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Ratnagiri district
Suvarnadurg from the sea.jpg
View from Parshuram, Chiplun - panoramio (1).jpg
Ganpatipule Temple Sonydsxhx300 518.jpg
Marleshwar waterfalls1.JPG
Ratnagiri, Velneshwar - panoramio (76).jpg
View of Suvarnadurg Fort from the sea, hills near Chiplun, Marleshwar Waterfalls, Velneshwar beach near Ratnagiri, Ganesha temple at Ganpatipule
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionKonkan
HeadquartersRatnagiri
Tehsils1. Mandangad,
2. Dapoli,
3. Khed,
4. Chiplun,
5. Guhagar,
6. Sangameshwar,
7. Ratnagiri,
8. Lanja,
9. Rajapur
Government
 • BodyRatnagiri Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterUday Samant
(Cabinet Minister MH)
 • President Z. P. RatnagiriNA
 • District CollectorMr. Dr. B. N. Patil (IAS)
 • CEO Z. P. RatnagiriIndu Rani Jakhar IAS
 • MPsVinayak Raut
(Ratnagiri–Sindhudurg) Sunil Tatkare
(Raigad)
Area
 • Total8,208 km2 (3,169 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,615,069
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy82.18%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-66, NH-204
Websiteratnagiri.nic.in

Ratnagiri District (Marathi pronunciation: [ɾət̪n̪aːɡiɾiː]) is a district in the state of Maharashtra, India.[1] The administrative headquarter of the district is located in the town of Ratnagiri.[1] The district is 11.33% urban.[2] The district is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the west, Sindhudurg district to the south, Raigad district to the north and Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur districts to the east.[1] This district is part of Konkan division.[1]

Officer

Members of Parliament

Vinayak Raut (SHS (UBT))
(Ratnagiri–Sindhudurg)

Guardian Minister

Guardian Minister Ratnagiri
पालकमंत्री रत्नागिरी
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Uday Samant.jpg
Incumbent
Uday Samant

since 24 September 2022
StyleThe Honourable
ResidenceRatnagiri
AppointerChief Minister of Maharashtra
Term length5 years / No time limit
Websiteratnagiri.gov.in/en/

list of Guardian Minister

Name Term of office
Ravindra Waikar 31 October 2014 - 8 November 2019
Anil Parab 9 January 2020 - 29 June 2022
Uday Samant 24 September 2022- Incumbent

District Magistrate/Collector

District Magistrate / Collector Ratnagiri
जिल्हाधिकारी तथा जिल्हदंडाधिकरी रत्नागिरी
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Mr. Dr. B. N. Patil (IAS)

since 2019
ResidenceAt Ratnagiri district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websiteratnagiri.gov.in/en/

list of District Magistrate / Collector

Name Term of office
Mr. Dr. B. N. Patil (IAS) 2019 - Incumbent

History

From pre-Christian times until 1312, the area - like the entire region - was ruled by various Buddhist and Hindu rulers. The first state known by name was the Maurya Empire, the last non-Muslim dynasty were the Yadavas of Devagiri. After decades of military clashes with Muslim rulers in northern India, it was occupied by Muslim armies between 1312 and 1470. From 1500 on there was fierce fighting for rule on the coast between the Muslim rulers and the Portuguese. After that, various Muslim dynasties ruled until 1658 (Sultanate of Delhi, Bahmani, Deccan Sultanates and the Mughals).From 1658 most of the area became part of the Maratha Empire. After the defeat of the Marathas against the British in 1818, Ratnagiri area became an administrative region of the Bombay Presidency. With the independence of India in 1947 and the reorganization of the country, it became part of the new state of Bombay State in 1950. In 1948 the district grew through the incorporation of the Sawantwadi princely state. In 1960, Bombay State was divided and the area became part of the newly created state of Maharashtra. In 1981 the district was divided and the southern part of the district became Sindhudurg district.[3][4][5]

Geography

An outstanding feature of the geography of the district is its uneven or hill topography, with about 45% of the district being characterized as 'hilly'.[6] Very narrow riverine plains fringe the coastline.[6]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Ratnagiri district has a population of 1,615,069,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[8] or the US state of Idaho.[9] This gives it a ranking of 311th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 196 inhabitants per square kilometre (510/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -4.96%.[7] Ratnagiri has a sex ratio of 1123 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 82.43%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 4.15% and 1.26% of the population respectively.[7]

Religions in Ratnagiri district (2011)[10]
Religion Percent
Hindus
80.94%
Muslims
11.59%
Buddhists
7.03%
Other or not stated
0.44%

Languages in Ratnagiri district (2011)[11]

  Marathi (88.18%)
  Urdu (7.36%)
  Hindi (1.43%)
  Others (3.03%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 88.18% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 7.36% Urdu and 1.43% Hindi as their first language. Most people speak distinct coastal dialects of Marathi.[11]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901871,866—    
1911893,944+0.25%
1921856,032−0.43%
1931964,558+1.20%
19411,022,816+0.59%
19511,076,080+0.51%
19611,146,243+0.63%
19711,278,742+1.10%
19811,379,655+0.76%
19911,544,057+1.13%
20011,696,777+0.95%
20111,615,069−0.49%
source:[12]

See also

Notable people

Notable people from Ratnagiri include:

References

  1. ^ a b c d District Census Handbook Ratnagiri Village and Town Directory (Part A). Directorate of Census Operations. 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  2. ^ Census GIS India Archived 11 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1960, Ancient Period, pp. 127–150
  4. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1960, Medieval Period, pp. 150–157
  5. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer 1960, Muhammedan Period, pp. 157–163
  6. ^ a b Mishra, S.S.P. (2014). Groundwater Information Ratnagiri District Maharashtra. Nagpur: Central Ground Water Board. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  10. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  13. ^ Joglekar, Jaywant (2006). Veer Savarkar Father of Hindu Nationalism. p. 106. ISBN 978-1-84728-380-1. Retrieved 13 October 2014.