Hyderabad Metro
Hyderabad Metro.jpg
Overview
OwnerLarsen & Toubro (90%)
Government of Telangana (10%)
Area servedHyderabad , Secunderabad
LocaleHyderabad, Telangana, India
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines3[1]
Line number
Number of stations57[1]
Daily ridership300,000 (May 2022) [2]
Chief executiveN.V.S Reddy (Managing director)[3]
HeadquartersMetro Bhawan, Begumpet, Hyderabad
WebsiteL&T Metro
HMRL
Operation
Began operationNovember 29, 2017; 4 years ago (2017-11-29)[4]
Operator(s)Hyderabad Metro Rail Ltd. (HMRL)
Infrastructure manager(s)Telangana
Headway3.5 - 7 minutes
Technical
System length66.5 km (41.3 mi) (Operational)
5.5 km (3.4 mi) (Under Construction)
58 km (36 mi) (Phase 2 DPR submitted)
No. of tracks3
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification25 kV, AC Overhead catenary
Average speed70 to 80 km/h (43 to 50 mph)
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)
Hyderabad Metro
Phase I
Miyapur
JNTU College
Raidurg
KPHB Colony
Hitec City
Kukatpally
Durgam Cheruvu
Balanagar
Madhapur
Moosapet
Peddamma Gudi
Bharat Nagar
Jubilee Hills
Check Post
Erragadda
Road No 5
Jubilee Hills
ESI Hospital
Yusufguda
S.R. Nagar
Madhura Nagar
Ameerpet
Punjagutta
Begumpet
Irrum Manzil
Prakash Nagar
Khairatabad
Rasoolpura
Lakdi-ka-pul
Paradise
Assembly
JBS Parade Ground
Nampally
Parade Ground
Gandhi Bhavan
Osmania
Medical College
Secunderabad
West | Jn | East
Mettuguda
Gandhi Hospital
Tarnaka
Musheerabad
Habsiguda
R.T.C. X Roads
NGRI
Chikkadpally
Stadium
Narayanaguda
Uppal
Sultan Bazaar
Nagole
MG Bus Station
Malakpet
Salarjung Museum
New Market
Charminar
Musarambagh
Shah-Ali-Banda
Dilsukhnagar
Shamsherganj
Chaitanyapuri
Jungametta
Victoria Memorial
Falaknuma
LB Nagar
Red Line
Green Line
Blue Line
Indian Railways lines

The Hyderabad Metro is a rapid transit system, serving the city of Hyderabad, Telangana, India.[5][6] It is the second longest operational metro network in India after the Delhi Metro (285 stations) with 57 stations[7][8] and the lines are arranged in a secant model. It is funded by a public–private partnership (PPP),[9][10] with the state government holding a minority equity stake.[11] A special purpose vehicle company, L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad Ltd (L&TMRHL), was established by the construction company L&T[12][13] to develop the Hyderabad metro rail project.[14][15] Hyderabad Metro is the world's largest elevated Metro Rail system based on DBFOT basis (Design, Built, Finance, Operate and Transfer).[16]

A 30-kilometre (19 mi) stretch from Miyapur to Nagole, with 24 stations, was inaugurated on 28 November 2017 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.[17][18] This was the longest rapid transit metro line opened in one go in India.[19][20] It is estimated to cost 18,800 crore (US$2.5 billion). As of February 2020, about 490,000 people use the Metro per day.[2] Trains are crowded during the morning and evening rush hours.[21] A ladies only coach was introduced on all the trains from 7 May 2018.[22]

History

The Hyundai Rotem rolling stock of the Hyderabad metro [23]
The Hyundai Rotem rolling stock of the Hyderabad metro [23]

Metro Rail Project was approved by Union government, in 2003.[24] As Hyderabad continued to grow, the Multi-Modal Transport System (MMTS) had insufficient capacity for public transport, and the Union Ministry of Urban Development approved construction of the Hyderabad Metro Rail Project, directing the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation to conduct a survey of the proposed lines and to submit a Detailed Project Report (DPR).[25] To meet rising public transport needs and mitigate growing road traffic in the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad, the state government and the South Central Railway jointly launched the MMTS in August 2003.[26][27] The initial plan was for the Metro to connect with the existing MMTS to provide commuters with alternate modes of transport. Simultaneously, the proposals for taking up the construction of MMTS Phase II were also taken forward.[28]

