|Motto||सद्रक्षणाय खलनिग्रहणाय (Sanskrit)|
To protect Good and to destroy Evil
|Employees||Superintendents of Police and Above: 277|
Deputy Superintendents: 652
Police Inspectors: 3530
Assistant Police Inspectors: 4530
Sub Inspectors: 7601 
|Operations jurisdiction||Maharashtra, IN|
|Map of Maharashtra Police Department's jurisdiction|
|Size||307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Government of Maharashtra|
|Elected officer responsible|
Maharashtra Police (IAST: Mahārāṣṭra Polīs Sēvā, formerly Bombay State Police) is the law enforcement agency responsible for the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is headed by Director General of Police, Rajnish Seth (IPS), and headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
It is one of the largest police departments in the country, having about 36 district police units in the state. The Maharashtra Police Department has a strength of nearly 1.95 lakh. It also has 15,000 women in its force.
During the 17th century (until 1655), the area of present-day Mumbai was under Portuguese control. The Portuguese formed a basic law enforcement structure in this area with the establishment of a Police outpost in 1661.
The origins of the present day Mumbai police can be traced back to a militia organized by Gerald Aungier, the then Governor of Bombay in 1669. This Bhandari Militia was composed of around 500 men and was headquartered at Mahim, Sevree and Sion. In 1672, the judicial overview of police decisions by courts was introduced, although none of the judges had any actual legal training. The situation remained unchanged through the Maratha wars. However, by 1682, policing remained stagnant. There was only one ensign for the whole Bhandari militia, and there were only three sergeants and two corporals.
In 1936, the Sind Province Police was split from the Bombay Province Police. In 1947, it was renamed to Bombay State Police, following India's independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the Bombay State Police was divided into Gujarat Police, Mysore Police (later renamed Karnataka Police) and Maharashtra Police.
The Maharashtra Police Headquarters moved into what was known as the Royal Alfred Sailors' Home, in 1896. Construction began on the building in early 1872 and was finished four years later, in 1876. As its name suggests, it was made to accommodate 20 officers and 100 seamen. However, the building was actually conceived to commemorate the visit of the Duke of Edinburgh in 1870. The Duke laid the Foundation stone during his visit.
The Maharashtra government acquired the building in 1928 to house the Bombay Legislative Council. The Police Department subsequently moved in after it was vacated.
Main article: Maharashtra Police Headquarters
The Maharashtra Police Headquarters is in a Grade I listed its heritage building that was built between 1872 and 1876 and designed by Frederick William Stevens (who designed the Victoria Terminus). During the British Raj, it served as the Royal Alfred Sailors' Home, named after Prince Alfred, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, who visited Bombay in 1870. The building was used to house sick European sailors. After 1928, it served as the Legislative Assembly and then the Bombay Council Hall until 1982, when the Maharashtra Police moved into the building.
|Rank||Director General of Police||Additional Director General of Police[note 1]||Inspector General of Police||Deputy Inspector General of Police||Senior Superintendent of Police||Superintendent of Police||Additional superintendent of police||Deputy superintendent of police||Assistant Superintendent of Police (Probationary Rank: 2 years of service)||Assistant Superintendent of Police (Probationary Rank: 1 year of service)|
|Rank||Inspector||Assistant inspector[note 2]||Sub-inspector||Assistant sub-inspector||Head constable[note 3][note 4]||Police Naik||Constable[note 5]|
The State Intelligence Department (SID) came into existence in 1905 as the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) and was renamed to its current name in 1981. It is headed by the Commissioner of Intelligence.
Maharashtra State Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is a Crime Branch which was established in 1905 and is headquartered in Pune. It is headed by the Additional Director General of Police.
The Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) unit was created by the Government of Maharashtra in 2004 for countering terrorism. It works in coordination with Central Agencies such as Intelligence Bureau (IB) and Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).
The Quick Response Team (QRT) was created to protect the coasts of Maharashtra. Since Mumbai is vulnerable to attacks from terrorists and underworld elements, there was a need for a highly trained, motivated, young, fit and fully equipped team to tackle such groups and to terminate hostage situations. This team responds in the shortest time, moves by fastest means, takes action to collect tactical information and neutralizes the threat. They rescue hostages, render assistance to Central forces and other State forces on Government duty. On the occasion of 30th Maharashtra Road Safety Week, Maharashtra Police launched "Cop for a Day" Program, this new initiative allows any citizen to be a part of the Maharashtra Police Force for 1 Day and be associated with different departments within Maharashtra Police
Anti Corruption Bureau, Maharashtra is an agency of Government of Maharashtra constituted to investigate offences of bribery and corruption falling within the purview of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 in the state of Maharashtra.
Force One is an elite counter-terrorism unit of the Maharashtra Police. It guards the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, which is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. It was formed by Government of Maharashtra on the lines of National Security Guard (NSG) as a response to the 2008 Mumbai attacks and was commissioned two days before its first anniversary.
A list of the Indian Police Service (IPS) and State Police Service (SPS) officers of Force One is given below:
|1||Dr. Sukhvinder Singh, IPS (1994:MH)||Additional Director General of Police, Force One, Maharashtra State, Mumbai|
|2||Sh. Kirankumar Chavan, SPS||S.P, Force One, Maharashtra State, Mumbai|
|3||Sh. Sandeep R. Doiphode, SPS||S.P, Force One, Urban Counter Training Academy, Maharashtra State, Mumbai|
|4||Sh. Amarsingh Jadhav, SPS||Addl. S.P., Force One, Urban Counter Training Academy, Maharashtra State, Mumbai|
The Highway Traffic Police branch was created in 1993 to monitor operations on Indian roads and highways.
The State Reserve Police Force (SRPF) was created on 6 March 1948 as a Special Armed Police Force of the State of Maharashtra.
State Police Complaints Authority Maharashtra. State & District Officer