Barabanki district
Nagar palika building in Barabanki
Nagar palika building in Barabanki
Location of Barabanki district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Barabanki district in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates (Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh): 26°55′N 81°12′E / 26.92°N 81.20°E / 26.92; 81.20
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
  1. Nawabganj
  2. Fatehpur
  3. Ram Sanehi Ghat
  4. Haidergarh
  5. Ram Nagar
  6. Sirauli Ghauspur
 • District collectorAdarsh Singh, IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBarabanki (Lok Sabha constituency)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies7
 • Total3,891.5 km2 (1,502.5 sq mi)
 • Total3,260,699
 • Density840/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Literacy61.75%[1]
 • Sex ratio910
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-41
Major highwaysNH 27, NH 28B
Average annual precipitation1050 mm

Barabanki district is one of the five districts of Ayodhya division in the central Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh, India. Barabanki city is the administrative headquarters of Barabanki district. Total area of Barabanki district is 3891.5 Sq. km.[2]

It has a population of 2,673,581, with a population density of 686.50 per square kilometre (1,778.0/sq mi).

Barabanki district is situated between 27°19′ and 26°30′ north latitude, and 80°05′ and 81°51′ east longitude; it runs in a south-easterly direction, confined by the nearly parallel streams of the Ghaghara and Gomti. The extreme length of the district from east to west may be taken at 92 km (57 mi), and the extreme breadth at 93 km (58 mi); the total area is about 3,900 km2 (1,504 sq mi). It borders seven other districts of Uttar Pradesh. With its most northern point it shares borders with the Sitapur district, while its north-eastern boundary is defined by the Ghagra, beyond which lie the districts of Bahraich district and Gonda district. Its eastern border is shared with Ayodhya district, and the Gomti forms a natural boundary to the south, dividing it from the Amethi district. On the west, it adjoins the Lucknow district.

In 1856, the district came, with the rest of Oudh State, under British rule. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the whole of the Barabanki talukdars joined the mutineers, but offered no serious resistance following the capture of Lucknow.[3][4]

Barabanki district stretches out in a level plain interspersed with numerous lakes and marshes. In the upper part of the district the soil is sandy, while in the lower part it is clay and produces finer crops.[4] The district is fed by the rivers Ghaghra (forming the northern boundary), Gomti (flowing through the middle of the district), Kalyani and Rait and their tributaries, for the major part of the year.[5] Some rivers dry out in the summer, and become flooded during the rainy season. The changing course of the river Ghagra alters the land area of the district.

The principal crops are rice, wheat, pulse and other food grains and sugarcane.[4] Both of the bordering rivers of Barabanki are navigable. The district is traversed by two lines of the Northern Railway and North-Eastern Railway, with branches having total length of 131 km (81 mi).[6] The district roadways include connections to National Highway 28, state highways and various link roads.


Barabanki Clock Arch

The area was once known as Jasnaul, from Jas, a Raja of the Bhar tribe, who is said to have founded it before 1000 AD. Following the Muslim conquest, the lands were divided into twelve, with the new owners quarrelling so incessantly that they were called the Barah Banke, or twelve quarrelsome men. Banka, in Awadhi, means a bully or brave. Others derive the name from ban, meaning wood or jungle, and interpret Barabanki as the twelve shares of jungle.[3]


The current Barabanki district was first established by the British upon their annexation of Oudh State in 1856.[7] Originally, the district was known as Daryabad district because its headquarters were at Daryabad, but in 1859 they were relocated to Barabanki.[7] The name "Barabanki" was chosen for the district's official name over "Nawabganj", then the more common name of the town, for two reasons: first, to avoid any possible confusion with other places called Nawabganj, and second, because the civil station was technically located outside of Nawabganj in the small revenue village of Barabanki.[7] Previously, under the Nawabs of Awadh, the area that would become Barabanki district was divided between five chaklas: Daryabad-Rudauli, Ramnagar, Dewa-Jahangirabad, Jagdispur, and Haidargarh.[7]

Early history and legends

Barabanki district is mostly within what was the Pachhimrath division[8] of the kingdom of Rama.[9]

Parijat tree at Kintoor, Barabanki

Parijaat tree is a protected baobab tree in the village of Kintoor, and is considered sacred to Hindus.[10] Located near the Kunteshwar Mahadeva temple (established by Kunti), the tree is said to grow from Kunti's ashes.[11] The tree is very old, though its age has not been scientifically determined.[12]

Before 1000 AD, Jas, a raja of the Bhar tribe, is said to have founded the locality of Jasnaul which later became Barabanki.[3]

Medieval India

Indian Shia Muslims take out a Ta'ziya procession on day of Ashura in Barabanki, India, Jan 2009.

