|Uttar Pradesh Police|
|Common name||UP Police|
|Motto||"सुरक्षा आपकी, संकल्प हमारा" |
"Your protection, our pledge"
|Annual budget||₹29,172 crore (US$3.8 billion) (2021–22 est.) |
|Operations jurisdiction||Uttar Pradesh, IN|
|Jurisdiction of Uttar Pradesh Police force|
|Size||243,286 km2 (93,933.25 sq mi)|
|Population||199,812,341 (est. 2011)|
|Legal jurisdiction||Uttar Pradesh|
|Governing body||Home Department|
|Headquarters||Signature Building, Sector-7, Gomti Nagar Extension, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh|
|Gazetted Officers||1,369 (406 IPS officers and 963 PPS officers)|
|Non-Gazetted officers and Constables||231,443|
The Uttar Pradesh Police (UP Police), (IAST: Uttara Pradeśha Pulisa), is the primary law enforcement agency within the Uttar Pradesh state of India. Established in 1863 as the Office of the Inspector General of Police, United Provinces under the Police Act, 1861. It is headed by Director General of Police (DGP).
Uttar Pradesh Police is one of the oldest police departments in the Republic of India, and is the largest police force in the world, having about 74 district police department (excluding 4 commissionerates) in it.
The Uttar Pradesh Police is headquartered at Signature Building, Gomti Nagar Extension in Lucknow.
The Uttar Pradesh Police employ around 1,368 gazetted officers, and 231,443 non gazetted uniformed officers. Uttar Pradesh Police is governed by the Department of Home and Confidential of Uttar Pradesh. The Uttar Pradesh Police is headed by the Director General of Police (DGP) for the state of Uttar Pradesh, who is the highest-ranking (DG) IPS officer of the state cadre. UP Police is the first Indian state police agency to have a highway patrol Unit, the UP Highway Police (UPHP).
The present police system in the country was created following the recommendation of the Police Commission headed by Mr. H.M. Court in 1860, which led to the enactment of the Police Act of 1861 that is in force even today. The same Mr. Court became the first Inspector General of Police (IGP) of the then North West Province and Avadh which comprised the territory of the present state of Uttar Pradesh. The Police structure was erected in the form of the following eight organizations:
The Civil Police too continued to grow and Mr. B.N. Lahiri was the first Indian Inspector General of Police of Uttar Pradesh after independence. The performance of the state police in the spheres of Crime control and maintenance of law and order was highly appreciated, due to which it had the proud privilege of being the first police force in the country to receive the President's Color on 13 November 1952 by the then Prime Minister of India, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. Various specialized wings of the U.P. police have since come into existence for combating organized crimes, economic offences, terrorism, etc.
A Director General of Police (DGP) heads the state police. He is assisted by many police officers. State police headquarters is situated in Lucknow.
For the purpose of maintaining law and order in the state, the state of Uttar Pradesh is divided into 8 police zones. Each zone is headed by an officer of the rank of additional director general of police who is an officer of the Indian police Service. Each police zone is constituted by 2 to 3 police ranges. There are a total of 18 police ranges in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Each range is headed by an officer of the rank of either inspector general of police or deputy inspector general of police which corresponds with the administrative division. Each police range is constituted by around 2 to 4 districts.
There are a total of 74 district police units in the state.
In each district (except Lucknow (City), Gautam Buddha Nagar, Kanpur Nagar and Varanasi), the head of the police is the SP or SSP. In the discharge of his duties he is assisted by Superintendent of Police (SP), Deputy Superintendent of Police (Deputy SP) or Assistant Superintendent of Police who may either be the officers of the Provincial Police Service or Indian Police Service.
The number of SPs and Deputy SPs varies with the size, population, police work, or nature of police work in different districts. The number of SPs and Dy.SPs in districts like Lucknow Rural, Kanpur Nagar, Agra, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Meerut, Prayagraj is considerably more than other districts. Whereas in smaller districts like Baghpat, Kannauj, Mahoba, Chandauli the number of the PPS officers is relatively lesser.
