Bharat Rashtra Samithi
AbbreviationBRS
PresidentK. Chandrashekar Rao
ChairpersonK. T. Rama Rao
General SecretaryJoginapally Santosh Kumar
Lok Sabha LeaderNama Nageswara Rao
Rajya Sabha LeaderK. Keshava Rao
FounderK. Chandrashekar Rao
Founded
  • 27 April 2001
    (23 years ago)
     (2001-04-27); as Telangana Rashtra Samithi
  • 5 October 2022
    (19 months ago)
     (2022-10-05); as Bharat Rashtra Samithi
Split fromTelugu Desam Party
HeadquartersTelangana Bhavan, Bhavani Nagar, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana - 500034[1]
NewspaperNamasthe Telangana, Telangana Today[2]
Student wingBharat Rashtra Samithi Vidyarthi (BRSV)[3]
Women's wingBharat Rashtra Samithi Mahila (BRSM)
IdeologyPopulism[4]
Federalism[5]
Neoliberalism[6]
Political positionCentre[7] to centre-right[8]
ColoursPink
ECI StatusState Party[9]
Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
4 / 245
Seats in Telangana Legislative Assembly
34 / 119
Seats in Telangana Legislative Council
27 / 40
Number of states and union territories in government
0 / 31
Election symbol
Party flag
Website
https://brsonline.in/
https://www.brs.party

The Bharat Rashtra Samithi (transl. Indian National Council; abbr. BRS), formerly known as Telangana Rashtra Samithi (abbr. TRS), is an Indian political party which is predominantly active in the state of Telangana and currently the primary opposition party in the state. It was founded on 27 April 2001 as by K. Chandrashekar Rao, with a single-point agenda of creating a separate Telangana state with Hyderabad as its capital.[15] It has been instrumental in carrying forth a sustained agitation for the granting of statehood to Telangana.[16]

In the 2014 Telangana Assembly Election, the party won a majority of seats and formed the first government of the State with K. Chandrashekar Rao as its chief minister. In the 2014 general election the party won 11 seats, making it the eighth largest party in Lok Sabha, the lower house (lok sabha) of the Indian Parliament.

After a landslide victory in 2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly election, the party formed the government in the State for the second time.[17] In the 2019 Indian general election, the party's tally had fallen to nine seats in the Lok Sabha.[18] As of February 2023, the party holds seven seats in upper house of Rajya Sabha.[19]

Later on 5 October 2022, the name of the party was changed from Telangana Rashtra Samithi to Bharat Rashtra Samithi to foray into the national politics.[20][21] After suffering a decisive defeat in the 2023 Telangana Legislative Assembly election, the party was restricted to winning only 39 seats in the state of Telangana.[22]

Ideology

Historical flag of Bharat Rashtra Samithi

On 27 April 2001, Rao resigned as Deputy Speaker of the Telugu Desam Party.[23] He opined that Telangana people were being categorically discriminated against within the undivided State of Andhra Pradesh. Consequently, Rao argued that only the creation of a separate State of Telangana would allow for the alleviation of the people's predicament.[24] Accordingly, KCR founded the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) Party at Jala Drushyam, Hyderabad in April 2001, with the objective of achieving statehood for Telangana.[23] The party initially won one-third of Mandal Parishad Territorial Constituencies (MPTC) and one-quarter of Zilla Parishad Territorial Constituencies (ZPTC) in Siddipet within sixty days of the formation of the party.[25]

Politics

Logo in use under the party's original name

2004 elections

In the aftermath of 2004 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, the party won 26 state assembly seats and also won five parliament seats. The TRS formed an alliance with Indian National Congress and joined the United Progressive Alliance. In September 2006, the party withdrew support for the central government on the grounds of indecision by the government over the delivery of its electoral promise to create Telangana.[26] On 13 September 2006, Rao triggered a by-election in his Lok Sabha constituency of Karimnagar, claiming provocation from Congress MLA M. Satyanarayana Rao and citing delay in the formation of Telangana state, as promised by Congress in its 2004 manifesto.[27] He won the subsequent by-election with a strong majority.[28] All TRS MLAs and MPs resigned their positions in April 2008 when the Central government did not meet their demand for a separate state in its latest budget session.[29] The by-election was held on 29 May 2008. In the 2008 by-elections, TRS retained only seven out of the 16 assembly segments and two out of the four Lok Sabha segments that it resigned, a significant defeat for the party.[30][31] TRS president K. Chandrasekhar Rao offered to resign after the by-election losses, but instead remained in office after other party leaders rejected the resignation.[31]

2009 elections

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2024)

In 2009, TRS formed an alliance with TDP and joined the Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance.[32] The party contested 45 assembly and nine parliament seats to win only ten assembly and two parliament seats. This was considered another major defeat.

2014 elections

In the 2014 Assembly and National Elections, TRS did not align with NDA or UPA and fought the elections on its own. TRS, which led the campaign for a separate State for more than a decade, emerged victorious by winning 11 of the 17 Lok Sabha seats and 63 of the 119 Assembly seats, and emerged as the party with the largest vote share in Telangana. The TRS' campaign had no other stars except KCR who addressed over 300 public meetings, heli-hopping around and often addressing more than 10 meetings in a single day. The TRS not only retained its north Telangana stronghold but also made inroads in south Telangana, a Congress bastion.[33]

It was only after the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh, and the creation of separate Telangana state that the party begun to deliver electoral success. TRS won 63 out of 110 seats it contested in the 2014 Assembly elections in the newly formed state, and went on to form the government.[34] K. Chandrashekar Rao, had taken oath as the first Chief Minister of the new state of Telangana on 2 June 2014.