Muslim Infiltration was first tried in what is now the district at Satrikh, in 1030 AD (421 AH).[3] The Muslim conquest saw Sihali attacked and its Hindu sovereign killed, ].[3] Bhar-Pasi chief Raja Sohil Deo (or Sohel Dal) of Sahet-Mahet and Rathor monarch Sri Chandradeo of Kannauj fought a battle in Satrikh village of the district and drove out the Foreign Muslim Army in the Battle of Bahraich.[9]

In 1049 AD (441 AH), the kings of Kanauj and Manikpur were again attacked but the foreigners were defeated and driven away from Oudh. The Muslim invasion was not successful in Bara Banki as elsewhere. After, Tarain 1192, Moslems again attacked this region and Ayodhya but were not very successful till the reign of Khiljis and Firoz Tuglaq.The foreigners followed a policy of religious persecution and conversions. They also settled many foreigners and gave them fertile tracts in Ramnagar, Daryabad, Zaidpur, Rudauli areas.[citation needed]

From 1350 to about 1750 AD, Muslim immigrants settled in great number in the district.[9] The Muslims first permanently settled in Oudh.[13]

Rudauli was occupied c. 700 AH, in the reign of Alla-ud-din Khilji, whose forces had destroyed nearly every remaining seat of Chhattri power. Rasulpur was conquered about 1350 AD. Daryabad was founded about 1444 AD by Dariab Khan Subahdar and his brother Fateh Khan colonised. Fatehpur. The villages of Barauli and Barai, near Rudauli, were occupied and became large estates until about the middle of the fifteenth century.[3]

Simultaneously, however, with this latter immigration of the Muslims, there was one of Chhattris. The mysterious tribe of Kalhans, which numbers some twenty thousand persons, are said to be descended from Achal Singh, who came in as a soldier of fortune with Dariab Khan about 1450 AD. Singh had large properties, with a possible capital at Bado Sarai on the old bank of the Ghagra.[3]

The wars had by then shifted to fighting between Muslim princes, with Hindu soldiers employed. The battleground was the Oudh borderland between Sharqis of Jaunpur (where Ibrahim Shah Shargi reigned) and the Lodis of Delhi. Dariab Khan settled Hindu soldiers as garrisons. Oudh clans, said to have emigrated from Gujarat, included the Kalhans, the Ahban, the Pan war, the Gahlot, the Gaur, and the Bais.[3]

The isolated Suryavanshi estate of Haraha and the Sombanshi Bahrelia estate of Surajpur were established by small colonies of Kshatriya foot-steps soldiers.[3]

Mughal era (1526–1732)

During Akbar's reign, the district was divided under the sirkars of Oudh, Lucknow and Manikpur.[3][14] Ain-i-Akbari mentions the following parganas (administrative units) during the reign of the Akbar:[15][relevant?]

Number Muhals of Ain-i-Akbari Parganas as of 1878 Sarkars of Ain-i-Akbari
1 Ibrahimabad Ibrahimabad Oudh
2 Basorhi Basorhi Oudh
3 Bakteha Baksaha Oudh
4 Daryabad Daryabad Oudh
5 Rudauli Rudauli Oudh
6 Sailuk Sailuk Oudh
7 Subeha Subeha Oudh
8 Satrikh Satrikh Oudh
9 Bhitauli Bhitauli Lucknow
10 Dewa Dewa Lucknow
11 Kumbhi Dewa Lucknow
12 Kursi Kursi Lucknow
13 Kahanjra Kursi Lucknow
14 Siddhaur Siddhaur Lucknow
15 Sidhipur Siddhaur Lucknow
16 Sihali Khiron Lucknow
17 Bhilwal Haidergarh Manikpur

Nawabs of Awadh (1732–1856)

This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy. (July 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Newal Rae, the naib of wazir Safdar Jang, was defeated and killed at the Kali river by the Bangash Afghans of Farukhabad, who then overran the province except a few of the fortified towns. In 1749 AD, Jang with an army of 60,000 men was defeated. The Mughal authority might have been overthrown had the Oudh Chhattris revolted at this time, but they waited until Jang had bribed or beaten the Rohillas out of the country in 1750 AD (1164 AH).[3]

The tribes gathered themselves together under the leadership of Raja Anup Singh of Ramnagar Dhameri, the Janwar of Balrampur, the Bisens of Gonda, and numerous other lords. The forces assembled for an attack on Lucknow, whose troops had gone into Rohilkhand. The Shekhzadas of Lucknow came out to meet the enemy, joined by the Khanziidas of Mahmudabad and Bilahra, who were connected with them by marriage.[3]

The Musalmans, headed by Nawab Muizz-ud-din Khan of Mahmudabad, were victorious in battle at Chheola Ghat on the Kalyani, on the road to Lucknow. The Balrampur raja was killed and some 15,000 were killed or wounded on both sides. The Khanzadas then rose to power. The Raikwars were proportionately depressed; the estates of both Baundi and Ramnagar were divided, and but a few villages left with the raja. The process of agglomeration commenced again c. 1816, on the death of Saadat Ali Khan II. In 1856, the Ramnagar raja had recovered the family estate and added to it, while his brother of Baundi had similarly added 172 villages to his domain.[3]

There were a total forty-three taluqa. The principal chiefs of Bara Banki during the last years of Nawabi were:[3]

Few other later important taluqas were:

Rebellion of 1857

Unlike what occurred in the districts of Hardoi, Gonda, and Lucknow, the whole body of the taluqdars in this district joined the cause of the deposed king and the mutineers. They offered no resistance, however, of any moment to the advance of the British troops after the capture of Lucknow in the battle of Nawabganj.[3]

British Raj (1858–1947)

This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy. (July 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The Sadr station (district headquarters) was placed at annexation and also after the mutinies at Daryabad. However, due to the stagnation of water in the immediate vicinity of the town, and to the prevalence of fever, the headquarters was moved in 1859 to Nawabganj, Bara Banki.[17]

During 1869 census of Oudh, thirteen large towns or kasbahs were identified in the district:[18] Nawabgunj, Musauli, Rasauli, Satrikh, Zaidpur, Sidhaur, Dariabad, Ichaulia, Rudauli, Ram Nagar, Bado Sarai, Kintoor and Fatehpur. The census also noted the following were tahsils and parganas:

