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Devendra Fadnavis
Devendra Fadnavis StockFreeImage.png
Fadnavis in 2022
9th Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra
Assumed office
30 June 2022 (2022-06-30)
GovernorBhagat Singh Koshyari
Chief MinisterEknath Shinde
Preceded byAjit Pawar
Department
Guardian Minister
18th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
23 November 2019 – 28 November 2019
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byUddhav Thackeray
In office
31 October 2014 – 12 November 2019
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's rule
28th Leader of the Opposition
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
In office
1 December 2019 – 29 June 2022
Chief MinisterUddhav Thackeray
Preceded byVijay Wadettiwar
Succeeded byAjit Pawar
Leader of the House
Legislative Assembly Maharashtra
In office
31 October 2014 – 8 November 2019
DeputyGirish Mahajan
Speaker of the HouseHaribhau Bagade
Preceded byPrithviraj Chavan
Succeeded byUddhav Thackeray
President of Bharatiya Janata Party, Maharashtra
In office
11 April 2013 – 6 January 2015
Preceded bySudhir Mungantiwar
Succeeded byRaosaheb Danve
Member of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
2009
Preceded byConstituency created
ConstituencyNagpur South West
In office
1999–2009
Preceded byVinod Gudadhe Patil
Succeeded bySudhakar Deshmukh
ConstituencyNagpur West
Mayor of Nagpur
In office
1997–2001
ConstituencyRam Nagar ward
Personal details
Born (1970-07-22) 22 July 1970 (age 52)
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse
(m. 2005)
Children1
Residence(s)"Sagar" Bungalow, Malabar Hill, South Mumbai, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Alma materNagpur University,
Free University of Berlin
CabinetFadnavis-I
Fadnavis-II
Websitewww.devendrafadnavis.in

Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis (Marathi pronunciation:[देवेंद्र फडणवीस], born 22 July 1970) is an Indian politician serving as the 9th and current Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra since 30 June 2022. He served as the 18th Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 31 October 2014 to 12 November 2019.[1] Having been sworn in at the age of 44, he's the second-youngest Chief Minister in Maharashtra's history after Sharad Pawar. He served a 5-day long second term as Chief Minister during the 2019 Maharashtra political crisis, before resigning on 28 November 2019.[2] On 30 June 2022, he took oath as the Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra, following the 2022 Maharashtra political crisis.[3] He is an activist with the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Fadnavis represents the Nagpur South West constituency in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly.

Early life and education

Fadnavis was born in a Marathi Hindu Brahmin family to Gangadhar Fadnavis and Sarita Fadnavis in Nagpur.[4] His father, Gangadhar Fadnavis, served as a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Council from Nagpur. His mother, Sarita Fadnavis, a descendant of the Kaloti family of Amravati, was a former director of the Vidarbha Housing Credit Society.[5] [6]

Fadnavis did his initial schooling at Indira Convent, named after then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. During the Emergency, Fadnavis' father, being a member of the Jan Sangh, was imprisoned for participating in anti-government protests. Fadnavis subsequently refused to continue his schooling at Indira Convent as he did not want to attend a school named after the Prime Minister he held responsible for imprisoning his father. He was then transferred to the Saraswati Vidyalaya School, Nagpur, where he received most of his schooling.[7] [8] Fadnavis attended Dharampeth Junior College for his higher secondary.

Fadnavis holds a graduate degree in law from Government Law College, Nagpur University, a post-graduate degree in Business Management and a diploma in Methods and Techniques of Project Management from DSE-German Foundation for International Development, Berlin, Germany.[9]

Political career

Fadnavis began his political career in the mid-nineties.[10] Since that time he served in multiple leadership roles for both his political party and as an elected representative. As a college student, Fadnavis was an active member of the BJP affiliated Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP).[11][12] in the year 1992 at the age of 22 and became a Corporator. 5 years later, in 1997, Fadnavis at 27 became the youngest mayor of the Nagpur Municipal Corporation and became the second-youngest mayor in the history of India.[13][14]

Fadnavis is representing Nagpur in the Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra State (Vidhan Sabha) since 1999.

