Central Railway
Shortened form of Central Railway zone.jpg
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8-Central Railway
Mumbai 03-2016 66 Victoria Terminus.jpg
Overview
HeadquartersChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai
Reporting markCR
Dates of operation1951; 71 years ago (1951)–Present
PredecessorGreat Indian Peninsula Railway, Scindia State Railway, Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway, Dholpur Railway & others
Technical
Track gaugeStandard Indian Broad Gauge
ElectrificationYes

Central Railway (abbreviated CR) is one of the 18 zones of Indian Railways.[1] Its headquarters is in Mumbai at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. It has the distinction of operating the first passenger railway line in India, which opened from Mumbai to Thane on 16 April 1853.

History

The railway zone was formed on 5 November 1951 by grouping several government-owned railways, including the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, the Scindia State Railway of the former princely state of Gwalior, Nizam State Railway, Wardha Coal State Railway and the Dholpur Railways.[2][3]

The Central Railway zone formerly included large parts of Madhya Pradesh and part of southern Uttar Pradesh, which made it the largest railway zone in India in terms of area, track mileage and staff. These areas became the new West Central Railway zone in April 2003.

The Central Railway General Manager's official residence (erstwhile GIPR agent's residence), 'Glenogle'-a Grade II-B heritage bungalow, is located on Bhausaheb Hire Marg (Mount Pleasant Road), adjacent to the Maharashtra Chief minister's official residence 'Varsha' in Malabar Hill, Mumbai.

Routes

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai One of the busiest Railway Stations in India. It is also a World Heritage Site
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Mumbai One of the busiest Railway Stations in India. It is also a World Heritage Site

Main/Long Routes of Central Railway

One of the oldest and important railway project of central railway zone was kalyan-Ahmednagar railway project which was in planning stage since british regime. It was referred to as 3rd ghat project. The survey of this project was carried out in 1973,2000, 2006, 2014 etc. This project was in pink book in 2010. unfortunately this project could not be started. The alignment length of this project was 184 km and it could have been shortest route for marathwada, andhra and telangana. The major challenge for this project is 18.96 km long tunnel in malshej ghat section.[4] Malshej Kriti samiti is following for kalyan ahmednagar railway project. Kalyan-murbad section which is first phase of this project is already under survey stage.[5]

Branch/Short routes of Central Railway

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Utilization

High

Low

Connections

Central railway zone connects to other Zones of Indian railways as at:

Western Railway Zone

Bandra, Andheri, Goregaon, Dadar, Vasai Road

Konkan Railway Zone

South Central Railway zone

Secunderabad railway division
Guntakal Railway Division
Nanded railway division

South East Central Railway zone

Nagpur SEC railway division

South Western Railway zone

Hubballi railway division

Western Central Railway zone

Bhopal division

Matheran Hill Railway

Constructed in 1907, the narrow gauge Matheran Hill Railway connects Neral on the Mumbai-Chennai main line with the hill station of Matheran in the Western Ghats, east of Mumbai. Neral is linked to Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus by frequent suburban trains. Steam engines have now been replaced by diesel locomotives. The route is noted for its sharp curves.

Divisions

Organisation

The central railway covers a large part of the state of Maharashtra and small part of Southern Madhya Pradesh and North-Eastern Karnataka. It is organized into five divisions: Mumbai, Bhusawal, Nagpur, Solapur and Pune. The details of the network divisionwise are as follows[6]

Central Railway Headquarters at CSMT.
Central Railway Headquarters at CSMT.

