|President||Lalu Prasad Yadav|
|Rajya Sabha Leader||Prem Chand Gupta|
|Founded||5 July 1997|
|Split from||Janata Dal|
|Headquarters||13, V. P. House, Rafi Marg, New Delhi, India-110001|
|Student wing||Chhatra Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|Youth wing||Yuva Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|Women's wing||Mahila Rashtriya Janata Dal|
|ECI Status||State party|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
0 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
6 / 245
|Seats in State Legislative Assemblies|
|Seats in Bihar Legislative Council|
14 / 75
|Number of states and union territories in government|
2 / 31
The Rashtriya Janata Dal (abbreviated as RJD; translation: National People's Party) is an Indian political party, based in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand. The party was founded in 1997 by Lalu Prasad Yadav.
The party's support base has traditionally been Other Backward Classes, Dalits and Muslims and it is considered a political champion of the lower castes. In 2008, RJD received the status of recognized national level party following its performance in north-eastern states. RJD was derecognised as a national party on 30 July 2010. Leading the Mahagathbandhan government with over 165 MLAs, it is currently the single largest political party in Bihar and currently the ruling party in Bihar, with the party's youth leader Tejashwi Yadav as Deputy Chief Minister. RJD is also part of Ruling Government in Jharkhand and Kerala with its allies Mahagathbandhan (Jharkhand).
On 5 July 1997, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Raghuvansh Prasad Singh, Mohammad Shahabuddin, Abdul Bari Siddiqui, Kanti Singh, Mohammed Taslimuddin along with seventeen Lok Sabha MPs and eight Rajya Sabha MPs along with supporters gathered at New Delhi formed the new political party, Rashtriya Janata Dal. It was formed as breakaway of Janata Dal. Lalu Prasad was elected as the first president of RJD. It is a centre-left party.
In the March 1998 national elections, RJD won 17 Lok Sabha seats from Bihar but failed to make significant headway in any other state. Later that year, the party formed an alliance with Mulayam Singh Yadav's Samajwadi Party as an anti-Bharatiya Janata Party secular coalition but the coalition failed in garnering any widespread support.
In the October 1999 elections, RJD fought the election in alliance with Indian National Congress but lost 10 Lok Sabha seats including the seat of Lalu Prasad Yadav.
In the 2000 state elections, however, it performed well, winning a majority of the seats in the state assembly in Bihar. Continuing its upswing in electoral fortunes, the party won 24 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections that it fought in alliance with Indian National Congress. It was a part of Indian National Congress led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) from 2004 - May 2009, wherein Lalu Yadav held the position of the Minister of Railways.
In February 2005 Bihar Legislative Assembly election RJD won only 75 seats and lost the power. In the state elections held later that year – as a result of no party being able to form a government and RJD continued its downward slide winning only 54 seats.
In 2009 Indian general election, the RJD broke its alliance from UPA when seat sharing talks failed. RJD formed its alliance with Ram Vilas Paswan's Lok Janshakti Party and Mulayam Singh Yadav's Samajwadi Party what the media has dubbed the "Fourth Front". RJD performed poorly and won just four seats, all of them in Bihar. However, in 2010 Assembly election, the RJD did not continue their alliance with Samajwadi Party.
In 2014 Indian general election RJD came back to UPA and contested election in alliance with Indian National Congress and Nationalist Congress Party in Bihar. Out of 40 seats in Bihar, RJD will contest on 27 seats, INC on 12 and NCP on one. RJD won only four out of total forty Loksabha seats in Bihar.
The party leadership consists of the following bodies.
Lalu Prasad Yadav is the National President of RJD.
The national vice president members of the party Mangani Lal Mandal, Mohammad Ilyas Hussain, Ahmed Ashfaq Karim, Rabri Devi, Raghuvansh Prasad Singh and Shivanand Tiwary.
National Secretary general : Abdul Bari Siddiqui.
National Treasurer : Sunil Kumar Singh
The national executive members of the party Lalu Prasad Yadav, Tejashwi Yadav, Tej Pratap Yadav, Misa Bharti, Prem Chandra Gupta, Manoj Jha, Abdul Bari Siddiqui and Ram Chandra Purve.
On 14 April 2015, the RJD, Janata Dal (United), Janata Dal (Secular), the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus breaking their long time alliance with the INC. This would give the alliance 14 Lok Sabha seats and 30 Rajya Sabha seats.
On 7 May 2015, the RJD expelled Rajesh Ranjan for six years due to anti-RJD activities after speculation rose that he may join the Biju Janata Dal for the 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election but he formed a new party called Jan Adhikar Party.
In November 2015, RJD won the elections as party became the single largest party with 80 followed by Janata Dal (United) with 71 seats, BJP with 53 seats and Congress with 27 seats. In terms of vote share, BJP came first with 24.4%, followed by RJD with 18.4% and JD (U) with 16.8% and Congress got 6.7%. Janata Dal (United)'s Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister and Lalu's son Tejashwi Yadav became the Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar.