Tahsil Pargana
Nawaba Ganj Nawabganj
Ram Nagar Ramnagar
Bado Sarai
Sani Ghat Dariabad
Mawai Mahulara

In 1870, before the addition of two parganas from Lucknow (i.e. Kursi & Dewa) and one pargana each from Rae Bareli and Sultanpur (i.e. Haidergarh and Subeha, respectively), Bara Banki district had area of 3,330 km2 (1,285 sq mi) and had following subdivisions:[17][page needed]

Pargana No. of Villages Area Major Talukas & Talukdars
sq miles km2 acres
Nawabaganj Nawabganj 77 78.9 204.3 50,484 I.— Jehangirabad, Raja Farzand Ali Khan
II.— Sohailpur Bhanmau, Mir Buniad Husen and Amjad Husen.
III.— Satrikh, Kazi Sarfraz Ali.
IV.— Simrawan, Bissein Thakur Sheo Sahai.
V.— Shahpur, Ghulam Abbas and Mahomed Amir.
VI.— Gaddia, Shekh Zainulabdin.
VII.— Usmanpur, Thakurain Zahur-un-nissa.
Partabganj 54 56.0 145.0 35,834
Satrikh 43 45.9 118.8 29,358
Siddhaur 224 141.2 365.7 90,377
(later named to Ram Sanehi Ghat)
Daryabad 241 214.0 554.1 136,931 I.— Surajpur Raja Udatpertab Singh, Burhelia Thakur.
II.— Haraha, Raja Narindur Bahadur, Surajbans Thakur.
III.— Kamiar, Shere Bahadur, Kalhans Thakur.
IV.— Rampur, Rai Ibram Bali, Kaisth.
V.— Saidanpur, Latafat-ullah and Inayat-ullah.
VI.— Nirauli, Chaudhri Husen Baksh.
VII.— Amirpur, Inayat Rassul.
VIII.— Purai, Mahomed Abid.
IX.- Daryabad, Rai Rajeshwar Bali.
Surajpur 107 96.3 249.5 61,645
Rudauli 196 172.7 447.4 110,553
Mawai 51 71.0 184.0 45,469
Barsorhi 44 34.3 88.9 21,958
Ramnagar Ramnagar 168 112.1 290.4 71,756 I.— Ramnagar, Raja Sarabjit Singh, Raikwar Thakur.
II.— Bilheri, Raja Ibad Ali.
III.— Mahmudabad, Raja Amir Hussan Khan.
IV.— Bhatwamau, Badshah Husen Khanzada.
V.— Muhammadpur, Ganga Singh, Raikwar.
Fatehpur 251 154.0 398.7 98,532
Muhammadpur 83 61.8 160.1 39,568
Bado Sarai 56 47.7 123.6 30,541
Total 1,595 504.7 1,307.2 323,011

In 1871 about half the district was held by 43 talukdars; there were also 5,397 village zemindars (landowners), and 1,354 under-proprietors. The talukas were as follows:[17][page needed]

Name of Taluka Name of Talukdar No. of Villages Area
sq miles km2 acres
Ramnagar Raja Sarabjit Singh 358 169.2 438.2 108,286
Huraha Raja Nurindur Bahadur Singh 66 46.8 121.2 29,960
Bhanmau Mir Umjad Hosein 10 8.2 21.2 5,233
Jehagerabad Raja Farzand Ali Khan 72 35.5 92.1 22,751
Surajpur Raja Talaywand Koer 64 56.9 147.3 36,388
Mahmudabad Raja Amir Hassan Khan 89 44.8 116.1 28,680
Man Singh Maharaja Man Singh 16 20.3 52.6 13,009
Malaraiganj Nawab Ali Khan 11 5.1 13.1 3,235
Shahabpur Mahomed Amir and Gholam Abbas 8 5.6 14.5 3,578
Simrawan Thakur Sheosahai 8 6.5 16.9 4,188
Sohailpur Mir Umjad Hosein 8 3.8 9.9 2,458
Ushdamow Panday Bahadur Singh 16 5.8 14.9 3,684
Usmanpur Thakur Roushan Zama Khan 25 11.4 29.6 7,325
Kharkha Mahomed Hosein 10 7.2 18.6 4,593
Guddia Shaikh Zainulabdin 12 3.0 7.8 1,933
Satrikh Kazi Ikram Ahmed 85 14.7 38.1 9,420
Gootiah Hakim Kurrum Ali 13 8.7 22.5 5,549
Subeha Surfaraz Ahmed 1 0.9 2.3 564
Sulaunpur Nawab Ali Khan 6 6.1 15.8 3,892
Kotwa Abid Ali 1 0.5 1.3 331
Motree Bhugwant singh 1 1.6 4.2 1,040
Tribadiganj Raja Thakurpershad Tribadi 2 1.3 3.3 813
Lillowly Buxshee Harpershad 11 3.9 10.2 2,510
Nurhowl Shaik Boo Ali 3 2.3 5.9 1,465
Mirpur Nusserudeen 4 3.8 9.8 2,416
Baytowly Maharaja Runbir Singh 5 5.5 14.3 3,535
Rampur Thakur Gooman Singh 1 0.6 1.4 357
Jubrahpur Thakur Ruder Pratab Singh 2 1.1 2.8 700
Bilharrah Raja Ibad Ali Khan 41 24.7 64.1 15,838
Muhammadpur Thakur Ganga Singh 26 7.8 20.2 4,981
Bhatwamau Badsha Hasan Khan 23 13.2 34.2 8,459
Rampur Rai Ibram Balli 35 21.2 54.9 13,571
Kumyar Shere Bahadur 10 21.0 54.3 13,430
Sydanpur Latafat-ul-lah and Mayet-ul-lah 13 8.5 22.0 5,428
Pushka Naipal Singh 4 3.3 8.6 2,129
Raneemau Outar Singh 14 8.9 23.0 5,687
Nurrowly Chaudhri Razah Husain 45 36.2 93.7 23,157
Barrai Chaudhri Gholam Farid and Mahboob-ul-Rahamn 46 25.1 64.9 16,039
Purai Meer mahomaed Abid 14 10.5 27.2 6,722
Amirpur Chaudhri Ishan Russul 13 7.1 18.4 4,557
Burrowly Chaudhri Wazeer Ali 25 6.0 15.7 3,871
Nearah Shere Khan 13 4.7 12.1 2,993
Retch Raghunath Singh 1 3.4 8.8 2,183
Total 1,158 682.1 1,766.8 436,574