Typically, a police district in the state corresponds with the administrative district. Though, the head of the police force in the district is the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP)/Superintendent of police (SP), who is always an officer of the Indian Police Service, the ultimate/final responsibility with regard to the maintenance of the law and order in the district lies with the district magistrate who is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The police district is further subdivided into police sub-divisions or police circles. A police circle is usually headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Superintendent of Police or Assistant Superintendent of Police. The officer heading the police circle/sub-division is designated as the Circle Officer (C.O.) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. A police circle is usually constituted by 2 to 4 police stations. Each police station is headed by a police inspector. Throughout the state of Uttar Pradesh and other states, especially in North India, there is the main police station in the older/ main part of the city known as the Kotwali. The Kotwali covers the main or usually the older part of the town/city under its jurisdiction. Earlier, when the cities and towns were smaller and had a lesser population than at present and they hadn't grown in size so much, Kotwali covered the main town area of the cities or the districts. A police station is also called as a thana in the local language. The officer in charge of a police station is designated as or called as the station officer (S.O.) or station house officer (S.H.O). He is assisted by various sub-inspectors, head-constables, constables. There are also a number of police chowkis that come under the police station. A police chowki is under the charge of a sub-inspector of police. The regular constabulary carries the bulk of normal beat policing and patrolling.
|Rank||Director General of Police||Additional Director General of Police[note 1]||Inspector General of Police||Deputy Inspector General of Police||Assistant Inspector General of Police / Senior Superintendent of Police||Superintendent of Police||Additional superintendent of police||Deputy superintendent of police||Assistant Superintendent of Police (Probationary Rank: 2 years of service)||Assistant Superintendent of Police (Probationary Rank: 1 year of service)|
|Rank||Inspector||Assistant inspector[note 2]||Sub-inspector||Assistant sub-inspector||Head constable[note 3]||Senior police constable
Police Naik[note 4]
There are currently 4 police commissionerates under UP Police -
In the police commissionerate system, the Commissioner of Police (CP) in the rank of Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) heads the district police department or commissionerate.
In Lucknow (City), the CP is assisted by 2 Joint Commissioners of Police (JCPs) in the rank of IG, and in Gautam Buddh Nagar, the commissioner is assisted by 2 Additional Commissioners (Addl. CPs) in the rank of DIG who look after Law and order while other looks into Crime & Headquarters. Under them, there is a team of IPS & PPS officers who are posted as DCPs and ACPs. Three DCPs are posted in a zone. One DCP's insignia is the state emblem above one star, who is senior to the other two DCPs, whose insignia is one state emblem only. Under the DCPs work ACPs, who are the chiefs of various circles. They are vested with the powers of the executive magistrate for criminal cases.
Police Commissionerates are independent of zonal & range police chiefs supervision. They are also vested with powers of an executive magistrate under various acts.
|Units of Uttar Pradesh Police|
|No.||Unit||Current Officer Executive||Rank|
|1||DG Police HQRS||DR.DEVENDRA SINGH CHAUHAN||DGP|
|2||DG Police HQRS||DR. N. RAVINDER||ADG/GSO|
|3||Police HQRS||Bhagirath P. Jogdand||ADG|
|4||Anti Corruption Org||Zaki Ahmad||ADG|
|5||Anti Terrorist Squad (ATS)||NAVEEN ARORA||ADG|
|5||Criminal Investigative Department (CID)||Dawa Sherpa||ADG|
|L. V. Antony Kumar||ADG|
|Dr. Ramkrishna Swarnkar||ADG|
