2024 Indian general election

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All 543 seats in the Lok Sabha
272 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
 
Official Photograph of Prime Minister Narendra Modi Portrait.png
Mallikarjun_Kharge.jpg
Leader Narendra Modi Mallikarjun Kharge
Party BJP INC
Alliance NDA I.N.D.I.A.
Last election 37.36%,
303 seats
19.49%,
52 seats
Current seats 290 47
Seats needed Steady Increase 227

Seats by constituency. As this is a FPTP election, seat totals are not determined proportional to each party's total vote share, but instead by the plurality in each constituency.

Incumbent Prime Minister

Narendra Modi
BJP



General elections are expected to be held in India between April and May 2024 to elect 543 members of the Lok Sabha.

Background

The tenure of the 17th Lok Sabha is scheduled to end on 16 June 2024.[1] The previous general elections were held in April–May 2019. After the election, National Democratic Alliance, led by Bharatiya Janata Party, formed the union government, with Narendra Modi continuing as Prime Minister.[2]

Electoral system

All 543 elected MPs are elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting.[3] The 104th amendment to the constitution abolished the two seats that were reserved for the Anglo-Indian community.[4]

Eligible voters must be Indian citizens, 18 years or older, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and registered to vote (name included in the electoral rolls), possess a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India or equivalent.[5] Some people convicted of electoral or other offenses are barred from voting.[6]

Article 83 of the Constitution of India requires elections to the Lok Sabha be held once every five years.[7]

Election schedule

Election schedule for 18th Lok Sabha will be announced by Election Commission of India (ECI). The tenure of 17th Lok Sabha is scheduled to end on 16 June 2024.[8]

State/Union territory Total

constituencies

Election Date(s)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1
Andhra Pradesh 25
Arunachal Pradesh 2
Assam 14
Bihar 40
Chandigarh 1
Chhattisgarh 11
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu 2
Goa 2
Gujarat 26
Haryana 10
Himachal Pradesh 4
Jammu and Kashmir 5
Jharkhand 14
Karnataka 28
Kerala 20
Ladakh 1
Lakshadweep 1
Madhya Pradesh 29
Maharashtra 48
Manipur 2
Meghalaya 2
Mizoram 1
Nagaland 1
NCT of Delhi 7
Odisha 21
Puducherry 1
Punjab 13
Rajasthan 25
Sikkim 1
Tamil Nadu 39
Telangana 17
Tripura 2
Uttar Pradesh 80
Uttarakhand 5
West Bengal 42

Parties and alliances

Main article: List of political parties in India

The politics of India has become increasingly bipolar in the run-up to the 2024 Indian general elections with two major alliances emerging; the incumbent National Democratic Alliance and the opposition Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance. There are 6 national parties contesting the 2024 Indian general elections: Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Bahujan Samaj Party, National People's Party and Aam Aadmi Party with all except the BSP being a part of one of the alliances.

National Democratic Alliance

Main article: National Democratic Alliance

The National Democratic Alliance abbreviated as NDA (IAST: Rāṣhṭrīya Jānātāntrik Gaṭhabandhan) is a big-tent, mostly centre-right to right-wing political alliance led by the Bharatiya Janata Party.

This section is transcluded from List of National Democratic Alliance candidates for the 2024 Indian general election#Seat sharing summary. (edit | history)

