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Thane
Indian Railways and Mumbai Suburban Railway station
General information
LocationThane, Maharashtra
India
Coordinates19°11′10″N 72°58′33″E / 19.18611°N 72.97583°E / 19.18611; 72.97583
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byCentral Railway zone
Line(s)Howrah–Nagpur–Mumbai line
Mumbai–Chennai line
Konkan Railways
Platforms10
Tracks10
Connections Bus interchange
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
ParkingYes
Other information
Station codeTNA
Zone(s) Central Railway zone
Division(s) Mumbai CR
History
OpenedMay 1853; 170 years ago (1853-05)
Electrified25 kV AC 50 Hz
Services
Preceding station Mumbai Suburban Railway Following station
Mulund Central line Kalwa
towards Kasara or Khopoli
Terminus Trans-Harbour line Digha Gaon
towards Vashi or Panvel
Location
Thane is located in India
Thane
Thane
Location within India
Thane is located in Mumbai
Thane
Thane
Thane (Mumbai)

Thane (station code: TNA) is an A1 category major railway station of the Indian Railways serving the city of Thane, Located in Maharashtra, it is one of the busiest railway stations in India. As of 2013, Thane railway station handles 260000 people daily. More than 1,000 trains visit the station each day, including 330+ long-distance trains.[1] The station has ten platforms. It is the origin and destination station of all the trans-harbour suburban trains. Thane is India's first passenger railway Station along with Bori Bunder railway station.

History

Thane railway station was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in India. On 16 April 1853, the first passenger train service was inaugurated from Bori Bunder (now renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus), Mumbai to Thane.[2] Covering a distance of 34 kilometres (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan, and carried around 400 passengers.

The First Trial Train Journey

About five months before this inaugural journey, a trial run was conducted from near Bori Bunder to the Parsick (Parsik) Point in Tannah (now Thane). This journey started on the noon of 18th November 1852, soon after 12 p.m, with the Directors, Engineers of the GIP Railway (the company that built the line), along with their friends.The train was pulled by Bombay's first steam locomotive, Lord Falkland, with temporarily arranged 'trucks' as rail carriages, since the three Locomotives and the coaches for the company had not yet been made ready (since they arrived just 2 months ago in September 1852). The party was planned to reach their destination at Parsik Point at about 1 p.m., have their tiffin inside the 100 yard tunnel there, and return back to Bombay by sunset, reports the Allen's Indian Mail, 1852.[3]

The Official Journey

The scene during the official journey in April 1853 was even extravagant. The 14 coach train, carrying in all 400 passengers, started its journey at the Bori Bunder Station, where there grand celebrations, with a decorated platform, arriving invitees, playing band, among other others. At Thane, the case was no different. When the train finally approached Thana, people crowded thickly on the sides for more than a mile, and had to be kept in control by the Ghat police, On the arrival, the passengers were welcomed by large erected tents, under which they would have their food, and no demands overlooked. There were also speeches, delivered by the present gentlemen. Among the speakers, was the Chief Engineer of the GIP Railway, James.J.Berkeley. He gave a elaborate speech, notably also mentioning the work of the native laborers, saying they exceeded expectations, and also the commanding officers of the native troops, for their endurance, discipline, and docility.

Platforms

  1. – For UP Thane trains (towards Mumbai CST)
  2. – For DOWN slow trains (towards Kalyan Junction)
  3. – For UP (towards Mumbai CST) and DOWN (towards Kalyan) Thane trains
  4. – For UP slow/fast trains (towards Mumbai CST)
  5. – For DOWN fast trains / Mail-Express trains
  6. – For UP fast trains / Mail-Express trains
  7. – For DOWN Mail/Express trains (trains that arrive from Lokmanya Tilak Terminus)
  8. – For UP Mail/Express trains (trains that depart to LTT)
  9. – For Thane – Vashi/Nerul/Panvel trains
  10. – 10A.- For Thane – Vashi/Nerul/Panvel trains

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Mehta, Manthan K (19 May 2013). "Thane is busiest railway station in Mumbai". Times Internet. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. ^ Colonialism: An International, Social, Cultural and Political Encyclopedia by Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg. page 135
  3. ^ The first running of a railway locomotive in India , swr.indianrailways.gov.in, Retrieved 2024-01-24