|6||Economic Offences Wing (EOG)||Dr. Rajendra Pal Singh||DG|
|7||Fire Services||Vijay Prakash||ADG|
|8||Government Railway Police (GRP)||Piyush Anand||ADG|
|9||Human Rights||Monmohon Kumar Bashal||ADG|
|10||Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC)||Ajay Anand||ADG|
|11||Recruitment Board (UPPR &PB)||Dr. Raj Kumar Vishwakarma||ADG|
|12||Rules & Manual||Radhey Shyam||SP|
|13||Security||Binod K. Singh||ADG|
|14||Special Enquires||Chandra Prakash||DG|
|15||Special Investigative Team (SIT)||Dr. Rajendra Pal Singh||DG|
|16||Special Task Force (STF)||Amitabh Yash||ADG|
|17||Traffic Directorate||Jyoti Narayan||ADG|
|18||Training Directorate||Sujan Vir Singh||DG|
|19||Technical Services||Mohit Agarwal||ADG|
|20||Telecom||Sunil Kumar Gupta||ADG|
|21||Vigilance||D S Chauhan (Acting)|
|22||Logistics||Bijaya Kumar Maurya||ADG|
|23||(UP 112) ITECCS||Ashok Kumar Singh||ADG|
|24||State Disaster Response Force||Chandra Prakash||DIG|
|25||Mahilla Samman Prakoshth||Neera Rawat||ADG|
|1||Lucknow zone||ADG/IG||1||Lucknow||IG/DIG||1||Lucknow Rural||SP|
|2||Jyotiba Phule Nagar||SP|
|5||Kanpur zone||ADG/IG||1||Kanpur||IG/DIG||1||Kanpur Outer||SP|
|7||Varanasi zone||ADG/IG||1||Varanasi||IG/DIG||1||Varanasi Rural||SP|
|2||Sant Kabir Nagar||SP|
|Total zones 8||Total ranges 18||Total districts 74|
|Directors General of Police (DGP)|
|50||Devendra Singh Chauhan||12 May 2022||present day|
|49||Mukul Goel||1 July 2021||11 May 2022|
|48||Hitesh Chandra Awasthy||01 Feb 2020||30 June 2021|
|47||Om Prakash Singh||1 Jan 2018||31 Jan 2020|
|46||Sulkhan Singh||22 Apr 2017||31 Dec 2017|
|45||S. Javeed Ahmad||1 Jan 2016||22 Apr 2017|
|44||Jagmohan Yadav||1 Jul 2015||31 Dec 2015|
|43||Arvind Kumar Jain||31 Jan 2015||30 Jun 2015|
|42||Arun Kumar Gupta||1 Jan 2015||31 Jan 2015|
|41||Anand Kumar Banerjee||28 Feb 2014||31 Dec 2014|
|40||Rizwan Ahmed||1 Jan 2014||28 Feb 2014|
|39||Deo Raj Nagar||12 Apr 2013||31 Dec 2013|
|38||A. C. Sharma||19 Mar 2012||12 Apr 2013|
|37||Atul||8 Jan 2012||19 Mar 2012|
|36||Brij Lal||30 Sep 2011||8 Jan 2012|
|35||R. K. Tiwari||31 Aug 2011||30 Sep 2011|
|34||Karamvir Singh||23 Sep 2009||31 Aug 2011|
|33||Vikram Singh||23 Jun 2007||23 Sep 2009|
|32||G. L. Sharma||15 Mar 2007||23 Jun 2007|
|31||Bua Singh||3 Apr 2006||14 Mar 2007|
|30||Yashpal Singh||11 Jan 2005||03 Apr 2006|
|29||V. K. B. Nair||28 Jun 2003||11 Jan 2005|
|28||Hakam Singh||20 Mar 2003||28 Jun 2003|
|27||R. M. Shukla||20 Jul 2002||20 Mar 2003|
|26||R. K. Pandit||31 Jul 2001||20 Jul 2002|
|25||M. C. Dwivedi||31 Jul 2000||31 Jul 2001|
|24||Shri Ram Arun||23 Dec 1999||31 Jul 2000|
|23||K. L. Gupta||2 Apr 1998||23 Dec 1999|
|22||Shri Ram Arun||3 May 1997||2 Apr 1998|
|21||Haridas||24 Nov 1996||3 May 1997|
|20||S. N. P. Sinha||4 Jul 1996||24 Nov 1996|
|19||V. S. Mathur||31 Mar 1996||4 Jul 1996|
|18||Girish Bihari||12 Aug 1995||31 Mar 1996|
|17||V. S. Mathur||30 Sep 1994||12 Aug 1995|
|16||V.P. Kapoor||8 Jun 1993||30 Sep 1994|
|15||Prakash Singh||23 Dec 1992||8 Jun 1993|
|14||S.V.M. Tripathi||30 Sep 1992||23 Dec 1992|
|13||Prakash Singh||22 Jul 1991||30 Sep 1992|
|12||V. K. Jain||31 Dec 1990||22 Jul 1991|
|11||R. P. Mathur||30 Dec 1989||31 Dec 1990|
|10||R. P. Joshi||31 Jul 1989||30 Dec 1989|
|9||Harimohan||31 Dec 1988||31 Jul 1989|
|8||R. N. Gupta||8 Jun 1987||31 Dec 1988|
|7||D. S. Bhatnagar||31 Mar 1987||8 Jun 1987|
|6||P. C. Kakkar||1 Jan 1987||31 Mar 1987|
|5||D. K. Agarwal||17 Sep 1985||31 Dec 1986|
|4||J. N. Chaturvedi||1 Apr 1984||17 Sep 1985|
|3||Shrish Chandra Dikshit||25 Jul 1982||31 Mar 1984|
|2||Naresh Kumar||5 Mar 1982||24 Jul 1982|
|1||Mahendra Singh||24 Feb 1981||4 March 1982|
|Inspector Generals of Police|
|14||Naresh Kumar||24 Feb 1981||4 Mar 1982|
|13||Mahendra Singh||12 Mar 1980||23 Feb 1981|
|12||Lal Singh Verma||5 Jul 1977||11 Mar 1980|
|11||Sarvan Tandon||27 Mar 1976||4 Jul 1977|
|10||Govind Chandra||16 May 1975||26 Mar 1976|
|09||H. K. Kherr||1 Dec 1973||15 May 1975|
|08||A. K. Dass||5 Nov 1971||30 Nov 1973|
|07||Islam Ahmad||18 May 1971||4 Nov 1971|
|06||N. S. Saxena||20 Feb 1970||17 May 1971|
|05||Jiyaram||10 Apr 1967||19 Feb 1970|
|04||Shanti Prasad||17 Feb 1961||9 Apr 1967|
