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India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. Like most of the other countries, India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

A list of state flowers of India is given below. See Symbols of Indian states and territories for a complete list of all State characters and seals.[1]

States

State Common name Regional name Binomial name Image
Andhra Pradesh Jasmine మల్లెపూవు (Mallepūvu) Jasminum sambac
Arunachal Pradesh Foxtail Orchid Rhynchostylis retusa,
Assam Foxtail Orchid কপৌ ফুল (Kopou phul) Rhynchostylis retusa
Bihar Orchid Tree (Kachnar) Bauhinia variegata
Chhattisgarh Lady's Slipper
Goa Frangipani Plumeria rubra
Gujarat African Marigold Tagetes erecta[2]
Haryana Lotus Nelumbo nucifera
Himachal Pradesh Pink rhododendron Rhododendron campanulatum
Jharkhand Palash Butea monosperma
Karnataka Lotus ಕಮಲ (Kamala) Nelumbo nucifera
Kerala Golden shower tree കണിക്കൊന്ന (Kaṇikkeānna) Cassia fistula
Madhya Pradesh Parrot tree Butea monosperma
Maharashtra Pride of India (Jarul)[3] ताम्हण (Tāmhaṇa) Lagerstroemia speciosa[4]
Manipur Siroi lily Lilium mackliniae
Meghalaya Gamhar Cypripedioideae
Mizoram Red Vanda Renanthera imschootiana
Nagaland Rhododendron Rhododendron arboreum
Odisha Ashoka[5][6] ଅଶୋକ (Aśoka) Saraca asoca
Punjab Gladiolus Gladiolus grandiflorus
Rajasthan Rohira Tecomella undulata
Sikkim Noble orchid Cymbidium goeringii
Tamil Nadu Glory lily காந்தள் பூ (Kāntaḷ pū) Gloriosa superba
Telangana Tangedu Puvvu తంగేడు పువ్వు (Taṅgēḍu puvvu) Senna auriculata
Tripura Nag Kesar Mesua ferrea
Uttar Pradesh Palash[7][8] Butea monosperma
Uttarakhand Brahma Kamal Saussurea obvallata
West Bengal Night flowering jasmine শিউলি ফুল (Śi'uli phula) Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

Union territories

Union territory Common name(s) Binomial name Images
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman Pyinma[9][failed verification] Lagerstroemia hypoleuca
Chandigarh Palash[10] Butea monosperma
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu not yet designated
Delhi Alfalfa Medicago sativa
Jammu and Kashmir Common rhododendron Rhododendron ponticum
Ladakh Not yet designated
Lakshadweep Neelakurinji Strobilanthes kunthiana
Puducherry Cannonball tree's flower Couroupita guianensis

See also

References

  1. ^ "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India". www.frienvis.nic.in. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  2. ^ http://2.imimg.com/data2/OT/FH/MY-/shiv-pdf.pdf for the scientific name
  3. ^ "State Flower Jarul :: Maharashtra". city flowers Social Work. 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2016. State Flower
  4. ^ Government of Maharashtra ENVIS Cell :Important native trees of India Archived 24 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "CyberOrissa.com :: Orissa". cyberorissa.com. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 August 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2012. State Flower
  6. ^ "Orissa State Symbols". mapsofindia.com. 2011. Retrieved 26 May 2012. The state flower is the ‘Ashoka’ flower
  7. ^ "Palash gets state flower's status". The Times of India. 2011. Archived from the original on 14 June 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2012. Palash (Butea monosperma) is now the state flower of Uttar Pradesh
  8. ^ "IE Briefs - Indian Express". indianexpress.com. 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2012. The Uttar Pradesh government has declared ‘Palash’ or the ‘Flame of Forest’ as the state flower
  9. ^ "State Flowers of India". www.bsienvis.nic.in. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  10. ^ State Animal, Bird, Tree and Flower of Chandigarh (PDF).