Maharashtra Police
Emblem of the Maharashtra Police Department
Emblem of the Maharashtra Police Department
Abbreviationम.पो.[1]
Mottoसद्रक्षणाय खलनिग्रहणाय (Sanskrit)
To protect Good and to destroy Evil
Agency overview
EmployeesSuperintendents of Police and Above: 277
Deputy Superintendents: 652
Police Inspectors: 3530
Assistant Police Inspectors: 4530
Sub Inspectors: 7601 [2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionMaharashtra, IN
Map of Maharashtra Police Department's jurisdiction
Size307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi)
Population112,374333(2011)
Governing bodyGovernment of Maharashtra
General nature
Operational structure
HeadquartersMumbai, Maharashtra
Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
Child agency
  • Mumbai Police,

    Mira-Bhayander, Vasai-Virar Police,[3]

    PCMC Pune Police,

    Nagpur Police,

    Pune Police,

    Thane City Police,

    Navi Mumbai Police,

    Kolhapur City Police,[4]

    Nashik City Police ,

    Yavatmal Rural Police,[5]

    Amravati City Police,

    Solapur City Police,

    Aurangabad City Police,

    Nanded Police
Website
mahapolice.gov.in

Maharashtra Police (IAST: Mahārāṣṭra Polīs Sēvā, formerly Bombay State Police) is the law enforcement agency responsible for the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is headed by Director General of Police, Mrs. Rashmi Shukla (IPS), and headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

It is one of the largest police departments in the country, having about 36 district police units in the state. The Maharashtra Police Department has a strength of nearly 1.95 lakh.[1] It also has 15,000 women in its force.[6]

History

During the 17th century (until 1655), the area of present-day Mumbai was under Portuguese control. The Portuguese formed a basic law enforcement structure in this area with the establishment of a Police outpost in 1661.[7]

The origins of the present day Mumbai police can be traced back to a militia organized by Gerald Aungier, the then Governor of Bombay in 1669. This Bhandari Militia was composed of around 500 men and was headquartered at Mahim, Sevree and Sion.[8] In 1672, the judicial overview of police decisions by courts was introduced, although none of the judges had any actual legal training.[9] The situation remained unchanged through the Maratha wars.[10] However, by 1682, policing remained stagnant. There was only one ensign for the whole Bhandari militia, and there were only three sergeants and two corporals.[7]

In 1936, the Sind Province Police was split from the Bombay Province Police. In 1947, it was renamed to Bombay State Police, following India's independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the Bombay State Police was divided into Gujarat Police, Mysore Police (later renamed Karnataka Police) and Maharashtra Police.

The Maharashtra Police Headquarters moved into what was known as the Royal Alfred Sailors' Home, in 1896. Construction began on the building in early 1872 and was finished four years later, in 1876. As its name suggests, it was made to accommodate 20 officers and 100 seamen. However, the building was actually conceived to commemorate the visit of the Duke of Edinburgh in 1870. The Duke laid the Foundation stone during his visit.

The Maharashtra government acquired the building in 1928 to house the Bombay Legislative Council. The Police Department subsequently moved in after it was vacated.

Headquarters

Main article: Maharashtra Police Headquarters

Maharashtra Police Headquarters in Mumbai.

The Maharashtra Police Headquarters is in a Grade I listed its heritage building that was built between 1872 and 1876 and designed by Frederick William Stevens (who designed the Victoria Terminus). During the British Raj, it served as the Royal Alfred Sailors' Home, named after Prince Alfred, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, who visited Bombay in 1870. The building was used to house sick European sailors. After 1928, it served as the Legislative Assembly and then the Bombay Council Hall until 1982, when the Maharashtra Police moved into the building.

