Hemant Soren
Hemant Soren in 2010
5th Chief Minister of Jharkhand
In office
29 December 2019 – 31 January 2024
GovernorDroupadi Murmu
Ramesh Bais
C. P. Radhakrishnan
Preceded byRaghubar Das
Succeeded byChampai Soren
In office
13 July 2013 – 28 December 2014
GovernorSyed Ahmed
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byRaghubar Das
Leader of the Opposition,
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
In office
7 January 2015 – 28 December 2019
GovernorSyed Ahmed
Droupadi Murmu
Chief MinisterRaghubar Das
Preceded byArjun Munda
Succeeded byBabulal Marandi
Deputy Chief Minister of Jharkhand
In office
11 September 2010 – 18 January 2013
Serving with Sudesh Mahto
GovernorM. O. H. Farook
Syed Ahmed
Chief MinisterArjun Munda
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Member of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
23 December 2014
Preceded byHemlal Murmu
In office
23 December 2019 – 6 January 2020
Preceded byLouis Marandi
Succeeded byBasant Soren
In office
Preceded byStephen Marandi
Succeeded byLouis Marandi
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
24 June 2009 – 7 July 2010
Leader of the House of the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
In office
29 December 2019 -31 January 2024
Preceded byRaghubar Das
In office
13 July 2013 - 28 December 2014
Preceded byPresident's Rule
Working president of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Assumed office
Preceded by"Post Established"
Personal details
Born (1975-08-10) 10 August 1975 (age 48)
Ramgarh, Bihar (Now in Jharkhand), India
Political partyJharkhand Mukti Morcha
SpouseKalpana Soren
RelationsBasant Soren (Brother)

Hemant Soren (born 10 August 1975) is an Indian politician from Jharkhand, who served as the 5th Chief Minister of Jharkhand from 2019 to 2024 and from 2013 to 2014.[1][2] He is also the working president of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, a political party in Jharkhand.[3] He represents Barhait constituency in the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly since 2014 and from Dumka from 2019 to 2020 and from 2009 to 2014. He was also the Deputy Chief Minister of Jharkhand from 2010 to 2013, leader of the opposition, Jharkhand Legislative Assembly from 2014 to 2019 and member of Rajya Sabha from Jharkhand from 2009 to 2010.

Notably, Hemant Soren faced an arrest by the Enforcement Directorate on January 31, 2024 in a land scam case.[4] He contends that this is a vindication by the central government.

Early life

Soren was born in Nemara in Ramgarh district, Bihar (now in Jharkhand) to Roopi and Shibu Soren, former Chief Minister of Jharkhand and founder-president of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. Hemant has two brothers and a sister. He is the third child of all the siblings, first was [5]Durga Soren, sister Anjali Soren then himself followed by youngest brother Basant Soren who is also a MLA from Dumka constituency in Jharkhand. His educational qualification is Intermediate from Patna High School, Patna, Bihar.[6] As per affidavit filed before Election Commission, Hemant enrolled in BIT Mesra, Ranchi in Mechanical Engineering, but dropped out.[7]


He was a member of Rajya Sabha from 24 June 2009 to 4 January 2010.[8] He started his political career as Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) on 23 December 2009. Later on, he became Jharkhand deputy CM on 11 September 2010 till 8 January 2013.[9]

Chief Minister (2013-2014)

He was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Jharkhand on 15 July 2013 with support from Congress and RJD after President's rule was removed from the state. He was again elected as the Chief Minister of Jharkhand in December 2019, and sworn in on 29 December.[10]

Leader of Opposition (2014-2019)

Pathalgadi movement against tribal land law amendments

Main article: Pathalgadi movement

In 2016, the BJP government in Jharkhand tried amending the Chhota Nagpur Tenancy Act and the Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act which would allow owners and tenants of Adivasi land to use it for non-agricultural purposes and the other would allow transfer of Adivasi land for building roads, canals, educational institutions, hospitals, and other "government purposes". This led to huge protests in the state and Hemant had strongly protested against these amendments.[11]

CM Raghubar Das had invited Hemant to the Global Investors Summit in 2017, but Hemant called the summit a "maha chintan shivir of land grabbers" and claimed that it is being organised to loot the land of Adivasis, Moolvasis and the farmers of the state.[12]

The Raghubar Das ministry was seeking amendments to the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act, 1908, and the Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act, 1949. These two original laws had safeguarded the rights of the tribal communities on their land. According to the existing laws the land transactions could only be done between the tribals. The new amendments gave the tribals the right to allow the government to make commercial use of the tribal land and to take the tribal land on lease. The proposed bill amending the existing law had been approved by the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly. The bills were sent to Droupadi Murmu (then Governor of Jharkhand) for approval in November 2016.[13][14]

