The demographics of Uttar Pradesh is a complex topic, which is undergoing dynamic change. Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state, and the largest subdivision in the world. It has a population of about 199,812,341[1] as per the 2011 census. If it were a separate country, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous nation, next only to China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. Uttar Pradesh has a population more than that of Pakistan.[2] There is an average population density of 828 persons per km² i.e. 2,146 per sq mi. The capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow, and Allahabad serves as the state’s judicial capital. Hindus and Muslims both consider the state as a holy place.

The peripheral regions of Uttar Pradesh, are home to a number of tribal communities such as Agaria, Baiga, Bhar, Bhoksa, Bind, Chero, Gond, Kol and Korwa. Five of these tribal communities have been recognised by the Government of India as disadvantaged scheduled tribes, viz. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.[3] The Literacy rate of the state according to the 2011 Census is 70.69%. With the literacy rate for Males at 79.20%, while it is 59.30% for the Females. While this is still below the national average of 74.04% (82.14% for men, 65.16% for women) the rate of growth has been much higher in Uttar Pradesh as compared to the rest of India.

District

As of the 2011 census, Allahabad is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh while Mahoba being the least populated. Only 3 districts of Jaunpur, Azamgarh and Deoria have a sex ratio greater than 1000 while Gautam Buddha Nagar stands lowest in the tally with a very low ratio of 851. On the contrary, Gautam Buddha Nagar scores highest in literacy rate at 80.12% and Kanpur Nagar 2nd at 79.54%, while both being the poorest districts in terms of sex-ratio, depicting a negative-correlation among literacy and sex-ratio in this case. Districts of Srawasti, Bahraich and Balrampur haven't even crossed the 50% literacy mark yet.

The following table enumerates population, sex-ratio and literacy rates for each district of Uttar Pradesh:

District-wise demographics of UP (2011 Census)[4]
District

Population

Sex ratio

Literacy rate

[i]