In 2007, N. V. S. Reddy was appointed Managing Director of Hyderabad Metro Rail Limited,[29] and the same year, Central Government approved financial assistance of 1639 crore under a Viability Gap Funding (VGF) scheme.[30] The option of an underground metro system in Hyderabad was ruled out by L&T due to the presence of hard rocks, boulders and the topography of the soil in Hyderabad.[31] On 26 March 2018, the Telangana government announced that it would set up an SPV "Hyderabad Airport Metro Limited (HAML)", jointly promoted by HMRL and HMDA, to extend the Blue line from Raidurg to Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad, under Phase II after the completion of Phase I in 2019.

Initial bidding

The bidding process was completed by July 2008 and awarded to Maytas,[32] which failed to achieve financial closure for the project as per schedule by March 2009.

Re-bidding

The State government cancelled the contract and called for a fresh rebidding for the project. In the July 2010 rebidding process, Larsen & Toubro (L&T) emerged as the lowest bidder for the 121.32 billion (US$1.6 billion) project.[33] L&T came forward to take up the work for about 14.58 billion (US$190 million) as viability gap funding as against the sanctioned 48.53 billion (US$640 million). Kiran's government proactively pursued the project, but it was delayed due to separate state agitation and later due to the apprehensions of the new government.

Mascot

Prime Minister Narendra Modi taking a ride in the Hyderabad Metro in 2017
Prime Minister Narendra Modi taking a ride in the Hyderabad Metro in 2017

The mascot of Hyderabad Metro Rail is Niz. It was derived from the word Nizam, who ruled the princely state of Hyderabad.[34]

Awards and nominations

The HMR project was showcased as one of the top 100 strategic global infrastructure projects at the Global Infrastructure Leadership Forum held in New York during February–March 2013.[35][36]

L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad Limited (LTMRHL) was conferred the SAP ACE Award 2015 in the 'Strategic HR and Talent Management'[37] category.

In 2018 the Rasoolpura, Paradise and Prakash Nagar Metro stations were awarded the Indian Green Building Council's (IGBC) Green MRTS Platinum Award.[38]

Hyderabad Metro was adjudged as the Best Urban Mass Transit Project by the Government of India in November 2018.[39]

Construction milestones

A view of the Hyderabad metro towards HITEC City
A view of the Hyderabad metro towards HITEC City
Raidurg metro station near Raheja Mindspace

Network

Proposed lines of the Hyderabad Metro Rail (Note: JBS is not a Phase one station as shown. it is a Phase 2 station)
Proposed lines of the Hyderabad Metro Rail (Note: JBS is not a Phase one station as shown. it is a Phase 2 station)

Main article: List of Hyderabad Metro stations

Currently, the Hyderabad Metro has 56 stations. Phase I of the Hyderabad metro has 64 stations; they have escalators and elevators to reach the stations, announcement boards and electronic display systems. The stations also have service roads underneath them to for other public transportation systems to drop-off and pick-up passengers.[56] The signboards of Hyderabad Metro are displayed in Telugu, English, Hindi and Urdu at metro stations.[57]

Otis Elevator Company supplied and maintains the 670 elevators in use on the system.[58]

In May 2018, L&T Metro Rail signed a contract with Powergrid Corporation of India to install electric vehicle charging facilities at all metro stations beginning with Miyapur and Dr. B R Ambedkar Balanagar stations.[59][60] L&THMRL has set up free wifi access units for commuters at Miyapur, Ameerpet and Nagole metro stations, in association with ACT Fibernet, as part of a pilot project.[61][62] Metro Rail Phase II expansion plan is for about 85 km.[63] In April 2019, K. T. Rama Rao said that 200 kilometres (120 mi) of metro rail was planned for Hyderabad, with metro along entire Outer Ring Road.[64] All metro corridors are scheduled to terminate at Shamshabad, near Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, as planned in Hyderabad Metro Rail Phase-II.[65] In August 2019, KT Rama Rao said that state cabinet has approved the Hyderabad Metro Airport Express Link from Raidurg to the airport.[66]