In 1877, Barabanki was one of the three districts of the then Lucknow division.[19] Its area was 4,580 km2 (1,768 sq mi) and population was 1,113,430.

As per 1877 Gazetteer of the province of Oudh there were:[3]

Independence movement

In the struggle for independence from 1922 to 1934 during the Khilafat movement, the district participated in the growing movement against foreign fabrics, etc.[20] On 26 October 1942, Brij Bahadur and Hans Raj (a.k.a. Sardar) planted a bomb in a police outpost at Barabanki, known as Barabanki Outpost Bomb Case.[21]


Barabanki district is for the most part flat agricultural lands studded with groves. The most elevated point is about 130 metres (430 ft) above sea level, and there are few points of view from which any expanse of the countryside can be surveyed. In the north, the topography is broken by a 6.1-metre (20 ft) ridge running parallel to the Ghaghra at a distance of 1.6 to 4.8 km (1 to 3 mi), which is said to indicate the former right bank of this river. These lands are undulating and richly wooded, while to the south there is a gentle slope down to the Gomti. The district is intersected at various parts by rugged ravines.[3]

Rivers and waters


The principal river in the district is the Ghaghra at a short distance from Bahramghat; it is formed by the Himalaya-fed rivers Chauka and Sarda, which meet in the Fatehpur tehsil. It is 2.4 to 3.2 km (1.5 to 2 mi) wide in the rainy season and about 0.80 km (0.5 mi) wide during the dry season, when the discharge is about 19,000 cubic feet per second (540 m3/s). For 77 km (48 mi), the river divides the Barabanki district from the districts of Bahraich and Gonda. It flows in a south-easterly direction past Ayodhya, and empties into the Ganges at Arrah. This river is navigable for flat-bottomed steamers as far as Bahramghat, and is used by country boats in considerable numbers between Bahramghat and Sarun district. The principal ferries are at Kaithi, Kamiar, and Paska Ghat; a floating bridge operates at Bahramghat during the cold season. The river's flood plains generally have fine crops of rice, but the water sometimes lies too long after the rains and rots them, and the spring crops cannot be sown. The river is not utilised for irrigation.[3]


Next in importance is the Gomti, which runs through the tahsil of Haidargarh and some portion of the tehsil Ram Sanehi Ghat, and separates the Bara Banki district from the districts of Lucknow, Sultanpur and Faizabad. Like the Ghagra, it runs in a south-easterly direction, has a well-defined bank and a stream which is fordable in the dry weather, when it is about 37 m (120 ft) wide. The circuitous course of the Gomti covers 169 km (105 mi) though the direct distance is half that distance. It is therefore not very efficient for transportation, though there is considerable traffic by country boats. Its dry weather discharge is 14 cubic metres per second (500 cu ft/s). Its water is at a lower level than the Ghagra, and it is not used for irrigation. At the junction of the Kalyani, the Ghagra is only 92 metres (301 ft) above sea level.[3]


The Kalyani River rises in the Fatehpur tahsil, and empties into the Gomti near the village of Anarpatti.[3] In the rains of 1872, the Kalyani presented a vast volume of water – 82 metres (269 ft) broad and 103 metres (337 ft) deep – rushing at 9.24 km/h (5.74 mph) with a discharge of 1,459 cubic metres per second (51,540 cu ft/s). In typical monsoons, the maximum discharge is about three-quarters of this.[3] The river is crossed by a railway bridge with six spans of 18 metres (60 ft).[3]

Jamuriha and Reth

View of Jamuriya Nala (a brook) from Railway Station Road Bridge, Barabanki. This brook flows through Barabanki city, dividing it in half.
View of Reth river in Barabanki city as seen from railway bridge crossing over it.

