India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and the Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc.[1] A list of state animals of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.


State Common name Binomial name Image IUCN category
Andhra Pradesh Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra NT[2]
Arunachal Pradesh Gayal/Mithun Bos Frontalis Mithun EN
Assam One-horned rhinoceros[a] Rhinoceros unicornis VU
Bihar Gaur Bos gaurus[3] VU
Chhattisgarh Wild water buffalo Bubalus bubalis arnee EN
Goa Gaur Bos gaurus VU
Gujarat Asiatic lion[b] Panthera leo persica EN
Haryana Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra NT[2]
Himachal Pradesh Snow leopard Uncia uncia or Panthera uncia VU
Jharkhand Indian elephant Elephas maximus indicus EN
Karnataka Indian elephant[c] Elephas maximus indicus EN
Kerala Indian elephant[d] Elephas maximus indicus EN
Madhya Pradesh Barasingha Swamp deer Rucervus duvaucelii VU
Maharashtra Indian giant squirrel Ratufa indica LC
Manipur Sangai Cervus eldi eldi EN
Meghalaya Clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa VU
Mizoram Himalayan serow Capricornis thar NT
Nagaland Gayal/Mithun Bos frontalis VU
Odisha Sambar Rusa unicolor VU
Punjab Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra NT
Rajasthan Chinkara Gazella bennettii LC
Sikkim Red panda Ailurus fulgens EN
Tamil Nadu Nilgiri tahr Nilgiritragus hylocrius EN
Telangana Spotted deer (Chital) Axis axis LC
Tripura Phayre's langur Trachypithecus phayrei EN
Uttar Pradesh Swamp deer Rucervus duvaucelii VU
Uttarakhand Alpine musk deer Moschus chrysogaster EN
West Bengal Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus VU
  1. ^ The state hosts majority (~2000) of Indian rhinos living in the Sub-continent (~2500)
  2. ^ Lives exclusively in Gir Forest National Park, the only place where asiatic lions live in the wild.
  3. ^ Karnataka has the largest number of elephants in India[4]
  4. ^ Elephants are an integral part of Kerala's culture. See Elephants in Kerala Culture

Union territories

Union territory Common name Binomial name Image IUCN Category
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Dugong[a] Dugong dugon VU
Chandigarh Indian Gray Mongoose Herpestes edwardsi Common grey mangoose LC
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Not yet designated
Delhi Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus LC
Jammu and Kashmir Kashmir stag/Hangul Cervus elaphus hanglu[b] CR
Ladakh Snow leopard Uncia uncia or Panthera uncia VU
Lakshadweep Butterfly fish Chaetodon decussatus NT
Puducherry Indian palm squirrel Funambulus palmarum LC
  1. ^ A strictly herbivore aquatic animal, hence also known as Sea Cow
  2. ^ Found in Kashmir Valley and Dachigam National Park

See also

Board showing the list of state animals at Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary


  1. ^ "Symbols of States of India".
  2. ^ a b "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Blackbuck". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  3. ^ "State animal of Bihar (Gaur) - complete detail - updated". 21 February 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  4. ^ Perinchery, Aathira (2017-08-16). "India has 27,312 elephants, census shows". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2017-10-14.