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मुंबई सेंट्रल
Mumbai Central
Indian Railways Terminal Station
Mumbai Suburban Railway station
General information
LocationAnandrao Nair Marg, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
Coordinates18°58′11″N 72°49′10″E / 18.9697°N 72.8194°E / 18.9697; 72.8194
Elevation6.62 metres (21.7 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byWestern Railways
Line(s)Western Line, Ahmedabad–Mumbai main line, New Delhi–Mumbai main line
Platforms9 (5 mainline trains + 4 for Mumbai suburban/local trains)
Tracks9
ConnectionsBEST, Metro, MSRTC
Construction
Structure typeStandard on-ground station
ParkingYes (on the outstation side)
Other information
StatusFunctioning
Station codeMMCT
Zone(s) Western Railways
Division(s) Mumbai WR
History
Opened18 December 1930
Electrified18 December 1930
Previous namesBellasis Road (Suburban station) Bombay Central (from 1930 to 1995)
Services
Preceding station Mumbai Suburban Railway Following station
Grant Road
towards Churchgate
Western line Mahalaxmi
towards Dahanu Road
Location
Mumbai Central is located in Mumbai
Mumbai Central
Mumbai Central
Location within Mumbai
Map
Interactive map

Mumbai Central (formerly Bombay Central, station code: MMCT[1]) is a major railway station on the Western line, situated in Mumbai, Maharashtra in an area known by the same name. It serves as a major stop for both Local and Inter-City/Express trains with separate platforms for them. It is also a terminal for several long-distance trains including the Mumbai Rajdhani Express. It is one of the five major Terminal stations in Mumbai while others being Mumbai CST, Mumbai LTT, Mumbai BDTS and Mumbai Dadar. Trains depart from the station connecting various destinations mostly across states in the northern, western and north-western parts of India. The station was renamed from Bombay Central to Mumbai Central in 1997, following the change of Bombay to Mumbai. In 2018, a resolution was passed to change the station code to MMCT,[2] with implementation ongoing.

History

The Bombay Central station was built in response to the government directive to demolish the Churchgate-Colaba rail section owing to land reclamation needs. The BB&CI had to agree to this back in the 1870s, when it had extended the line to Colaba, when the permission to build the terminus was provided on the condition that in the event of any further reclamation schemes, the railway company would shift its railway to any other location between Marine Lines and Colaba.[3] The railway was provided a notice about the directed demolition in 1920. The BB&CI could not do this until a new terminus was found. A new station was completed of the name Bombay Central on 18 December 1930, and Colaba Terminus went defunct after the 31st December of the same year.

The Station was designed by the British architect Claude Batley, and constructed by the Shapoorji Pallonji in 1930 in a record time of 21 months. The project was then costed INR 15.6 million.[4] The station opened on 18 December 1930.

When the station opened in 1930, The Times of India suggested that the name Bombay Central was inspired by the Grand Central Terminal in New York City. The paper argued that the station should have been called Kamathipura, after the area it was located in. The paper suggested that the name Kamathipura was probably ruled out, because the area is a red-light district.[5]

The Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway extended its reach from Baroda to Pathankot via Delhi. The Colaba-Ballard Pier railway station proved insufficient in meeting the demands of a growing population which led the government to make plans for the construction of Bombay Central.

The present suburban route that once ran till Colaba was earlier served by Bellasis Road station. It was renamed Bombay Central (local) after the construction of the long-distance Bombay Central Terminus (BCT) on the eastern side.[6] On 1 Feb 2018, a resolution was passed to change the station code from BCT to MMCT.

Infrastructure

Platforms and layout

The station is divided into two parts. The eastern half of the station serves long-distance trains operated by Western Railways while the western half serves commuter trains running on the ChurchgateVirar suburban section of Western Railways. The mainline section has five high level platforms terminating in a large concourse on the southern end. The suburban section has four high level platforms. All the platforms are connected by foot overbridges and the mainline platforms are wheelchair accessible from the south end.

Tickets and reservation

A large Passenger Reservation Center with several ticket windows is located on the east side of the mainline station. Tickets between any two stations in India on any train offering reserved accommodation can be purchased from this facility. There are many Unreserved Ticket Counters in the main concourse for purchasing unreserved tickets for immediate travel on express and passenger trains starting from Mumbai Central. The west and south exits of the suburban section of the station have ticket windows for purchasing tickets for travel on the suburban trains. Suburban train tickets can also be purchased from automatic ticket vending machines (ATVMs) located at several locations in the station premises.

Food and other facilities

The concourse on the mainline side has an outlet of Rajdhani chain of restaurants serving authentic Indian food.

Bellasis Rail Café at Mumbai Central is located on the first floor near Bellasis Road overbridge connecting Mumbai Central station near the south end booking office. Items in this café are available in food packets, with ready to take away facility.

There are several stalls in the concourse and on the suburban platforms serving snacks, chips, bottled water and cold drinks (soda). There are book stalls in the main concourse and on the suburban platforms selling newspapers, magazines and other reading material. Train timetables are also available at the book stalls. Restrooms (toilets) are available in the concourse on the mainline side.

Gardens

There are two gardens located outside the station. One of the gardens houses a historic locomotive, popularly known as the "Little red horse". The locomotive was built by English firm Kerr Stuart and Co. in 1928. The engine operated on the Devgarh-Baria Railway Narrow Gauge line, owned by the Princely state of Devgarh-Baria. The line was merged into Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CI) in August 1949, and later became part of the Western Railway. The engine served for 61 years, before being transferred to the Pratapnagar workshop for shunting duties in 1990. It was placed at the garden in front of the Mumbai Central station in 1991 to commemorate its platinum jubilee.[7]

WiFi Services

RailTel, the telecom arm of the Indian Railways, on 22 January 2016 launched free public Wi-Fi service at Mumbai Central station in collaboration with Google.

"We are delighted to launch India's first high-speed public Wi-Fi service in partnership with Indian Railways", Google South East Asia and India VP & Managing Director Rajan Anandan said.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Station Code Index" (PDF). Portal of Indian Railways. 2015. p. 46. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  2. ^ Mehta, Manthank (21 November 2017). "Mumbai Central station 'disappears' from railway app, commuters derailed". TNN. Times of India. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  3. ^ https://wr.indianrailways.gov.in/cris/uploads/files/1392817958306-article2.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  4. ^ Nauzer K Bharucha (25 November 2011). "Cyrus Mistry's entrepreneurial legacy". The Economic Times. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  5. ^ Doctor, Vikram (18 March 2017). "As recent demands in Mumbai show, battles over station names never seem to end". The Economic Times. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  6. ^ Banerji, Ajai (2006). "Renaming of Stations". IRFCA.
  7. ^ Rao, Shashank (28 April 2017). "Mumbai: 90-year-old 'Little red horse' shunted out by Metro III". Mid-Day. Retrieved 3 May 2017.