In July 2017, following the corruption cases against Tejashwi Yadav, Nitish Kumar asked Yadav to resign from the cabinet, which was refused by RJD. In order to protect his clean image towards corruption, Nitish Kumar resigned on 26 July 2017, ending RJD's stake in Bihar government. What followed next was a coalition BJP and JDU as a result Nitish Kumar became the Chief Minister again whereas Sushil Modi, a prominent BJP leader became the Deputy Chief Minister.
Alliance between Indian National Congress and the RJD has factioned in October 2021. When Tejashwi given tickets to candidates in Bihar By-elections, where Congress was fixed to stand candidates.
In August 2022, the Mahagathbandhan, Janata Dal (United), Indian National Congress, Hindustan Awam Morcha and Left Front joined again to form 2/3rd Majority government in Bihar Legislative Assembly.
|Lok Sabha Term||Indian
|Votes Polled||% of
|% of votes in
|13th Lok Sabha||1999||61||7||10,150,492||2.79||24.95%||Bihar (7)|
|14th Lok Sabha||2004||42||24||93,84,147||2.4||Bihar (22) Jharkhand (2)
|15th Lok Sabha||2009||44||4||52,80,084||1.3||Bihar (4)
|16th Lok Sabha||2014||30||4||74,42,313||1.4||Bihar (4)
|17th Lok Sabha||2019||21||0||66,31,585||1.1||N/A|||
|Vidhan Sabha Term||Bihar Assembly Elections||Seats Contested||Seats Won||% of votes||% of votes in
|11th Vidhan Sabha||2000||293||124||28.34||31.28||10,500,361|
|12th Vidhan Sabha||2005 February||210||75||25.07||28.35||6,140,223|
|13th Vidhan Sabha||2005 October||175||54||23.45||32.63||5,525,081|
|14th Vidhan Sabha||2010||168||22||18.84||27.31||5,475,656|
|15th Vidhan Sabha||2015||101||80||18.4||44.35||6,995,509|
|16th Vidhan Sabha||2020||144||75||23.11||38.96||9,738,855|
|Vidhan Sabha Term||Jharkhand Assembly Elections||Seats Contested||Seats Won||% of votes||Party Votes|
|2nd Vidhan Sabha||2005||51||7||8.48|||
|3rd Vidhan Sabha||2009||56||5||5.03||517,324|
|4th Vidhan Sabha||2014||19||0||3.13||133,815|
|5th Vidhan Sabha||2019||7||1||2.75||413,167|
|No.||Name||Term in office||Party||Assembly (Election)|
|1||Lalu Prasad Yadav||10 March 1990||28 March 1995||5 years, 18 days||Janata Dal||Tenth Assembly|
|2||Lalu Prasad Yadav||4 April 1995||25 July 1997||2 years, 112 days||Janata Dal||Eleventh Assembly|
|3||Rabri Devi||25 July 1997||11 February 1999||1 year, 201 days||Rashtriya Janata Dal||Eleventh Assembly|
|4||Rabri Devi||9 March 1999||2 March 2000||359 days||Rashtriya Janata Dal||Eleventh Assembly|
|5||Rabri Devi||11 March 2000||6 March 2005||4 years, 360 days||Rashtriya Janata Dal||Twelfth Assembly|
|No.||Name||Term in office||Assembly (Election)|
|1.||Tejashwi Yadav||26 November 2015||26 July 2017||1 year, 244 days||17th Bihar Assembly|
|2.||Tejashwi Yadav||10 August 2022||Incumbent||1 year, 20 days||18th Bihar Assembly|
|No.||Name||Term of office||Portfolio||Prime Minister|
|1||Lalu Prasad Yadav||24 May 2004||22 May 2009||Minister of Railways||Manmohan Singh|
|2||Jay Prakash Narayan Yadav||24 May 2004||22 May 2009||Minister of Water Resources||Manmohan Singh|
|3||Taslimuddin||24 May 2004||22 May 2009||Ministry of Agriculture and Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.||Manmohan Singh|
|4||Kanti Singh||24 May 2004||22 May 2009||Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Tourism
Minister of Women and Child Development
|5||Raghuvansh Prasad Singh||24 May 2004||24 May 2009||Minister of Rural Development||Manmohan Singh|
|6||Md. Ali Ashraf Fatmi||24 May 2004||24 May 2009||Ministry of Human Resource Development||Manmohan Singh|
|7||Raghunath Jha||24 May 2004||24 May 2009||Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises||Manmohan Singh|
The legal cases against Lalu Prasad Yadav and Lula da Silva along with their subsequent incarceration are glaring examples of how the issue of corruption is often used as a weapon by the right against popular centre-left political formations.
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