Chief Minister of Maharashtra (2014 - 2019) 1st Term

Fadnavis took over as the legislative party leader by the BJP MLAs in the presence of the party's central observers, Union Home minister Rajnath Singh and the party's National General Secretary Jagat Prakash Nadda after being elected to the position. As the leader of the largest party in Maharashtra state assembly, Fadnavis was appointed as the chief minister of Maharashtra on 31 October 2014. His government won a confidence motion by voice vote on 12 November 2014 allowing it to govern.

Fadnavis to announced Satyamev Jayate Water Cup, an initiative kickstarted by Aamir's Not-For-Profit company, Paani Foundation in association with the Maharashtra government to solve the state's water crisis, the Dangal actor expressed his desire to join hands with Nana Patekar to help solve the water crunch faced by Maharashtra farmers.[15]

Flagship projects and initiatives

Jalyukta Shivar Abhiyan

Visit of Chief Minister Fadnavis Jalyukta Shivar Site Arvi Savangi
Visit of Chief Minister Fadnavis Jalyukta Shivar Site Arvi Savangi

In 2014, Fadnavis launched the Jalyukta Shivar Abhiyan to address the water shortage issue of Maharashtra's hinterland. The programme was aimed at enabling water percolation and groundwater level improvement across 25,000 drought-affected villages in Maharashtra.[16]

Mumbai Next

Fadnavis launched ‘Mumbai Next' on 30 January 2015, which was termed a roadmap to convert the country's financial capital into a global financial and entertainment hub. On 6 February, the Fadnavis government held a high-profile conference under the project's umbrella, which was attended by Tata Sons Ltd chairman Cyrus Mistry, Reliance Industries Ltd chairman Mukesh Ambani, and other prominent business leaders.[17]

Police digitisation project

Chief Minister Fadnavis launch (CCTNS)_15-9-2015 _Maharashtra Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems
Chief Minister Fadnavis launch (CCTNS)_15-9-2015 _Maharashtra Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems

On 15 September 2015, Fadnavis inaugurated the Maharashtra Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) in Nagpur, advancing the state's ambition to digitise its police force. The measure was intended to increase transparency, enhance cooperation across police stations, and increase accountability. Fadnavis, who was also the state home minister, stated, "The CCTNS initiative would put all police stations in the state online and paperless."

The initiative acquired pace over the course of six months and has been in operation in Nagpur.[18] After the implementation of CCTNS, Maharashtra became the country's first state to establish India's first crime-criminal tracking network (CCTNS). 43 cyber labs were inaugurated concurrently.[19]

Digital initiatives - launch of cyber labs and village digitisation

In 2016, under his chief ministership, Maharashtra launched several digital initiatives to mark 70th Independence Day.[20]

State of Maharashtra Agribusiness and Rural Transformation (SMART)

In 2018 the Maharashtra state government launched an ambitious project named, State of Maharashtra Agribusiness and Rural Transformation (SMART), in 10,000 villages with an objective to achieve sustainable farming within the next three years.[21]

The project, undertaken across the 40,913 villages of the state, would cover almost one-fourth of Maharashtra. The focus was on villages that were reeling under the worst agriculture crisis compounded by a lack of infrastructure and assured value chains to channelise the farm produce. Fadnavis launched the project, followed by the signing of 50 memoranda of understandings (MoUs) between corporates and farmers producer groups.[21][22]