Male Female Total Male Female Total
Agra 2,364,953 2,053,844 4,418,797 868 80.62% 61.18% 71.58%
Aligarh 1,951,996 1,721,893 3,673,889 882 77.97% 55.68% 67.51%
Allahabad 3,131,807 2,822,584 5,954,391 901 82.55% 60.99% 72.32%
Ambedkar Nagar 1,212,410 1,185,478 2,397,888 978 81.66% 62.66% 72.23%
Auraiya 740,040 639,505 1,379,545 864 86.11% 70.61% 78.95%
Azamgarh 2,285,004 2,328,909 4,613,913 1,019 81.34% 60.91% 70.93%
Baghpat 700,070 602,978 1,303,048 861 82.45% 59.95% 72.01%
Bahraich 1,843,884 1,643,847 3,487,731 892 58.34% 39.18% 49.36%
Ballia 1,672,902 1,566,872 3,239,774 937 81.49% 59.75% 70.94%
Balrampur 1,114,721 1,033,944 2,148,665 928 59.73% 38.43% 49.51%
Banda 965,876 833,534 1,799,410 863 77.78% 53.67% 66.67%
Bara Banki 1,707,073 1,553,626 3,260,699 910 70.27% 52.34% 61.75%
Bareilly 2,357,665 2,090,694 4,448,359 887 67.50% 48.30% 58.49%
Basti 1,255,272 1,209,192 2,464,464 963 77.88% 56.23% 67.22%
Bijnor 1,921,215 1,761,498 3,682,713 917 76.56% 59.72% 68.48%
Budaun 1,967,759 1,714,137 3,681,896 871 60.98% 40.09% 51.29%
Bulandshahr 1,845,260 1,653,911 3,499,171 896 80.93% 55.57% 68.88%
Chandauli 1,017,905 934,851 1,952,756 918 81.72% 60.35% 71.48%
Chitrakoot 527,721 464,009 991,730 879 75.80% 52.74% 65.05%
Deoria 1,537,436 1,563,510 3,100,946 1,017 83.27% 59.38% 71.13%
Etah 947,339 827,141 1,774,480 873 81.28% 58.80% 70.81%
Etawah 845,856 735,954 1,581,810 870 86.06% 69.61% 78.41%
Faizabad 1,259,628 1,211,368 2,470,996 962 78.12% 59.03% 68.73%
Farrukhabad 1,006,240 878,964 1,885,204 874 77.40% 59.44% 69.04%
Fatehpur 1,384,722 1,248,011 2,632,733 901 77.19% 56.58% 67.43%
Firozabad 1,332,046 1,166,110 2,498,156 875 80.82% 61.75% 71.92%
Gautam Buddha Nagar 890,214 757,901 1,648,115 851 88.06% 70.82% 80.12%
Ghaziabad 2,488,834 2,192,811 4,681,645 881 85.42% 69.79% 78.07%
Ghazipur 1,855,075 1,765,193 3,620,268 952 82.80% 60.29% 71.78%
Gonda 1,787,146 1,646,773 3,433,919 921 69.41% 47.09% 58.71%
Gorakhpur 2,277,777 2,163,118 4,440,895 950 81.80% 59.36% 70.83%
Hamirpur 593,537 510,748 1,104,285 861 79.76% 55.95% 68.77%
Hardoi 2,191,442 1,901,403 4,092,845 868 74.39% 53.19% 64.57%
Jalaun 906,092 783,882 1,689,974 865 83.48% 62.46% 73.75%
Jaunpur 2,220,465 2,273,739 4,494,204 1,024 83.80% 59.81% 74%
Jhansi 1,057,436 941,167 1,998,603 890 85.38% 63.49% 75.05%
Jyotiba Phule Nagar 963,449 876,772 1,840,221 910 74.54% 52.10% 63.84%
Kannauj 881,776 774,840 1,656,616 879 80.91% 63.33% 72.70%
Kanpur Dehat 963,255 832,929 1,796,184 865 83.45% 66.86% 75.78%
Kanpur Nagar 2,459,806 2,121,462 4,581,268 862 83.62% 75.05% 79.65%
Kanshiram Nagar 764,165 672,554 1,436,719 880 71.56% 49.00% 61.02%
Kaushambi 838,485 761,111 1,599,596 908 72.78% 48.56% 61.28%
Kheri 2,123,187 1,898,056 4,021,243 894 69.57% 50.42% 60.56%
Kushinagar 1,818,055 1,746,489 3,564,544 961 77.71% 52.36% 65.25%
Lalitpur 641,011 580,581 1,221,592 906 74.98% 50.84% 63.52%
Lucknow 2,394,476 2,195,362 4,589,838 917 82.56% 71.54% 77.29%
Mahamaya Nagar 836,127 728,581 1,564,708 871 82.38% 59.23% 71.59%
Mahoba 466,358 409,600 875,958 878 75.83% 53.22% 65.27%
Mahrajganj 1,381,754 1,302,949 2,684,703 943 75.85% 48.92% 62.76%
Mainpuri 993,377 875,152 1,868,529 881 84.53% 66.30% 75.99%
Mathura 1,367,125 1,180,059 2,547,184 863 81.97% 56.89% 70.36%
Mau 1,114,709 1,091,259 2,205,968 979 82.45% 63.63% 73.09%
Meerut 1,825,743 1,617,946 3,443,689 886 80.74% 63.98% 72.84%
Mirzapur 1,312,302 1,184,668 2,496,970 903 78.97% 56.86% 68.48%
Moradabad 2,503,186 2,268,820 4,772,006 906 64.83% 47.86% 56.77%
Muzaffarnagar 2,193,434 1,950,078 4,143,512 889 78.44% 58.69% 69.12%
Pilibhit 1,072,002 959,005 2,031,007 895 71.70% 50.00% 61.47%
Pratapgarh 1,606,085 1,603,056 3,209,141 998 81.88% 58.45% 70.09%
Rae Bareli 1,752,542 1,653,017 3,405,559 943 77.63% 56.29% 67.25%
Rampur 1,223,889 1,111,930 2,335,819 909 61.40% 44.44% 53.34%
Saharanpur 1,834,106 1,632,276 3,466,382 890 78.28% 61.74% 70.49%
Sant Kabir Nagar 869,656 845,527 1,715,183 972 78.39% 54.80% 66.72%
Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) 807,099 771,114 1,578,213 955 81.47% 56.03% 68.97%
Shahjahanpur 1,606,403 1,400,135 3,006,538 872 68.18% 49.57% 59.54%
Shrawasti 593,897 523,464 1,117,361 881 57.16% 34.78% 46.74%
Siddharthnagar 1,295,095 1,264,202 2,559,297 976 70.92% 47.41% 59.25%
Sitapur 2,375,264 2,108,728 4,483,992 888 70.31% 50.67% 61.12%
Sonbhadra 971,344 891,215 1,862,559 918 74.92% 52.14% 64.03%
Sultanpur 1,914,586 1,882,531 3,797,117 983 80.19% 58.28% 69.27%
Unnao 1,630,087 1,478,280 3,108,367 907 75.05% 56.76% 66.37%
Varanasi 1,921,857 1,754,984 3,676,841 913 83.78% 66.69% 75.60%
Uttar Pradesh 104,480,510 95,331,831 199,812,341 912 77.28% 57.18% 67.68%
  1. ^ For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India.

