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Ahmednagar
City
Ahmednagar Railway station
Ahmednagar Railway station
Ahmednagar is located in Maharashtra
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar is located in India
Ahmednagar
Ahmednagar
Coordinates: 19°05′N 74°44′E / 19.08°N 74.73°E / 19.08; 74.73
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictAhmednagar
DivisionNashik
Founded1490
Founded byAhmad Nizam Shah I
Named forAhmad Nizam Shah I
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyAhmednagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorRohini Shendage (SS)[citation needed]
Area
 • Total39.30 km2 (15.17 sq mi)
Elevation
649 m (2,129 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total350,905
 • Rank124th
 • Density8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
DemonymAhilyaNagar / Ahilyanagari /Ahmednagarkar / Ahmednagari/ Nagarkar (Marathi)
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
414001, 414003
Telephone code0241
Vehicle registrationMH-16, MH-17
Websiteahmednagar.gov.in

Ahmednagar is a city in the Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India, about 120 km northeast of Pune and 114 km from Chhatrapati Sambhaji Nagar. It is the seat of its namesake district.[clarification needed][3] [4]

Ahmednagar has several dozen buildings and sites from the Nizam Shahi period.[5] Ahmednagar Fort, once considered almost impregnable, was used by the British to house Jawaharlal Nehru (the first prime minister of India) and other Indian Nationalists before Indian independence. A few rooms there have been converted to a museum. During his confinement by the British at Ahmednagar Fort in 1944, Nehru wrote book The Discovery of India.[6] Ahmednagar is home to the Indian Armoured Corps Centre & School (ACC&S), the Mechanised Infantry Regimental Centre (MIRC), the Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (VRDE) and the Controllerate of Quality Assurance Vehicles (CQAV). Training and recruitment for the Indian Army Armoured Corps takes place at the ACC&S.[7]

Ahmednagar is a relatively small town and shows less development than the nearby western Maharashtra cities of Mumbai and Pune. Ahmednagar is home to 19 sugar factories and is also the birthplace of the cooperative movement.[citation needed] Due to scarce rainfall, the city often suffers from drought. Marathi is the primary language for daily-life communication. The city administration has recently published a plan of developing the city by year 2031.[8]

Etymology

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Ahmednagar took its name from Ahmad Nizam Shah I, who founded the town in 1494[9] on the site of a battlefield where he won a battle against superior Bahamani forces.[10] It was close to the site of the village of Bhingar.[10] With the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate, Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty.[11]

At an event celebrating on the 298th birth anniversary of Maharani Sri Ahilyabai Holkar (at her birthplace of Chondi, Jamkhed Taluka, Ahmednagar District), Chief Minister of Maharashtra Eknath Shinde announced that the city and district of Ahmednagar will be renamed after the great queen. "The state government has decided to rename Ahmednagar as Ahilyadevi Nagar. Ahilyadevi is known for her Himalayan works. Her name will bring honour to the district," Shinde said, as he made the announcement."Ahilyadevi put forth lessons on ideal statecraft through her acts. References to her administrative acumen are made even today. She left an enriched heritage of a strong and able administrative framework. We try to follow in her footsteps". In July 2023, Deputy Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis announced that the name would be shortened to Ahilyanagar

History

The town Ahmednagar was founded in 1494 by Ahmad Nizam Shah I on the site of a more ancient city, Bhingar.[9] With the breakup of the Bahmani Sultanate, Ahmad established a new sultanate in Ahmednagar, also known as Nizam Shahi dynasty.[12]

It was one of the Deccan sultanates, which lasted until its conquest by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1636. Aurangzeb, the last Mughal emperor, who spent the latter years of his reign, 1681–1707, in the Deccan, died in Ahmednagar and is buried at Khuldabad, near Aurangabad in 1707, with a small monument marking the site.[citation needed]

In 1759, the Peshwa of the Marathas obtained possession of the place from Nizam of Hyderabad and in 1795 it was ceded by the Peshwa to the Maratha chief Daulat Rao Sindhia. In 1803 Ahmednagar was besieged by a British force under Richard Wellesley and captured.[9] It was afterward restored to the Marathas, but again came into the possession of the British in 1817, according to the terms of the Treaty of Poona,[9] and was known as Ahmednuggur.

