Satya Pal Malik
Malik in 2018
19th Governor of Meghalaya
In office
18 August 2020 – 3 October 2022
Preceded byTathagata Roy
Succeeded byB. D. Mishra
18th Governor of Goa
In office
3 November 2019 – 18 August 2020
Preceded byMridula Sinha
Succeeded byBhagat Singh Koshyari (additional charge)
10th Governor of Jammu and Kashmir
In office
23 August 2018 – 30 October 2019
Preceded byNarinder Nath Vohra
Succeeded byPost abolished
Governor of Odisha
Additional charge
In office
21 March 2018 - 28 May 2018
Preceded byS. C. Jamir
Succeeded byGaneshi Lal
27th Governor of Bihar
In office
30 September 2017 – 21 August 2018
Preceded by
Succeeded byLalji Tandon
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
1989–1991
Preceded byUsha Rani Tomar
Succeeded bySheela Gautam
ConstituencyAligarh
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
1980–1989
ConstituencyUttar Pradesh
Personal details
Born (1946-07-24) 24 July 1946 (age 77)
Hisawada, Bagpat district, United Provinces, British India[1]
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Other political
affiliations
Bharatiya Kranti Dal, Janata Dal, Congress, Lok Dal, SP
Alma materMeerut University (B.Sc, LLB)

Satya Pal Malik (born 24 July 1946) is an Indian politician. Malik served as the 10th and last Governor of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir, from August 2018 to October 2019, and it was during his tenure that revocation of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir was taken on 5 August 2019. Later, he moved to Goa, becoming 18th governor, and also served as the 21st Governor of Meghalaya until October 2022.[2][3]

His first prominent stint as a politician was as a member of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly during 1974–77. He represented Uttar Pradesh in Rajya Sabha from 1980 to 1986 and 1986–89. He was member of the 9th Lok Sabha from Aligarh, from 1989 to 1991, as member of Janata Dal. He was the Governor of Bihar from October 2017 to August 2018.[4][5] On 21 March 2018, he was also given additional charge to serve as Governor of Odisha up to 28 May 2018. In August 2018, he was appointed Governor to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Early life and education

Malik was born in Hisawada village of Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh in a Jat family.[6][7][8] He pursued Bachelor of Science and LLB degrees from Meerut College.[9] In 1968–69, Malik was elected as the students union president, commencing his political career.[10]

Politics

Early state politics

Malik was first elected to any public office was as a member of legislative assembly from Baghpat after he successfully contested the election as member of Charan Singh's Bharatiya Kranti Dal. He won the election by receiving 42.4% of the votes cast and defeating his nearest rival Acharya Deepankar of the Communist party of India who got 31.6% of the total votes cast.[11] Later, after the formation of Bharatiya Lok Dal, he joined the party and become the general secretary of Lok Dal.[12]

National politics

Governor of States

Political views

Support for farmers' protest

Main article: 2020–2021 Indian farmers' protest

On 8 November 2021, Malik was invited to Global Jat Summit and in his speech, he warned the Indian government regarding the 2020–2021 Indian farmers' protest and said "you will not be able to overcome the Sikhs. The Guru's four children were slaughtered, but the Guru refused to surrender. You cannot defeat the Jats either."[15]

He also added, "Indira Gandhi knew that she would be killed and she was killed [for ordering Bluestar]. They killed General Vaidya in Pune [for leading Bluestar] and Michael O'Dwyer in London [Lieutenant Governor Of Punjab during Jallianwala Bagh massacre] [16].I have even said that don't test the patience of the Sikh community."[15]

Views on Pulwama attack and Narendra Modi

On 14 April 2023, in an interview to Karan Thapar, Malik gave his views on Pulwama attack and Narendra Modi.[17]

  1. Narendra Modi had no dislike for corruption and has taken no action against those alleged to be involved in corruption because they were close to him.
  2. The former J&K governor had also made serious claims about mistakes that led to the Pulwama attack in 2019, including instructions by Modi and NSA Ajit Doval for him to stay quiet on the mistakes and that he "realised that all the onus of the attack will be put on Pakistan".[18]
  3. “CRPF people (had) asked for aircraft to ferry their people because such a large convoy generally doesn’t travel by road,” Malik said, adding the request was made to the Home Ministry but “they refused to give”.
  4. Malik also said that there was grave intelligence failure in the Pulwama incident because the car carrying 300 kilograms of RDX explosives had come from Pakistan but was travelling around the roads and villages of Jammu and Kashmir for 10-15 days without being detected and without anyone knowing.