Party Symbol Leader Seats States/UTs
Won Lost Contested
Bharatiya Janata Party[9]
Narendra Modi National party
National People's Party[10] Conrad Sangma
Shiv Sena[11]
Eknath Shinde Maharashtra
Nationalist Congress Party (Ajit Pawar)[12] Ajit Pawar
Janata Dal (Secular)[13] Janata Dal Election Symbol H. D. Devegowda Karnataka
Janata Dal (United) Nitish Kumar Bihar
Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas)[14] Chirag Paswan
Rashtriya Lok Janshakti Party[15] Pashupati Kumar Paras
Hindustani Awam Morcha[16] Telephone Jitan Ram Manjhi
Rashtriya Lok Janata Dal[17] Upendra Kushwaha
All Jharkhand Students Union[18] Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand
Asom Gana Parishad[19] Atul Bora Assam
United People's Party Liberal[20] Urkhao Gwra Brahma
Apna Dal (Soneylal)[21] Anupriya Patel Uttar Pradesh
NISHAD Party[22] Sanjay Nishad
Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party[23] Om Prakash Rajbhar
All India N.R. Congress Jug N. Rangasamy Puducherry
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party[24] Neiphiu Rio Nagaland
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha[25] Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim
Mizo National Front Zoramthanga Mizoram
Jannayak Janta Party Ajay Singh Chautala Haryana
Haryana Lokhit Party Gopal Goyal Kanda
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Sudin Dhavalikar Goa
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura Prem Kumar Reang Tripura
Naga People's Front[26] Küzholuzo Nienü Nagaland
Shiromani Akali Dal Samyukta Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa Punjab
Puthiya Tamilagam K. Krishnasamy Tamil Nadu
Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Thushar Vellappally Kerala
Kerala Kamaraj Congress Vishnupuram Chandrasekharan
Republican Party of India (Athawale) Ramdas Athawale Maharashtra
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Mahadev Jankar
Prahar Janshakti Party Omprakash Babarao Kadu
Jan Surajya Shakti Vinay Kore
United Democratic Party Metbah Lyngdoh Meghalaya
Hill State People's Democratic Party KP Pangniang
Gorkha National Liberation Front Mann Ghising West Bengal

Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance

Main article: Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance

The Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance is a big-tent, mostly centre-left to left-wing bloc of opposition parties.[27][28]

This section is transcluded from List of Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance candidates for the 2024 Indian general election#Seat sharing summary. (edit | history)

Source :[29]

Party Symbol Leader Seats States/UTs
Won Lost Contested
Indian National Congress Mallikarjun Kharge National party
Communist Party of India (Marxist) Sitaram Yechury
Aam Aadmi Party Arvind Kejriwal
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Rising Sun M. K. Stalin Tamil Nadu
Puducherry
Communist Party of India D. Raja Kerala
Manipur
Tamil Nadu
Rashtriya Janata Dal Lalu Prasad Yadav Bihar
Jharkhand
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Hemant Soren Jharkhand
Nationalist Congress Party Sharad Pawar Maharashtra
Shiv Sena (Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray) Uddhav Thackeray
Vanchit Bahujan Aaghadi
Prakash Ambedkar
Peasants and Workers Party of India Jayant Prabhakar Patil
Swabhimani Paksha Raju Shetty
Samajwadi Party
Akhilesh Yadav 60 Uttar Pradesh
Rashtriya Lok Dal Jayant Singh 7
Apna Dal (Kamerawadi) Krishna Patel 1
Azad Samaj Party Chandra Shekhar Azad 1
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation Dipankar Bhattacharya Bihar
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Farooq Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Ink-pot & Pen Mehbooba Mufti
Indian Union Muslim League IUML Election Symbol K. M. Kader Mohideen Kerala
Kerala Congress P. J. Joseph
Kerala Congress (M) Jose K. Mani
Revolutionary Socialist Party Manoj Bhattacharya
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi E. R. Eswaran Tamil Nadu
Manithaneya Makkal Katchi M. H. Jawahirullah
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Vaiko
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi Thol. Thirumavalavan
All India Forward Bloc G. Devarajan West Bengal

Other major parties and alliances

Bahujan Samaj Party leader Mayawati announced that her party will contest the election on its own strength in most states and ally with other non-BJP, non-Congress parties in Punjab and Haryana.[30][31]

On 11 May 2023, Biju Janata Dal leader and Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik said that his party will go solo for the Lok Sabha polls.[32]