Mumbai Division

Main article: Mumbai CR railway division

One of the oldest and important railway project of central railway zone was kalyan-Ahmednagar railway project which was in planning stage since british regime. It was referred to as 3rd ghat project. The survey of this project was carried out in 1973,2000, 2006, 2014 etc. This project was in pink book in 2010. unfortunately this project could not be started. The alignment length of thus project was 184 km and it could have been shortest route for marathwada, andhra and telangana. The major challenge for this project was malshej ghat section.[4] Malshej Kriti samiti is following for kalyan ahmednagar railway project. Kalyan-murbad section which is first phase of this project is already under survey stage.[5]

Pune Division

Main article: Pune Railway Division

Nagpur Division

Main article: Nagpur CR railway division

Nagpur Railway Station

Solapur Division

Main article: Solapur Railway Division

Solapur railway station

One of the oldest and important railway project of central railway zone was which was planned to connect Ahmednagar ( which on daund manmadline under solapur devison) and kalyan junction of mumbai devison could not be completed . It was referred to as 3rd ghat project. The survey of this project was carried out in 1973,2000, 2006, 2014 etc. This project was in pink book in 2010. unfortunately this project could not be started. The alignment length of thus project was 184 km [4]

Bhusawal Division

Main article: Bhusawal Railway Division

The number of stations category-wise under these five railway divisions under the Central Railway Zones are as follows (as of 2008) : A-1 : 7, A : 20, B : 10, C : 80, D : 45, E : 221, F : 93, Total : 476[9]

Ongoing Projects

New lines

Doubling

Solapur - Bhalwani doubling work completed

Tripling

Quadrupling

Nagpur-Wardha

Jalgaon-Bhsawal

Manmad-Igatpuri [10]

Hexupling

Electrification

Trains

CR MEMU Rakes built by BEML, Bangalore
CR MEMU Rakes built by BEML, Bangalore
CR MEMU Rakes parked alongside Suranjan Das Road
CR MEMU Rakes parked alongside Suranjan Das Road

Some of the major trains operated by Central Railway zone are as follows:

Number Train Name Starting Station Terminating Station
22221/22222 Mumbai CSMT–Hazrat Nizamuddin Rajdhani Express Mumbai CSMT Hazrat Nizamuddin.
12123/12124 Deccan Queen Mumbai CSMT Pune Jn.
12137/12138 Punjab Mail Mumbai CSMT Firozpur Cantt.
11035/11036 Sharavati Express Dadar Mysuru Jn.
11085/11086 Lokmanya Tilak Terminus - Madgaon AC Double Decker Express Kurla LTT Madgaon Jn.
12289/12290 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus - Nagpur Duronto Express Mumbai CSMT Nagpur.
22107/221078 Latur Express Mumbai CSMT Latur.
11301/11302 Udyan Express Mumbai CSMT KSR Bengaluru City
12025/12026 Pune - Secunderabad Shatabdi Express Pune Secunderabad Jn.
12051/12052 Dadar Madgaon Jan Shatabdi Express Dadar Madgaon Jn.
12113/12114 Pune–Nagpur Garib Rath Express Pune Nagpur Jn.
12115/12116 Siddheshwar Express Mumbai CSMT Solapur
22119/22120 Mumbai CSMT - Karmali Tejas Express Mumbai CSMT Karmali
12105/12106 Vidarbha Express Mumbai CSMT Gondia Jn.
11039/11040 Maharashtra Express Kolhapur SCSMT Gondia Jn.
12109/12110 Panchvati Express Mumbai CSMT Manmad
11061/11062 Pawan Express Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Jaynagar.
11023/11024 Sahyadri Express Mumbai CSMT Kolhapur SCSMT
11027/11028 Mumbai Chennai Mail Mumbai CSMT Chennai Central

Loco Sheds

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ministry of Railways (Railway Board)".
  2. ^ Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, p.42
  3. ^ a b "Central Railways-Construction > Projects". Archived from the original on 1 May 2008.
  4. ^ a b c "कल्याण-नगर रेल्वे हा विकासाचा मार्ग" [Kalyan-Nagar Railway is the path of development] (in Marathi). Maharashtra Times.
  5. ^ a b "संजीवनी देणारा माळशेज घाट रेल्वे मार्ग" [Revitalizing Malshej Ghat railway line] (in Marathi). Loksatta.
  6. ^ "Central Railways". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008.
  7. ^ "Work on Nashik-Pune rail route begins". IBN Live. Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Maharashtra Government to share cost for Pune-Nashik, Karad-Chiplun rail links". The Economic Times.
  9. ^ "CATEGORISATION OF STATIONS" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  10. ^ "MAHARAIL - Maharashtra Rail Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (MRIDC)".

Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583