See also

References

  1. ^ "9th Lok Sabha Members Bioprofile". Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  2. ^ PTI (18 August 2020). "Satya Pal Malik Appointed Meghalaya Governor, to Replace Tathagata Roy". News18. Archived from the original on 26 September 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Satya Pal Malik: Have no plans to join active politics". October 2022. Archived from the original on 5 October 2022. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  4. ^ "New governors appointed: All you need to know". The Times of India. 30 September 2017. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Who is Satya Pal Malik?". Indian Express. 30 September 2017. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Microsoft Word - biograp_sketc_1a.htm" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  7. ^ "In Kashmir, governors kill time boozing and golfing: Satyapal Malik". Kashmir Walla. 15 March 2020. Archived from the original on 16 May 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  8. ^ Tripathi, Vineet (23 November 2021). "Satya Pal Malik News: सिख और जाट 300 साल नहीं भूलते...गवर्नर सत्यपाल मलिक का वीडियो देख लोग बोले- उकसा क्यों रहे". Navbharat Times. Archived from the original on 18 February 2022. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Who is Satya Pal Malik?". The Indian Express. 22 August 2018. Archived from the original on 9 September 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Bihar Governor Satpal Malik visits Meerut College". The Statesman. 16 November 2017. Archived from the original on 15 April 2023. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  11. ^ "Baghpat Assembly Constituency Election Result – Legislative Assembly Constituency". resultuniversity.com. Archived from the original on 17 November 2022. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  12. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 164.100.47.194. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  13. ^ "Rediff On The NeT: Polling Booth: Election' 96: Uttar Pradesh/Aligarh". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  14. ^ Shekhar, Kumar Shakti (27 October 2021). "Satya Pal Malik: When Satya Pal Malik courted controversies as governor – from Bihar, Jammu-Kashmir and Goa to Meghalaya". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 17 August 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  15. ^ a b "WATCH: Twitterati trend #SackSatyapalMalik as they slam Governor for remarks on 'Indira Gandhi assassination' in viral video". Free Press Journal. 23 November 2021. Archived from the original on 25 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Jallianwala Bagh massacre", Wikipedia, 22 March 2023, archived from the original on 19 April 2023, retrieved 25 March 2023
  17. ^ "'Modi Has No Problem With Corruption, Is Ignorant on Kashmir, Silenced Me On Pulwama Laparvahi'". The Wire. Archived from the original on 15 April 2023. Retrieved 16 April 2023.
  18. ^ Hussain, Abid (17 April 2023). "Pakistan reacts to ex-Kashmir governor's revelations on Pulwama". Al Jazeera.
Lok Sabha Preceded byUsha Rani Tomar Member of Parliamentfor Aligarh 1989 – 1991 Succeeded bySheela Gautam Political offices Preceded byKeshari Nath Tripathi Governor of Bihar 4 October 2017 – 21 August 2018 Succeeded byLal Ji Tandon Preceded byS. C. Jamir Governor of Odisha 21 March 2018 – 28 May 2018(Additional Charge) Succeeded byGaneshi Lal Preceded byNarinder Nath Vohra Governor of Jammu and Kashmir 23 August 2018 – 31 October 2019 Succeeded byJammu and Kashmir State dissolved Preceded byMridula Sinha Governor of Goa 25 October 2019 - 18 August 2020 Succeeded byBhagat Singh KoshyariAdditional Charge Preceded byTathagata Roy Governor of Meghalaya 18 August 2020 - 4 October 2022 Succeeded byB. D. Mishra