In 19th century American Christian missionaries opened first modern schools in this town. According to a report there were four girls' school running under the superintendence of Cynthia Farrar around the 1850s. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule visited them and got inspired to open school for girls in Poona. Later, he enrolled his wife Savitribai Phule in Farrar's school in a teacher's training program. Farrar was from America and spent his entire life in Ahmednagar running her schools, these girls' schools were one of the first such kind in the country.[13]

Military base

Ahmednagar is home to:

Training and recruitment for the Indian Army Armored Corps take place at the ACC&S. Formerly, the city was the Indian base of the British Army's Royal Tank Corps/ Indian Armored Corps, amongst other units. The town houses the second-largest display of military tanks in the world and the largest in Asia.[14][failed verification]

Geography

Climate

Situated in the rain shadow region of the Western Ghats, Ahmednagar has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). The climate is hot throughout the year and sweltering during the pre-monsoon months from March to mid-June, whilst monsoon rainfall averages less than a third of that received in Mumbai and about a tenth what is received in Mahabaleshwar on the crest of the mountains.[citation needed]

Climate data for Ahmednagar (1981-2010, extremes 1901-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.1
(97.0)
38.9
(102.0)
43.2
(109.8)
43.5
(110.3)
44.0
(111.2)
43.3
(109.9)
37.7
(99.9)
39.5
(103.1)
38.2
(100.8)
39.7
(103.5)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
44.0
(111.2)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
32.3
(90.1)
35.7
(96.3)
38.6
(101.5)
38.6
(101.5)
33.1
(91.6)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
29.9
(85.8)
31.8
(89.2)
30.3
(86.5)
29.5
(85.1)
32.4
(90.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
13.3
(55.9)
16.8
(62.2)
20.4
(68.7)
22.5
(72.5)
22.1
(71.8)
21.4
(70.5)
20.9
(69.6)
20.4
(68.7)
18.3
(64.9)
15.0
(59.0)
11.6
(52.9)
17.9
(64.2)
Record low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
2.8
(37.0)
7.5
(45.5)
9.5
(49.1)
15.2
(59.4)
17.0
(62.6)
16.5
(61.7)
12.2
(54.0)
10.7
(51.3)
10.6
(51.1)
5.6
(42.1)
3.3
(37.9)
1.8
(35.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.3
(0.01)
0.8
(0.03)
1.9
(0.07)
4.1
(0.16)
22.7
(0.89)
124.5
(4.90)
90.9
(3.58)
99.6
(3.92)
186.9
(7.36)
72.0
(2.83)
24.8
(0.98)
6.8
(0.27)
635.4
(25.02)
Average rainy days 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 1.3 6.4 6.0 5.0 8.8 4.2 1.0 0.4 34.3
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 37 32 26 23 30 58 68 70 68 57 52 43 48
Source: India Meteorological Department[15][16]

Demographics

Religions in Ahmednagar city (2011)[17]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
75.69%
Islam
15.64%
Jainism
4.35%
Christianity
2.57%
Buddhism
0.85%
Other or not stated
0.90%

As of 2011 Indian census,[18] Ahmednagar had a population of 350,859. Ahmednagar has a sex ratio of 961 females per 1000 males and an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national urban average of 79.9%.[19] 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Languages of Ahmednagar city (2011)[20]

  Marathi (68.01%)
  Hindi (9.43%)
  Urdu (8.59%)
  Telugu (4.86%)
  Marwari (4.31%)
  Sindhi (1.35%)
  Gujarati (0.95%)
  Others (2.50%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 68.01% of the population spoke Marathi, 9.43% Hindi, 8.59% Urdu, 4.86% Telugu, 4.31% Marwari, 1.35% Sindhi and 0.95% Gujarati as their first language.[20]

Notable people

Tourist places

[21]

This article may contain unverified or indiscriminate information in embedded lists. Please help clean up the lists by removing items or incorporating them into the text of the article. (April 2020)
Salabat Khan's tomb.
Ahmednagar fort entrance.
Samadhi of Meher Baba

Transport

Air

Ahmednagar has 1 airport, the nearest domestic airport at Shirdi at 90km. While the nearest International Airport is at Pune.

Ahmednagar city has air connectivity by Seaplane service. The port for Seaplane is located at the Mula Dam water reservoir, 30 min away from Ahmednagar City. The service offered by Maritime Energy Heli Air Services Pvt. Ltd. (MEHAIR) from 22 September 2014. Ongoing Flight is available from Juhu, Mumbai to Mula Dam.[citation needed]

Rail

Main article: Ahmednagar Junction railway station

Ahmednagar railway station (station code:ANG) belongs to Solapur Division of Central Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Ahmednagar has rail connectivity with Pune, Manmad, Kopargaon, Shirdi, Daund, Goa, Nasik and other metro-cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Ahmedabad. 41 express trains stop at this station.[citation needed] There is still a demand for direct rail connectivity to other major cities of India.[26] Ahmednagar station will now be a part of the Pune railway division. 24 stations of the Daund-Ankai section will be merged with Pune railway division. The Daund-Ankai section is currently under the management of the Solapur railway division. The change to the Pune division will increase the chances of starting demu services between Ahmednagar and Pune stations.[27]