|03||M. S. Mathur||1 Apr 1954||16 Feb 1961|
|02||T. P. Bhalla||13 Jan 1953||31 Mar 1954|
|01||B. N. Lahari||27 Oct 1947||12 Jan 1953|
|11||SG Pearce||1 December 1946||26 October 1947|
|10||P Meabsure||28 June 1945||30 November 1946|
|10||MA Inglis||6 July 1940||26 June 1945|
|9||RA Horton||7 November 1937||5 July 1940|
|8||AH Phillips||15 March 1937||6 November 1937|
|7||RA Horton||16 June 1935||18 February 1937|
|5||ST Holling||7 April 1934||15 June 1935|
|6||HR Roe||5 November 1933||6 April 1934|
|5||ST Holling||27 April 1931||4 November 1933|
|RJS Dodd||5 November 1928||25 March 1931|
|4||AH Williamson||3 May 1928||4 November 1928|
|3||RJS Dodd||7 November 1925||2 May 1928|
|2||AD Ashdown||1 October 1923||6 November 1925|
|1||LM Kaye||23 February 1919||30 September 1923|
UP police uses a database of 500,000+ criminals with facial recognition technology in its "Trinetra" face identification system.
A social media command and research center has been established in Meerut. The center monitors trends in social media that can have an impact on law & order situation and advise concerned district and range police chiefs.
Most of the weapons in service with the Uttar Pradesh Police are locally produced by the Indian ordnance factories controlled by the Ordnance Factories Board, the police also induct various weapons imported by the Ministry of Home Affairs as part of modernization plans.
As per the 2017 audit by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Uttar Pradesh Police has a shortage of 45,047 handguns and an excess of 56,298 rifles.
48%, 58,853, of the 1.22 lakh (122,000) rifles available to the state police are of point-303 bore category, which was rendered obsolete by the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1995.
Weapons of the UP Police also include:
The Uttar Pradesh Police has an extensive history of police brutality, misconduct, and corruption, as well as discrimination on the basis of caste and religion.
In 2007, 18,000 police officers were fired as they were hired despite being unqualified for the job. These new recruits were illiterates who bribed between ₹100,000 and ₹500,000 to cheat in the UP police entrance tests.
In 2018 India Today carried out an investigative piece reporting incidents of UP police framing innocent people and killing them in staged encounters for money and promotions. A sub-inspector had allegedly offered to gun down an innocent civilian for around Rs 8 lakh. Between 2015–2018, 211 complaints of fake encounters were filed in India out of which 39 were on UP police. In 2012, 17 UP police personnel were given life term for killing an incontinent 24-year-old man in a 1992 fake encounter and later they branded the victim as a terrorist.
UP Police has allegedly been accused of unlawful politically motivated killing of Muslims and Dalits. In six cases examined by the Guardian of deaths in custody and police shootings of suspects, allegedly in self defence, from 2018 onwards, those accused of carrying out and covering up killings are the same. The victims of these alleged unlawful killings were all from the communities that UP government, with its sectarian Hindu nationalist agenda, is accused of routinely targeting and oppressing the muslims.
Uttar Pradesh Provincial Armed Constabulary (UP-PAC), has been alleged to be involved in number of human rights violation cases against muslim minority while includes,
The UP PAC was implicated in horrors across UP in the 1970s and ‘80s ranging from Firozabad (1972), Muzaffarnagar (1975), Sultanpur (1976), Sambhal (1978), Aligarh (1978 and 1980), Moradabad (1980), Meerut (1982, 1986 and 1987), Bahraich (1983), Mau (1983), Pilibhit (1986), Bara Banki (1986) and Allahabad (1986).
In 2020, Uttar Pradesh government started an operation to screen allegedly corrupt police officials who will be forced to take retirement.
In the 2020 Hathras gang rape and murder, UP Police forcibly cremated the body of the victim girl without the consent of her family. The station house officer was transferred for his "failure to promptly act" in the case.