Rank of districts

Population Growth 
CensusPopulation
195160,274,000
196170,144,00016.4%
197183,849,00019.5%
1981105,137,00025.4%
1991132,062,00025.6%
2001166,198,00025.8%
2011199,581,47720.1%
Source:Census of India[5]

Following rankings are as per Population Census 2011.[6]

By area

  1. Lakhimpur Kheri -8,780
  2. Sonbhadra - 6,999
  3. Hardoi - 5,986
  4. Bahraich - 5,745
  5. Sitapur - 5,743

By population

  1. Allahabad - 5,954,391
  2. Moradabad - 4,772,006
  3. Ghaziabad - 4,681,645
  4. Azamgarh - 4,613,913
  5. Lucknow - 4,589,838
  6. Kanpur Nagar - 4,581,268
  7. Jaunpur - 4,494,204
  8. Sitapur - 4,483,992
  9. Bareilly - 4,448,359
  10. Gorakhpur - 4,440,895

By population density

  1. Ghaziabad - 1995
  2. Varanasi - 1954
  3. Lucknow - 1456
  4. Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) - 1409
  5. Kanpur Nagar - 1369

By literacy

  1. Gautam Budha Nagar(Noida) - 80.12%
  2. Kanpur Nagar - 79.65%
  3. Auraiya - 78.95%
  4. Etawah - 78.41%
  5. Ghaziabad - 78.07%

By sex ratio

  1. Jaunpur - 1024
  2. Azamgarh -1018
  3. Deoria - 1003
  4. Mau - 984
  5. Pratapgarh - 982
  6. Ambedkar Nagar- 978
  7. Faizabad - 972
  8. Sultanpur - 965
  9. Basti - 963
  10. Sant Kabir Nagar -960

Religion

In Uttar Pradesh the religion-wise percentage of population is Hindus 79.7, Muslims 19.3, Sikhs 0.3, Christians 0.2, Jains 0.1, Buddhists 0.1 while 0.3 of people have other religion or didn't state one.[6][7]

Religion in Uttar Pradesh
Religion 2001[8] 2011[9]
Hinduism 133,979,263 159,312,654
Islam 30,740,158 38,483,967
Sikhism n/a 643,500
Christianity 212,578 356,448
Jainism 207,111 213,267
Buddhism 302,031 206,285
Other 9,281 13,598
Not stated n/a 582,622
Total 166,197,921 199,812,341
Religion in Uttar Pradesh (%)
Religion 2001[8] 2011[8]
Hinduism 80.61 79.73
Islam 18.42 19.26
Sikhism 0.41 0.32
Christianity 0.13 0.18
Jainism 0.12 0.11
Buddhism 0.18 0.10
Other >0.01 >0.01
Not stated n/a 0.29
Religion-wise demographics of UP (2011 Census)[4]
Religion

Population

Sex ratio

Literacy rate

[i]

Male Female Total Male Female Total
Hindu 83,555,724 75,756,930 159,312,654 907 79.73% 58.61% 69.68%
Muslim 19,867,314 18,616,653 38,483,967 937 66.42% 50.59% 58.76%
Christian 182,838 173,610 356,448 950 79.44% 67.54% 73.63%
Sikh 341,451 302,049 643,500 885 84.91% 73.15% 79.35%
Buddhist 107,424 98,861 206,285 920 79.19% 57.07% 68.59%
Jain 110,994 102,273 213,267 921 95.81% 92.16% 94.05%
Other religions and persuasions 7,070 6,528 13,598 923 80.18% 61.30% 71.11%
Religion not stated 307,695 274,927 582,622 894 78.37% 60.84% 70.01%
Uttar Pradesh 104,480,510 95,331,831 199,812,341 912 77.28% 57.18% 67.68%
  1. ^ For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India.

District-wise religious population

Population count for each district (with percentages[i]) as per 2011 Census.[4]

