India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and union territories come under the jurisdiction of the central government. As with most of the other countries India, has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

Apart from India's national emblem, each of its states and union territories have their own seals and symbols which include animals, birds, trees, flowers, etc.[1] A list of state birds of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all state characters and seals.

States

State Common name Binomial name Image
Andhra Pradesh Rose-ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri[2]
Arunachal Pradesh Great hornbill Buceros bicornis
Assam White-winged wood duck Asarcornis scutulata
Bihar House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Chhattisgarh Bastar hill myna Gracula religiosa peninsularis
Goa Flame-throated bulbul (also known specifically as Ruby-throated yellow bulbul) Pycnonotus gularis

Gujarat Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Haryana Black francolin Francolinus francolinus
Himachal Pradesh Western tragopan (Jujurana) Tragopan melanocephalus
Jharkhand Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
Karnataka Indian roller Coracias benghalensis
Kerala Great Indian hornbill Buceros bicornis
Madhya Pradesh Indian paradise flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
Maharashtra Yellow-footed green pigeon Treron phoenicoptera
Manipur Mrs. Hume's pheasant Syrmaticus humiae
Meghalaya Hill myna Gracula religiosa peninsularis
Mizoram Mrs. Hume's pheasant Syrmaticus humiae
Nagaland Blyth's tragopan Tragopan blythii
Odisha Indian roller Coracias benghalensis
Punjab Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Rajasthan Great Indian bustard Ardeotis nigriceps
Sikkim Blood pheasant Ithaginis cruentus
Tamil Nadu Emerald dove Chalcophaps indica
Telangana Indian roller Coracias benghalensis
Tripura Green imperial pigeon Ducula aenea
Uttar Pradesh Sarus crane Grus antigone
Uttarakhand Himalayan monal Lophophorus impejanus
West Bengal White-breasted kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis

Union territories

Union territory Common name Binomial name Image
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman wood pigeon[3] Columba palumboides
Chandigarh Indian grey hornbill[4] Ocyceros birostris
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Not yet designated
Delhi House sparrow Passer domesticus
Jammu and Kashmir Kalij pheasant[5] Lophura leucomelanos
Ladakh Black-necked crane Grus nigricollis
Lakshadweep Sooty tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Puducherry Asian koel Eudynamys scolopaceus

See also

References

  1. ^ "Symbols of States of India". affairscloud.com.
  2. ^ "State Symbols".
  3. ^ "State Bird/Animal/Tree - Andaman and Nicobar Administration, India". www.andaman.gov.in. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  4. ^ "State Animal, Bird, Tree, and Flower of Chandigarh" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Kalij Pheasant declared bird of J&K UT". 21 October 2021.