Babulal Marandi
Shri Babulal Marandi.jpg
Marandi in December 2020
Leader of the Opposition
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
24 February 2020 (2020-02-24)
Chief MinisterHemant Soren
Preceded byHemant Soren
1st Chief Minister of Jharkhand
In office
15 November 2000 (2000-11-15) – 17 March 2003 (2003-03-17)
Governor
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byArjun Munda
President of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
In office
September 2006 (2006-09) – February 2020 (2020-02)
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Member of Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
2019 (2019)
Preceded byRaj Kumar Yadav
ConstituencyDhanwar
In office
2001 (2001)–2004 (2004)
Succeeded byChandra Prakash Choudhary
ConstituencyRamgarh
Minister of state for Environment and Forests
In office
19 March 1998 – 7 November 2000
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
MinisterT. R. Baalu
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
2004 (2004)–2014 (2014)
Preceded byTilakdhari Singh
Succeeded byRavindra Kumar Ray
ConstituencyKodarma
In office
1998 (1998)–2002 (2002)
Preceded byShibu Soren
Succeeded byShibu Soren
ConstituencyDumka
Personal details
Born (1958-01-11) 11 January 1958 (age 64)
Giridih, Bihar
(now in Jharkhand), India
NationalityIndian
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
(till 2006), (2020 – present)
Other political
affiliations
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
(2006 – 2020)
Spouse(s)Shanti Murmu
Children2
Residence(s)Ranchi
Alma materRanchi University
WebsiteOfficial website
Source: [[1]]

Babulal Marandi (Hindi pronunciation: [Bābulāl maraṇḍi]; born 11 January 1958) is an Indian politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was the first Chief Minister of Jharkhand and current Leader of the Opposition in the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly.[1] He was the founder and national President of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik). He was the Member of Parliament in 12th, 13th 14th and 15th Lok Sabha from Jharkhand. He was the Union State Minister (MoS) for Forests & Environment of India in the BJP – led National Democratic Alliance Government in 1998 to 2000.

Early life

Babulal was born in a remote Kodia Bandh village under Tisri block of Giridih district of the now Jharkhand province. He belongs to Santal family.[1] After passing high school, he moved to Giridih College from where he did his intermediate and graduation. It was there that he came in contact with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.[1]

Later, he moved to Ranchi where he did his post-graduation in Geography from Ranchi University.[1] He worked as a teacher in a village primary school for a year before giving up the job to work for the Sangh Parivar. He served as the organising secretary of the Jharkhand region of Vishva Hindu Parishad.[1]

In 1983, he moved to Dumka and worked in the Santhal Pargana division, which he toured extensively and where he became close to Bishnu Prasad Bhaiya, his then companion and there he used to spend some time at his Jamtara Residence but mainly he used to live in the RSS office in Dumka. And after that his journey to Ranchi and then Delhi began.[1]

Political career

In 1991, the Bharatiya Janata Party gave him the ticket to contest from the Dumka (Lok Sabha constituency), but he lost. In 1996, he lost to Shibu Soren by just 5,000 odd votes. The BJP, in the meantime, made him president of the party's Jharkhand unit.[1]

It was under Marandi's leadership that the party won 12 out of 14 Lok Sabha seats in Jharkhand region in the 1998 election. Marandi, a Santal, led the tally by defeating Jharkhand Mukti Morcha leader Shibu Soren, another Santhal.[1]

The victory gave an immense boost to Marandi's profile and he was included in the Union Council of Ministers, one of four ministers from Bihar.[1]

First NDA rule of Jharkhand

After bifurcation of Bihar in 2000 in states of Bihar and Jharkhand, NDA came to power in Jharkhand with Marandi as the 1st Chief Minister of Jharkhand. Political analysts believe that this government initiated many developmental schemes in the state, the most visible being, improvement of the road network in the state.

He also put forward the idea to develop Greater Ranchi to reduce the crowding in the city. However, Marandi's tenure proved rather short-lived, as he had to resign and make way for Arjun Munda for the post in 2003 following pressure exerted by coalition allies primarily Janata Dal United.

Thereafter, he increasing moved away from political mainstage of Jharkhand irrespective of NDA being in power in Ranchi. In the 2004 Lok Sabha Elections, he contested from Kodarma Lok Sabha constituency as a BJP candidate. He won the seat while all the other sitting MPs of NDA from Jharkhand including union ministers Yashwant Sinha and Reeta Verma lost their respective seats. His differences with the state leadership continued to increase and he even started criticising the state government in public.

Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (JVM)

Marandi resigned from both the Kodarma seat and the primary membership of the BJP in 2006 and floated a new political outfit named Jharkhand Vikas Morcha. He was followed by 5 MLAs of the BJP. In the subsequent by-elections for the Kodarma seat, he contested as an independent candidate and emerged victoriously.

Marandi, who was the incumbent MP from Kodarma, contested the elections on Jharkhand Vikas Morcha ticket in the 2009 general election, and retained the seat. But in the Narendra Modi wave of 2014, Marandi's party failed to win any seat in the state as BJP won 12 out of 14 seats; from Koderma, BJP's Ravindra Kumar Ray was elected to Lok Sabha.

In February 2020, he merged JVM into BJP.[2]

Bharatiya Janata Party

Marandi merged Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) with the BJP on February 17, 2020, at Jagannathpur Maidan, Ranchi in presence of Union Home Minister Amit Shah, BJP president Jagat Prakash Nadda and former Chief Ministers of Jharkhand Arjun Munda and Raghubar Das.[3][4][5][6][7]

Personal life

Babulal Marandi is married to Shanti Murmu.[1] His younger son Anup Marandi was killed in a Naxal attack at Chilkhari village in Jharkhand's Giridih district on 27 October 2007.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "rediff.com Special: Profile of Babu Lal Marandi". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  2. ^ "How BJP succeeded in ghar wapasi of Babulal Marandi". India Today. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  3. ^ "As Babulal Marandi goes back to BJP, his JVM-P MLAs join Congress". www.timesnownews.com. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Merger of Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik), a recognized State Party in the State of Jharkhand with the Bharatiya Janata Party". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Jharkhand Vikas Morcha Prajatantrik To Merge With BJP On February 17: Babulal Marandi". ndtv. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Babulal Marandi announces merger of JVM(P) and BJP on Feb. 17". thehindu. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Jharkhand Vikas Morcha pleases BJP, keeps out rebel MLAs from panel". newindianexpress. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  8. ^ Former Jharkhand CM Marandi on their hitlist, Naxals kill son, 17 more
Political offices Preceded byoffice created 1st Chief Minister of Jharkhand 15 November 2000 - 18 March 2003 Succeeded byArjun Munda Party political offices Preceded byOffice established President of JVM (P) September 2009 - February 2020 Succeeded byoffice abolished