District-wise religious population
District Buddhist Christian Hindu Jain Muslim Sikh Other religions Religion not stated District Population
Count % Count % Count % Count % Count % Count % Count % Count %
Agra 4,049 0.09% 10,076 0.23% 3,922,718 88.77% 21,508 0.49% 411,313 9.31% 12,057 0.27% 384 0.01% 36,692 0.83% 4,418,797
Aligarh 2,582 0.07% 7,635 0.21% 2,904,140 79.05% 2,805 0.08% 729,283 19.85% 5,875 0.16% 91 0.00% 21,478 0.58% 3,673,889
Allahabad 4,391 0.07% 13,782 0.23% 5,102,041 85.69% 2,247 0.04% 796,756 13.38% 4,377 0.07% 305 0.01% 30,492 0.51% 5,954,391
Ambedkar Nagar 1,817 0.08% 2,536 0.11% 1,985,654 82.81% 235 0.01% 401,678 16.75% 869 0.04% 33 0.00% 5,066 0.21% 2,397,888
Auraiya 332 0.02% 1,004 0.07% 1,273,546 92.32% 228 0.02% 101,963 7.39% 371 0.03% 444 0.03% 1,657 0.12% 1,379,545
Azamgarh 5,652 0.12% 3,810 0.08% 3,878,626 84.06% 183 0.00% 718,692 15.58% 719 0.02% 226 0.00% 6,005 0.13% 4,613,913
Baghpat 161 0.01% 1,840 0.14% 917,474 70.41% 16,139 1.24% 364,583 27.98% 483 0.04% 25 0.00% 2,343 0.18% 1,303,048
Bahraich 2,793 0.08% 6,400 0.18% 2,291,892 65.71% 1,177 0.03% 1,169,330 33.53% 8,212 0.24% 38 0.00% 7,889 0.23% 3,487,731
Ballia 1,595 0.05% 4,463 0.14% 3,004,240 92.73% 233 0.01% 213,440 6.59% 892 0.03% 64 0.00% 14,847 0.46% 3,239,774
Balrampur 1,866 0.09% 3,228 0.15% 1,333,242 62.05% 198 0.01% 805,975 37.51% 900 0.04% 87 0.00% 3,169 0.15% 2,148,665
Banda 168 0.01% 1,367 0.08% 1,637,549 91.00% 916 0.05% 157,612 8.76% 231 0.01% 50 0.00% 1,517 0.08% 1,799,410
Bara Banki 1,553 0.05% 4,857 0.15% 2,505,444 76.84% 3,016 0.09% 737,106 22.61% 2,090 0.06% 211 0.01% 6,422 0.20% 3,260,699
Bareilly 4,371 0.10% 14,822 0.33% 2,830,768 63.64% 931 0.02% 1,536,534 34.54% 28,187 0.63% 339 0.01% 32,407 0.73% 4,448,359
Basti 9,753 0.40% 3,493 0.14% 2,082,976 84.52% 107 0.00% 364,510 14.79% 900 0.04% 99 0.00% 2,626 0.11% 2,464,464
Bijnor 1,736 0.05% 6,184 0.17% 2,032,081 55.18% 2,134 0.06% 1,585,210 43.04% 50,624 1.37% 41 0.00% 4,703 0.13% 3,682,713
Budaun 1,959 0.05% 6,320 0.17% 2,867,707 77.89% 678 0.02% 790,515 21.47% 1,135 0.03% 87 0.00% 13,495 0.37% 3,681,896
Bulandshahr 669 0.02% 4,088 0.12% 2,707,195 77.37% 1,572 0.04% 777,407 22.22% 2,765 0.08% 86 0.00% 5,389 0.15% 3,499,171
Chandauli 340 0.02% 2,153 0.11% 1,727,869 88.48% 100 0.01% 215,081 11.01% 1,389 0.07% 1,175 0.06% 4,649 0.24% 1,952,756
Chitrakoot 101 0.01% 693 0.07% 955,372 96.33% 285 0.03% 34,559 3.48% 63 0.01% 27 0.00% 630 0.06% 991,730
Deoria 1,182 0.04% 3,626 0.12% 2,730,957 88.07% 209 0.01% 358,539 11.56% 818 0.03% 146 0.00% 5,469 0.18% 3,100,946
Etah 2,887 0.16% 2,464 0.14% 1,611,126 90.79% 5,671 0.32% 146,346 8.25% 708 0.04% 18 0.00% 5,260 0.30% 1,774,480
Etawah 1,733 0.11% 1,362 0.09% 1,457,892 92.17% 3,917 0.25% 113,961 7.20% 1,045 0.07% 94 0.01% 1,806 0.11% 1,581,810
Faizabad 737 0.03% 3,225 0.13% 2,094,271 84.75% 358 0.01% 365,806 14.80% 1,912 0.08% 185 0.01% 4,502 0.18% 2,470,996
Farrukhabad 3,161 0.17% 3,137 0.17% 1,596,278 84.67% 487 0.03% 276,846 14.69% 3,160 0.17% 100 0.01% 2,035 0.11% 1,885,204
Fatehpur 172 0.01% 2,201 0.08% 2,274,674 86.40% 199 0.01% 350,700 13.32% 402 0.02% 47 0.00% 4,338 0.16% 2,632,733
