Baghpat district
Bada Gaon temple
Location of Baghpat district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Baghpat district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionMeerut
HeadquartersBaghpat
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBaghpat
 • Vidhan SabhaChhaprauli, Baraut, Bagpat
Area
 • Total1,321 km2 (510 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,303,048
 • Density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy72.01 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio861
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 334, NH 709B
Websitebagpat.nic.in

Bagpat district, also spelled as Baghpat district,[2] is one of the 75 districts of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, with headquarters at the town of Baghpat. It is within the National Capital Region. Created in 1997, the district has an area of 1,321 square kilometres (510 sq mi). Bhagpat has a population of 1,303,048 as of 2011 census.

History

Baghpat city, after which the district takes its name, derives its name either from vyagprastha ("land of tigers") or from vakyaprasth ("place for delivering speeches"). the city was finally named Baghpat, or Bagpat, during the Mughal era. Starting from a small commercial center known as the Mandi, the city grew in importance after the 1857 mutiny and became the headquarters of Baghpat tehsil.[3]

Baghpat district was created in the year September 1997 and named after the erstwhile Baghpat tehsil of Meerut district.[4][5][3]

Geography

The district has an area of 1,321 square kilometres (510 sq mi).[3] Baghpat town lies on the east bank of the Yamuna River[3] and is within the National Capital Region.

It borders Sonipat and Panipat districts of Haryana; Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Shamli, and Ghaziabad districts of Uttar Pradesh; and the National Capital Territory of Delhi

It is 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Delhi, the national capital, 52 kilometres (32 mi) from Meerut, and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Ghaziabad.[3]

Water quality issues

Bagpat district, along with other districts in western Uttar Pradesh, faces significant challenges regarding water quality. The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has been addressing these issues, particularly concerning heavy metal contamination in groundwater.[6][7][8][9]

The NGT has criticised local authorities for failing to provide clean drinking water to residents despite multiple directives. Reports indicate dangerously high levels of arsenic in the groundwater, posing severe health risks, including cancer and physical deformities. In the village of Jalalpur, arsenic levels were found to be 40 mg/l, 4000 times the acceptable limit.[6][7][8]

There have been serious physical disabilities observed in children due to contaminated water. Villages along the Hindon, Krishni, and Kali rivers are particularly affected, with residents suffering from skin diseases, congenital deformities, and cancer due to heavy metals and toxins in the water.[6][7][8]

The Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) has reported declining groundwater levels and quality issues in Bagpat district, particularly in Binauli, Pilana, and Khekra blocks. About 96.60% of the net irrigated area relies on groundwater.[6][7][8]

To address these challenges, the NGT has ordered scientific studies of groundwater quality and directed the Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam to ensure the supply of clean drinking water to affected villages. These measures are crucial for safeguarding public health and ensuring sustainable water management in Bagpat district.[6][7][8][10][11]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901347,045—    
1911342,354−0.14%
1921341,292−0.03%
1931364,792+0.67%
1941431,893+1.70%
1951519,483+1.86%
1961606,642+1.56%
1971701,493+1.46%
1981852,462+1.97%
19911,030,399+1.91%
20011,163,991+1.23%
20111,303,050+1.13%
source:[12]

According to the 2011 census, Bagpat district has a population of 1,303,048,[4] which is roughly equal to that of African nation of Mauritius[13] or the US state of New Hampshire.[14] This gives it a ranking of the 376th most populous districts in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 986 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,550/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.87%.[4] Bagpat has a sex ratio of 858 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 73.54%. 21.11% of the population lived in urban areas. Scheduled Castes make up 11.44% of the population.[4]

Religions in Bagpat district (2011)[15]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
70.41%
Islam
27.98%
Jainism
1.24%
Other or not stated
0.37%
Distribution of religions

Baghpat is a Hindu-majority district, with about 70% Hindu population and 28% Muslim population. Jains make up over 1% of the population.[15]

Languages of Bagpat district (2011)[16]

  Hindi (96.74%)
  Urdu (2.54%)
  Others (0.72%)

96.74% of the population of the district spoke Hindi, and 2.54% Urdu, as their first language.[16]

Administration

Legislative constituencies

The current Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) of the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha for Baghpat is Yogesh Dhama; the MLA for Baraut is Krishan Pal Malik; and the MLA for Chhaprauli is [Ajay Kumar ]. All of these state-legislature constituencies are part of the Baghpat Lok Sabha constituency, whose MP is Satya Pal Singh.

