Amravati
City
Melghat Lake ,Melghat tiger reserve, Melghat Tiger, Ekvira Temple
Nickname(s): 
Headquarter of Amravati division
Amravati is located in Maharashtra
Amravati
Amravati
Amravati is located in India
Amravati
Amravati
Amravati is located in Asia
Amravati
Amravati
Coordinates: 20°55′33″N 77°45′53″E / 20.92583°N 77.76472°E / 20.92583; 77.76472Coordinates: 20°55′33″N 77°45′53″E / 20.92583°N 77.76472°E / 20.92583; 77.76472
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictAmravati
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyAmravati Municipal Corporation
 • Municipal CommissionerPravin Ashtikar[1]
Area
 • Total183.5 km2 (70.8 sq mi)
Elevation
343 m (1,125 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total646,801
 • RankIndia: 70th
Maharashtra: 8th
Vidarbha: 2nd
 • Density3,524/km2 (9,130/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Amravatikar
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
444 601 - 444 607, 444701, 444901
Telephone code+91-721
Vehicle registrationMH 27 (for entire Amravati district)
Distance from Nagpur152 kilometres (94 mi) (land)
Distance from Mumbai663 kilometres (412 mi) (land)
Literacy Rate93.03%
HDIMedium[3]
Websiteamravati.gov.in

Amravati (pronunciation (help·info)) is the second largest city in the Vidarbha region and eighth largest city in Maharashtra, India. It is administrative headquarter of Amravati district and Amravati division which includes Akola, Buldhana, Washim and Yavatmal districts. It is one of the Maharashtra's nominated city under Smart Cities Mission.[5]

In 1983, Amravati city became Vidarbha's second Municipal corporation.[6] Located about 663 (412 mi) kilometers east of the state capital Mumbai and 152 (94 mi) kilometers west of Nagpur, Amravati is the second largest city of the Vidarbha region after Nagpur.

Geography

Amravati is located at 20°56′N 77°45′E / 20.93°N 77.75°E / 20.93; 77.75.[7] It has an average elevation of 343 meters (1125 feet). It lies 156 km (97 mi) west of Nagpur and serves as the administrative centre of Amravati District and of Amravati Division. The city is located near the passes through the hills that separate the cotton-growing regions of the Purna basin to the West and the Wardha basin to the East. Chikhaldara is near about 80 km from Amravati city which is the only hill station in the Vidarbha region. The land area of the city is around 183.5 km2 (70.8 sq mi).

Climate

Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers and mild to cool winters. Summer lasts from March to June, monsoon season from July to October, and winter from November to March.

The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded were 49.1 °C on 25 May 2013 and 5.0 °C on 9 February 1887 respectively.

Climate data for Amravati (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
38.9
(102.0)
43.9
(111.0)
46.1
(115.0)
48.3
(118.9)
46.7
(116.1)
40.2
(104.4)
40.5
(104.9)
38.9
(102.0)
42.6
(108.7)
37.4
(99.3)
35.6
(96.1)
48.3
(118.9)
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
31.9
(89.4)
36.2
(97.2)
40.2
(104.4)
41.7
(107.1)
36.5
(97.7)
31.0
(87.8)
29.7
(85.5)
31.4
(88.5)
32.8
(91.0)
30.9
(87.6)
28.9
(84.0)
33.4
(92.1)
Average low °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
17.0
(62.6)
20.6
(69.1)
23.4
(74.1)
26.1
(79.0)
24.3
(75.7)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
20.4
(68.7)
17.6
(63.7)
15.1
(59.2)
20.5
(68.9)
Record low °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
5.0
(41.0)
8.9
(48.0)
12.8
(55.0)
17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
15.6
(60.1)
16.8
(62.2)
12.0
(53.6)
8.9
(48.0)
7.8
(46.0)
5.0
(41.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.4
(0.45)
7.8
(0.31)
15.4
(0.61)
7.0
(0.28)
8.2
(0.32)
128.6
(5.06)
188.2
(7.41)
206.6
(8.13)
125.1
(4.93)
61.9
(2.44)
14.3
(0.56)
7.3
(0.29)
781.8
(30.78)
Average rainy days 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.7 1.2 6.3 10.3 10.9 8.4 2.7 0.8 0.5 44.0
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 45 40 35 29 30 51 71 76 69 54 52 53 51
Source 1: India Meteorological Department[8][9]
Source 2: Government of Maharashtra[10]