Firozabad 3,395 0.14% 3,370 0.13% 2,140,745 85.69% 19,077 0.76% 314,812 12.60% 1,804 0.07% 61 0.00% 14,892 0.60% 2,498,156
Gautam Buddha Nagar 895 0.05% 7,366 0.45% 1,394,025 84.58% 4,518 0.27% 215,500 13.08% 9,261 0.56% 91 0.01% 16,459 1.00% 1,648,115
Ghaziabad 3,487 0.07% 19,026 0.41% 3,414,427 72.93% 16,412 0.35% 1,186,776 25.35% 23,001 0.49% 265 0.01% 18,251 0.39% 4,681,645
Ghazipur 3,145 0.09% 4,181 0.12% 3,233,790 89.32% 213 0.01% 368,153 10.17% 810 0.02% 184 0.01% 9,792 0.27% 3,620,268
Gonda 649 0.02% 4,735 0.14% 2,739,076 79.77% 338 0.01% 678,615 19.76% 1,893 0.06% 57 0.00% 8,556 0.25% 3,433,919
Gorakhpur 2,848 0.06% 9,662 0.22% 4,009,037 90.28% 460 0.01% 403,847 9.09% 2,123 0.05% 207 0.00% 12,711 0.29% 4,440,895
Hamirpur 74 0.01% 814 0.07% 1,010,014 91.46% 41 0.00% 91,269 8.26% 196 0.02% 273 0.02% 1,604 0.15% 1,104,285
Hardoi 6,671 0.16% 5,822 0.14% 3,508,131 85.71% 446 0.01% 556,219 13.59% 5,688 0.14% 98 0.00% 9,770 0.24% 4,092,845
Jalaun 2,875 0.17% 1,148 0.07% 1,509,708 89.33% 256 0.02% 171,581 10.15% 463 0.03% 145 0.01% 3,798 0.22% 1,689,974
Jaunpur 7,898 0.18% 4,947 0.11% 3,981,502 88.59% 349 0.01% 483,750 10.76% 1,286 0.03% 114 0.00% 14,358 0.32% 4,494,204
Jhansi 1,203 0.06% 7,050 0.35% 1,823,930 91.26% 7,328 0.37% 147,842 7.40% 4,951 0.25% 311 0.02% 5,988 0.30% 1,998,603
Jyotiba Phule Nagar 189 0.01% 5,952 0.32% 1,075,440 58.44% 517 0.03% 750,368 40.78% 5,295 0.29% 21 0.00% 2,439 0.13% 1,840,221
Kannauj 2,033 0.12% 1,263 0.08% 1,375,788 83.05% 606 0.04% 273,967 16.54% 504 0.03% 65 0.00% 2,390 0.14% 1,656,616
Kanpur Dehat 819 0.05% 1,300 0.07% 1,612,968 89.80% 155 0.01% 176,327 9.82% 478 0.03% 103 0.01% 4,034 0.22% 1,796,184
Kanpur Nagar 2,733 0.06% 15,751 0.34% 3,792,174 82.78% 5,710 0.12% 720,660 15.73% 29,676 0.65% 589 0.01% 13,975 0.31% 4,581,268
Kanshiram Nagar 3,907 0.27% 1,969 0.14% 1,211,427 84.32% 313 0.02% 213,822 14.88% 2,280 0.16% 72 0.01% 2,929 0.20% 1,436,719
Kaushambi 687 0.04% 2,225 0.14% 1,372,381 85.80% 545 0.03% 220,423 13.78% 522 0.03% 3 0.00% 2,810 0.18% 1,599,596
Kheri 18,454 0.46% 7,502 0.19% 3,078,262 76.55% 487 0.01% 807,600 20.08% 94,388 2.35% 226 0.01% 14,324 0.36% 4,021,243
Kushinagar 4,619 0.13% 5,006 0.14% 2,928,462 82.16% 383 0.01% 620,244 17.40% 767 0.02% 133 0.00% 4,930 0.14% 3,564,544
Lalitpur 69 0.01% 1,351 0.11% 1,163,804 95.27% 20,390 1.67% 33,724 2.76% 1,034 0.08% 41 0.00% 1,179 0.10% 1,221,592
Lucknow 3,877 0.08% 20,493 0.45% 3,537,787 77.08% 4,975 0.11% 985,070 21.46% 23,883 0.52% 504 0.01% 13,249 0.29% 4,589,838
Mahamaya Nagar 424 0.03% 1,350 0.09% 1,397,225 89.30% 1,289 0.08% 159,448 10.19% 524 0.03% 63 0.00% 4,385 0.28% 1,564,708
Mahoba 94 0.01% 965 0.11% 815,142 93.06% 234 0.03% 57,454 6.56% 389 0.04% 157 0.02% 1,523 0.17% 875,958
Mahrajganj 16,030 0.60% 3,527 0.13% 2,196,884 81.83% 243 0.01% 458,650 17.08% 1,381 0.05% 338 0.01% 7,650 0.28% 2,684,703
Mainpuri 8,814 0.47% 1,729 0.09% 1,746,649 93.48% 4,161 0.22% 100,723 5.39% 475 0.03% 38 0.00% 5,940 0.32% 1,868,529
Mathura 883 0.03% 3,179 0.12% 2,310,776 90.72% 2,056 0.08% 216,933 8.52% 2,872 0.11% 126 0.00% 10,359 0.41% 2,547,184
Mau 564 0.03% 2,109 0.10% 1,769,937 80.23% 155 0.01% 428,555 19.43% 340 0.02% 129 0.01% 4,179 0.19% 2,205,968
