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Baghpat
City
Baghpat is located in Uttar Pradesh
Baghpat
Baghpat
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Baghpat is located in India
Baghpat
Baghpat
Baghpat (India)
Coordinates: 28°57′N 77°13′E / 28.95°N 77.22°E / 28.95; 77.22Coordinates: 28°57′N 77°13′E / 28.95°N 77.22°E / 28.95; 77.22
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictBaghpat
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Board
 • BodyNagar Palika Parishad Baghpat
Elevation
253 m (830 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,303,048
 • Density986/km2 (2,550/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-17
Websitebagpat.nic.in

Baghpat is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Bagpat district, which was established in 1997. It is part of the National Capital Region.[3]

Etymology

The original name of the city was Vyaghraprastha (Sanskrit: व्याघ्रप्रस्थ, meaning tiger city) because of the large number of tigers in that area.[4] It is also mentioned as Vyaghraprastha in the Indian epic Mahabharata, one of the five villages that Krishna demanded from Hastinapur on behalf of the Pandavas, so as to avert the war.[5]

During the Mughal Era, the city was named as Baghpat (Hindustani: बाग़पत) by emperors in Delhi, in reference to the city's gardens.[6]

History

Baghpat is listed in the Ain-i-Akbari as a pargana under Delhi sarkar, producing a revenue of 3,532,368 dams for the imperial treasury and supplying a force of 200 infantry and 20 cavalry.[7]

Geography

Baghpat is located in western Uttar Pradesh, on the east bank of the sacred Yamuna river. It is approx 45 kilometres (28 mi) northeast of Delhi and approx 48 kilometres (30 mi) west of Meerut, on the main Delhi–Saharanpur highway. Baghpat is the headquarters of Baghpat district, which is in the shape of a north–south rectangle. To the north of Baghpat district are Shamli and Muzaffarnagar district, to the east Meerut district, to the south Ghaziabad district, and to the west, across the Yamuna, Delhi, and Sonipat district in Haryana state.[3]

Demographics

As of the 2011 Census of India, Baghpat's 7880 households included a population of 50,310 of which 26,435 were males and 23,875 were females. 8,781 children ranged in age from 0 to 6. The literacy rate in Baghpat was 50.7%, with male literacy of 56.9% and female literacy of 43.8%. The effective literacy rate of the 7+ population of Baghpat was 61.43%, of which the male literacy rate was 68.9% and the female literacy rate was 53.1%. The Scheduled Caste population was 2,337. In 2011.[1]

Administration

The chairman of Baghpat's Nagar Palika Parishad is Riazuddin (3rd term).[8] The district magistrate is Raj Kamal Yadav.[9]

Towns and villages

According to the 2011 census, 3 towns—a municipal council (Baghpat itself), and 2 notified area, or city, councils (Baraut, Khekhda and Baghpat)—within the tehsil, as well as 103 villages.[10]

Education

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Baghpat". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b "About District". bagpat.nic.in. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  4. ^ "इतिहास". bagpat.nic.in (in Hindi). Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  5. ^ The cities of Delhi. Jain, Ashok Kumar. Management Pub. Co. 1994. ISBN 978-81-86034-00-2.
  6. ^ Cotton, James Sutherland; Burn, Sir Richard; Meyer, Sir William Stevenson (1908). The Imperial Gazetteer of India: Argaon to Bardwān. Clarendon Press. p. 190.
  7. ^ Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak; Jarrett, Henry Sullivan (translator) (1891). The Ain-i-Akbari. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 286. Retrieved 21 January 2021. ((cite book)): |first2= has generic name (help)
  8. ^ "Welcome to Nagar Palika Parishad Baghpat". Baghpat Nagar Palika Parishad. 2017. Archived from the original on 30 November 2020. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Bagpat District | Land of Sugarcane | India". Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Baghpat Tehsil – Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2015.