Samruddhi Expressway

Under the Chief Ministership of Fadnavis, the Maharashtra Government proposed an initiative for Nagpur-Mumbai Super Communication Way. This infrastructure was initiated to be built as a part to boost economic development in the rural areas of Maharashtra. This said highway was proposed in 2015, and the pre-construction activities began in 2019. This Mahamarg is built to enable a safe and fast commute between Mumbai and Nagpur along with new towns equipped at the intersections. The expressway will reduce the travel time from 16 hours to 8 hours.[23] This expressway will be consisting of charging stations along its length for Electrical Vehicles (EV). The Samruddhi Mahamarg will open new job and employment doors in the coming years, which will bridge rural and urban gaps. The highway has now been renamed as “Hindu Hrudaysamarat Balasaheb Thackeray Maharashtra Samruddhi Highway” by the government on 22 December 2019, and is now planned to complete the entire work of the project by September 2022.[24]

1% Reservation for orphans in Government jobs

In 2018, Fadnavis announced a 1% Government Reservation in the open category for orphans education and government jobs in Maharashtra. Maharashtra is the foremost state to obtain such a policy. [25]

Fadnavis had initiated this policy after an orphan Amruta Karvande, was declined a job despite clearing Maharashtra State Public Service Commission (MPSC) exam. She then met Fadnavis and shared her resentment.

The 1% open category reservation quota shall apply to those children who are granted certificates of being orphans by the Juvenile Homes and the Women and Child Development department. The GR policy states that the Maharashtra Government will create a separate category within the general category which means it will not have to increase its caste reservation quota. [26]

CM Fellowship Scheme

Fadnavis, under his chief ministership, had launched The Chief Minister Fellowship program in 2015. CM Fellowship is an 11-month long fellowship program run by the CM's office, the Government of Maharashtra. This program was launched with the aim of providing administrative experience to the youth. This initiative offers graduates and postgraduates an 11-month stint with the Maharashtra government and carries with its stipend and other perks.[27]

The eligibility criteria to apply for the Chief Minister Fellowship Program is the age between 21 and 26 years, graduation with first-class, one-year work experience, and knowledge of Marathi. This CM Fellowship Program offers an opportunity to work with Government. It allows participation in policymaking, execution, monitoring, and evaluation of programs. It offers opportunities to visit different institutions in the state. Interactions with the geniuses in the industry of art, literature, journalism, entertainment make the fellowship a one-of-the-kind experience. This program provides prospects for growth and learning professionally. It trains fellows for higher education in policy, governance, management, etc. It gives an added advantage for public or private sector careers.

Agricultural Pond

Maharashtra Government launched the 'Magel Tyala Shettale' scheme in 2016 to overcome the drought and sustainable agriculture in the state. Under this 'Magel Tyala Shettale', 108.33 percent of the target was achieved. Fadnavis had been touring drought-prone areas in Maharashtra, meanwhile, farmers in the state had demanded to make few farms available for sustainability in agricultural production and increasing availability of irrigation through watersheds and water conservation of drylands in the state[28]

These farms have benefited the farmers during the intermittent rainy seasons. The Government under the Chief Ministership of Fadnavis had decided to deposit a specific amount directly to the beneficiary's account for the farm work, which was deposited when the process began for this Agricultural Pond.[29]

5 Lakh Raincoats Distributed

Likewise, every year, even in 2018, under the Government of Fadnavis in Nashik, the palanquin of Saint Nivruttinath Maharaj, was set on its way to Nashik under the direction and guidance of the worshippers and Warkaris. The devotees at Nashik have a tradition of welcoming the palanquin with enthusiasm in the traditional way. This palanquin comes to Nashik every monsoon season, during Ashadi Wari which falls in the rainy season, Warakaris have to walk in the rains to many places with the palanquin and so Fadnavis decided to distribute 5 Lakh raincoats to the Warkaris across the state.[30]

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Krishi Sanman Scheme

During the Fadnavis-led Government in 2017, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Krushi Sanman Yojana was announced by Fadnavis, where a Rs 34,022 Crore loan waiver provided relief to 89 Lakh farmers across the state of Maharashtra. This scheme also benefited crop and medium-term borrowers.[31]