The Jamuriha and Reth, both in the Nawabganj tehsil, are the only other notable streams in this district. Their general characteristics are the same: they have significant flows during rains which have carved steep and rugged banks broken by innumerable ravines. They flow into the Gomti. Haidergarh, Deviganj, Choury and Alapur are settlements on the Reth, while Jamuriha passes through Barabanki city (Barabanki revenue village on one side and Nawabganj Tehsil hq on other).[3]

Tanks, jheels and wetlands

There are numerous tanks and jheels,[clarification needed] especially in the tehsils of Daryabad, Ram Sanehi Ghat, and Nawabganj. Seven per cent of the area is covered with water; many of the tanks are in course of being deepened, earth is removed to replenishing cultivated land, though such efforts are complicated by conflicting rights to the tanks. Some of the jheels are navigable by small boats for sport or pleasure. The finest jheel in this district,[according to whom?] that named Bhagghar, is situated in the Suratganj; it covers less than 5.2 km2 (2 sq mi) There is another in Dewa, covering about 13 km2 (5 sq mi) with water and marsh. Parva, Nardahi, and Ganhari Jheel are the major wetlands.[3]

The Gomti-Kalyani doab

This doab is a fertile area of about 146,526 ha (362,070 acres). It is bounded by the Kalyani river to the north, the Gomti river and its tributary to the south, the Sarda Sahayak feeder channel to the west, and the confluence of the Gomti and Kalyani rivers to the east.[22][23]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census, Barabanki district had a population of 3,260,699.[1] It then ranked 107th out of India's 640 districts).[1] The district had a population density of 740 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,900/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 26.40%.[1] Barabanki had a sex ratio of 887 females for every 1,000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 61.75%.[1] Only 10.15% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes made up 26.51% of the population.[1]


Religions in Barabanki district (2011)[25]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Distribution of religions

Hinduism is the largest religion. Islam is a large minority, and is in equal proportions with Hinduism in urban areas.


Languages of Barabanki district (2011)[26]

  Hindi (91.54%)
  Urdu (6.16%)
  Awadhi (2.11%)
  Others (0.19%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 91.54% of the district population spoke Hindi (or a related language), 6.16% Urdu and 2.11% Awadhi as their first language.[26]

One of the many languages spoken in the district is Awadhi, a vernacular in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region of India.[27]

Government and politics

Administration and divisions

This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy. (July 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Office of District Magistrate/Collector
Barabanki Head Post Office
Barabanki Kotwaali

Barabanki is one of the five constituent districts of Faizabad Division. The other districts being Ayodhya, Sultanpur, Amethi and Ambedkar Nagar. The division is headed by the divisional commissioner.

As of 2003–04, the district contained 7 tehsils, 17 blocks, 154 nyaya panchayat and 1,140 gram sabhas.[28]

As per 1991 data, there were 1,812 inhabited villages and 31 inhabited villages.[clarification needed] In 2001, there were 14 towns and cities, 2 nagar palika parishads, 1 cantonment area, 10 nagar panchayats and 1 census town.[28]

Land administration

Barabanki District is divided into six subdivisions, popularly known as tehsils: Nawabganj, Fatehpur, Ramsanehi Ghat, Haidergarh, Ram Nagar and Sirauli Ghauspur. The District Revenue Administration is headed by the District Collector (also known as District Magistrate), with the office at the collectorate, and these tehsils are under the charge of sub-divisional magistrates.


District-level developmental activities are coordinated by the Chief Development Officer whose office is at the District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) at the collectorate. The district-level offices for monitoring the developmental activities of Blocks at Barabanki are located at Vikas Bhawan.[clarification needed] Block development officers, who head each of the 15 development blocks of the district, carry out the development schemes on behalf of the government. The development blocks are: Banki, Masauli, Dewa, Harakh, Fatehpur, Haidergarh, Dariyabad, Suratganj, Siddhaur, Pure Dalai, Nindura, Trivediganj, Ram Nagar, Sirauli Ghauspur and Banikodar.

Law and order

The law and order administration is jointly coordinated by the District Magistrate and the Superintendent of Police. The district is subdivided into 22 police stations (thanas), each of which is headed by an inspector or sub-inspector of police. 12 police stations are rural and 9 are rural.[clarification needed][28] These police stations are: Haidergarh, Satrikh, Dariyabad, Baddupur, Dewa, Kursi, Zaidpur, Mohammadpur, Ram Nagar, Fatehpur, Safderganj, Kotwali, Ramsanehi Ghat, Asandra, Subeha, Tikait Nagar, Lonikatra, Masauli, Kothi, Ghungter, Badosarai and Jahangirabad


The district has 14 urban administrative bodies for its towns, which are:


Parliament and state assembly

Barabanki district has seven state-assembly constituencies which fall under two parliamentary constituencies. They are:

No. No of Assembly Constituency Name of Assembly Constituency Assembly Constituency Reservation Status Total Booths in Assembly Constituency Net Voters in Assembly Constituency No of Parliamentary Constituency Name of Parliamentary Constituency Parliamentary Constituency Reservation Status Net Voters in Parliamentary Constituency Ref
1 266 Kursi General 343 295030 53 Barabanki Scheduled castes (SC) 1,435,692 [29]
2 267 Ram Nagar General 323 260,400 [30]
3 268 Barabanki General 322 289,765 [31]
4 269 Zaidpur SC 359 302,189 [32]
5 272 Haidergarh SC 327 288308 [33]
6 270 Dariyabad General 337 304,073 54 Faizabad (partial) General 150,6120 [34]
7 271 Rudauli (partial) General 304 282,890 [35]
State assembly

Sitting MLAs (As of 2021):[36]

State council

Barabanki district sends two members to state-council. Sitting members are:[36]

  1. Rajesh Yadav "Raju"
  2. Ram Naresh Rawat

Basic amenities

This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may interest only a particular audience. Please help by spinning off or relocating any relevant information, and removing excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia's inclusion policy. (July 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Following is the list of public amenities (1999–2002 data):[28]

Communication services

Public distribution system


Water supply

Area covered under water supply using taps/ handpumps of India Mark-2:


The district's economy is primarily based on agriculture.[37] Agriculture, bio-gas plants, animal husbandry, and small-scale industries provide direct and indirect employment.[38][39]


Farmer with bullock cart

In Barabanki the net irrigated area is 84.2% (compared to the Uttar Pradesh average of 79%). The intensity[clarification needed] of irrigation in Barabanki is 176.9% (compared to the state average of 140%). Most of irrigation in Barabanki is done through private tube wells (69%) and canals (30%).

