS announced that it does not have the resources to continue running the Rapid Metro due to financial issues with the company and is looking for another entity to fund and takeover operations.[10] After a short dispute with the Haryana government and a court ruling from the Punjab and Haryana High Court, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation took over the operation of the line from IL&FS.[11]

Rapid Metro has a total length of 11.7 kilometres serving 11 stations.[12] The system is fully elevated using standard-gauge tracks. The trains are composed of three cars. The power is supplied by 750 volt direct current through third rail. Services operate daily between 06:05 and 22:00 running with a headway of 4 minutes. The metro system was the first in India to auction naming rights for its stations.[13]

Gurgaon Metro Station
Gurgaon Metro Station

History

A 3.2 km metro line between Sikanderpur and National Highway 8 was originally proposed in September 2007. The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) invited expressions of interest to construct the metro line on built-operate-transfer basis with a 99-year lease in 2008.[14] However, real estate developer DLF wanted to provide metro connectivity to its Cyber City.[15][16] A new tender was issued in July 2008,[17] with the DLF-IL&FS consortium emerging as the only bidder.[18] The project was initially conceived as a collaborative venture between Enso Group, DLF and Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS).[19] Rapid Metro is the first fully privately financed modern metro system in the world.[20] Rapid Metro did not even get the 20 acres of land, which it required to construct the first phase of the project, at any concessional rate from the state.[20]

The Rapid Metro project was implemented as a public-private partnership.[21] The entire cost of the project was borne by the private party.[22] The private party was also tasked with maintenance and operation of the metro at its own cost.[23] While HUDA initially objected to a private company making profit from public transport, an agreement was eventually reached for the consortium to pay HUDA 7.65 billion (US$107.3 million) over 35 years in "connectivity charges" as well as 5–10% of advertising and property development revenue.[2]

The contract for the 9 billion (US$126.2 million) project was awarded in July 2009, with completion scheduled in 30 months' time.[2] The foundation stone was laid on 11 August 2009.[24] The line was built and is operated by Rapid Metro Gurgaon Limited (RMGL). The project was estimated to cost 10.88 billion (US$152.5 million) as of October 2012.[25]

Originally planned to open in 2012, the first phase of the system opened on 14 November 2013.[26]

Phase II

On 11 June 2013, IL&FS Engineering and Construction Company Limited informed the Bombay Stock Exchange that it had been awarded a contract worth 266.5 crores to construct the elevated viaducts for Phase 2 of the project. The company also stated that the project would be completed within 24 months.[27] The company was later awarded a contract worth 84.3 crore to construct all 5 elevated stations in Phase II. The project completion period was specified as 24 months.[28][29] The southward extension is 6.6 km long double track and will extend from Sikanderpur to Sector 55 and 56 in Gurgaon.[30] It is estimated to cost 2,423 crore (US$340 million).[31] There are six stations on the extension and it will take around 20 minutes to travel the entire route. Land for the project and right of way will be provided by HUDA.[32] Trial runs were held on the first phase of the metro, between Phase 2 and Phase 3 stations, in October 2012. On the same day, Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh laid the foundation stone for Phase 2 of the project.[citation needed]

Construction work on Phase 2 began in April 2013, and was given an initial deadline of July 2015. However, the deadline was later revised to mid-2016, September 2016 and then the last quarter of 2016.[33] By June 2016, 75% of work on the Phase 2 was complete.[34] Trial runs were conducted along the 6.3-km Phase-2 route between in December 2016.[33] Rapid Metro authorities applied for inspection of phase II by the Commissioner of Metro Rail Safety in March 2017.[35] The second phase of the system was opened to the public on 31 March 2017.[36]

Route

Rapid Metro Gurgaon as part of the Delhi Metro rail network
Rapid Metro Gurgaon as part of the Delhi Metro rail network

