Gadchiroli district
Kotri river near Bhamragad
Kotri river near Bhamragad
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Gadchiroli district
Coordinates (Gadchiroli): 20°11′10″N 80°00′19″E / 20.18611°N 80.00528°E / 20.18611; 80.00528Coordinates: 20°11′10″N 80°00′19″E / 20.18611°N 80.00528°E / 20.18611; 80.00528
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionNagpur Division
HeadquartersGadchiroli
Tehsils
List
Government
 • BodyGadchiroli Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterEknath Shinde
(Cabinet Minister Mha)
 • President Zilla Parishad
  • President
    Mr. Ajay Ramyyaji Kankdalwar
  • Vice President
    Mr. Manohar Tulshiram Poreti
 • District Collector
  • Shri. Sanjay Meena (IAS)
 • CEO Zilla Parishad
  • Shri. Kumar Ashirwad (IAS)
 • MPs
Area
 • Total14,412 km2 (5,565 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,072,942
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Urban
6.93%
Demographics
 • Literacy60.1%
 • Sex ratio976
Major highwaysNH 63, NH 353C, NH 353D, NH 542 & NH 930
Average annual precipitation1704 mm
WebsiteOfficial website

Gadchiroli district (Marathi pronunciation: [ɡəɖt͡ʃiɾoliː]) is an administrative district in Maharashtra, India. The city of Gadchiroli is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Extent and history

Maharashtra tapers in the east, where this district forms the south-east corner. The district is bordered by Gondia district to the north, Rajnandgaon, Kanker, Narayanpur and Bijapur districts of Chhattisgarh to the east, Jayashankar Bhupalpally district of Telangana to the south, and Mancherial and Komaram Bheem districts of Telangana and Chandrapur district to the west.

It was created on 26 August 1982 by the separation of Gadchiroli and Sironcha taluks from Chandrapur district.

Strategic planning

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

Divisions

The district is divided into six revenue sub-divisions:Gadchiroli, Aheri,Chamorshi,Etapalli,Wadsa(Desaiganj),Kurkheda. These are each further divided into 2 taluka. Gadchiroli sub-division consists of Gadchiroli and Dhanora, Chamorshi sub-division consist of chamorshi and Mulchera talukas; Aheri sub-division consists of Aheri and Sironcha.Etapalli sub-division cover Etapalli and Bhamragad talukas; and Desaiganj (Wadsa) sub-division consists of Wadsa and Armori.Kurkheda sub-division consist of Kurkheda and Korchi talukas. There are 557 gram panchayats (village councils) and 1,688 Revenue Villages. The district has 12 panchayat samitis (local development-block governments). Only three municipalities, Gadchiroli, Wadsa (Desaiganj), and Armori exist in the district.

Following the delimitation of the constituencies in 2008, the district had three Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies: Gadchiroli, Armori and Aheri. All of these are part of the newly carved Gadchiroli-Chimur Lok Sabha constituency.[2]

Natural geography

Established on 26 August 1982 The main river basin of the district is the Godavari, which flows west-to-east and forms the southern boundary of the district. The major tributaries of the Godavari are the Indravati and the Pranhita, the latter of which is formed by the confluence of the Wainganga and the Wardha near Chaprala village of Chamorshi taluka.

Dhanora, Etapalli, Aheri and Sironcha talukas in the eastern part of the district are covered by forest. Hills are found in Bhamragad, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad area. The eastern part of Gadchiroli, bordering Chhattisgarh state, is mainly hilly and is tribal-dominated, similar to neighbouring Bastar region in Chhattisgarh.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901177,244—    
1911225,086+2.42%
1921220,771−0.19%
1931254,088+1.42%
1941290,730+1.36%
1951324,962+1.12%
1961386,392+1.75%
1971522,229+3.06%
1981637,336+2.01%
1991787,010+2.13%
2001970,294+2.12%
20111,072,942+1.01%
source:[3]

According to the 2011 census Gadchiroli district has a population of 1,072,942,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[5] or the US state of Rhode Island.[6] This gives it a ranking of 424th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 74 inhabitants per square kilometre (190/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate during 2001–2011 was 10.46%.[4] Gadchiroli has a sex ratio of 975 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 70.55%.[4]

Scheduled caste and Scheduled Tribe population in the district is 120,745 (11.25%) and 415,306 (38.71%) of the population respectively. Almost 85% of the tribals are Gonds, in particular the Madia Gonds.[7]

Religions in Gadchiroli district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
86.44%
Buddhism
7.71%
Others (tribal religion)
2.80%
Islam
1.96%
Other or not stated
1.09%

Languages

Languages in Gadchiroli district (2011)[9]

  Marathi (56.38%)
  Gondi (23.68%)
  Telugu (8.87%)
  Bengali (5.12%)
  Hindi (2.15%)
  Chhattisgarhi (1.69%)
  Other (2.45%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 56.38% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 23.68% Gondi, 8.87% Telugu, 5.12% Bengali, 2.15% Hindi and 1.69% Chhattisgarhi as their first language. Marathi is the main language in the west of the district, while Gondi is the dominant language in the eastern parts. Telugu speakers are majority in Sironcha tehsil in the far south.[9]

As of 2011 it is the second-least-populous district of Maharashtra (out of 39), after Sindhudurg.[4]

Economy

The district is categorised as tribal and undeveloped, with farming as the main occupation. Forests cover more than 79.36% of the hilly geographical of the district. The district produces bamboo and Tendu leaves, and paddy is the main agricultural product. Other agriculture includes sorghum, linseed, pigeon pea (tur), and wheat.

The only large-scale industry in the district is a paper mill at Ashti in Chamorshi taluka and the paper pulp factory at Desaiganj. There are many rice mills in the district. The Tussar silk worm centre is in Armori taluka. 18.5 kilometres (11.5 mi) of railway lines pass through the district.

The district is known for activity of Naxalites – the People's Liberation Guerrilla Army – who have taken shelter in the dense forests and hills.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gadchiroli among the country's 250 most-backward districts (out of a total of 640).[10] It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[10]

Health

The Lok Biradari Prakalpa (LBP) situated at Hemalkasa in the Bhamragad taluka is one of the major institutions offering healthcare and education services to the local Madia Gond tribals. LBP was envisioned by the late Gandhian, Dr. Murlidhar Devidas Amte, fondly called Baba Amte. His family consisting of Dr. Prakash Amte, Dr. Mandakini Amte and their children currently work at the LBP.[11][better source needed]

Education

The government recently established Gondwana University on dated 27 September 2011 in Gadhchiroli district.[12]

High schools

• Global media Kerala model E/M school,allapalli.

Model school Aheri

Senior (degree) colleges

Sainath Adhayapak vidyalaya, Murkhala Prof.Jogendra kawade college Vairagad Shri govindrao Munghate Art and Science college kurkheda

Important places

Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary
Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary

See also

References

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 11 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  2. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011 - Gadchiroli" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General, India. 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  9. ^ a b 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  11. ^ People's Brotherhood Project. Lok Biradari Prakalp. Retrieved on 2016-07-31.
  12. ^ "Gondwana University". Retrieved 10 April 2017.