Subsistence agriculture is practised in Barabanki, with up to five crops rotated per year.[40] The dominant crops are cereals (occupying 68.4 per cent of cropped areas), mainly paddy (rice) (34.4%) and wheat (31.3%). Other crops include pulses (10.1%) and sugarcane 3.6%), and potatoes[41] (2.8%). Wheat, rice and maize are chief food crops of the district.[42][43] Opium, menthol oil, sugarcane, fruits (mango, banana, etc.), vegetables (potato, tomato, mushroom, etc.), flowers (gladiolus, etc.), spices, etc. are the chief cash crops[44][45][46][47][48][49] for export.[50] Barabanki has been major hub of opium production since British rule; the district opium officer, based at Afeem Kothi, is the only one in the state.[51]

Barabanki leads the country in menthol farming, with 81 km2 (20,000 acres) under cultivation.[50][52]

Apart from crop farming, livestock-based farming,[53] broiler farming,[47] and fish cultivation is also prevalent in the district.[47] Bee keeping is practised in the Dewa block of the district.[38][47]

The district is home to a Regional Agriculture Seed Testing & Demonstration Station of the federal Department of Agriculture.[54] In 2004, a Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK, agricultural science centre) was established in the district under Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology.[55] The Institute for Integrated Society Development established a Rural Technology Development and Dissemination Centre in 2002 at Nindura Block of Barabanki District.[38] National Fertilizers Limited has established a Soil Testing Lab in the district.[56] Information and Communication Technologies has a centre in the district.[57]

Cottage industry

Weaving products including scarfs, shawls and stoles, some of which are exported.[60][61] These products are broadly categorised as rayon fibre or cotton yarn. Barabanki scarves were displayed at a national handloom expo.[62][relevant?] Barabanki has also emerged as a handkerchief production hub.[63]
Zardozi- In 2013 the Geographical Indication Registry (GIR) accorded the Geographical Indication (GI) registration to the Lucknow Zardozi – the world-renowned textile embroidery from Lucknow. The Zardozi products manufactured in areas in Lucknow and six surrounding districts of Barabanki, Unnao, Sitapur, Rae Bareli, Hardoi and Amethi became a brand and can carry a registered logo to confirm their authenticity.[64][relevant?]


There are six industrial areas in the District Barabanki,[65]

The companies and factories include:

The Company is engaged in manufacturing of polyester staple fibre, polyester, and tow with technology from Du Pont, US.

Solar power plant

The first 2 megawatt-capacity solar power plant project of Uttar Pradesh is situated in Sandauli village of Barabanki district, it was inaugurated on 10 May 2012 and become operational in January 2013.[73][74] The plant was set up by Technical Associates Ltd.[75]


Cultural heritage

In 2011–12 almost 2 million people visited the twin sites of Lodheshwar Mahadev Mandir and Deva Sharif shrine.[76]

Notable people


Road transport

National Highway 28 (NH-28) passes through the district. It is well connected to other cities by means of roadways. Passenger road transport services in Uttar Pradesh started in 1947 with the operation of bus service on the LucknowBarabanki route by UP Government Roadways.[98]


Both the Northern Railway and the North Eastern Railway pass through Barabanki district, with a total of 131 km (81 mi) of broad-gauge line and 19 stations.


