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Kandivali
Khandolee
suburb
Thakur Village in Kandivali (East)
Thakur Village in Kandivali (East)
Kandivali is located in India
Kandivali
Kandivali
Kandivali is located in Maharashtra
Kandivali
Kandivali
Kandivali is located in Mumbai
Kandivali
Kandivali
Coordinates: 19°12′16″N 72°50′16″E / 19.204511°N 72.837639°E / 19.204511; 72.837639
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictMumbai Suburban
CityMumbai
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBrihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (MCGM)
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
400067, 400101
Area code022
Vehicle registrationMH-47
Lok Sabha constituencyMumbai North
Vidhan Sabha constituencyCharkop
Borivali
(cover western parts of the suburb)
Kandivali East
Magathane
(cover eastern parts of the suburb)

Kandivali (Pronunciation: [kaːn̪d̪iʋəliː]) formerly Khandolee is a suburb in the north of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India and has a large Marathi, Koli, Gujarati population followed by others. British records highlight a fact which is different from what is suggested in the rest of the article. The area names that ends with "vali" were the actual valleys to the small hills surrounding the area, and that's how we have Kandolee Valley to Kandivali.

History

In the 16th century, Kandivali consisted of a number of villages including Kandivali [is also known as Kandol] Bunder Pakhadi Koliwada, and Charkop. The other old settlements in Kandivali were villages occupied by the local community, East Indian Community, Bhandaris and Koli - who are recognized as the original native inhabitants of Mumbai, these communities are still living in Kandivali. Artifacts found near Kandivali indicate that the region was inhabited in the Stone Age.[1]

The Kandivali railway station was built more than 100 years ago in 1907, then known as Khandolee. The station derived its name from the East Indian village of Condolim. Earth and stones from Paran, a hillock east of the Kandivali railway station were quarried to reclaim the Bombay Backbay. On this account a railway line was opened, a workshop erected and a number of dwelling houses were constructed for officers and workmen numbering thousands.[2] The area around Western Urban road between Malad and Kandivali had numerous stone quarries and was once famous for Malad Stone. Many heritage buildings in Mumbai were constructed with Malad stone between 1860 and 1930, most notable among them are David Sassoon library, Bombay House and the Western Railway building at Churchgate.

During the plagues of 1900s, the Fonseca's from Bandra migrated to Kandivali. They initially settled down to the east of Kandivali at Akurli and then moved to the west at Poisar.[3] This is where they thrived and a few families still reside to this day. All the three major communities have their shrines in Poisar.

Landmarks and localities

This article may contain excessive or irrelevant examples. Please help improve the article by adding descriptive text and removing less pertinent examples. (September 2018)

The Church of Our Lady of Assumption, located off M.G. Road, was built in 1630[4] and was one of the oldest churches of Mumbai. The pond located at Shankar Mandir, Kandivali village is used for immersions during Ganesh Chaturthi (The pond is now known as Young Star Krida Mandal Visarjan Talao). Also located on M.G. Road is the Kala Hanuman Temple. A 150-year-old shrine [5] to Shri Karsangli Akurli Mata, Varahi Mata Temple is at Shankar Lane. Holy Cross Chapel located in Bunder Pakhadi Koliwada, was built in 1907. Holy Cross statue located in Bunder Pakhadi Koliwada naka Build by a Fisherman Anton Soz During The Great Bombay Plague of 1896. This Cross Has Stood The test of Time and has been a Source of Inspiration And Redemption to Believers of all faiths. Bunder Pakhadi Koliwada, is a fishing village there are Christian Koli & Hindu Koli more than 200 Families. This village is older more than 400 years.

Mahavir Nagar is locality in Kandivali West.

Kandivali West, together with Kandivali East, Charkop and Poisar constitute the R-South ward of BMC.[6]

Housing society buildings at Lokhandwala Township
Mahindra & Mahindra's Kandivali Unit, Auto Sector Main gate overlooking Western Express Highway was established in 1948.

The Mahindra & Mahindra plant occupies a 63-acre (250,000 m2) built-up area and employs over 3,000.[7] Industrial complexes such as Akurli Industrial Estate in East and Charkop Industrial Estate are in Western part, where several companies exists like Capsule Factory like IPCL, Jewelry Manufacturing Companies like Dvn Jewelry, Tribhivandas Bhimji Zaveri. Kandivali is also home to The Times of India printing press.

The Sports Authority of India has a huge training ground (SAI Sports Ground) for the popular football team Mahindra United.

Transportation

Kandivli railway station is a busy station on the Western Line of the Mumbai suburban railway. Poisar Bus Depot, one of the oldest BEST bus depot is located on S.V. Road in the western part of the neighbourhood. Road connectivity is provided by means of Western urban road on the east, S.V. Road and Link Road on the west. The BEST bus depot is close to the railway station on the eastern side of the neighbourhood and is the point of origin for localities in Kandivali (East) like Ashok Nagar, Hanuman Nagar, Damu Nagar, Samata Nagar, Thakur Village and Thakur Complex.

Two lines of Mumbai Metro (Line 2 and Line 7) passes through Kandivali. Line 2 passes through Link Road on the western part, Kandivli West and Dahanukarwadi are the metro stations, whereas Poisar and Akurli stations of Line 7 are situated on express highway i.e. eastern side of Kandivali.[8][9]

Line 7, once operational will be fully elevated and will run from Dahisar (East) to Andheri (East). Bandongri and Mahindra & Mahindra will be the two halts in Kandivali for the metro.

The Kandivali (West) post office (Pin Code 400067) is the oldest post office in Kandivali. The Kandivali (East) post office (Pin Code 400101) was initially located at Fonseca Compound on Akurli road near Kandivali railway station on the eastern side. It later got shifted to Samata Nagar.

Hospitals

Shatabdi Hospital was opened at S.V. Road by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) on 2 September 2013. It is named after Bharat Ratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. There are a couple of government hospitals in Kandivali (East). The Akurli Road Municipal Maternity Home (run by Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation) is a two-storey hospital on Akurli Road opposite Dena Bank. There is an Employees State Insurance Scheme(ESIS) hospital as well. Both are within 5 minutes walking distance from the railway station. There is also Kandivali Hitwardhak Hospital located at Shree Mangubhai Dattani Bhavan, Swami Vivekananda Road, Shantilal Modi road, Kandivali West and hospital is run buy Shree Kandivali Hitwardhak Mandal which is Health charitable organizations in Mumbai.

Other hospitals are:

Education

Kandivali has a number of English, Gujarati, Marathi and Hindi medium schools:

Major Institutions for Teaching Courses:

Junior and Degree Colleges:

Others:

References

  1. ^ Ghosh, A. (1991). Encyclopedia of Indian Archaeology. Vol. 1. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-04-09264-1.
  2. ^ "The East Indians of Kandivli".
  3. ^ Jaisinghani, Bella (29 November 2015). "Family reunion of 440-year-old Fonseca clan in Bandra today". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  4. ^ "The East Indian Community". Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  5. ^ Bombay Gazettor's records, vol. XIV, 1882
  6. ^ "Posh addresses, poor amenities". Times of India. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Mahindra & Mahindra Manufacturing Plants". Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  8. ^ "Yellow Line Metro Route of Mumbai | Line 2A & Line 2B". Magicbricks.
  9. ^ "Western Express Highway Metro Station, Mumbai - Route, Map, Location & Nearby Places". Magicbricks.
  10. ^ "Best Hospitals in Mahavir Nagar, Kandivali West, Mumbai | Top Hospitals in Mahavir Nagar, Kandivali West, Mumbai near me". dwello.in. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2024.