List of Former Director General of Police

  1. Kaikhusru Jahangir Nanavati - 01.05.1960 - 24.02.1965
  2. Sayyad Majidulla - 25.02.1965 - 19.01.1968
  3. Anant Ganesh Rajadhyaksha - 20.01.1968 - 28.02.1975
  4. Maharudra Ganpatrao Wagh - 01.03.1975 - 31.05.1976
  5. Immanuel Sumitra Modak - 01.06.1976 - 31.03.1978
  6. Madhukar Ganpat Mugve - 01.04.1978 - 31.05.1978
  7. Shridhar Vyankatesh Tankhiwala - 01.06.1978 - 31.07.1978
  8. Vinayak Vasudev Chaubal - 01.08.1978 - 31.10.1979
  9. Vasant Vinayak Nagarkar - 01.11.1979 - 18.03.1980
  10. Ramdas Laxman Bhinge - 19.03.1980 - 23.02.1981
  11. Sushilkumar Chaturvedi - 24.02.1981 - 24.02.1982
  12. Krushnakant Pandurang Medhekar - 25.02.1982 - 30.04.1985
  13. Suryakant Shankar Jog - 01.05.1985 - 31.07.1987
  14. Dattatraya Shankar Soman - 01.08.1987 - 31.05.1988
  15. Satyandra Prasanna Singh - 01.06.1988 - 31.01.1989
  16. Ramakant Sheshgirirao Kulkarni - 01.02.1989 - 31.12.1989
  17. Vasant Keshav Saraf - 01.01.1990 - 31.08.1992
  18. S. Ramamurti - 01.09.1992 - 30.06.1993
  19. Shivajirao Vitthalrao Baravkar - 01.07.1993 - 31.10.1994
  20. S. V. Krushnan - 01.11.1994 - 31.10.1995
  21. Surendra Mohan Pathaniya - 01.11.1995 - 31.05.1996
  22. Amarjit Singh Samara - 01.06.1996 - 30.09.1997
  23. Arvind Siddheswar Inamdar - 01.10.1997 - 05.01.2000
  24. Subhash Chandra Malhotra - 06.01.2000 - 30.06.2003
  25. Om Prakash Bali - 01.07.2003 - 31.10.2003
  26. Surendra Mohan Shangari - 01.11.2003 - 31.08.2004
  27. Kamal Krishna Kashyap - 01.09.2004 - 30.04.2005
  28. Dr. P. S. Pasricha - 01.05.2005 - 29.02.2008
  29. Anami Naraayan Roy - 01.03.2008 - 07.02.2009
  30. S. S. Virak - 14.03.2009 - 31.10.2009
  31. Anami Narayan Roy - 22.01.2010 - 31.05.2010
  32. D. Sivanandhan - 31.05.2010 - 28.02.2011
  33. Ajit Parasnis - 28.02.2011 - 30.09.2011
  34. K. Subramanyam - 30.09.2011 - 31.07.2012
  35. Sanjeev Dayal - 31.07.2012 - 30.09.2015
  36. Praveen Dixit - 30.09.2015 - 31.07.2016
  37. Satish Mathur - 01.08.2016 - 30.06.2018
  38. Dr. D. D. Padsalgikar - 01.07.2018 - 28.02.2019
  39. S. K. Jayaswal - 01.03.2019 - 07.01.2021
  40. Hemant Nagrale - 07.01.2021 - 17.03.2021
  41. Rajneesh Seth - 18.03.2021 - 10.04.2021
  42. Sanjay Pande - 10.04.2021 - 18.02.2022
  43. Rajneesh Seth - 18.02.2022 - Incumbent.

Hierarchy

Officers

Subordinates

Insignia of Maharashtra Police (State Police)

Gazetted Officers

Indian Police Service gazetted officers rank insignia[13][14][15]
Insignia
Rank Director General of Police Additional Director General of Police[a] Inspector General of Police Deputy Inspector General of Police Senior Superintendent of Police[b] Superintendent of Police Additional superintendent of police Assistant Superintendent of Police Assistant Superintendent of Police (Probationary for two years) Assistant Superintendent of Police (Probationary for one year)
Abbreviation DGP ADGP IGP DIG SSP SP Addl. SP ASP ASP ASP


Non-gazetted officers

Indian Police non-gazetted officers rank insignia [16][17]
Insignia No insignia
Rank Inspector Assistant inspector[c] Sub-inspector Assistant sub-inspector Head constable[d] Police Naik[e] Police constable
Abbreviation INSP/PI API SI ASI HC SC PC
  • Note: Colour pattern and size of chevrons may vary according to the different rules of several distinct Indian State Police services.


Special units

State Intelligence Department

The State Intelligence Department (SID) came into existence in 1905 as the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) and was renamed to its current name in 1981. It is headed by the Commissioner of Intelligence.