Demographics

The population of Amravati city in 2011 was 646,801; of which males and females are 330,544 and 316,257 respectively. The sex ratio of Amravati city is 957 per 1000 males. The population in the age range of 0–6 years was 62,497. The effective literacy rate (population over 7 years of age) was 93.03%.[2]

Religion

Religion in Amravati(2011)[11]

  Hinduism (62.69%)
  Islam (21.75%)
  Buddhism (14.15%)
  Jainism (0.74%)
  Christianity (0.34%)
  Sikhism (0.13%)
  Others (0.04%)

Hinduism is the major religion in Amravati with 63% followers, with Islam having 22% and Buddhism having 14% followers.[11]

Government and politics

Board Office Amravati
Board Office Amravati

Main article: Amravati Municipal Corporation

Amravati Municipal Corporation is the local authority in the city. It is headed by a mayor who is assisted by a deputy mayor elected for a tenure of three years.[12] It was established on 15 August 1983. The area governed by the Municipal Corporation at that time was 121.65  km2 comprising the erstwhile Municipal Councils of Amravati and Badnera along with eighteen revenue villages.[6]

Tourist attractions

Some tourist destinations located on or near Amravati include:

Transport

Amravati Railway Station
Amravati Railway Station

Road

The star city bus services are run by the Amravati Municipal Corporation. Private auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are also popular. Amravati has also started a Women's Special City bus which is a first in the Vidarbha region.

The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) provides transport services for intercity and interstate travel. Many private operators also ply on the highly traveled Amravati – Pune and Amravati – Indore route. Bus services to cities like Nagpur, Yavatmal, Bhopal, Harda, Indore, Raipur, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Pune, Akola, Dharni, Nanded, Aurangabad, Jalna, Burhanpur, Parbhani, Solapur, Khandwa, Gondia, Shirdi, Hyderabad, Paratwada (Achalpur) and Kolhapur are also available.

National Highway 6 (old numbering), which runs from Hazira (Surat) to Kolkata, passes through Amravati.

New Star City Buses are launched in the city replacing the old city buses.

Railway

Amravati has three railway stations:

Airport

Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Airport Amravati, located at Bellora, 15 kilometers from NH-6 towards Yavatmal, is operated by the Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC). Presently it has no commercial scheduled flights. The Nagpur Flying Club has applied to DGCA for permission to shift its flying operations to Amravati airport.[13] It also has a helipad facility. MADC is acquiring about 400 Hectares of land for developing the airport and related facilities at an estimated cost of Rs. 2.25 billion.[14]

Education

Sports

Territorial Army Parade Ground

Territorial Army Parade Ground is a multi-purpose stadium in the city, formerly known as the Reforms Club Ground.[15] 1958 First recorded Cricket match was held in 1958.[citation needed] The ground is owned and managed by the Territorial Army, a part-time branch of the Indian Army. The ground is mainly used for organizing football and cricket matches and other sports.[citation needed]
The stadium hosted one Ranji Trophy match in 1976 when the Vidarbha cricket team played against the Rajasthan cricket team.[16]

Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal Ground

In Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal a cricket ground is present that held a single first-class match when Vidarbha cricket team played Rajasthan cricket team in the 1980/81 Ranji Trophy,[17] which resulted in a Rajasthan victory by 7 wickets.[18]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Who's Who | Amravati District". amravati.gov.in. District Administration, Amravati. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF). census.gov.in. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  3. ^ "Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2014-15" (PDF). maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Amravati District Collector Office". Amravati.nic.in. Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Smart City Amravati". MyGov.in. 21 October 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Amravati Mahanagar Palika – Maharashtra Shasan Sthanik Swarajya". amtcorp.org. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  7. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Amravati". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Station: Amravati Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 41–42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M137. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Climate". Government of Maharashtra. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  11. ^ a b "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Maharahstra". Census. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Microsoft Word – CSP AMRAVATI 29.04.11" (PDF). Retrieved 6 December 2011.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ Ganjapure, Vaibhav (23 February 2011). "Flying Club shifting ops to Amravati". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  14. ^ "MADC website". Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  15. ^ "Territorial Army Parade Ground". Cricinfo. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  16. ^ "Scorecard". CricketArchive. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  17. ^ "First-class Matches played on Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal Ground, Amravati". CricketArchive. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  18. ^ "Vidarbha v Rajasthan, 1980/81 Ranji Trophy". CricketArchive. Retrieved 30 October 2011.