Current status

Line First operational Last extension Stations Length Terminals Average Frequency (Minutes)
Red 29 November 2017 24 September 2018 27 29 km (18 mi) Miyapur LB Nagar 2
Blue 29 November 2019 23 27 km (17 mi) Raidurg Nagole 2
Green 7 February 2020 10 10.5 km (6.5 mi) JBS PG MGBS
60 66.5 km (41.3 mi)

Construction phases

The construction work was undertaken in two phases. There are six stages of completion in Phase I.[67]

Phase I

Phase I of the project includes 3 lines covering a distance of around 72 kilometres (45 mi). The metro rail line between Nagole and Secunderabad was originally scheduled open by December 2015; it was partly opened on 29 November 2017 with a new completion date of December 2019.[68] A 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi)-long green line in the old city will pass through Dar-ul-Shifa, Purani Haweli, Eitebar Chowk, Volta Hotel, Sultan Shahi, Syed Ali Chabutra, Shamsheer Gunj, Moghalpura, Hari Bowli, Shah-Ali-Banda and ends at Falaknuma.[69][70] This stretch is scheduled to be completed by 2022.

Construction schedule

Stage Target section Distance Line Line colour Status Opened
Stage 1 NagoleAmeerpet 16.8 km (10.4 mi) Line III Blue Operational 29 November 2017
Stage 1 MiyapurAmeerpet 11.3 km (7.0 mi) Line I Red
Stage 2 AmeerpetLB Nagar 16.8 km (10.4 mi) 24 September 2018
Stage 3/1 AmeerpetHITEC City 8.5 km (5.3 mi) Line III Blue 20 March 2019
Stage 3/2 HITEC CityRaidurg 1.5 km (0.93 mi) 29 November 2019[71]
Stage 4/1 JBSMGBS 11 km (6.8 mi) Line II Green 7 February 2020 [72]
Stage 4/2 MGBSFalaknuma 5.2 km (3.2 mi) Yet to start construction N/A
Total 72 km (45 mi)

Note: Stage 4/2 MGBS–Falaknuma section (5.36 km) is also part of the initial phase I, but has been rumored that the state government might take up this section instead of L&T, but will be completed along with the phase I work. The Stage 3/2 HITEC City–Raidurg section (1.3 km) of Corridor III was not initial part of phase I, it was later on added by the newly elected state government. This section is opened on 29 November 2019.

Phase II

The Government is planning second phase of metro rail extending further.[73] The construction of Phase II will be taken up solely by the state government, instead of public–private partnership (PPP) mode in Phase I.[74] Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) was entrusted to give a detailed project report (DPR) for Phase II.[75] Metro Rail Phase II expansion plan is for about 58 km,[76] which includes providing link to Shamshabad RGI Airport.[77] In February 2020, Hyderabad Metro MD NVS Reddy said that three corridors are considered for phase 2. The DPR has been submitted to state government.[78][79] The proposed routes are as following:

Target section Distance (in km) Line Line colour Status
RaidurgGachibowliShamshabad RGI Airport 31 km (19 mi) Line IV TBA DPR submitted
NagoleLB Nagar 5 km (3.1 mi) Line III extension Blue
Lakdi ka pulBHEL 22 km (14 mi) Line V TBA

Hyderabad Airport Metro Express

In August 2019, TRS Working President, Minister for Municipal Administration & Urban Development, Industries and IT&C K. T. Rama Rao said that the work on Hyderabad Metro Airport Express from Raheja Mindspace to Shamshabad RGI Airport will start soon.[80] The 31 km-long Hyderabad Metro Airport Express link will cost around 5000 crore.[81] The 31-km Airport Express Metro Corridor is proposed to have 27-km elevated, 1 km on ground and a 2.5-km underground section to connect to the airport terminal.[82] The airport route will have 9 elevated stations and one underground station.[83]