Maharashtra State Criminal Investigation Department

Maharashtra State Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is a Crime Branch which was established in 1905 and is headquartered in Pune. It is headed by the Additional Director General of Police.

Anti-Terrorism Squad

The Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) unit was created by the Government of Maharashtra in 2004 for countering terrorism. It works in coordination with Central Agencies such as Intelligence Bureau (IB) and Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).

Quick Response Team

The Quick Response Team (QRT) was created to protect the coasts of Maharashtra. Since Mumbai is vulnerable to attacks from terrorists and underworld elements, there was a need for a highly trained, motivated, young, fit and fully equipped team to tackle such groups and to terminate hostage situations. This team responds in the shortest time, moves by fastest means, takes action to collect tactical information and neutralizes the threat. They rescue hostages, render assistance to Central forces and other State forces on Government duty. On the occasion of 30th Maharashtra Road Safety Week, Maharashtra Police launched "Cop for a Day" Program, this new initiative allows any citizen to be a part of the Maharashtra Police Force for 1 Day and be associated with different departments within Maharashtra Police[18]

Anti-Corruption Bureau

Anti Corruption Bureau, Maharashtra is an agency of Government of Maharashtra constituted to investigate offences of bribery and corruption falling within the purview of Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 in the state of Maharashtra.

Force One

Force One is an elite counter-terrorism unit of the Maharashtra Police. It guards the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, which is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. It was formed by Government of Maharashtra on the lines of National Security Guard (NSG) as a response to the 2008 Mumbai attacks and was commissioned two days before its first anniversary.

A list of the Indian Police Service (IPS) and State Police Service (SPS) officers of Force One is given below:

List of the IPS and SPS officers of Force One[19]
S. No Name Designation
1 Dr. Sukhvinder Singh, IPS (1994:MH) Additional Director General of Police, Force One, Maharashtra State, Mumbai
2 Sh. Kirankumar Chavan, SPS S.P, Force One, Maharashtra State, Mumbai
3 Sh. Sandeep R. Doiphode, SPS S.P, Force One, Urban Counter Training Academy, Maharashtra State, Mumbai
4 Sh. Amarsingh Jadhav, SPS Addl. S.P., Force One, Urban Counter Training Academy, Maharashtra State, Mumbai

Highway Traffic Police

The Highway Traffic Police branch was created in 1993 to monitor operations on Indian roads and highways.

State Reserve Police Force

The State Reserve Police Force (SRPF) was created on 6 March 1948 as a Special Armed Police Force of the State of Maharashtra.

State Police Complaints Authority Maharashtra. State & District Officer

Other Departments

List of Police Commissionerate

There are total 12 Police Commissionerate in Maharashtra Police Department, i.e.

1. Greater Mumbai Police

2. Navi Mumbai Police

3. Thane City Police

4. Nashik City Police

5. Pune City Police

6. Solapur City Police

7. Chhatrapati Sambhajinagar Police (Earlier : Aurangabad City Police)

8. Amravati City Police

9. Nagpur City Police

10.Mumbai Railway Police

11. Pimpri-Chinchwad Police

12. Mira-Bhayandar, Vasai-Virar (MBVV) Police

Greater Mumbai Police

Mumbai Police (Marathi: मुंबई पोलीस, IAST: Mumbaī Pulīs, officially Greater Mumbai Police, formerly Bombay Police) is the police department of the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Mumbai.[20]

Navi Mumbai Police

Navi Mumbai Police (Marathi: नवी मुंबई पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Navi Mumbai.[21]

Thane City Police

Thane City Police (Marathi: ठाणे शहर पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Thane City, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Thane City.[22]

Nashik City Police

Nashik City Police (Marathi: नाशिक शहर पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Nashik City, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Nashik City.[23]

Pune City Police

Pune City Police (Marathi: पुणे शहर पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Pune City, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Pune City.[24]

Solapur City Police

Solapur City Police (Marathi: सोलापूर शहर पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Solapur City, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Solapur City.[25]

Chhatrapati Sambhajinagar Police

Chhatrapati Sambhajinagar Police (Marathi: छत्रपती संभाजीनगर पोलीस, Earlier: Aurangabad City Police) is the police department of Chhatrapati Sambhajinagar, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Chhatrapati Sambhajinagar.[26]

Amravati City Police

Amravati City Police (Marathi: अमरावती शहर पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Amravati, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Amravati City.