Meerut 1,855 0.05% 10,582 0.31% 2,183,255 63.40% 18,544 0.54% 1,185,643 34.43% 24,912 0.72% 236 0.01% 18,662 0.54% 3,443,689
Mirzapur 341 0.01% 2,373 0.10% 2,292,534 91.81% 701 0.03% 195,765 7.84% 1,133 0.05% 27 0.00% 4,096 0.16% 2,496,970
Moradabad 1,260 0.03% 13,157 0.28% 2,488,265 52.14% 2,426 0.05% 2,248,392 47.12% 7,555 0.16% 382 0.01% 10,569 0.22% 4,772,006
Muzaffarnagar 1,516 0.04% 6,495 0.16% 2,382,914 57.51% 16,345 0.39% 1,711,453 41.30% 18,601 0.45% 60 0.00% 6,128 0.15% 4,143,512
Pilibhit 360 0.02% 3,510 0.17% 1,449,007 71.34% 138 0.01% 489,686 24.11% 84,787 4.17% 45 0.00% 3,474 0.17% 2,031,007
Pratapgarh 7,795 0.24% 3,920 0.12% 2,731,351 85.11% 746 0.02% 452,394 14.10% 1,451 0.05% 43 0.00% 11,441 0.36% 3,209,141
Rae Bareli 722 0.02% 3,634 0.11% 2,975,998 87.39% 397 0.01% 413,243 12.13% 2,424 0.07% 602 0.02% 8,539 0.25% 3,405,559
Rampur 384 0.02% 9,201 0.39% 1,073,890 45.97% 1,307 0.06% 1,181,337 50.57% 65,316 2.80% 63 0.00% 4,321 0.18% 2,335,819
Saharanpur 1,937 0.06% 6,523 0.19% 1,966,892 56.74% 10,208 0.29% 1,454,052 41.95% 18,627 0.54% 135 0.00% 8,008 0.23% 3,466,382
Sant Kabir Nagar 4,393 0.26% 1,766 0.10% 1,300,586 75.83% 95 0.01% 404,410 23.58% 447 0.03% 35 0.00% 3,451 0.20% 1,715,183
Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) 1,562 0.10% 1,365 0.09% 1,368,291 86.70% 161 0.01% 203,887 12.92% 199 0.01% 7 0.00% 2,741 0.17% 1,578,213
Shahjahanpur 2,312 0.08% 4,630 0.15% 2,412,595 80.24% 301 0.01% 527,581 17.55% 51,090 1.70% 84 0.00% 7,945 0.26% 3,006,538
Shrawasti 323 0.03% 1,427 0.13% 768,643 68.79% 68 0.01% 343,981 30.79% 407 0.04% 56 0.01% 2,456 0.22% 1,117,361
Siddharthnagar 11,964 0.47% 3,042 0.12% 1,789,704 69.93% 179 0.01% 748,073 29.23% 681 0.03% 356 0.01% 5,298 0.21% 2,559,297
Sitapur 2,663 0.06% 6,579 0.15% 3,555,450 79.29% 1,410 0.03% 893,725 19.93% 11,611 0.26% 79 0.00% 12,475 0.28% 4,483,992
Sonbhadra 1,747 0.09% 3,963 0.21% 1,738,769 93.35% 487 0.03% 103,567 5.56% 1,649 0.09% 1,907 0.10% 10,470 0.56% 1,862,559
Sultanpur 9,989 0.26% 4,453 0.12% 3,119,590 82.16% 426 0.01% 650,261 17.13% 1,629 0.04% 336 0.01% 10,433 0.27% 3,797,117
Unnao 920 0.03% 3,574 0.11% 2,732,016 87.89% 240 0.01% 363,453 11.69% 1,204 0.04% 31 0.00% 6,929 0.22% 3,108,367
Varanasi 1,146 0.03% 7,696 0.21% 3,107,681 84.52% 1,898 0.05% 546,987 14.88% 3,309 0.09% 298 0.01% 7,826 0.21% 3,676,841
STATE[ii] 206,285 0.10% 356,448 0.18% 159,312,654 79.73% 213,267 0.11% 38,483,967 19.26% 643,500 0.32% 13,598 0.01% 582,622 0.29% 199,812,341
  1. ^ Percentages are calculated out of total population for respective district, depicting the share of a religion's population in that district.
  2. ^ Percentages in 'STATE' are calculated out of total population of UP, depicting the share of each religion's population
Religion-wise percentage of UP (2011 Census)[4]
Religion Rural Urban Total
Buddhist 0.09% 0.02% 0.10%
Christian 0.09% 0.09% 0.18%
Hindu 70.80% 9.00% 79.80
Jain 0.02% 0.09% 0.11%
Muslim 10.64% 8.59% 19.23%
Other religions and persuasions 0.00% 0.00% 0.01%
Religion not stated 0.19% 0.10% 0.29%
Sikh 0.22% 0.11% 0.32%
Grand Total 77.73% 22.27% 100.00%

