Birla Mandir in Shahad, Ulhasnagar, Thane district, Maharashtra
Ulhasnagar is located in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 19°13′N 73°09′E / 19.22°N 73.15°E / 19.22; 73.15
Country India
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyUlhasnagar Municipal Corporation
 • Total28 km2 (11 sq mi)
19 m (62 ft)
 • Total506,098
 • Density18,000/km2 (47,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialMarathi, Hindi, Sindhi[1][2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
421 001
421 002
421 003
421 004
421 005
Telephone codeSTD code 0251
Vehicle registrationMH-05
Lok Sabha constituencyKalyan

Ulhasnagar is a city located, just 26 km from Thane City in Thane district, Maharashtra, India. This city is a part of Mumbai Metropolitan Region managed by MMRDA. It had an estimated population of 506,098 at the 2011 Census.[3] Ulhasnagar is a municipal city and the headquarters of the Tahsil bearing the same name. It has a suburban station on the Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway.


A suburban railway station was built in 1955. In January 1960, Ulhasnagar Municipality was formed, with Arjun K. Ballani as first chief, and a municipal council was nominated. In 1965, elections were first held in this council. In the late 1970s, Ulhasnagar was a town settled mainly by Sindhi Hindu refugees.[4] Now this 28 square kilometre area has 389,000 people of Sindhi descent, the largest enclave of Sindhis in India. The town lies outside Mumbai city but within the Mumbai Conurbation. In 2010, the estimated population of Sindhi Hindus in Ulhasnagar was 400,000.[5]

There are a number of criminal gangs in town working under the patronage of political parties.[6] Also for many illegal building projects in 1990s, politicians started to charge money to look the other way.[7]


The town covers an area of 13 square kilometers and is divided into 285 blocks. It is a centre for the production of rayon silk, dyes, ready-made garments, electrical / electronic appliances and confectionaries. The total length of roads and streets in the town is 352 kilometres.[citation needed] The town is served by underground and open-surface drainage, night soil being disposed of by septic tank latrines. The town has a protected water supply through MIDC. Sanctioned Water Quota at various tapping points is 112 MLD. Fire-fighting service is also available in the town. There are sixty private hospitals with a total bed-strength of 840 beds, three government hospitals with total bed-strength of 356 beds, 255 dispensaries / clinics, 100 RMP and a family planning centre.[citation needed]

Ulhasnagar railway station

Ulhasnagar has some small businesses manufacturing denims. Some of the manufacturers export jeans worldwide from Ulhasnagar.[8] The city is also known for its furniture market, cloth market and electronic market.[9]


Historical population
1951 80,861—    
1961 107,760+33.3%
1971 168,462+56.3%
1981 273,668+62.5%
1991 369,077+34.9%
2001 473,731+28.4%
2011 506,098+6.8%
Source: Government of India[10]
Religion in Ulhasnagar (2011)[11]
Religion Percent

Languages in Ulhasnagar(2011)[12]

  Marathi (32.28%)
  Sindhi (32.01%)
  Hindi (25.26%)
  Urdu (1.71%)
  Others (8.74%)

According to the 2011 Census of India, Ulhasnagar had a population of 506,098. Ulhasnagar is the 22nd biggest city in Maharashtra and 88th in the country. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. There are about four lakh Sindhi-speaking Hindus in Ulhasnagar.[13] Sindhis migrated to Ulhasnagar after the partition of India.[14]


Educational facilities are provided by 129 primary schools, 56 secondary schools, 9 higher secondary schools, 3 colleges and 2 technical colleges.

Smt. Chandibai Himmatmal Mansukhani College (C. H. M. College), established in 1965,[15] has five college buildings:

Ulhasnagar Girls College, started in 1961, later converted to R K Talreja College.[21]

Nari Gursahani Law College, an undergraduate law college affiliated to the University of Mumbai, is located in Ulhasnagar.[22]


  1. ^ "The Maharashtra Official Languages Act, 1964; Amendment Act, 2015" (PDF). lawsofindia.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 34–35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  3. ^ Mumbai Councils
  4. ^ Girish Kuber (9 January 2007). "Pappu's Ulhasnagar gambit may backfire". Economic Times. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
  5. ^ Sindhi conversions in Ulhasnagar raise a storm
  6. ^ Ghosh, S.K. (1991). The Indian mafia. New Delhi: Ashish Pub. House. p. 56. ISBN 9788170243786. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  7. ^ Yogesh Pawar (3 March 1999). "Three Ps rule Ulhas: Pelf, Politicians & Pappu.and his most trusted man shamsher ansari Ulhasnagar is mainly distributed in 5 areas namely ulhasnagar 1,2,3,4 and 5". Indian Express. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
  8. ^ Dionne Bunsha (17 December 2004). "The States:Ulhasnagar in a new role". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2007.((cite news)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  9. ^ "About Ulhasnagar, Introduction of Ulhasnagar, Ulhasnagar Profile". www.ulhasnagaronline.in. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  10. ^ "Census Tables". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 6 January 2024.
  11. ^ "Ulhasnagar Population 2011". Census 2011.
  12. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  13. ^ "Sindhi conversions in Ulhasnagar raise a storm".
  14. ^ "'Targeted in Pakistan,' Sindhis who fled to Ulhasnagar see path to legal status". The Times of India. 11 December 2019.
  15. ^ [1] Smt. Chandibai Himmatmal Mansukhani College
  16. ^ [2] Principal K M Kundnani Pharmacy Polytechnique
  17. ^ [3] Institute of Technology
  18. ^ [4] Dr L. H. Hiranandani College of Pharmacy
  19. ^ [5] H and G H Mansukhani Institute of Management
  20. ^ [6] Nari Gursahani Law College
  21. ^ [7] R K Talreja College
  22. ^ "About NGLC". Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.