Schools and intermediate colleges

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Engineering colleges

Polytechnic institute

Other professional institutions

Research institutions


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Census Handbook: Barabanki" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  2. ^ "District Barabanki, Government of Uttar Pradesh | Land of Dewa and Mahadeva | India". Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Gazetteer of the province of Oudh. BARA BANKI DISTRICT ARTICLE #226-263. 1877. p. 255.
  4. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bara Banki". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 379.
  5. ^ "Geography | District Barabanki, Government of Uttar Pradesh | India". Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  6. ^ "District Statistics". 1 April 1954. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d Nevill, H.R. (1903). Bara Banki: A Gazetteer, Being Volume XLVIII Of The District Gazetteers Of The United Provinces Of Agra And Oudh. Allahabad: Government Press. pp. 125–8, 162–3. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  8. ^ Oudh, William Charles Benett (1878). Gazetteer of the province of Oudh. Printed at the Oudh Government Press. p. 34. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Henry Crossley Irwin (October 2009). The Garden of India; Or, Chapters on Oudh History and Affairs. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-115-53816-9.
  10. ^ Wickens, Gerald E.; Pat Lowe (2008). The Baobabs: Pachycauls of Africa, Madagascar and Australia. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-4020-6430-2.
  11. ^ Kameshwar, G. (2006). Bend in the Sarayu: A Soota Chronicle. Rupa & Co. p. 159. ISBN 978-81-291-0942-2.
  12. ^ Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Bara Banki. Government of Uttar Pradesh. 1993. p. 21. OCLC 7625267.
  13. ^ George Smith (1882). The Geography of British India, Political & Physical. John Murray. p. 185.
  14. ^ ", History, ORIGIN OF NAME OF DISTRICT". Archived from the original on 21 April 2001. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  15. ^ Oudh (India) (1878). Gazetteer of the Province of Oudh ...: N-Z. Printed at the Oudh Government Press.
  16. ^ "History of Bisen Khanzada Community in Awadh region". 18 October 2018.
  17. ^ a b c Report of the regular settlement of the Bara Banki district By Francis Edward A. Chamier, Settlement Officer, Bara Banki, 18 January 1871 Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  18. ^ Williams, J. Charles (1869). "Appendix B". The report on the census of OUDH], Volume II, Appendices and Statistical Tables. Oudh Government Press. p. v. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  19. ^ Irwin, Henry Crossley (October 2009). The Garden of India; Or, Chapters on Oudh History and Affairs. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1-115-53816-9.
  20. ^ "छोटे-बड़े आंदोलनों में सहभागी बने थे बाराबंकीवासी (Hindi)". Dainik Jagran. 13 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  21. ^ Rakesh Ranjan Bakshi (1992). Quit India movement in U.P.: sabotage, bomb, and conspiracy cases. NP Publishers. p. 45. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  22. ^ "Restoration Plan of Gomti River with Designated Best Use Classification of Surface Water Quality based on River Expedition, Monitoring and Quality Assessment" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  23. ^ Optimum Utilisation of Surface Water and Ground Water Potential Using Fuzzy Approach, XXXII National Systems Conference, NSC 2008, 17–19 December 2008
  24. ^ "Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901". Archived from the original on 11 February 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  25. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  26. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  27. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  28. ^ a b c d "District Barabanki". 7 April 1905. Archived from the original on 12 September 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  29. ^ "Chief Electoral Officeer, Uttar Pradesh: Information and Statistics: AC's, PC's Booths: Assembly Constituencies: 266-Kursi". Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  30. ^ "Chief Electoral Officeer, Uttar Pradesh: Information and Statistics: AC's, PC's Booths: Assembly Constituencies: 267-Ram Nagar". Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  31. ^ "Chief Electoral Officeer, Uttar Pradesh: Information and Statistics: AC's, PC's Booths: Assembly Constituencies: 268-Barabanki". Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  32. ^ "Chief Electoral Officeer, Uttar Pradesh: Information and Statistics: AC's, PC's Booths: Assembly Constituencies: 269-Zaidpur". Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  33. ^ "Chief Electoral Officeer, Uttar Pradesh: Information and Statistics: AC's, PC's Booths: Assembly Constituencies: 272-Haidergarh". Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  34. ^ "Chief Electoral Officeer, Uttar Pradesh: Information and Statistics: AC's, PC's Booths: Assembly Constituencies: 270-Dariyabad". Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  35. ^ "Chief Electoral Officeer, Uttar Pradesh: Information and Statistics: AC's, PC's Booths: Assembly Constituencies: 271-Rudauli". Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  36. ^ a b "Political Scene of the district". Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  37. ^ "Introduction BARABANKI DISTRICT" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  38. ^ a b c "Rural Development". Archived from the original on 17 September 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  39. ^ "Success story of a project implemented in 4 blocks of Barabanki and Raebareli districts of U.P. India for improving Livelihood Security through Livestock based Farming System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011.
  40. ^ A Full Round Meal, Outlook India, Business/Cover Stories, 13 April 2009
  41. ^ "Potato glut, price slump lead to losses for UP farmers". Hindustan Times. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  42. ^ "Use of mint essential oil as an agrichemical: Control of N-loss in crop fields by using mint essential oil-coated urea as fertilizer" (PDF). 10 October 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2006. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  43. ^ "Sub-programme on Maize-based Cropping Systems for Food Security in India under GOI-UNDP Food Security Programme". Archived from the original on 7 August 2008.
  44. ^ UP district to emerge as menthol oil hub, 8 September 2008, 5:41 IST
  45. ^ Low Returns And A Rigid Govt Policy Alienating Opium Farmers Of Barabanki, TNN, 26 July 2010, 05.18 am IST
  46. ^ STATEMENT OF AEZ NODAL OFFICERS (UPDATED) Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)
  47. ^ a b c d "List of Progressive/Innovative Farmers of Zone-IV, Kanpur" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  48. ^ IISR Newsletter Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SUGARCANE RESEARCH, LUCKNOW, Vol. 16 No. 2, JULY 2009