Party/Alliance Symbol Leader Seats States/UTs
Won Lost Contested
Bahujan Samaj Party Mayawati National party
All India Trinamool Congress Abhishek Banerjee West Bengal
Meghalaya
Tripura
Shiromani Akali Dal Sukhbir Singh Badal Punjab
YSR Congress Party Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh
Biju Janata Dal Naveen Patnaik Odisha
Bharat Rashtra Samithi K. Chandrashekar Rao Telangana
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Asaduddin Owaisi
TDP
+
JSP
Telugu Desam Party N. Chandrababu Naidu Andhra Pradesh
Jana Sena Party Pawan Kalyan
All India United Democratic Front Badruddin Ajmal Assam
RLP
+
ASP
(KR)
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party Hanuman Beniwal Rajasthan
Azad Samaj Party (Kanshiram) Chandrashekhar Azad Ravan Uttar Pradesh
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Two Leaves Edappadi K. Palaniswami 40 Tamil Nadu
Puducherry
Naam Tamilar Katchi Seeman 40
Indian National Lok Dal INLD party symbol Abhay Singh Chautala Haryana
Bodoland People's Front Hagrama Mohilary Assam
Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Premalatha Vijayakanth Tamil Nadu
Goa Forward Party Vijai Sardesai Goa
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party Harsh Dev Singh Jammu and Kashmir
Janta Congress Chhattisgarh Amit Jogi Chhattisgarh
Sikkim Democratic Front Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim
Tipra Motha Party Pradyot Deb Barma Tripura
People's Party of Arunachal Kahfa Bengia Arunachal Pradesh
Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Raj Thackeray Maharashtra
Voice of the People Party Ardent Miller Basaiawmoit Meghalaya

Party campaigns

Bharatiya Janata Party

Main article: Bharatiya Janata Party campaign for the 2024 Indian general election

The national executive meeting of BJP held on 16 and 17 January 2023 saw the party reaffirm its faith in Prime Minister Narendra Modi and extend the tenure of BJP national president J. P. Nadda.

Charting out the BJP's strategy for the upcoming polls, PM Modi in his speech to party workers said they should reach out to every section of society, including the marginalised and minority communities, “without electoral considerations”.[33]

Following the 2023 Legislative Assembly elections, Modi debuted the slogan "Modi Ki Guarantee" for the 2024 polls.[34]

Indian National Congress

Main article: Indian National Congress campaign for the 2024 Indian general election

The Congress campaign was launched from Nagpur at a huge rally in which over 1 million people were expected to attend in Nagpur, Maharashtra on 28 December 2023.[35] This rally also marked the 138th Congress Foundation Day and was being held to energise the party cadre for the 2024 Indian general election.[36] Party workers from all over the state are were called to join the rally.[37][38]

Candidates

Main articles: List of National Democratic Alliance candidates for the 2024 Indian general election and List of Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance candidates for the 2024 Indian general election

NDA PM candidate

The prime ministerial candidate for the 2024 general election of the alliance is the incumbent Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi.[citation needed]

I.N.D.I.A PM candidate

The prime ministerial candidate for the 2024 general election of the INDIA bloc will be decided after the 2024 polls.[39]

Surveys and polls

Main article: Opinion polling for the 2024 Indian general election

According to an India TV-CNX poll released on 3 October 2023, 61% of participants preferred the incumbent Narendra Modi (BJP) followed by Rahul Gandhi (INC) at 21% as the next Prime Minister of India.[40]

Opinion polls

This section is transcluded from Opinion polling for the 2024 Indian general election#Seats and vote share projections. (edit | history)

Vote Share Projections
Polling agency Date published Sample size Margin of Error Lead
NDA I.N.D.I.A. Others
Times Now-Matrize February 2024[41] 156,843 ±2% 41.8 28.6 29.6 13.2
ABP-CVoter December 2023[42] 200,000 ±3-5% 42 38 20 4
Times Now-ETG December 2023[43][44] 147,231 ±3% 44 39 17 5
India TV-CNX October 2023[45][46] 54,250 ±3% 43.4 39.1 17.5 4.3
Times Now-ETG October 2023[47] 135,100 ±3% 42.6 40.2 17.2 2.4
August 2023[48][49] 110,662 ±3% 42.6 40.2 17.2 2.4
India Today-CVoter August 2023[50] 160,438 N/A 43 41 16 2
Seat Projections
Polling agency Date published Sample size Margin of Error Lead
NDA I.N.D.I.A. Others
Times Now-Matrize February 2024[51] 156,843 ±2% 366 104 73 NDA
ABP-CVoter December 2023[42] 200,000 ±3% 295-335 165-205 35-65 NDA
Times Now-ETG December 2023[43][44] 147,231 ±3% 319-339 148-168 52-61 NDA
India TV-CNX October 2023[45][46] 54,250 ±3% 315 172 56 NDA
Times Now-ETG October 2023[47] 135,100 ±3% 297-317 165-185 57-65 NDA
August 2023[48][49] 110,662 ±3% 296-326 160-190 56-64 NDA
India Today-CVoter August 2023 160,438 N/A 306 193 54 NDA

See also

References

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