Araria district
Sunset at Sultan Pokhar, Forbesganj
Sunset at Sultan Pokhar, Forbesganj
Location of Araria district in Bihar
Location of Araria district in Bihar
Country India
StateBihar
RegionMithila
DivisionPurnia
Established14 Jan 1990
HeadquartersAraria
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAraria
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesNarpatganj, Raniganj, Forbesganj, Araria, Jokihat, Sikti
Area
 • Total2,830 km2 (1,090 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,811,569
 • Density990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy53.53%(2011)
 • Sex ratio921 females for every 1000 males
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 57
HDI (2016)Increase 0.251[1] (low)
Websiteararia.nic.in

Araria district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. Araria district is a part of Purnia division. The district occupies an area of 2,830 km2 (1,090 sq mi). Araria town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Distance from Nepal border is only about 8 km from Forbesganj head quarter.

Etymology

During the British Raj, the area was under the administration of a British district collector and municipal commissioner, Alexander John Forbes (1807-1890) of East India Company. Forbes had a bungalow at the same location. Consequently the area was known as 'residential area' also abbreviated as 'R-area'. Over time, the name transformed to 'Araria' and the neighbouring subdivision came to be known as 'Forbesganj'.[2]

History

Araria district is a part of the Mithila region.[3] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[4]

During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[5] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajjika League, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[6] The territory of the present-day district became Araria sub-division of the erstwhile Purnia district in 1964. Araria district was formed in January 1990 as one of the administrative districts of under Purnia Division.[citation needed]

2017 North Bihar Floods

2017 Floods affected 19 districts of North Bihar causing death of 514 people,[7][8][9][10] in which Araria district accounted for 95 deaths alone.[11][12] Floods have claimed 215 lives in Araria over 18 years, of which 61 in 2016.[13]

Geography

Araria district occupies an area of 2,830 square kilometres (1,090 sq mi),[14] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Zemlya Georga.[15] The famous village of Araria is Dehti.

East-West Corridor passes through the district. Train facility is in the form of broad gauge track and the district have two railway stations. This track ends one side to the Katihar Junction, which is a big and important junction from where trains to all over India are available, other end of track is Jogbani the last point of Indian rail.

Politics

This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Araria 46 Narpatganj Jai Prakash Yadav BJP NDA
47 Raniganj Achmit Rishidev JD(U) NDA
48 Forbesganj Vidya Sagar Keshri BJP NDA
49 Araria Avidur Rahman INC MGB
50 Jokihat Mohammed Shahnawaz Alam RJD MGB Switched from AIMIM to RJD[16]
51 Sikti Vijay Kumar Mandal BJP NDA

Economy

In 2006 the Indian government named Araria one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640)[17] though it has also been enlisted in the list of 112 aspirational districts of India by NITI Aayog. It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[17]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901374,909—    
1911402,864+0.72%
1921430,193+0.66%
1931465,311+0.79%
1941506,546+0.85%
1951537,600+0.60%
1961779,578+3.79%
1971994,586+2.47%
19811,272,151+2.49%
19911,611,638+2.39%
20012,158,608+2.97%
20112,811,569+2.68%
source:[18]

According to the 2011 census Araria district has a population of 2,811,569,[19] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[20] or the US state of Utah.[21] This gives it a ranking of 139th in India (out of a total of 640).[19] The district has a population density of 992 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,570/sq mi) .[19] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 30%.[19] Araria has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[19] and a literacy rate of 55.1%.[19] 6.00% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 13.61% and 1.38% of the population respectively.[19]

Religions in Araria district (2011)[22]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
56.68%
Islam
42.95%
Other or not stated
0.37%

Hinduism is the majority religion. Muslims are majority in Araria and Jokihat blocks, and are in near-majority in Palasi block.[22]

Block Hindu % Muslim % Other %
Narpatganj 70.45 29.23 0.32
Forbesganj 62.56 36.99 0.45
Bhargama 75.26 24.52 0.22
Raniganj 69.09 30.3 0.61
Araria 39.01 60.61 0.38
Kursakatta 74.79 24.92 0.29
Sikti 65.09 34.73 0.18
Palasi 51.09 48.46 0.45
Jokihat 21.39 78.38 0.23

Languages in Araria district (2011)[23]

  Urdu (28.71%)
  Hindi (25.05%)
  Maithili (including Thethi) (20.57%)
  'Other' Hindi (16.43%)
  Bengali (2.17%)
  Kulhaiya (2.10%)
  Surjapuri (1.91%)
  Santali (1.05%)
  Others (2.01%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 28.71% of the population in the district spoke Urdu, 25.05% Hindi, 20.57% Maithili (including Thati), 2.17% Bengali, 2.10% Kulhaiya, 1.91% Surjapuri and 1.05% Santali as their first language. 16.43% spoke languages recorded as 'Others' under Hindi on the census.[24]

Administration

The district is divided into two subdivisions, Forbesganj subdivision and Araria subdivision.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Development of Human Development Index at District Level for EAG States". March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  2. ^ Prasad, Bhuvaneshwar; Agrawal, Rajendra (27 March 2013). "Telecom racket busted in sleepy Araria district of Bihar". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Bihar assembly elections 2020: BJP eyes winning push from Mithila | Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 Election News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  4. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  5. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. (ed.). Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  6. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  7. ^ "Floods in Bihar not man-made, says minister | Patna News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  8. ^ "Flood Situation Improves In Bihar, Number Of Dead At 514". NDTV.com.
  9. ^ "Floods in Bihar: Flood situation worsens in Bihar, death toll rises to 253 | India News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  10. ^ "Bihar floods: 119 dead; bridge collapse caught on camera | Patna News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  11. ^ "बिहार : बाढ़ ने लिखी खौफनाक कहानी, अबतक 379 व्यक्तियों की मौत और 1.61 करोड आबादी प्रभावित". Prabhat Khabar - Hindi News.
  12. ^ "Death toll in Bihar floods mounts to 304; situation grim in UP | India News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  13. ^ "Araria to Kishenganj, Bihar's decades-old flood tragedy has a worrying new trend". Hindustan Times. September 10, 2017.
  14. ^ Srivastava (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". In Dayawanti (ed.). India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  15. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Archived from the original on 2018-02-20. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Zemlya Georga 2,821km2
  16. ^ "Bihar: Four of five AIMIM MLAs join RJD, making it single-largest party again with 80 seats". The Indian Express. 2022-06-30. Retrieved 2022-07-09.
  17. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  18. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Araria" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  20. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
  21. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Utah 2,763,885
  22. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  23. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  24. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  25. ^ "Who was Mohammed Taslimuddin, RJD strongman and voice of Seemanchal who died at 74 on Sunday". September 18, 2017.
  26. ^ "Quaiser Khalid - Profile & Biography". Rekhta.

26°07′48″N 87°28′12″E / 26.13000°N 87.47000°E / 26.13000; 87.47000