  49. ^ Traditionally a Potato growing area becomes a new leaf for Gen. Nxt. "BANANA CROP" Archived 22 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine, SPSingh, Ghaziabad: 15 November 2009
  50. ^ a b Srivastava, R.K.; Singh, A.K.; Kalra, A.; Tomar, V.K.S.; Bansal, R.P.; Patra, D.D.; Chand, S.; Naqvi, A.A.; Sharma, S.; Kumar, Sushil (2002), "Characteristics of menthol mint Mentha arvensis cultivated on industrial scale in the Indo-Gangetic plains", Industrial Crops and Products, 15 (3): 189–198, doi:10.1016/S0926-6690(01)00113-3
  51. ^ "Mindless rule dues up UP's sea of poppies | Lucknow News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  52. ^ "". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  53. ^ "Holistic Approach for improving Livelihood Security through Livestock based Farming System in Barabanki and Raebareli districts of U.P." (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011.
  54. ^ "Seed Testing Labs in India". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  55. ^ Uttar Pradesh & Uttarakhand - Krishi Vigyan Kendra[permanent dead link]
  56. ^ "National Fertilizers Limited". Archived from the original on 18 February 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  57. ^ "Server Error" (PDF). Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  58. ^ "Recommendation of the Project Sanctioning Committee (PSC) on the Project Proposals Considered in the Meeting Held on 22-24 December 2009 Under Step Scheme" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  59. ^ "Pashmina Shawls Manufacturers, Exporter of Pashmina Shawls, Pure Pashmina Shawls Suppliers, India". Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  60. ^ "Bulletin: Some new designs of handloom clusters..." (PDF). National Institute for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (An Organisation of the Ministry of MSME, Government of India). 8 (3). March 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2009.
  61. ^ Manzar, Osama (13 April 2016). "The weavers of Barabanki".
  62. ^ "National handloom expo to open Saturday". Indian Express. 15 February 2013. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  63. ^ "Handkerchief business generating employment in Uttar Pradesh". Sify. 27 December 2010. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  64. ^ "Lucknow zardozi gets GI registration". The Business Standard. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  65. ^ MSME-DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE, KANPUR. "Brief Industrial Profile of Barabanki District" (PDF). Ministry of MSME, Govt. of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  66. ^ "Agro Parks". Archived from the original on 30 November 2016. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  67. ^ "" (PDF).
  68. ^ "" (PDF). Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  69. ^ Annual Report 1999-2000 Archived 1 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Department of Science and Technology, GOI
  70. ^ "Untitled". Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  71. ^ "Untitled". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  72. ^ "TQ VISION :: SA8000 ISO Certification Consultants for ISO 9001:2015 Quality, SEDEX, C-TPAT, ISO 14001, HACCP, ISO 22000, CE Mark, IRIS Railway, ISO 21001, ISO 45001, ISO 50001, ISO 55000, ISO 27001 ISMS, BIFMA, ISO 20000, BSCI, ISO 22301, Kosher, ISO 13485, Delhi India, ISO Audit Agency, ISO 31000 Risk". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  73. ^ "First 2 MW solar power plant of Uttar Pradesh switched on". The Times of India. 11 May 2012. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  74. ^ Bisht, Arvind Singh (13 February 2013). "Next big move in UP, energy from the sun". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  75. ^ Mishra, Ashish (31 January 2012). "At three-day industry meet in Agra, Akhilesh hard sells UP to prospective investors with sops and six new policies". India Today. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  76. ^ "Lucknow low on agenda of tourists visiting UP | Lucknow News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  77. ^ a b c "Personalities". Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
  78. ^ "Atul wins bronze, creates history". The Hindu. Kolkata. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014. Atul Verma won India its first Olympic archery medal – a bronze – at the Youth Olympic Games at Nanjing on Tuesday. The boy from Barabanki (Uttar Pradesh) ...
  79. ^ "Pluralism to Separatism Qasbas in Colonial Awadh", Mushirul Hasan - Oxford University Press
  80. ^ Sheikh Hussainuddin, (1937). Tazkira-e-Fani, the life and times of Shah Abdur Razzaq, "Al-Maktaba-e-Monamia".
  81. ^ a b Roots of North Indian Shi‘ism in Iran and Iraq Religion and State in Awadh, 1722-1859, by J. R. I. Cole, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS Berkeley · Los Angeles · Oxford
  82. ^ Sacred Space and Holy War The Politics, Culture and History of Shi`ite Islam Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine by Juan Cole, I.B.Tauris Publishers, London · New York
  83. ^ قم, شرکت تعاونی ناشران و کتابفروشان استان. "شرکت تعاونی ناشران و کتابفروشان استان قم". فروشگاه اینترنتی کتاب قم. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  84. ^ a b Islam, politics, and social movements By Edmund Burke, Ervand Abrahamian, Ira M. Lapidus
  85. ^ Leader of Heaven Archived 3 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine #18
  86. ^ "'Abaqat al-Anwar". 4 November 2013.
  87. ^ Ghadeer-E-Khum Where the Religion was Brought to Perfection By I.H. Najafi, Published by a Group of Muslim Brothers, Tehran, Iran.
  88. ^ "Personalities: Literary". The Official Website of Barabanki. Ministry of Communication & Information Technology, Government of India; Barabanki-225001. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
  89. ^ "Early History". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  90. ^ "#1" (PDF). Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  91. ^ From Khomein, A biography of the Ayatollah, 14 June 1999, The Iranian
  92. ^ The Columbia world dictionary of Islamism By Olivier Roy, Antoine Sfeir
  93. ^ Khomeini: life of the Ayatollah, Volume 1999 By Baqer Moin
  94. ^ Hasan, Mushirul (1 May 2006). The Nehrus: Personal Histories. Mercury Books. ISBN 1845600193.
  95. ^ Kumar, Girja (1997). "Mushirul Hasan: victim of academic politics". The book on trial: fundamentalism and censorship in India. Har-Anand Publications. pp. 253–272. ISBN 978-81-241-0525-2.
  96. ^ " Mushirul Hasan: Books". Amazon.
  97. ^ "Sack Jamia Millia Islamia Vice-Chancellor: BJP". The Hindu. 25 September 2008. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  98. ^ "UPSRTC". Archived from the original on 4 January 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2009. UPSRTC History
  99. ^ Singh, Neelam; Pathak, M. D.; Zaidi, Najam W.; Singh, H. N.; Srivastava, P. C.; Singh, U. S. (2007). "Natural Biodiversity for Salinity and Alkalinity Tolerance in Scented Rice Cultivar Kalanamak". Journal of Crop Improvement. 20 (1–2): 205–221. doi:10.1300/J411v20n01_12. S2CID 82779666.