Nagpur City Police

Nagpur City Police (Marathi: नागपूर शहर पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Nagpur, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Nagpur.

Mumbai Railway Police

Mumbai Railway Police (Marathi: मुंबई लोहमार्ग पोलीस) covers the entire Railway Network starting from Gujarat border on Western Railways to Mumbai and from CSMT to Kasara and Khopoli stations on the Central Railway Network and from CSMT to Roha on the Harbour Railway Network. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Railway Stations under its Jurisdiction.

Pimpri-Chinchwad Police

Pimpri-Chinchwad Police (Marathi: पिंपरी-चिंचवड पोलीस) is the police department of the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Mumbai.

Mira-Bhayander, Vasai-Virar (MBVV) Police

Mira-Bhayander, Vasai-Virar (MBVV) Police (Marathi: मीरा-भायंदर, वसई-विरार पोलीस) is the police department of the twin cities of Mira-Bhayandar and Vasai-Virar, Maharashtra. It is a part of Maharashtra Police and has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Mira-Bhayandar and Vasai-Virar cities

The Maharashtra police provide paid security service to the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and other cricket administrators during cricket matches for stadium security. The payment for it goes to the Maharashtra government; for One day international it charge ₹50 lakh, for Twenty20 - ₹60 lakh and for Test ₹35 lakhs. Opposite to India in foreign countries such as Australia, England, their cricket boards hire private security agencies for the stadium security. Prior , the charge to provide security for cricket matches was different in Mumbai, Pune but 27 June 2023 onwards the amount per game will be equal for all the towns.[27]

Notes

  1. ^ Rank insignia of DGP is similar to additional DGP.
  2. ^ Also known as Superintendent of Police (Selection Grade)
  3. ^ This rank exists only in the Maharashtra Police.
  4. ^ Shoulder insignia rank only used in the Maharashtra Police.
  5. ^ This rank is also known as senior constable, constable grade-I, and exists only in some state police forces.

References

  1. ^ a b "Workforce". Maharashtra Police. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Maharashtra Police cadre strength", Maharashtra Police
  3. ^ "Mira-Bhayander, Vasai-Virar Police Website".
  4. ^ "Kolhapur City Police Website".
  5. ^ "Yavatmal Website".
  6. ^ Nishikant, Karlikar (3 January 2014). "Supriya Sule mocks Delhi CM's no-beacon stance". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
  7. ^ a b Mumbai Police – History at the Mumbai Police Website
  8. ^ "Maharashtra State Gazetteers – Greater Bombay District". Maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  9. ^ Edwardes (1923), p 19
  10. ^ Mumbai Police Force History on TIFR website.
  11. ^ https://www.mahapolice.gov.in/dgps-of-maharashtra/
  12. ^ "Raigad Police (Maharashtra State)".
  13. ^ "Police Ranks and Badges". Odisha Police. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Police Ranks" (PDF). Maharashtra Police. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  15. ^ "Governance of Kerala Police". Kerala Police. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  16. ^ "Police Ranks" (PDF). Maharashtra Police. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  17. ^ "Police Ranks and Badges". Odisha Police. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  18. ^ "Maharashtra Police Bharti". Adda247. 27 March 2023.
  19. ^ ""Police Department" (Maharashtra State): Quarterly list of Officers of the Indian Police Service and State Police Service as on 02/08/2021" (PDF). www.mahapolice.gov.in. Maharashtra Police. 2 August 2021. p. 5. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  20. ^ "Mumbai Police Website".
  21. ^ "Navi Mumbai Police Website".
  22. ^ "Thane City Police Website".
  23. ^ "Nashik City Police Website".
  24. ^ "Pune City Police Website".
  25. ^ "Solapur City Police Website".
  26. ^ "Chhatrapati Sambhajinagar Police Website".
  27. ^ "क्रिकेट आयोजकांवर राज्य..." [Government [...] administrators of cricket]. Lokmat. 22 June 2023. p. 8. Retrieved 27 June 2023.