# Station name
1 Bio-Diversity junction
2 Nanakramguda
3 Narsingi
4 TS Police Academy
5 Rajendranagar
6 Shamshabad
7 Airport Cargo station
8 RGIA Terminal

Finances

The Hyderabad metro is a Public–private partnership project, the total cost of this transport systems is US$ 3.07 billion which is shared equally by both Larsen & Toubro (90%) Government of Telangana (10%).[84]

Lines

Blue line of Hyderabad metro
Blue line of Hyderabad metro

Since the first version of the plans, the three corridors mostly remained the same, but minor changes were introduced. These include the lack of stop at Lalaguda, or a stop at Lakdikapul instead of Secretariat. Also, the lines have been marked with several different combination of color.[85] Ameerpet- LB Nagar metro stretch opened on 24 September 2018.[86] HiTec City to Raidurg, 1.5-kilometre stretch on Corridor Three - Nagole to Raidurg, is opened on 29 November 2019,[87][88] as it involves construction of 49 pillars and the Raidurg terminal station.[89]

Red Line: Miyapur–L.B. Nagar

Route length – 29.21 km (18.15 mi)
Number of stations (All elevated) – 27
Link to other corridors

# Station Name Opened Connections Alignment
1 Miyapur November 29, 2017 None Elevated
2 J.N.T.U College November 29, 2017 None Elevated
3 K.P.H.B. Colony November 29, 2017 None Elevated
4 Kukatpally November 29, 2017 None Elevated
5 Balanagar November 29, 2017 None Elevated
6 Moosapet November 29, 2017 None Elevated
7 Bharat Nagar November 29, 2017 None Elevated
8 Erragadda November 29, 2017 None Elevated
9 ESI Hospital November 29, 2017 None Elevated
10 S.R Nagar November 29, 2017 None Elevated
11 Ameerpet November 29, 2017 Blue Line Elevated
12 Punjagutta September 24, 2018 None Elevated
13 Irrum Manzil September 24, 2018 None Elevated
14 Khairatabad September 24, 2018 None Elevated
15 Lakdi-ka-pul September 24, 2018 None Elevated
16 Assembly September 24, 2018 None Elevated
17 Nampally September 24, 2018 None Elevated
18 Gandhi Bhavan September 24, 2018 None Elevated
19 Osmania Medical College September 24, 2018 None Elevated
20 M.G. Bus Station September 24, 2018 Green Line Elevated
21 Malakpet September 24, 2018 None Elevated
22 New Market September 24, 2018 None Elevated
23 Musarambagh September 24, 2018 None Elevated
24 Dilsukhnagar September 24, 2018 None Elevated
25 Chaitanyapuri September 24, 2018 None Elevated
26 Victoria Memorial September 24, 2018 None Elevated
27 L.B. Nagar September 24, 2018 None Elevated

Green Line: JBS–Falaknuma

Route length – 15 km (9.3 mi)
Number of stations (all elevated) – 16
Link to other corridors

# Station Name Opened Connections Alignment
1 JBS Parade Ground February 7, 2020 None Elevated
2 Parade Ground February 7, 2020 Blue Line Elevated
3 Secunderabad West February 7, 2020 None Elevated
4 Gandhi Hospital February 7, 2020 None Elevated
5 Musheerabad February 7, 2020 None Elevated
6 R.T.C. Cross Roads February 7, 2020 None Elevated
7 Chikkadpally February 7, 2020 None Elevated
8 Narayanguda February 7, 2020 None Elevated
9 Sultan Bazaar February 7, 2020 None Elevated
10 M.G. Bus Station February 7, 2020 Red Line Elevated
11 Salarjung Museum TBA None Elevated
12 Charminar TBA None Elevated
13 Shah-Ali-Banda TBA None Elevated
14 Shamsherganj TBA None Elevated
15 Jungametta TBA None Elevated
16 Falaknuma TBA None Elevated

