Samajwadi Party
AbbreviationSP
PresidentAkhilesh Yadav
ChairpersonAkhilesh Yadav
SecretaryKiranmoy Nanda
Lok Sabha leaderMulayam Singh Yadav
Rajya Sabha leaderRam Gopal Yadav
FounderMulayam Singh Yadav
Founded4 October 1992 (30 years ago) (1992-10-04)
Split fromJanata Dal
Headquarters18 Copernicus Lane, New Delhi
NewspaperSamajwadi Bulletin[1]
Student wingSamajwadi Chatra Sabha[2]
Youth wingSamajwadi Prahari[3] Samajwadi Yuvjan Sabha[4]
Lohiya vahini
Women's wingSamajwadi Mahila Sabha[5]
IdeologySocialism[6]
Democratic socialism[7]
Left-wing populism[8]
Social conservatism[9][10]
Political positionLeft-wing[11][12][10]
International affiliationProgressive Alliance[13]
Colours    Red and Green
ECI StatusState Party[14]
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
4 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies
113 / 4,036

(3987 MLAs & 49 Vacant)

Seats in Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council
9 / 100
Number of states and union territories in government
0 / 31
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Party flag
Samajwadi Party Flag.jpg
Website
www.samajwadiparty.in

The Samajwadi Party (abbr. SP; translation: Socialist Party, founded 4 November, 1992) is a socialist political party in India, headquartered in New Delhi. It is mainly based in Uttar Pradesh, with significant presence in other states as well.[15] With a secular and democratic ideology, the Samajwadi Party believes in creating a socialist society, which works on the principle of equality. In the 2022 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, the party won a 32.06% vote share with 111 seats, the highest vote share in party history. The party was able form the government 3 times, with one full majority since 2012 in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. The party was fifth-largest by vote share since the 2019 general elections but it acquired less seats as compared to other parties due to the constituency-based electoral system.

History

The Samajwadi Party was one of several parties that emerged when the Janata Dal (People's League) fragmented into several regional parties.[16] The party was founded by Mulayam Singh Yadav in 1992. Created just months before the Babri Masjid demolition, the party is said to having played a key role in preventing violence within the state following the event.[17] The Samajwadi Party is now led by former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Akhilesh Yadav after he was chosen the President by the National Convention held on 1 January, 2017.

The Samajwadi Party is primarily based in Uttar Pradesh State. It has contested Lok Sabha and State Assembly elections around the country, though its successes have been mainly in Uttar Pradesh. In the 2012 legislative assembly elections of Uttar Pradesh, SP registered a landslide victory with a clear majority in the House, thus enabling it to form a government in the state. This was expected to be the fifth term of Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister of state, but he selected his son, Akhilesh Yadav, instead. It became official on 15 March. It was also the first time that SP was head of the UP government for a full term of 5 years.[18][19] However, the party suffered a landslide defeat in the 2017 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Election, slumping to only 47 seats as the Bharatiya Janata Party swept to victory.

Proposed merger

In 2014, there was a proposed merger of Samajwadi Party with some other Janata Parivar parties uniting with Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar.[20][21]

National Convention of January 2017

In a National Convention held on 1 January 2017 called by Ram Gopal Yadav, Akhilesh Yadav was appointed as president of the party.

Position in state and national politics

The Samajwadi Party provided outside support to the United Progressive Alliance government up to the fourteenth general election. After the fourteenth general election, its support became unnecessary when the UPA became the largest alliance. It contested the 2009 general election in alliance with the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Lok Janshakti Party of Bihar.[22]

In the last general election, the Samajwadi Party was defeated by the BJP in Uttar Pradesh.[citation needed] It is currently the thirteenth largest party in parliament.[23] In the general elections of 2019, it won only 5 seats, while the Indian National Congress gained 52 seats and the Bharatiya Janata Party obtained a clear mandate with 303 seats.

In West Bengal, the West Bengal Socialist Party of Kiranmoy Nanda merged with the SP. The SP has two MLAs each in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

In April 2014, the Save Indian Family Foundation encouraged voters to support the Samajwadi Party or vote None of the above because the Samajwadi Party had stated that it opposed the alleged misuse of gender bias laws.[24]

Samajwadi Prahari and Samajwadi Sanwad

The Samajwadi Party has Samajwadi Prahari[25] frontline groups.Party has leading leaders from different fields Through Samajwadi Sanwad, the revolutionary ideas of these leaders will be spread in the society. Some of them are:

  1. Chhatra Sabha Sanwad
  2. Yuvjan Sabha Sanwad
  3. Samajwadi prahari Sanwad
  4. Mulayam Singh Youth Brigade Sanwad
  5. Lohiya Vahini Sanwad
  6. Shikshak Sabha Sanwad
  7. Vyapar Sabha Sanwad
  8. Adhivakta Sabha Sanwad
  9. Ambedkar Vahini Samwad

Electoral performances

Lok Sabha (Lower House)

Lok Sabha Term Lok Sabha Seats contested Seats won % of votes State (seats) Ref
11th Lok Sabha 1996 111 16 3.3% Uttar Pradesh (16) [26]
12th Lok Sabha 1998 166 19 4.9% Uttar Pradesh (19) [27]
13th Lok Sabha 1999 151 26 3.8% Uttar Pradesh (26) [28]
14th Lok Sabha 2004 237 36 4.3% Uttar Pradesh (35)
Uttarakhand (1)
[29]
15th Lok Sabha 2009 193 23 3.4% Uttar Pradesh (23) [30]
16th Lok Sabha 2014 197 5 3.4% Uttar Pradesh (5) [31]
17th Lok Sabha 2019 49 5 2.6% Uttar Pradesh (5) [32]

Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)

Vidhan Sabha Term UP elections Seats contested Seats won % of votes Party Votes Ref
12th Vidhan Sabha 1993 256 109 17.94 89,63,697 [33]
13th Vidhan Sabha 1996 281 110 21.80 1,20,85,226 [34]
14th Vidhan Sabha 2002 390 143 25.37 1,36,12,509 [35]
15th Vidhan Sabha 2007 393 97 25.43 1,32,67,674 [36]
16th Vidhan Sabha 2012 401 224 29.15 2,21,07,241 [37]
17th Vidhan Sabha 2017 311 47 21.82 1,89,23,689 [38]
18th Vidhan Sabha 2022 347 111 32.06 2,95,43,934 [39]

Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)

Vidhan Sabha Term MP elections Seat contested Seats won % of votes Party Votes Ref
11th Assembly 1998 228 4 1.58
12th Assembly 2003 161 7 3.71
13th Assembly 2008 187 1 1.90
14th Assembly 2013 161 0 1.2 04,04,853
15th Assembly 2018 52 1 1.3 04,96,025

Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)

Vidhan Sabha Term Maharastra Elections Seat contested Seats Won % of votes Party votes Ref
9th Assembly 1995 22 3 0.93 03,56,731
10th Assembly 1999 15 2 02,27,640
11th Assembly 2004 95 0 1.13 04,71,425
12th Assembly 2009 31 4 1.11 03,37,378
13th Assembly 2014 22 1 0.17 92,304
14th Assembly 2019 7 2 0.22 01,23,267

List of Chief Ministers

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017, Akhilesh Yadav
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017, Akhilesh Yadav
No. Name
Constituency
Term of office[40][41] Tenure length Party[a] Assembly[42]
(Election)
Ref
1 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Jaswantnagar
4 December 1993 3 June 1995 1 year, 181 days Samajwadi Party Twelfth Assembly (1993–95)
(1993 election)
[43]
(1) Mulayam Singh Yadav
Gunnaur
29 August 2003 13 May 2007 3 years, 257 days Samajwadi Party Fourteenth Assembly (2002–07)
(2002 election)
[43]
2 Akhilesh Yadav
MLC
15 March 2012 19 March 2017 5 years, 4 days Samajwadi Party Sixteenth Assembly (2012–17)
(2012 election)
[44]
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.

List of Central Ministers

No. Name Term of office Portfolio Prime Minister
1 Mulayam Singh Yadav 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 Minister of Defence H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
2 Janeshwar Mishra 10 July 1996 May 1997 Minister of Water Resources H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral

Prominent members

State Leadership

See also

References

  1. ^ "Command performance: Can a party mouthpiece question its leaders?". Hindustan Times. 10 January 2016.
  2. ^ "SP chatra sabha declares 70 district unit presidents name". www.oneindia.com. 17 March 2008.
  3. ^ "About Samajwadi Prahari". Samajwadi Prahari. 10 March 2021.
  4. ^ "SP reinstates youth wings' office-bearers with a rider | Lucknow News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  5. ^ "SP appoints presidents of nine frontal organisations". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 2 July 2014 – via Business Standard.
  6. ^ "Mulayam Singh lays emphasis on socialist ideology".
  7. ^ Singh, Mahendra Prasad; Saxena, Rekha (2003). India at the Polls: Parliamentary Elections in the Federal Phase. Orient Blackswan. p. 78. ISBN 978-8-125-02328-9.
  8. ^ "Mulayam's son Prateek Yadav attracts eye balls during ride in Rs 5 crore Lamborghini". www.india.com/news. 14 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Which political party has most clearly and consistently opposed women's rights?". scroll.in. 16 May 2021.
  10. ^ a b Verniers, Gilles (2018). "Conservative in Practice: The Transformation of the Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh". Studies in Indian Politics. 6: 44–59. doi:10.1177/2321023018762675. S2CID 158168430.
  11. ^ "Left wing triumphs in Uttar Pradesh election". Financial Times. 6 March 2012. The big winner in the Uttar Pradesh state election was the regional leftwing Samajwadi party
  12. ^ "Indian MPs held hostage in caste struggle". The Independent. 21 June 1995.
  13. ^ "Parties & Organisations". Progressive Alliance. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  14. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  15. ^ "Why Uttar Pradesh is India's battleground state". BBC News. 26 December 2011.
  16. ^ Kochanek, Stanley A.; Hardgrave, Robert L. (30 January 2007). India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation. Cengage Learning. ISBN 9780495007494.
  17. ^ Dixit, Neha. "Akhilesh Yadav in the family business". The Caravan. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  18. ^ "Assembly Elections May 2013 Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Assembly Elections 2012 - The end of Mayayug in UP". IndiaVoice. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  20. ^ Gupta, Smita. "Janata Parivar announces merger, Mulayam to head new party". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Merger of RJD, JD-U, SP would take place after Kharmas: Lalu". Patna Daily. 27 December 2014.
  22. ^ "SP, RJD, LJP Front to kickstart UP campaign on Apr 9". The Times of India. 5 April 2009. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
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  46. ^ "Ministry of Defence". www.mod.gov.in. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  47. ^ Former Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh up.gov.in.
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