District administration

The present district magistrate of Baghpat is Jitendra Pratap Singh[17] and Superintendent of Baghpat Police is Arpit Vijayvargiya.[18]

Tehsils and blocks

Bagpat district is divided into 3 tehsils: Baghpat, Baraut, and Khekra. Baghpat tehsil comprises two blocks – Baghpat and Pilana; while Baraut comprises three – Binauli, Chhaprauli, and Baraut. Khekra tehsil comprises only the Khekra block. Baghpat, Baraut, Doghat Rural and Khekada are the major towns in the district.[19][20]

Villages

Economy

Baghpat town has an agriculture-based economy where sugarcane is a main crop. There are sugar mills in Baghpat, Ramala and Malakpur. Wheat, mustard, and vegetables are also extensively grown.[3][22]

Education

Colleges located in Baghpat include:

Notable people

Important villages

References

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  2. ^ Ahmed, Nawazuddin; Nauriyal, D. K. (23 June 2023). Occupational Mobility in Contemporary India: Beyond One Generation Into the Future. Taylor & Francis. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-000-90100-9. According to the census of India, Baghpat district is home to 69 percent of rural residents, whereas Moradabad and Saharanpur have roughly 60 percent of the population living in rural areas (Census, 2011).
  3. ^ a b c d e f "About District". Government of Uttar Pradesh: Bagpat district. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Census of India 2011 – Uttar Pradesh – District Census Handbook – Baghpat" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. p. 9. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  5. ^ "विकास की ओर बढ़े कदम, जिला बनने से लगे पंख". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d e "DM, CMO Baghpat appear before NGT on issue of water contamination". The Times of India. 7 September 2016. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 16 May 2024.
  7. ^ a b c d e Team, N. L. (7 September 2016). "No water-borne diseases in Baghpat, says district administration". Newslaundry. Retrieved 16 May 2024.
  8. ^ a b c d e https://www.cgwb.gov.in/old_website/District_Profile/UP/Baghpat.pdf
  9. ^ SHARMA, VANI (2 February 2022). "'We Drink This Poison Every Day'". www.thecitizen.in. Retrieved 16 May 2024.
  10. ^ www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/content/435389/order-of-the-national-green-tribunal-regarding-contaminated-water-being-supplied-in-bagpat-district-uttar-pradesh-07092016/
  11. ^ Rai, Sandeep (16 January 2018). "Toxic West UP rivers: NGT forms special panel to conduct 'intensive' survey of 316 industrial units". The Times of India. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 19 May 2024.
  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  13. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gurjars hold Baghpat, they have a large population in Baghpat and Khekra tehsils, and Jats hold Baraut and have a large population in Baraut and Chhaprauli towns. Mauritius 1,303,717, July 2011 est.
  14. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2016. New Hampshire 1,316,470
  15. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  16. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  17. ^ "Jitendra Pratap Singh (IAS) | Bagpat District | India". bagpat.nic.in. Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  18. ^ "Mr. Arpit Vijayvargiya (IPS) | Bagpat District | India". bagpat.nic.in. Retrieved 15 September 2023.
  19. ^ "Tehsils". Government of Uttar Pradesh: Bagpat district. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Blocks". Government of Uttar Pradesh: Bagpat district. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  21. ^ "Katha | Village | GeoIQ". geoiq.io. Retrieved 26 July 2023.
  22. ^ "Economy". Government of Uttar Pradesh: Baghpat district. Retrieved 26 March 2018.

28°56′24″N 77°13′12″E / 28.94000°N 77.22000°E / 28.94000; 77.22000