Blue Line: Nagole–Raidurg

Route length – 27 km (17 mi)
Number of stations (all elevated) – 23
Link to other corridors

# Station Name Opened Connections Alignment
1 Nagole November 29, 2017 None Elevated
2 Uppal November 29, 2017 None Elevated
3 Stadium November 29, 2017 None Elevated
4 NGRI November 29, 2017 None Elevated
5 Habsiguda November 29, 2017 None Elevated
6 Tarnaka November 29, 2017 None Elevated
7 Mettuguda November 29, 2017 None Elevated
8 Secunderabad East November 29, 2017 None Elevated
9 Parade Ground November 29, 2017 Green Line Elevated
10 Paradise November 29, 2017 None Elevated
11 Rasoolpura November 29, 2017 None Elevated
12 Prakash Nagar November 29, 2017 None Elevated
13 Begumpet November 29, 2017 None Elevated
14 Ameerpet November 29, 2017 Red Line Elevated
15 Madhura Nagar March 20, 2019 None Elevated
16 Yousufguda March 20, 2019 None Elevated
17 Jubilee Hills Road No. 5 March 20, 2019 None Elevated
18 Jubilee Hills Check Post May 18, 2019 None Elevated
19 Peddamma Gudi March 30, 2019 None Elevated
20 Madhapur April 13, 2019 None Elevated
21 Durgam Cheruvu March 20, 2019 None Elevated
22 HITEC City March 20, 2019 None Elevated
23 Raidurg November 29, 2019 None Elevated

Depots

Hyderabad Metro currently has 2 operational depots.[90] Miyapur and Uppal depot land is 100 acres each.[91][92] The proposed Falaknuma depot will be constructed in 17 acres.


Ameerpet is the main interchange station for red and blue lines and it is the most crowded station of all the lines

Hyderabad Metro
Depots
Line No. Line Name Number of Depots Location Opening Date
1 Red Line 1 Miyapur Depot, Near Calvary Temple, Nadigada Tanda, Miyapur, Hyderabad, Telangana 28 November 2017
2 Blue Line 1 Uppal Metro Depot, Nagole Rd, Laxmi Narayan Nagar Colony, Uppal, Hyderabad, Telangana 28 November 2017
3 Green Line 1 Falaknuma TBD

Ridership

JBS Parade Ground metro station

The Metro has opened to overwhelming response, with over 200,000 people using it on Day 1.[93] On the first Sunday of operations, the Metro was used by 240,000 people.[94] As of 2020, the daily ridership is about 490,000. Although there was hiccups in the beginning of operations in 2017 with meager ridership of 100,000 per day, opening the new lines to LB Nagar and Hi-Tech city in 2018–19, ridership has surged and reached milestones from 2 to 4 lakhs in very short duration.[citation needed]

Trains are initially being operated at a frequency of 3 minutes in very peak hours and every 5 minutes in peak hours (between Miyapur-LB Nagar) and 4 minutes in peak hours (between Hi-Tec City/ Ameerpet-Nagole),[95] though maximum achievable frequency is every 90 seconds. Similarly, three-car trains are being used currently, though it is planned to use six-car trains in the future.[96]

In December 2017, Hyderabad Metro Rail launched its mobile app, TSavaari.[97][98] Hyderabad Metro timings are available on T-Savari app.[99] Ola Cabs and Uber tied up its services with app.[100] On 21 April 2022, Hyderabad metro launched its electric auto services in collaboration with AI-enabled ride-hailing mobility platform MetroRide.[101][102] The services were launched at two metro stations - Parade Grounds and Raidurg Stations.[103]

Hyderabad Metro Rail crossed 100 million cumulative ridership milestone in just 671 days.[citation needed]

Cost

The initial official estimated cost of the 72 km long Metro project stood at 14,132 crore (US$1.9 billion). The State Government decided to bear 10% of it, while L&T was to bear the remaining 90% of the cost.[104][105] The construction work which was supposed to commence on 3 March 2011 commenced in 2012. In March 2012, the cost of the project was revised upwards to 15,957 crore (US$2.1 billion).[106] This has been further revised upwards to 18,800 crore (US$2.5 billion) (as of November 2017).[21]

