Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg Central line
Overview
OwnerIndian Railway
LocaleMumbai, Maharashtra
Raigad, Maharashtra
Thane, Maharashtra
Termini
Stations62
Service
SystemMumbai Suburban Railway
Operator(s)Central Railway (CR)
Depot(s)Kurla, Kalva, Matunga, Sanpada[1]
Rolling stockBHEL, Siemens, Bombardier
Daily ridership3.9 million[2]
History
Opened16 April 1853; 169 years ago (1853-04-16)
Technical
Line length180 km (110 mi)
CharacterAt Grade
Track gauge5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge
Electrification25,000 V AC
1500 V DC (until 8 June 2015)
Route map

Kasara
Umbermali
Khardi
Thansit
Atgaon
Asangaon
Vasind
Khadavli
Titwala
Ambivli
Shahad
Waldhuni River
Vithalwadi
Express train Kalyan
Ulhasnagar
Thakurli
Ambarnath
Express train Dombivli
Badlapur
Vangani
Vasai Road
Shelu
Juchandra
Neral
Kaman Road
Bhivpuri Road
Kharbav
Karjat Junction
Bhiwandi Road
Palasdari
Kopar
Kelavli
Diva Junction
Dolavli
Dativali
Lowjee
Nilaje
Khopoli
Taloja
Mumbra
Navade Road
Kalwa
Kalamboli
Panvel
Somtane
Express train
Thane
Rasayani
Apta
Mulund
Jite
Nahur
Hamrapur
Bhandup
Pen
Kanjurmarg
Kasu
Vikhroli
Nagothane
Ghatkopar
Nidi
Vidyavihar
Roha
Express train
Lokmanya Tilak
Terminus
Kurla
Sion
Matunga
Dadar
Prabhadevi
(Elphinstone Road)
Parel
Currey Road
Chinchpokli
Byculla
Sandhurst Road
Masjid
Mumbai CST

The Central line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway is a public transit system serving Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It consists of 24 stations from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) to Kalyan Junction. The entire line is at grade. It has section of quadruple track starting from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus and ends at Kasara, Roha, Uran and Khopoli in Maharashtra.

The Central line in Mumbai consists of three major corridors, which bifurcate as they run into suburban satellite towns. Two corridors (one local and other through) on Central Railway run from CSMT to Kalyan Junction (55 km),[3] from where it bifurcates into two lines – one running up to Kasara (67 km) in the north-east and the other running up to Khopoli (61 km) in the south-east. These two corridors constitute the 'Main' Line. The Central main line shares one station with the Western line at Dadar. They consist of a fleet of DC as well as dual-powered EMUs.

The major car sheds on this line are at Kurla and Kalva. There are fast and slow locals here for suburban service. Slow locals halt at every station, while fast locals halts vary between Byculla, Dadar, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Bhandup, Mulund, Thane, Diva, Dombivli and Kalyan Junction. All services plying beyond this junction run slow. Trains usually start from and terminate at important stations.

Routes

The Central line consists of the following routes:

Stations

Names in bold indicate that the station is a fast train stop as well as important terminal.

Main line

Inside Mumbai CSMT station
Inside Mumbai CSMT station
Central line (Main)
# Distance from CST (km) Station Name Station Code Connections
1 0 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus ST / CSMT Harbour line
and Indian Railways
2 1 Masjid MSD Harbour line
3 2 Sandhurst Road SNRD Harbour line
4 4 Byculla BY None
5 5 Chinchpokli CHP None
6 6.5 Currey Road CRD None
7 8 Parel PR Prabhadevi
(Western line)
8 9 Dadar D/DR Western line
and Indian Railways
9 11 Matunga MTN None
10 13 Sion SIN None
11 15 Kurla C/CLA Harbour line
12 18 Vidyavihar VVH None
13 21 Ghatkopar GC Metro Line 1
14 23 Vikhroli VK None
15 25 Kanjurmarg KJRD Metro Line 6
16 26 Bhandup BND None
17 28 Nahur NHU None
18 32 Mulund MLND None
19 34 Thane T/TNA Trans-Harbour line
and Indian Railways
20 36 Kalwa KLVA None
21 40 Mumbra MBQ None
22 43 Diva DIVA Vasai Road–Roha line
23 47 Kopar KOPR Vasai Road–Roha line
24 48 Dombivali DI None
25 50 Thakurli THK None
26 54 Kalyan K/KYN to Kasara and Khopoli
of (Central line)
and Indian Railways

A footbridge links Parel to Prabhadevi on the Western line.

Main Line Branches

The main line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway runs from CSMT to Kalyan. It then splits into two corridors one going to Khopoli and other to Kasara.

South-east Section

South-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Kalyan K/KYN Central line (Main)
and Indian Railways
2 Vithalwadi VLDI None
3 Ulhasnagar ULNR None
4 Ambernath A/ABH None
5 Badlapur BL/BUD None
6 Vangani VGI None
7 Shelu SHLU None
8 Neral NRL Matheran Hill Railway
9 Bhivpuri Road BVS None
10 Karjat S/KJT None
11 Palasdari PDI None
12 Kelavli KLY None
13 Dolavli DLV None
14 Lowjee LWJ None
15 Khopoli KP/KHPL None
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan
Proposed station
# Proposed Preceding Following
4.5 Chikhloli[4] Ambernath Badlapur

North-east Section

North-east Section
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Kalyan K/KYN Central line (Main)
and Indian Railways
2 Shahad SHAD None
3 Ambivli ABY None
4 Titwala TL / TWL None
5 Khadavli KDV None
6 Vasind VSD None
7 Asangaon AN/ASO None
8 Atgaon ATG None
9 Thansit THS None
10 Khardi KE None
11 Umbermali OMB None
12 Kasara N/KSRA None
† – Branch Line starts at Kalyan

Vasai Road–Diva–Panvel line

Main article: Vasai Road–Roha line

The Vasai Road–Bhiwandi Road-Diva–Panvel–Roha line connects the Western line station of Vasai Road with the Harbour line station of Panvel. It intersects the main line of the Central line at Diva. MEMUs operate between Dahanu Road and Roha via a branch line from Diva.

