|Lok Sabha leader||S. T. Hasan|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Ram Gopal Yadav|
|Founder||Mulayam Singh Yadav|
|Founded||4 October 1992|
|Split from||Janata Dal|
|Headquarters||18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi|
|Student wing||Samajwadi Chatra Sabha|
|Youth wing||Samajwadi Prahari
Samajwadi Yuvjan Sabha|
|Women's wing||Samajwadi Mahila Sabha|
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
|Colours||Red and Green|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
3 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
3 / 245
|Seats in State Legislative Assemblies|
115 / 4,036
(3987 MLAs & 49 Vacant)
|Seats in Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council|
9 / 100
|Number of states and union territories in government|
0 / 31
The Samajwadi Party (abbr. SP; translation: Socialist Party, founded 4 October 1992) is a socialist political party in India, headquartered in New Delhi but mainly based in Uttar Pradesh, with significant presence in other states as well. With a secular and democratic ideology, the Samajwadi Party believes in creating a socialist society, which works on the principle of equality. The party has been able to form the government in the state of Uttar Pradesh for four times - three times under Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav, the fourth and recent being Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav’s full majority government in 2012-2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. The coalition of party and it’s alliance partners SP+ has one of the largest vote base in the state of Uttar Pradesh in terms of collective voting pattern in the state-based electoral system, with more than 37% vote share in 2022 elections.
The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League) fragmented into several regional parties. The party was founded by Mulayam Singh Yadav in 1992. Created just months before the Babri Masjid demolition, the party is said to having played a key role in preventing violence within the state following the event. The Samajwadi Party is now led by former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Akhilesh Yadav after he was chosen the President by the National Convention held on 1 January, 2017.
The Samajwadi Party is primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form a government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he selected his son, Akhilesh Yadav, instead. It became official on 15 March. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years. However, the party suffered a landslide defeat in the 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Election, slumping to only 47 seats as the Bharatiya Janata Party swept to victory.
Recent news updated by samajwadi party twitter handle confirms the demise of the supremo Mulayam singh yadav
In 2014, there was a proposed merger of the Samajwadi Party with some other Janata Parivar parties uniting with Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar.
In a National Convention held on 1 January 2017 called by Ram Gopal Yadav, Akhilesh Yadav was appointed as president of the party.
The Samajwadi Party provided outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government up to the fourteenth general election. After the fourteenth general election, its support became unnecessary when the UPA became the largest alliance. It contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.
In the last general election, the Samajwadi Party was defeated by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh. It is currently the thirteenth largest party in parliament. In the general elections of 2019, it won only 5 seats, while the Indian National Congress gained 52 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party obtained a clear mandate with 303 seats.
In West Bengal, the West Bengal Socialist Party of Kiranmoy Nanda merged with the SP. The SP has two MLAs each in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and one newly elected MLA in 2022 Gujarat assembly election.
In April 2014, the Save Indian Family Foundation encouraged voters to support the Samajwadi Party or vote None of the above because the Samajwadi Party had stated that it opposed the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.
The Samajwadi Party has Samajwadi Prahari frontline groups.Party has leading leaders from different fields Through Samajwadi Sanwad, the revolutionary ideas of these leaders will be spread in the society. Some of them are:
|Lok Sabha Term||Lok Sabha||Seats contested||Seats won||% of votes||State (seats)||Ref|
|11th Lok Sabha||1996||111||16||3.3%||Uttar Pradesh (16)|||
|12th Lok Sabha||1998||166||19||4.9%||Uttar Pradesh (19)|||
|13th Lok Sabha||1999||151||26||3.8%||Uttar Pradesh (26)|||
|14th Lok Sabha||2004||237||36||4.3%||Uttar Pradesh (35)
|15th Lok Sabha||2009||193||23||3.4%||Uttar Pradesh (23)|||
|16th Lok Sabha||2014||197||5||3.4%||Uttar Pradesh (5)|||
|17th Lok Sabha||2019||49||5||2.6%||Uttar Pradesh (5)|||
|Vidhan Sabha Term||UP elections||Seats contested||Seats won||% of votes||Party Votes||Ref|
|12th Vidhan Sabha||1993||256||109||17.94||8,963,697|||
|13th Vidhan Sabha||1996||281||110||21.80||12,085,226|||
|14th Vidhan Sabha||2002||390||143||25.37||13,612,509|||
|15th Vidhan Sabha||2007||393||97||25.43||13,267,674|||
|16th Vidhan Sabha||2012||401||224||29.15||22,107,241|||
|17th Vidhan Sabha||2017||311||47||21.82||18,923,689|||
|18th Vidhan Sabha||2022||347||111||32.06||29,543,934|||
Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)
|Vidhan Sabha Term||MP elections||Seat contested||Seats won||% of votes||Party Votes||Ref|
Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)
|Vidhan Sabha Term||Maharastra Elections||Seat contested||Seats Won||% of votes||Party votes||Ref|
|Term of office||Tenure length||Party[a]||Assembly
|1||Mulayam Singh Yadav
|4 December 1993||3 June 1995||1 year, 181 days||Samajwadi Party||Twelfth Assembly (1993–95)
|(1)||Mulayam Singh Yadav
|29 August 2003||13 May 2007||3 years, 257 days||Samajwadi Party||Fourteenth Assembly (2002–07)
|15 March 2012||19 March 2017||5 years, 4 days||Samajwadi Party||Sixteenth Assembly (2012–17)
|No.||Name||Term of office||Portfolio||Prime Minister|
|1||Mulayam Singh Yadav||1 June 1996||19 March 1998||Minister of Defence||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
|2||Janeshwar Mishra||10 July 1996||May 1997||Minister of Water Resources||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
The big winner in the Uttar Pradesh state election was the regional leftwing Samajwadi party
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