Udham Singh Nagar district
The ruins of Temple by the Pandava
Nankana sahib, kashipur (3).jpg
Metropolis city rudrapur (2).jpg
Baigul Dam Lake 01.jpg
Sunset at Crops Research Center, Pantnagar.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Palace of Dronacharya, Gurudwara Nanakana Sahib in Kashipur, Baigul Dam, Crops Research Center at Pantnagar, Metropolis city in Rudrapur
Location in Uttarakhand
Location in Uttarakhand
Coordinates: 28°59′N 79°24′E / 28.98°N 79.40°E / 28.98; 79.40Coordinates: 28°59′N 79°24′E / 28.98°N 79.40°E / 28.98; 79.40
Country India
State Uttarakhand
DivisionKumaon
HeadquartersRudrapur
Area
 • Total2,908 km2 (1,123 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,648,902
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialSanskrit[3][4]
 • RegionalKumaoni[5]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUK 06, UK 18
Websiteusnagar.nic.in

Udham Singh Nagar District is a district of Uttarakhand state in northern India. Rudrapur is the district headquarters. This district consists of nine Tehsils named Bajpur, Gadarpur, Rudrapur, Jaspur, Kashipur, Kichha, Khatima, Sitarganj, Nanakmatta. The district is located in the Terai region, and is part of Kumaon Division. It is bounded on the north by Nainital District, on the northeast by Champawat District, on the east by Nepal, and on the south and west by Bareilly, Rampur, Moradabad, Pilibhit and Bijnor District of Uttar Pradesh state. The district was created on 29 September 1995,[6][7] by Mayawati government out of Nainital District. It is named for freedom fighter and Indian revolutionary Udham Singh.[8]

As of 2011, it is the third most populous district of Uttarakhand (out of 13), after Haridwar and Dehradun.[1]

Tehsils in Udham Singh Nagar district

  1. Kashipur
  2. Jaspur
  3. Bajpur
  4. Gadarpur
  5. Rudrapur
  6. Kichha
  7. Sitarganj
  8. Nanakmatta
  9. Khatima

Cities in Udham Singh Nagar district

  1. Rudrapur
  2. Kashipur
  3. Jaspur
  4. Bajpur
  5. Gadarpur
  6. Dineshpur
  7. Pantnagar
  8. Kichha
  9. Sitarganj
  10. Nanakmatta
  11. Khatima
  12. Sultanpur, Uttarakhand

Administrative divisions

The district lies in Nainital–Udhamsingh Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency). which includes whole Nainital district as well as Udham Singh Nagar district. For election purposes Udham Singh Nagar district is divided into nine Vidhan Sabha constituencies:

  1. Bajpur Assembly constituency
  2. Kashipur Assembly constituency
  3. Rudrapur Assembly constituency
  4. Kichha Assembly constituency
  5. Sitarganj Assembly constituency
  6. Khatima Assembly constituency
  7. Gadarpur Assembly constituency
  8. Nanakmatta Assembly constituency
  9. Jaspur Assembly constituency

Demographics

Religions in Udham Singh Nagar district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
66.98%
Islam
22.58%
Sikhism
9.87%
Other or not stated
0.57%
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Udham Singh Nagar district has a population of 1,648,902,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[10] or the US state of Idaho.[11] The population in the age range of 0–6 years was 229,162. The number of literates in Udham Singh Nagar district is 1,037,839 (62.9%), with 598,525 (68.7%) male literates and 751,789 (55.6%) female literates. The effective 7+ literacy of the district is 73.1%. The sex ratio of 920 females for every 1,000 males.[1] The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 238,264 (14.45%) and 123,037 (7.46%) respectively. There were 308581 households in the district in 2011.[1]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901131,811—    
1911131,608−0.02%
1921112,634−1.54%
1931112,804+0.02%
1941118,733+0.51%
1951136,446+1.40%
1961301,681+8.26%
1971451,717+4.12%
1981668,751+4.00%
1991924,856+3.30%
20011,235,614+2.94%
20111,648,902+2.93%
source:[12]

Languages

Languages of Udham Singh Nagar district (2011)[13]

  Hindi (62.37%)
  Punjabi (10.09%)
  Bengali (7.86%)
  Urdu (6.38%)
  Kumaoni (5.22%)
  Bhojpuri (3.65%)
  Tharu (2.88%)
  Others (1.55%)

The major languages of the district according to the 2011 census are Hindi (62%), Punjabi (10%), Bengali (7.9%), Urdu (6.4%), Kumaoni (5.2%), Bhojpuri (3.6%), and Tharu (2.9%).[13] The two Tharu languages spoken are Buksa (mostly in the development blocks of Bajpur and Gadarpur),[14] and Rana (in the areas of Khatima and Sitarganj).[15]

Udham Singh Nagar district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Indian Census.[13]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
002007 Bengali 129,537 7.9%
006030 Awadhi 1,412 0.1%
006102 Bhojpuri 60,141 3.6%
006195 Garhwali 5,840 0.4%
006240 Hindi 1,028,354 62.4%
006340 Kumauni 86,078 5.2%
006439 Pahari 2,067 0.1%
010011 Purbi Maithili 1,392 0.1%
010014 Tharu 47,501 2.9%
014011 Nepali 1,622 0.1%
016038 Punjabi 166,327 10.1%
019014 Sindhi 1,142 0.1%
022015 Urdu 105,148 6.4%
053005 Gujari 859 0.1%
Others 11,482 0.7%
Total 1,648,902 100.0%

Education

Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology in Pantnagar, is located 5 km from Rudrapur.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Census of India: Udham Singh Nagar district". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  3. ^ Trivedi, Anupam (19 January 2010). "Sanskrit is second official language in Uttarakhand". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Sanskrit second official language of Uttarakhand". The Hindu. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Kumaoni". Ethnologue. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  6. ^ धामी, भगवान सिंह (2021). यूकेपीडिया. देहरादून: समय साक्ष्य. p. 162. ISBN 978-93-90743-32-2.
  7. ^ सकलानी, शक्ति प्रसाद (1996). तराई रुद्रपुर का इतिहास और विकास. दिल्ली: गौरव प्रकाशन. p. 473.
  8. ^ Singh, Anand Raj (12 March 2015). "Mayawati may create new district to tame old foe". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  9. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttarakhand". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  12. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  13. ^ a b c "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttarakhand". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  14. ^ Pant, Jagdish (2015). "Buksa/Buksari". In Devy, Ganesh; Bhatt, Uma; Pathak, Shekhar (eds.). The Languages of Uttarakhand. People's Linguistic Survey of India. Vol. 30. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan. pp. 3–26. ISBN 9788125056263.
  15. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "India – Languages". Ethnologue (22nd ed.). SIL International. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019.
    Singh, Sidheswar (2015). "Tharu". In Devy, Ganesh; Bhatt, Uma; Pathak, Shekhar (eds.). The Languages of Uttarakhand. People's Linguistic Survey of India. Vol. 30. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan. pp. 163–76. ISBN 9788125056263.