Literacy among women is quite low, going as low as 50.59% in Muslim community. On the contrary, the Jain community with quite high literacy rates, for both males and females as well. Also noteworthy is that Sikh and Hindu communities have very poor sex-ratios.

Caste

For accurate caste population data in India, the Government of India has not publicly released Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 caste population data for every single non-SC/ST castes, General castes, OBC/EBCs in India, hence no official figures are available for the same.[10][11][12][13][14]

As per estimations based on 2011 census, Dalits constitute 21.1% of Uttar Pradesh population.[15][16][17] Mallah community is divided in 27 sub-castes. Other Backward Classes (OBCs) constitute 40% of Uttar Pradesh’s population.[18][19][20][21] Yadavs form the single largest group amongst the OBCs, constituting around 40 percent, and forming 15 percent of the state's population.[22] There are 200-odd OBCs in U.P. In Uttar Pradesh, Muslims are divided into 68 castes and sub-castes, 35 of them are OBCs. Forward castes constitute around 18-20% of Uttar Pradesh population,[23][24] in which Brahmins are about 13%[25][26] and Thakurs are 4%.[26]

Castes of Uttar Pradesh[27][28][29][30][31]
Caste Population (%)
OBC 40%
Dalits (SCs) 20-21%
Tribals (STs) 0.1%
Forward caste 18-20%
Muslims 19-20%
Others 0.9%

Racial and ancestral makeup

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of over 199.5 million people on 1 March 2011. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. If independent it would be the 6th largest country in the world as per Population.

At the 2011 census of India, 79.7% of Uttar Pradesh population is Hindu. Muslims make up 19.3% of the population, most of whom are Rohillas, a clan of ethnic Pathans. The remaining population consists of Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians and Jains.

The population of Uttar Pradesh is divided into numerous castes and sub-castes. Historically, Hindu society is divided into four sub-divisions or varnas, the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Muslims are also divided as the Shias and Sunnis. In actual practice, Hindu society in generally used to be divided into numerous lineage groups called jatis. Each jati is then sub-divided into clans, called gotras.

The peripheral regions of Uttar Pradesh, are home to a number of tribal communities such as Agaria, Baiga, Bhar, Bhoksa, Chero, Gond, Kol and Korwa. Five of these tribal communities have been recognised by the Government of India as disadvantaged scheduled tribes, viz. Tharus, Boksas, Bhotias, Jaunswaris and Rajis.[3]

Languages

Green = Brij or Harit Pradesh, Yellow = Awadh, Blue = Bundelkhand, Purple = Purvanchal, White = Baghelkhand
Green = Brij or Harit Pradesh, Yellow = Awadh, Blue = Bundelkhand, Purple = Purvanchal, White = Baghelkhand

Most people in Uttar Pradesh speak Hindustani, which in a literate form is referred to as Hindi and Urdu.

In addition, the people of Uttar Pradesh speak a variety of local dialects of Hindi, which are not always easy to classify or identify. E.g., the language of Allahabad is often classified today as Awadhi, but, its actually a mix of several surrounding dialects, including Awadhi and Bundelkhandi. Most Allahabadis refer to their dialect as Allahabadi. Furthermore, in neighbouring Banda, the dialect is exactly the same, but, they refer to it as Bundelkhandi.

It's said that in India, the dialects change every 50-mile, and its particularly true of Uttar Pradesh.