Vasai Road–Bhiwandi-Diva–Panvel–Roha line
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Vasai Road BS/ BSR Western line
and Indian Railways
2 Juchandra JCNR None
3 Kaman Road KACR None
4 Kharbao KBV None
5 Bhiwandi Road BIRD None
6 Kopar KOPR Central line (Main)
7 Diva DIVA Central line (Main)
8 Dativali DTVL None
9 Nilaje NILJ None
10 Taloja TJPD Navi Mumbai Metro
11 Navade Road NVRD None
12 Kalamboli KLMC None
13 Panvel PL/ PNVL Harbour line, Trans-Harbour line
and Indian Railways

Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran line

Main article: Nerul–Uran line (Mumbai Suburban Railway)

The Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran rail track of 27 km is currently under construction.[5] The line is being constructed by CIDCO at a cost of 14.12 billion.[6] It is expected to be operational by 2015.[7]

The proposed railway stations are as follows:[8]

Central line (Nerul/CBD Belapur–Uran)
# Station Name Station Code Connections
1 Nerul NU Harbour line
and Trans-Harbour line
CBD Belapur BR Harbour line
and Trans-Harbour line
2 Seawoods–Darave Harbour line
and Trans-Harbour line
3 Sagar Sangam None
4 Targhar None
5 Baman Dongari None
6 Kharkopar KR None
7 Gavan None
8 Ranjanpada None
9 Nhava Sheva None
10 Dronagiri None
11 Uran City None

History

The first passenger train in India from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai to Thane ran on 16 April 1853 on the track laid by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway. The GIPR line was extended to Kalyan in 1854 and then on the north-east side to Igatpuri and the south-east side to Khopoli via Palasdari railway station at the foot of the Western Ghats in 1856.

Electrification

Railway electrification in India began with the first electric train, between Bombay Victoria Terminus and Kurla by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR) on 3 February 1925, on 1.5 kV DC. The Kalyan–Pune section was electrified with 1.5 kV DC overhead system in 1930.[9]

The previously used 1.5 kV DC was converted to 25 kV AC on 5 May 2013 from Kalyan to Khopoli and Kalyan to Kasara.[10] Conversion from 1.5 kV DC to 25 kV AC on the Lokmanya Tilak Terminus-Thane-Kalyan section was completed on 12 January 2014.[11] The CSMT to LTT section was converted from 1.5 kV DC to 25 kV AC on 8 June 2015.[12][13]

Services

Since November 2011, all services on the Central line have been running on 12 cars. In preparation for introducing 15 car services, CR extended platforms at Byculla, Kurla, Ghatkopar, Bhandup, Mulund and Dombivli stations, from the current 270 metres to 330 metres,[14] in order to accommodate 15 coach trains. The total cost of the work was estimated at 37.5 million (US$470,000).[15] The first 15-car service, on the Central line, departed from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Kalyan at 7:33 pm on 16 October 2012.[16]

As of March 2014, 75 rakes operate 825 services on the Central line daily, of which 809 are 12-car and 16 are 15-car services.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ TNN (2 August 2012). "Sanpada, Kurla sheds to clear rake service backlog". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Minor drop in deaths on tracks of Western Railways". The Times of India. 2 April 2012. Archived from the original on 20 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Bonanza for Mumbai rail commuters". Business Standard. 15 March 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  4. ^ http://www.pudhari.com/news/mumbai/102439.html[dead link]
  5. ^ "Nerul-Belapur-Uran rail line on track, likely to be completed in 4 years". Indian Express. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Cidco begins work on Nerul-Uran rail link". Hindustan Times. 31 October 2011. Archived from the original on 19 November 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  7. ^ PTI. "Business Line : Industry & Economy / Logistics : Nerul-Uran railway link to be ready by 2015: Cidco". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  8. ^ "Cidco". Cidcoindia.com. Archived from the original on 24 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  9. ^ "Electric Traction I". History of Electrification. IRFCA. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
  10. ^ "From May 5, faster Central Railway with AC power". The Times of India. 30 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Soon, faster trains on Kalyan-LTT route". The Times of India. 13 January 2014. Archived from the original on 15 January 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  12. ^ a b "Central Railway plans DC/AC switch in May". The Times of India. 25 March 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  13. ^ "DC to AC conversion on Mumbai's Central Railways rail route completed". The Economic Times. Mumbai: PTI. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  14. ^ "CR still in two minds over 15car trains". Mumbai Mirror. 23 January 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  15. ^ "15-car rakes: Central Railway invites bids for platform extension". The Times of India. 15 April 2012. Archived from the original on 19 July 2012.
  16. ^ TNN (16 October 2012). "15-car Central Railway trains from today". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.