Line 1

Line 1 was built in two phases.[37] The first phase of the project covers a distance of 5.1 km north of Sikanderpur. The section between Sikanderpur and Phase 2 station is double-tracked, while the remaining stations are served by a single-track loop. The second phase is a 6.6 km long southward extension from Sikanderpur to Sector 55 and 56 of Gurgaon and mostly runs through the affluent Golf Course Road.[9] This section of a line opened on 31 March 2017 partially till Sector 53-54. The 2 remaining stations till Sector 55-56 opened on 25 April 2017.[2] Platforms are 75m in length.[38][9]

Sikanderpur station offers an interchange with Delhi Metro via a 90m x 9m walkway.[39]

Line 1
# Station Name Phase Opening Interchange Connenction Station Layout Depot Connection Depot Layout
English Hindi
1 Sector 55–56 सैक्टर ५५-५६ 2 31 March 2017 None Elevated Rapid MetroRail Depot Elevated
2 Sector 54 Chowk सैक्टर ५४ चौक 2 31 March 2017 None Elevated None None
3 Sector 53-54 सैक्टर ५३-५४ 2 25 April 2017 None Elevated None None
4 Sector 42-43 सैक्टर ४२-४३ 2 25 April 2017 None Elevated None None
5 Phase 1 फ़ेस १ 2 31 March 2017 None Elevated None None
6 Sikanderpur सिकंदरपुर 1 14 November 2013   Delhi Metro Yellow Line Elevated None None
7 Phase 2 फ़ेस २ 1 14 November 2013 None Elevated None None
8 Vodafone Belvedere Towers वोडाफ़ोन बेल्वेडेरे टोवेर्स 1 14 November 2013 None Elevated None None
9 IndusInd Bank Cyber City इंदुसिंद बैंक साइबर सिटि 1 7 May 2014 None Elevated None None
10 Micromax Moulsari Avenue माइक्रोमैक्स मौलसरी एवेन्यू 1 14 November 2013 None Elevated None None
11 Phase 3 फ़ेस ३ 1 14 November 2013 None Elevated Rapid MetroRail Depot Elevated

Infrastructure

The system is fully elevated and operated automatically.[40] Because of the features, several articles in railway magazines define the system as Light Metro.[6][5][4]

Gurgaon Metro track
Gurgaon Metro track

Rolling stock

On 21 April 2010, Siemens announced that it had been awarded a turnkey contract to build the metro line, including five 3-car metro trains.[41] Siemens sub-contracted CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive to build the 5 aluminium-bodied air-conditioned trains.[3] The first three-coach train set built in China, arrived in Gurgaon on 11 September 2012.[42] RMGL ordered an additional seven 3-car metro train sets for the second phase expansion of the metro. The final 4 of these 7 rakes arrived in Gurgaon on 5 February 2016.[43]

Each train with 3 coaches costs 300 million (US$4.2 million) and is silver and blue in colour.[44] The total length of a 3 coach train is 59.94 metres (196.7 ft). The coaches are 2.8 metres (9.2 ft) wide, have roof-mounted air conditioning and have 4 doors on each side of each coach. Each train has a capacity of approximately 800 passengers.[45] The metro is designed to carry 30,000 passengers per hour.[46]

Operations

Operator

The line was built and is operated by Rapid Metro Gurgaon Limited (RMGL), founded as a joint venture between Enso group, real estate developer DLF and IL&FS. DLF owns many properties near the stations, while IL&FS was the majority stake holder in the JV.[15] DLF later sold its stake to IL&FS, and exited the joint venture. Following the transaction, IL&FS Transportation Networks Ltd (ITNL) held 82.8% stake in RMGL, and ITNL's subsidiary IL&FS Rail Ltd (IRL) held 17.2%. On 11 February 2016, ITNL announced that it had sold a 49% stake in RMGL for 509.9 crore (US$71 million) to its parent company, Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd (IL&FS), in an effort to reduce debt.[47][48][49]

