Baghpat is located in Uttar Pradesh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Baghpat is located in India
Baghpat (India)
Coordinates: 28°57′N 77°13′E / 28.95°N 77.22°E / 28.95; 77.22
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
 • TypeMunicipal Board
 • BodyNagar Palika Parishad Baghpat
253 m (830 ft)
 • Total50,310
 • Density986/km2 (2,550/sq mi)
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-17

Baghpat, historically known as Vyaghraprastha, is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Bagpat district, which was established in 1997. It is part of the National Capital Region, surrounding New Delhi.[3]


The original name of the city was Vyaghraprastha (Sanskrit: व्याघ्रप्रस्थ, meaning tiger city) because of the large number of tigers in that area.[4] It is also mentioned as Vyaghraprastha in the Indian epic Mahabharata, one of the five villages that Krishna demanded from Hastinapur on behalf of the Pandavas, so as to avert the war.[5]

During the Mughal Era, the city was named as Baghpat (Hindustani: बाग़पत) by emperors in Delhi, in reference to the city's gardens.[6]


Baghpat is listed in the Ain-i-Akbari as a pargana under Delhi sarkar, as producing a revenue of 3,532,368 dams for the imperial treasury and supplying a force of 200 infantry and 20 cavalry.[7]


Baghpat is located in western Uttar Pradesh, on the east bank of the Yamuna river. It is approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) northeast of Delhi and 48 kilometres (30 mi) west of Meerut, on the main Delhi–Saharanpur highway. Baghpat is the headquarters of Baghpat district, which is in the shape of a north–south rectangle. To the north of Baghpat district are Shamli and Muzaffarnagar district, to the east Meerut district, to the south Ghaziabad district, and to the west, across the Yamuna, Delhi, and Sonipat district in Haryana state.[3]


As of the 2011 Census of India, Baghpat's 7880 households included a population of 50,310 of which 26,435 were males and 23,875 were females. 8,781 children ranged in age from 0 to 6. The literacy rate in Baghpat was 50.7%, with male literacy of 56.9% and female literacy of 43.8%. The effective literacy rate of the 7+ population of Baghpat was 61.43%, of which the male literacy rate was 68.9% and the female literacy rate was 53.1%. The Scheduled Caste population was 2,337. In 2011.[1]


Bhagpat includes three towns—a municipal council (Baghpat itself), and two notified area, or city, councils (Baraut, Khekhda and Baghpat)—within the tehsil, as well as 103 villages.[8]

The chairman of Baghpat's Nagar Palika Parishad is Riazuddin (3rd term).[9] The district magistrate is Jitendra Pratap Singh.[10] and the superintendent of police is Arpit Vijayvargiya.[11]

List of Villages


Notable people


  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Baghpat". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b "About District". Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  4. ^ "इतिहास". (in Hindi). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  5. ^ The cities of Delhi. Jain, Ashok Kumar. Management Pub. Co. 1994. ISBN 978-81-86034-00-2.
  6. ^ Cotton, James Sutherland; Burn, Sir Richard; Meyer, Sir William Stevenson (1908). The Imperial Gazetteer of India: Argaon to Bardwān. Clarendon Press. p. 190.
  7. ^ Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak; H. S. Jarrett (1891). The Ain-i-Akbari. Translated by Henry Sullivan. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 286. Retrieved 30 August 2023.
  8. ^ "Baghpat Tehsil – Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Welcome to Nagar Palika Parishad Baghpat". Baghpat Nagar Palika Parishad. 2017. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Bagpat District | Land of Sugarcane | India". Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Who's Who | Bagpat District | India". Retrieved 8 September 2023.