This was called a 'Historic Decision'. Fadnavis had shared that the waiver declared by Maharashtra Government is the highest. After the farmers' 11-day strike, Fadnavis had declared that loans up to Rs 1 Lakh would be waived. But the farmers were unsatisfied and hence the Government of Maharashtra had to take a fresh review of the waiver scheme thus Rs 34,022 were raised as a farm loan waiver.[32]

Marathwada Water Grid Project

In 2019, the Fadnavis-led Governance initiated a scheme to set up a water grid project in Marathwada to address the drought situation. The cost of the scheme was proposed at Rs 4,293 Crore. Fadnavis initiated this water grid project and lifted water from Konkan to the Godavari basin to make droughts in Marathwada "A history".[33]

The water grid and other new schemes were introduced to make Marathwada shed the tag of being a drought-prone region. This region comprises eight districts that have always been a low rainfall region and this grid project aims to create an integrated piped network to supply water for industrial, agricultural, and drinking purposes throughout the year. This ambitious project came to hold due to the COVID-19 Pandemic. As of March 2022, Israel is preparing a plan for the water grid project along with the Maharashtra Government.[34]

Automated Weather Stations

In 2016, Fadnavis during his ministership initiated to launch of Automated Weather Stations (AWS) to prevent huge losses and provide accurate weather stations for farmers in Maharashtra as early and untimely rains and hailstorms cause enormous losses to farmers. The AWS helps measure the accuracy of rain pattern, humidity & expected rainfall along with information on the best crop for farmers. Close to 2,065 such stations were planned to come up in the state on PPP (public-private partnership) models. Maharashtra State Government had collaborated with a private weather forecasting organization under which a network of AWS was planned to launch. Initially, around 12×12 km area of each taluka was said to have one AWS each. With the capability to record important farming parameters the AWS was said to be a significant role in the life of the farmers in Maharashtra.[35][36][37]

Chief Minister of Maharashtra (2019 - 2019) 2nd Term

On 23 November 2019, Fadnavis formed a government with the help of Ajit Pawar of NCP; however, this government only lasted for a few days.[38] During this short period, Fadnavis chaired a climate resilience meeting with representatives of the World Bank, restarted the Chief Minister's refund cell, and sanctioned 5380 crores in aid for farmers.[39]

9th Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra

Following the 2022 Maharashtra political crisis, on 30 June 2022, Fadnavis took oath as the 9th Deputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra with Eknath Shinde as the chief minister.[40][41]

Awards and recognition

International accolades

Fadnavis has been conferred with Honorary Doctorate by Osaka City University, Japan. The 120-year-old university then had so far conferred its supreme honorary degree on only 10 distinguished persons in the world and Fadnavis was the first Indian to be conferred with the same for the socio-economic development in Maharashtra.[42]

In June 2018, Fadnavis received the Outstanding Leadership in Development Award by Georgetown University, The USA which he dedicated to the people of Maharashtra.[43]

Best Parliamentarian Award by Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (2002–03) [44]

Controversies

Call for patriotic slogans

In April 2016, while addressing a rally in Nashik, Fadnavis said that every Indian will have to chant 'Bharat Mata ki Jai', and those who refuse to chant the slogan should not live in the country and instead go to Pakistan or China.[45] The day after these statements, Fadnavis issued a clarification after he found himself embroiled in a controversy over the issue.[46]

Political views

In November 2020, Fadnavis stated that the view of the BJP is advocacy for Indian reunification in the form of an Akhand Bharat. He declared that "Karachi will be part of India."[47]

Positions held

Organisational

Electoral

Personal life

Fadnavis with daughter Divija and wife Amruta
Fadnavis with daughter Divija and wife Amruta

Fadnavis is married to Amruta Fadnavis, and has one daughter, Divija Fadnavis.[49]

See also

Political offices Preceded byPrithviraj Chavan Chief Minister of Maharashtra 2014-2019 Succeeded byUddhav Thackeray

References

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