The Rapid Metro charges are flat rate 20 (28¢ US) only in travelling at any stations of Phase-1 line & Phase-2 line stations separately, but travelling form Phase-1 line to Phase-2 line or vice versa the charges are 35 (49¢ US).[50] Delhi Metro tokens and smart cards are accepted on Rapid Metro.[51] The automatic fare collection system is supplied by Thales Group.[52]

Ridership

Ridership of the Rapid Metro has been below expectations.[53] Phase 1 was expected to bring 100,000 riders per day, but only achieved 30,000, and even after the addition of Phase 2, daily ridership in 2018 hovered around the 50,000 mark.[53] Urban Transport News has described the Rapid Metro as a "failure" due to its high cost, low ridership and poor location.[54]

Frequency

Trains run from 06:05 to 22:00[55] Three-coach trains operate at 4-minute intervals.[15] Trains have a maximum speed of 80 km/h, and operate at an average speed of 40 km/h.[15]

Safety

For the passengers' safety, there are Emergency Stop Plungers at every platform, while the Blue Light Station feature enables passengers to contact the Control Room. A Press to Talk Button inside the coaches enables commuters to talk directly to the driver, in the event of any problem.[56]

Security

Security in the Rapid Metro is being handled by a private security agency. The system has a dedicated Metro Police Station at Sikanderpur station, while a Toll Free Helpline for all passengers is operational for 24 hours. CCTV cameras are used to monitor trains and stations.

Future plans

Phase III

Following the opening of Phase II, IL&FS Rail Ltd managing director and CEO Rajiv Banga stated that plans for the third phase of the metro were at the "drawing board-level". Banga stated that authorities were considering a 17-km-long line from Cyber City to Gurgaon Railway Station via Bus stand and Sadar Bazar in Old City passing through Udyog Vihar along Old Delhi Road And Railway Road. This extension will be a big relief for Old Gurgaon people because this line will have a numerous and future interchange station like Dwarka-Iffco Chowk Metro interchange at Old Delhi Road near Maruti Suzuki and another at Gurgaon Railway Station with yellow line extension of Huda City Centre to Sector 23 Palam Vihar (having interchange with Dwarka-Iffco Chowk Metro) via Hero Honda Chowk, Sector 10 and Gurgaon Railway Station And one more interchange at Sector 4-7 Chowk with pod taxi running between Rajiv Chowk (Gurugram) Badshahpur pod taxi (Dhaula Kuan to Manesar pod taxi master plan) up to Sector 4-7 Chowk [57]

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b c d e "Gurgaon's own Metro". Hindustan Times. 15 July 2009.
  3. ^ a b "CSR Zhuzhou to supply Gurgaon trains". Railway Gazette International. 30 June 2010. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Gurgaon automated metro". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  5. ^ a b Simon Crompton-Reid (18 November 2013). "Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon launched". Total Rail. Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
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  7. ^ "Metro lines cover only 3% of Gurugram".
  8. ^ https://www.ltmuseum.co.uk/collections/collections-online/information/item/2008-657
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  10. ^ News, Urban Transport (26 August 2019). "Gurgaon Rapid Metro is in trouble, may stop operations from September". Urban Transport News. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  11. ^ Khare, Anushka (24 September 2019). "Delhi Metro starts taking over process of Gurgaon Rapid Metro from IL&FS". Urban Transport News. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  12. ^ "Second phase of Gurgaon's Rapid Metro thrown open". The Indian Express. 31 March 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  13. ^ Soni, Anusha (19 April 2014). "Mumbai Metro joins station branding ride" – via Business Standard.
  14. ^ "CAG raps HUDA over Gurgaon Rapid Metro contract - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
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  53. ^ a b https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/gurgaon/phase-2-adds-only-15k-daily-riders-to-rapid-metro/articleshow/64021973.cms"
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  55. ^ "Quick facts". unknown. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  56. ^ "FAQs". Rapid Metro Gurgaon. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  57. ^ Staff Reporter (April 2017). "Next phase to link more corners". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 April 2017.