The tribal people had strongly objected to the proposed law. During the Pathalgardi rebellion, protests were held against the proposed amendments to the tenancy acts.[15] In one incident the protests turned violent and the tribals abducted the security detail of BJP MP Karia Munda. Police responded with a violent crackdown on the tribals, that caused the death of a tribal man. Criminal cases were filed against more than 200 people including the tribal rights activist Father Stan Swamy. Murmu, was criticized for her soft stand on police aggression against tribals during the movement. Being a tribal herself, Murmu was expected to speak up to the government in support of the tribals but it did not happen, and instead she appealed to the Pathalgarhi agitation leaders to repose faith in the constitution.[13]

Governor Murmu had received total of 192 memorandums against the amendments in the bill.[13] Then opposition leader Hemant Soren had said that the BJP government wanted to acquire tribal land through the two amendment Bills for the benefit of corporates. Opposition parties Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, the Congress, the Jharkhand Vikas Morcha and others had put intense pressure against the bill.[15] On 24 May 2017, Murmu relented and refused to give assent to the bills and returned the bill to the state government along with the memorandums she had received. The bill was later withdrawn in August 2017.[13]

In October 2017, Soren had demanded a CBI inquiry into the death of 11-year-old girl Santoshi Kumari who allegedly died of starvation in Simdega as the family was not given ration since July for not having Aadhaar number seeded to their bank account. Soren also demanded action against Chief Secretary Rajbala Verma, who, he said, had passed an order through video conferencing to remove the names of the families having not linked their Ration Cards with their Aadhaar number.[16]

He has been a vocal protester of the Direct Benefit Transfer in PDS and recently, voiced his concerns on how the scheme has caused tremendous suffering and injustice.[17] In April 2018, a JMM delegation led by Hemant Soren and his father Shibu Soren met the Hon'ble President Ram Nath Kovind registering a strong protest on the dilution of the SC/ST by the Supreme Court and proposed amendments to the LARR Bill by the Jharkhand government[18]

In March 2018, Hemant Soren met former Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao regarding a possible non-Congress and non-BJP front should be formed in the country.[19] However, he also attended a dinner hosted by UPA Chaiperson Sonia Gandhi where the agenda was to discuss a broader front against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) ahead of the 2019 general elections.[20]

He supports the call for banning liquor in Jharkhand on the footsteps of Bihar.[21] In response to the entry of liquor retail outlets in the state, he said "Now government will open liquor outlets in villages, which will ultimately impact the lives of poor tribals in Jharkhand. I appeal to the rural residents of the state to not allow liquor outlets in their villages." He added women's organizations would have to come forward to launch a struggle against government's liquor campaign.[22]

Chief Minister (2019–2024)

On 29 December 2019, following the victory of the JMM, INC, RJD coalition in 2019 Jharkhand Legislative Assembly election, Hemant Soren was sworn in as Chief Minister of Jharkhand alongside former Speaker of the Jharkhand assembly Congress leaders Alamgir Alam and Rameshwar Oraon, and lone RJD legislator Satyanand Bhokta.[23] The Election Commission has sent its opinion to Jharkhand Governor Ramesh Bais on a plea seeking that Chief Minister Hemant Soren be disqualified as an MLA for violating electoral law by extending a mining lease to himself.

On 31 January 2024, he was arrested by the Enforcement Directorate following allegations of a land scam. He handed over his resignation letter to the governor of Jharkhand, C. P. Radhakrishnan.

Awards and honors

Soren was awarded Champions of Change Award in 2019, for his exceptional work for Dumka and Barhait constituency in the state of Jharkhand. The award was conferred by Shri Pranab Mukherjee at Vigyan Bhavan New Delhi on 20 January 2020.[24][25]

Personal life

Soren is married to Kalpana Soren and has two sons. He has an elder sister Anjali Soren and a younger brother Basant Soren.[26] He is an ardent follower of Birsa Munda, the nineteenth century tribal warrior, and takes inspiration from his courage and valour.[27][28] His father Shibu Soren is the key founder of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.

Land scam case

Soren was alleged to be in a land scam case for which, he was being investigated by the ED.