2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly election

The TRS Government headed by Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao on 6 September 2018 dissolved the Legislative Assembly, the first after the formation of Telangana, to pave the way for early elections in the state.[35] The party has announced a list of 104 candidates for elections on the same day.[36]

In the 2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly election, held the nearly three months after the house dissolution, the TRS party won the assembly elections with massive majority. Won with 88 constituency seats which is more than 70% of 119 seats.[34]

2019 Indian general election

In May 2019, TRS Chief Rao flouted the idea of Federal Front, aiming for a non-Congress and non-BJP government at the centre.[37] The party won nine out of the contested 17 seats, a reduction of two seats from the 2014 election.[38]

Bharat Rashtra Samithi

The name of the party was changed from Telangana Rashtra Samithi to Bharat Rashtra Samithi on 5 October 2022 to foray into national politics ahead of Next Indian general election.[20][21] On 6 October 2022, officials from BRS submitted the relevant documents required for name change according to the Representation of the People Act, 1951 to the Election Commission of India in New Delhi.[39] As of October 2022, the party activities are taking place from a rented building at Sardar Patel Marg in Delhi. On 14 November the party office was inaugurated at New Delhi.[40][41]

Andhra Pradesh unit

The party created its local unit in the residual Andhra Pradesh state on 2 January 2023. Dr. Thota Chandrasekhar, former general secretary of the Jana Sena Party, was named its president. Other leaders from Andhra Pradesh who joined the party on the on its state unit's formation include former minister Ravela Kishore Babu, former IRS official Partha Sarathi, and former Praja Rajyam Party leader T. J. Prakash.[42][43]

The state unit suffered a setback in April 2023 when the Election Commission of India derecognised the BRS as a state party in Andhra Pradesh. The party had been enjoying state party status in Undivided Andhra Pradesh since 2004, and then in the states of residual Andhra Pradesh and Telangana since 2014.[44]


Membership

TRS Party president K Chandrasekhar Rao announced a schedule for the membership drive, which began on 3 February 2015, and elections to party committees from the village level. After a spectacular victory in the Assembly and Lok Sabha elections in Telangana, The TRS Party is now focused on strengthening it in the state.

KCR said the TRS Membership Drive 2015[45] would continue until 20 February. Elections to party committees at different levels would be held during March and April.

TRS party officially started registration process to get membership from 3 February 2015.[46]

Legislative leaders

List of chief ministers

Chief Minister of Telangana

Further information: List of chief ministers of Telangana

No. Portrait Name
(Birth)
Term in office Assembly Constituency Ministry
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 K. Chandrashekar Rao
(1954–)
2 June 2014 12 December 2018 9 years, 188 days 1st Gajwel Rao I
13 December 2018 6 December 2023 2nd Rao II

Deputy Chief Ministers of Telangana

S.No. Name Portrait Took office Left office Term Chief Minister
1 M. Mahmood Ali 2 June 2014[47] 12 December 2018 4 years, 193 days K. Chandrashekar Rao
2 T. Rajaiah 2 June 2014 25 January 2015[48] 237 days
3 Kadiyam Srihari 25 January 2015[49] 12 December 2018 3 years, 321 days

Leadership

List of presidents
S.No. Portrait Name Term
(tenure length)
Duration Ref.
1 K. Chandrashekar Rao 27 April 2001 – Incumbent 23 years and 12 days
List of working presidents
S.No. Portrait Name Term
(tenure length)
Duration Ref.
1 K. T. Rama Rao 15 December 2018 – Incumbent 5 years, 4 months and 24 days [50]

Electoral performance

Lok Sabha Election

Vote share in consecutive Lok Sabha elections
2004
0.63%
2009
0.61%
2014
1.22%
2019
1.25%
Year Legislature Party leader Seats contested Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
2004 14th Lok Sabha K. Chandrashekar Rao 22
5 / 545
Increase5 0.63% Steady new 2,441,405 Government [51]
2009 15th Lok Sabha 9
2 / 543
Decrease3 0.62% Decrease 0.01% 2,582,326 Others [52]
2014 16th Lok Sabha 17
11 / 543
Increase9 1.22% Increase 0.6% 6,736,270 Others [52]
2019 17th Lok Sabha 17
9 / 543
Decrease2 1.25% Increase 0.03% 7,696,848 Others [38]

State Legislative Assembly elections

Election Year Overall votes % of overall votes Seats contested Seats won +/- in seats +/- in vote share Outcome Ref
United Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
2004 2,390,940 6.68% 54
26 / 294
Increase 26 Steady new Government [53]
2009 1,678,906 3.99% 45
10 / 294
Decrease 16 Decrease 2.69% Opposition [54]
2014 6,620,326 13.68% 119
63 / 294
Increase 53 - Government [a] [55]
Telangana Legislative Assembly
2018 9,700,479 46.9% 119
88 / 119
Increase 25 - Government [34]
2023 8,753,924 37.35% 119
39 / 119
Decrease 49 Decrease 9.55% Opposition [56]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Outcome-Government is restricted to Telangana

References

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