One of the oldest and important railway project of Ahmednagar railway station was kalyan-Ahmednagar railway project which was in planning stage since British regime. It was referred as 3rd ghat project. The survey of this project was carried out in 1973,2000, 2006, 2014 etc. This project was in pink book in 2010. unfortunately this project could not be completed. The alignment length of this project was 184 km and it could have been shortest route for marathwada, andhra and Telangana. The major challenge for this project was proposed 18.96 km tunnel in malshej ghat section.[28]

Malshej Kriti samiti is following for kalyan ahmednagar railway project. Kalyan-murbad section which is first phase of this project is already under survey stage.[29]

Survey of Ahmednagar-Aurangabad Railway line with 120 km length was also carried out in March 2021. The DPR Report of this project is under preparation.[30]

Ahmednagar-Karmala railway option is also getting explored. Ahmednagar railway station will become an important railway junction in future to the level similar to daund railway junction. Kalyan-Murbad-Ahmednagar line is also possible in future.[31]

Road

Ahmednagar is well connected by road with major cities of Maharashtra and other states. It has 4 lane road connectivity to:

National Highway 222 from Kalyan to Nirmal near Adilabad in Telangana passes through the city. The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) and different private transport operators provide bus service connecting the city to all parts of the state.

Ahmednagar has 3 main bus stands:

Intra city transport

Politics

Ahmednagar Municipal Council was upgraded to a Municipal Corporation in 2003. As of 2022, Rohini Shendage of Shiv Sena was the incumbent mayor. Ahmednagar city is represented in the central and state legislatures by the Ahmednagar Lok Sabha and Ahmednagar City Vidhan Sabha seats respectively. The Sitting MP was Dr.Sujay Vikhe Patil as of 2022, while the sitting MLA was Sangram Jagtap.

Media and communication

Internet facilities are provided by several service providers.

References

  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Why Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra was renamed Ahilyanagar". India Today. Retrieved 24 August 2023.
  4. ^ "Why Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra was renamed Ahilyanagar". India Today. Retrieved 5 July 2023.
  5. ^ Sohoni, Pushkar (2015). Aurangabad with Daulatabad, Khuldabad, and Ahmadnagar. London; Mumbai: Deccan Heritage Foundation; Jaico. ISBN 9788184957020.
  6. ^ Moraes, Frank (1 January 2007). Jawaharlal Nehru. Jaico Publishing House. p. 319. ISBN 978-81-7992-695-6.
  7. ^ Sainik Samachar: The Pictorial Weekly of the Armed Forces. 1988. p. 14.
  8. ^ Nagarick (6 June 2007). "Ahmednagar by year 2031". Nagarick.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ahmednagar" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 432.
  10. ^ a b The Kingdom of Ahmadnagar. Motilal Banarsidass. 1966. p. 38. ISBN 978-81-208-2651-9.
  11. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  12. ^ Sohoni, Pushkar (2018). The Architecture of a Deccan Sultanate: Courtly Practice and Royal Authority in Late Medieval India. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 9781784537944.
  13. ^ "Cynthia Farrar — Missionary woman who inspired Jotirao Phule". 28 January 2023.
  14. ^ "The History of Ahmednagar". Ahmednagar.nic.in. 15 August 1947. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
  15. ^ "Station: Ahmednagar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 15–16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M135. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Population by Religion - Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  18. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  19. ^ Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, "2001 Literacy Rates", Census of India 2001, Ministry of Home Affairs, India
  20. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra (Town level)". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  21. ^ "Welcome to Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth". Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013. Official website
  22. ^ "Ahmednagar City". ahmednagar.nic.in.
  23. ^ Rajendra Rajan Fort that held Nehru The Tribune, 12 July 2009
  24. ^ Tank Museum at ahmednagar.nic.in
  25. ^ "Maharashtra Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri". Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  26. ^ "MPs demand better railway connectivity in Maharashtra". The Times of India. 23 February 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  27. ^ Dheeraj Bengrut (3 November 2021). "Pune railway division area to increase, 24 stations to be added". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  28. ^ "कल्याण-नगर रेल्वे हा विकासाचा मार्ग – Development route of Kalyan Ahmednagar railway". Maharashtra Times (in Marathi). 4 August 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  29. ^ "संजीवनी देणारा माळशेज घाट रेल्वे मार्ग". 2 March 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2023.
  30. ^ "Field survey for rail line begins today". The Times of India. 28 February 2021.
  31. ^ "अहमदनगर-करमाळा नवीन रेल्वे मार्गाबाबत लवकरच निर्णयाची शक्यता". 2 November 2021.
  32. ^ "ahmednagar bus stand – Google Search". google.co.in. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  33. ^ "Bus Stands & Traffic Control Centers Ahmednagar".