Barpeta district
Sankardev Satra, Patbausi
Barpeta district's location in Assam
Coordinates: 26°32′N 91°00′E / 26.533°N 91.000°E / 26.533; 91.000Coordinates: 26°32′N 91°00′E / 26.533°N 91.000°E / 26.533; 91.000
Country India
StateAssam
DivisionLower Assam
HeadquartersBarpeta
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBarpeta
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesSorbhog, Barpeta, Jania, Baghbar, Sarukhetri, Chenga
Area
 • Total3,245 km2 (1,253 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,439,806
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS-BA
Websitehttp://barpeta.gov.in/

Barpeta district {Pron:bə(r)ˈpeɪtə or bə(r)ˈpi:tə} is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Barpeta. The district occupies an area of 3245 km² and has a population of 1,642,420 (as of 2001.)

History

Barpeta district was created in 1983 when it was split from Kamrup district.[1] In 2020, Bajali subdivision was split from Barpeta to be a fully-fledged district.[2]

Geography

Barpeta district occupies an area of 3,245 square kilometres (1,253 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Iturup Island.[4] Barpeta district shares an international border with Bhutan in the north.

Important villages and towns of the district

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These are the important cities/towns of the district:

The headquarters and the second largest town in the district. The town is surrounded by rivulets and canals from all directions. The important centre of attraction is the Barpeta satra established by Vaishnavite saint Madhabdev.
The middle town of the district between Barpeta Road and Barpeta Town. It is a busy commercial town that is also known as the business capital of the district.
The largest town of the district. It is a busy commercial town that is also known as the business capital of western Assam.
A small town along National Highway no. 31.
It is situated in the southeast corner of Barpeta, near about 20 km away from the main town. Brahmaputra river flows on the southern side of Bahari. It is also the commercial hub for the entire southeastern part of the Barpeta district. Bahari is also famous for the Satra which is established by Mahapurux Sri Sri Haridev.
A small town known for its bell-metal works.
A Town in the west of the district.
A town situated near Bhawanipur town. There is a railway station.
A village of the southwest border of Barpeta district.
Mandia is another town in the south part of the district.

Educational institutions

Economy

In 2006 the Indian government named Barpeta one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640.)[5] It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF.)[5]

Divisions

There are eight Assam Legislative Assembly constituencies in this district: Barpeta, Baghbor, Bhawanipur, Chenga, Jania, Patacharkuchi, Sarukhetri, Sorbhog.[6] Sorbhog is in the Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency, whilst the other seven are in the Barpeta Lok Sabha constituency.[7]

Demographics

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Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901100,258—    
1911120,332+1.84%
1921161,292+2.97%
1931272,623+5.39%
1941392,750+3.72%
1951466,475+1.74%
1961607,434+2.68%
1971828,404+3.15%
19911,163,166+1.71%
20011,394,755+1.83%
20111,693,622+1.96%
source:[8]

According to the 2011 census, the Barpeta district has a population of 1,693,622,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[10] or the US state of Idaho.[11] This gives it a ranking of 292nd in India (out of a total of 640.)[9] The district has a population density of 632 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,640/sq mi).[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.4%.[9] Barpeta has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 65.03%. With the divided district, the population is 1,439,806.[9]

Languages

Languages in Barpeta district (2011)[12]

  Bengali (68.89%)
  Assamese (29.39%)
  Boro (1.03%)
  Others (0.69%)

At the time of the 2011 census in the residual district, 68.89% of the population spoke Bengali, 29.39% Assamese and 1.03% Bodo as their first language.[12]

Religions

Religions in Barpeta district (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Islam
77.58%
Hinduism
22.27%
others
0.15%

In Barpeta district, as per the 2011 Indian census, Islam is most followed religion with 1,117,033 adherents forming 77.58% of the population, while Hinduism is followed by 320,578 which is 22.27% of the population. Small percentages of followers of Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism are also present.[13]

References

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Bajali Civil Sub-Division to a full-fledged district facing a new hurdle - Sentinelassam". www.sentinelassam.com. 10 September 2020. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.((cite book)): CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Iturup (Etorofu) 3,238km2
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  6. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Revenue & Election District wise break – up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  7. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Parliamentary Constituencies wise break – up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  8. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  12. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Barpeta". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  13. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Religion - Assam". census.gov.in. Retrieved 16 August 2020.