On 29 January 2024, ED had declared Hemant Soren "untraceable" and "missing" for 30 hours after an investigation broke out at his residence at New Delhi from where, he had got out minutes ago. He later arrived at his official residence in Ranchi, Jharkhand on 30 January 2024. He later confessed that he resides in the heart of his people. Earlier, he has skipped nine summons from the ED. [29][30]

On 31 January 2024, Hemant Soren was arrested by the Enforcement Directorate. He handed over his resignation letter to the Governor of Jharkhand, C. P. Radhakrishnan, who appointed Champai Soren as his designated replacement.[31][32]


  1. ^ "ED arrests Hemant Soren after he resigns as Jharkhand Chief Minister - The Hindu". India Times. 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013. JMM leader Hemant Soren, son of party chief Shibu Soren, was on Saturday sworn in as the new chief minister of Jharkhand
  2. ^ "Hemant Soren, ninth CM of Jharkhand". The Hindu. 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013. Jharkhand Mukti Morcha(JMM) MLA Hemant Soren was sworn in as Jharkhand's ninth Chief Minister
  3. ^ "Jharkhand Mukti Morcha's Hemant Soren takes oath as Chief Minister of Jharkhand". DNA India. 29 December 2019. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  4. ^ "ED arrests Soren an hour after party names his CM successor". The Times of India. 1 February 2024. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  5. ^ Meet Hemant Soren, the new Chief Minister of Jharkhand 13 July 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  6. ^ Honorable Chief Minister of Jharkhand Shri Raghubar Das Archived 18 February 2014 at archive.today Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Team Hemant on shaky ground: Many cases against Cabinet hopefuls". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Alphabetical List Of All Members Of Rajya Sabha Since 1952". 2013. Soren Shri Hemant Jh from Dumka
  9. ^ "Hemant Soren Biography - About family, political life, awards won, history".
  10. ^ "Hemant Soren to be sworn in as Jharkhand CM on December 29". 25 December 2019 – via english.jargan.com.
  11. ^ "Jharkhand should not tamper with CNT-SPT Acts: Hemant Soren – Times of India". The Times of India.
  12. ^ "Soren turns down invitation to 'intimidation of poor' summit – Times of India". The Times of India.
  13. ^ a b c d "Tribal activists expect Droupadi Murmu to be assertive as President". www.telegraphindia.com. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  14. ^ "Explained: What is the Pathalgadi movement, and what is JMM govt's stand on it?". The Indian Express. 23 December 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  15. ^ a b Tewary, Amarnath (13 April 2018). "The Pathalgadi rebellion". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  16. ^ "Hemant Soren seeks CBI probe into 'hunger' death case". Archived from the original on 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Hemant junks DBT, backs old ration system". Archived from the original on 20 April 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  18. ^ "Trial 'bias'". www.telegraphindia.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2018.
  19. ^ "JMM leader Hemant Soren calls on Telangana CM".
  20. ^ Sharma, Aseem Gaurav (14 March 2018). "Congress Hosted A Dinner For 20 Parties To Forge A Coalition To Defeat BJP, Gets Trolled".
  21. ^ "After Bihar, minister asks CM to ban alcohol in Jharkhand". 11 April 2016.
  22. ^ "Jharkhand entry into liquor retail upsets mins, oppn". 23 February 2017.
  23. ^ Mrituanjay Kumar (30 December 2019). "THE MINISTERS OF STATE CABINET". Daily Pioneer.
  24. ^ "Asia's Premier News Agency – India News, Business & Political, National & International, Bollywood, Sports | ANI News". www.aninews.in.
  25. ^ Kumar, Gupteshwar (20 January 2020). "मुख्यमंत्री हेमंत सोरेन काे चैंपियन ऑफ चेंज अवाॅर्ड 2019 से किया गया सम्मानित". Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi).
  26. ^ "Hemant Soren, once unlikely successor is Jharkhand's new chief minister". 13 July 2013.
  27. ^ "Jharkhand foundation day:Birsa Munda paid tributes;Ranchi light up – Jharkhand State News". jharkhandstatenews.com. 25 December 2016.
  28. ^ PTI (8 July 2020). "Jharkhand CM Hemant Soren home quarantines after cabinet minister tests Covid-19 positive". ThePrint. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  29. ^ "'Missing' Hemant Soren surfaces in Ranchi, says 'I reside in your hearts'". India Today. Retrieved 31 January 2024.
  30. ^ Bhelari, Amit (29 January 2024). "Hemant Soren 'untraced' as ED team visits house over land fraud case". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 31 January 2024.
  31. ^ "Champai Soren to be next Jharkhand CM after Hemant Soren arrested by ED". Hindustan Times. 31 January 2024. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  32. ^ "Hemant Soren News | Hemant Soren ED Raid Live Updates: Hemant Soren not Himanta or Ajit, stop treating him like a criminal: JMM, says JMM secretary Supriyo Bhattacharya". The Times of India. 31 January 2024. Retrieved 31 January 2024.