Infrastructure

Hyderabad Metro Rail Bhavan
Hyderabad Metro Rail Bhavan

The 71.3 km standard-gauge network will feature ballastless track throughout and will be electrified at 25 kV AC 50 Hz. An operations control centre and depot are constructed at Uppal. At some places, a flyover, underpass and metro has been constructed at the same place, as part of Strategic road development plan (SRDP).[107] L&TMRHL built real- estate projects like Next Galleria malls in Panjagutta, Irrum Manzil, Hitech City and Musarambagh with skywalks,[108] for generating non-fare revenues under Transit Oriented Development (TOD).[15][109][110] In 2019, Hyderabad Metro started a semi-naming policy of metro stations, awarded through an open e-tendering process, to generate non-fare revenues.[citation needed]

CBTC Technology

At the end of 2012, L&T Metro Rail awarded Thales a 7.4 billion ($US 134m) contract to provide CBTC and integrated telecommunications and supervision systems on all three lines. Thales Group supplied its SelTrac Communications-based train control (CBTC) technology,[111] and trains initially run in automatic train operation mode with minimum headways of 90 seconds, although the system will support eventual migration to unattended train operation (UTO).[112]

Hyderabad metro ticket online booking through MakeMyTrip and Goibibo.
Hyderabad metro ticket online booking through MakeMyTrip and Goibibo.

Rolling stock

On 12 September 2012, Larsen and Toubro Metro Rail Hyderabad Ltd (LTMRHL) announced that it has awarded tender for supply of rolling stock to Hyundai Rotem.[113][114] The 18 billion (US$240 million) tender is for 57 trains consisting of 171 cars which will be delivered in phases at least 9 months before the commencement of each stage.[115][116] On 2 October 2013, LTMRHL unveiled its train car for Hyderabad Metro. A model coach which is half the size of the actual coach, was on public display at Necklace Road on the banks of Hussain Sagar in the heart of Hyderabad.[117] The trains will be 3.2m wide and 4m high.[118] There will be 4 doors on each side of each coach.[118]

On 10 April 2014, the first metro train for HMR rolled out of Hyundai Rotem factory at Changwon in South Korea and reached Hyderabad in May 2014.[119] On 31 December 2014, Hyderabad Metro Rail successfully conducted a training run in Automatic Train Operation (ATO) mode for the first time between Nagole and Mettuguda.[120]

Ticketing and recharge

The L&T Hyderabad project has an automated ticketing system with features such as contactless smart card based ticketing, slim automatic gates, payment by cash and credit/debit card, passenger operated ticket vending machine and provision of common ticketing system. It also have a provision of NFC-based technology to enable usage of mobile phones as fare media and high performance machine to avoid long queues.[121] Hyderabad Metro Rail smart card acts as a virtual wallet that facilitates seamless travel. A smart card can be purchased from a ticketing office at any Hyderabad Metro station or through TSavaari App. A smart card can be recharged for a minimum amount of 50 and maximum amount of 3000. The smart card can be recharged through TSavaari App, HMR Passenger website (www.ltmetro.com), or Paytm App. There is 10% discount on all trips made through smart card.[122] In December 2019, Hyderabad Metro started cashless QR (Quick Response) code payment option for e-tickets through MakeMyTrip and Goibibo.[123][124]

Samsung Data Systems India, a subsidiary of South Korean firm Samsung, has been awarded the automatic fare collection system package for the L&T metro rail project. The package involves design, manufacture, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of the system.[121][125] Official ticket prices were announced on 25 November 2017. The base fare is 10 for up to 2 km.[citation needed]

Hyderabad metro nebula smart card
Hyderabad metro nebula smart card
Slab Distance (km) Metro Fare ()
1 0 - 2 10
2 2 - 4 15
3 4 - 6 25
4 6 - 8 30
5 8 - 10 35
6 10 - 14 40
7 14 - 18 45
8 18 - 22 50
9 22 - 26 55
10 > 26 60

In popular culture

Network Map

See also

References

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