Mumbai Suburban district
ICICI Towers, BKC (289443859).jpg
Entrance to Bandra Fort.jpg
Kanheri Buddhist Cave No. 3.jpg
Aarey forest 2.jpg
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Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Coordinates (Bandra): 19°03′N 72°50′E / 19.05°N 72.83°E / 19.05; 72.83Coordinates: 19°03′N 72°50′E / 19.05°N 72.83°E / 19.05; 72.83
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionKonkan
HeadquartersBandra
Tehsils1. Kurla, 2. Andheri, 3. Borivali
Government
 • BodyBrihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
 • Guardian MinisterAaditya Thackeray
(Cabinet Minister Mha)
 • Mayor
 • District Collector
  • Ms. Nidhi Chaudhary (IAS)
 • Municipal Commissioner & Administrator
 • MPs
Area
 • Total446 km2 (172 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total9,356,962
 • Density21,000/km2 (54,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-3, NH-8,
Websitemumbaisuburban.gov.in

Mumbai Suburban district (Marathi: Mumbai Upanagar Jilhā) is the second most populous district of Maharashtra in the Konkan Division. With its administrative headquarters in Bandra, the district consists of three subdivisions or tehsils (townships): Kurla, Andheri, and Borivali.[1] The district along with Mumbai City district and other suburban localities make up Greater Mumbai. The district occupies an area of 446 km2.[2]

This is the second smallest district of Maharashtra, and the jurisdiction of Mumbai Suburban district extends from Bandra to Dahisar, from Kurla to Mulund, and from Kurla up to Trombay creek. The district is one of the largest in the country by population. The current population is 9,356,962, according to the 2011 census of India, making it the fifth most populous district in India (out of 672).[3] The Mithi River is the main river in the district.

History

Mumbai Suburban district was created on 1 October 1990 when Mumbai district was bifurcated into Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban districts.[4]

Geography

Main article: Salsette Island

Many important places have adorned the beauty of this district, including Mount Mary Church, Jogeshwari Caves, Mahakali Caves, Essel World, Water Kingdom, Marve Beach, Aksa Beach, Madh Island, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Aarey Colony, Kanheri Caves, Film City, Tulsi Lake, Vihar Lake and Powai Lake.

Climate

Mumbai
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
0.6
 
 
31
16
 
 
1.5
 
 
31
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0.1
 
 
33
21
 
 
0.6
 
 
33
24
 
 
13
 
 
33
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574
 
 
32
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868
 
 
30
25
 
 
553
 
 
29
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306
 
 
30
24
 
 
63
 
 
33
23
 
 
15
 
 
33
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5.6
 
 
32
18
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Indian Meteorological Department

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901206,218—    
1911255,276+2.16%
1921306,763+1.85%
1931310,621+0.13%
1941400,297+2.57%
1951665,424+5.21%
19611,380,123+7.57%
19712,900,197+7.71%
19814,958,365+5.51%
19916,751,002+3.13%
20018,640,419+2.50%
20119,356,962+0.80%
source:[5]

According to the 2011 census, Mumbai Suburban district has a population of 9,356,962,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Benin[6] or the US state of North Carolina.[7] This gives it a ranking of 5th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 25,291.28 inhabitants per square kilometre (65,504.1/sq mi).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.01%.[3] Mumbai Suburban has a sex ratio of 857 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 90.9%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 6.23% and 1.12% of the population respectively.[3]

Religions in Mumbai Suburban district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
67.73%
Islam
19.19%
Buddhism
5.02%
Jainism
3.67%
Christianity
3.45%
Other or not stated
0.94%

Languages

Languages in Mumbai Suburban district (2011)[9]

  Marathi (35.22%)
  Hindi (25.36%)
  Gujarati (18.52%)
  Urdu (3.13%)
  Tamil (2.18%)
  Bhojpuri (1.98%)
  Konkani (1.63%)
  Marwadi (1.61%)
  Telugu (1.39%)
  Malayalam (1.15%)
  Tulu (1.15%)
  Bengali (1.08%)
  Others (4.60%)

Marathi is the most spoken language, although its usage has been declining in recent years. Hindi is the second most-spoken language and the fastest growing, and has become the common language in the district. Urdu is spoken by the Muslim community in the district. Gujarati and Marwari are spoken by the large business communities in the district. Tamil, Bhojpuri, Konkani, Telugu, Malayalam, Tulu and Bengali are minority language spoken by recent arrivals.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mumbai Suburban District". Mumbaisuburban.gov.in. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  2. ^ Mumbai Suburban Official Website. Retrieved 28 April 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011 - Mumbai Suburban" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General, India. 2011.
  4. ^ "District Profile". mumbaisuburban.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Benin 9,325,032
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. North Carolina 9,535,483
  8. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.