The dialect map of Uttar Pradesh is complex, but, in general, in three of the five sub regions of UP, viz, the Doab, Rohilkhand, and Bundelkhand, both Western and Eastern Hindi, as well as a mixture of the two are spoken. E.g., in Upper and parts of lower Doab (till Etawah), various forms of western Hindi are spoken, including Khari boli and Brij Bhasha. In the rest of lower Doab, various mixes of western and Eastern Hindi (Brij Bhasha/ Bundelkhandi and Awadhi) are spoken). Likewise, in Western Bundelkhand, Bundeli (a language closely related with Brij Bhasha) is spoken, while in Eastern Bundelkhand the dialect is still called 'Bundeli' but is part of Eastern Hindi (actually a mixture of Western and Eastern Hindi). In Western Rohilkhand, Khari boli is spoken. in Central Rohilkhand a mix of Awadhi and Khari boli is spoken, while in Eastern Rohilkhand, Awadhi is the dialect.

In the other two sub-regions of UP, viz., Awadh and Purvanchal too, there exist a wide variation in the dialects spoken. Awadhi is the main dialect in the Awadh sub-region of Uttar Pradesh. But, its form changes from west to east. In western Purvanchal, Eastern Hindi (Awadhi) is spoken, while in districts adjoining Bihar, Bhojpuri, also known as Bihari language is spoken. In southern Purvanchal, Baghelkhandi (a form of Eastern Hindi) is the predominant dialect.

As mentioned earlier, often these dialects merge into each other, for example in Shahjahanpur, in Rohilkhand, Khari boli merges into Awadhi.[32]

Likewise, older districts of Basti, Jaunpur, and western Mirzapur in Purvanchal and Shahjehanpur, Pilbhit, Eastern Badayun and Eastern Farrukhabad in central UP are Awadhi speaking.

Uttar Pradesh: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[33]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 10,288 0.01%
002007 Bengali 240,966 0.12%
005018 Gujarati 11,938 0.01%
006030 Awadhi 3,801,743 1.90%
006102 Bhojpuri 21,844,783 10.93%
006123 Brajbhasha 713,572 0.36%
006125 Bundeli/Bundel khandi 1,303,940 0.65%
006142 Chhattisgarhi 12,308 0.01%
006195 Garhwali 22,914 0.01%
006235 Haryanvi 16,166 0.01%
006240 Hindi 160,159,977 80.16%
006311 Khari Boli (Kauravi) 16,355 0.01%
006340 Kumauni 11,059 0.01%
006489 Rajasthani 13,382 0.01%
010008 Maithili 16,989 0.01%
011016 Malayalam 24,338 0.01%
013071 Marathi 24,115 0.01%
014011 Nepali 18,734 0.01%
015043 Odia 24,071 0.01%
016038 Punjabi 508,599 0.25%
019014 Sindhi 28,937 0.01%
020027 Tamil 14,426 0.01%
021046 Telugu 13,918 0.01%
022015 Urdu 10,793,391 5.40%
022016 Bhansari 20,993 0.01%
040001 English 13,085 0.01%
N.A. Others 131,354 0.07%
Total 199,812,341 100.00%

See also

References

  1. ^ ORGI. "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  2. ^ "North India and south Pakistan". 23 March 2012.
  3. ^ a b People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das, Manohar Publications
  4. ^ a b c d "Religion PCA - State wise".
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-07.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ a b "List of districts of Uttar Pradesh".
  7. ^ C1 - Population by religious community, Uttar Pradesh. Census India 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "Total population by religious communities". Censusindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Indian Census 2011". Census Department, Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  10. ^ "'Centre not releasing caste census data because it doesn't want to face Mandal II'". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Centre releases census data on religion, hides caste figures". Dnaindia.com. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Before releasing caste numbers, the government needs to account for discrepancies in data". Scroll.in. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Why Is Modi Govt. Hiding Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 Data?". Youthkiawaaz.com. March 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  14. ^ "Caste-based Census data should be made public, demand Bihar CM Nitish Kumar". The Hindu. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  15. ^ Shailvee Sharda. "Job better than aid, say UP dalits". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  16. ^ "UP polls: Why is BJP hesitating in announcing its CM candidate?". Indiatvnews.com. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  17. ^ "Half of India's dalit population lives in 4 states". The Times of India.
  18. ^ "UP has the highest OBC population in all Indian states". The Times of India.
  19. ^ "Why smaller castes could hold the key to power in 2017 UP Assembly polls". 29 December 2016.
  20. ^ "Survey puts OBC population at 40 pc". 3 September 2007.
  21. ^ "OBC population in UP stands at 7 crore".
  22. ^ "Kurmis rally against Yadav domination in Uttar Pradesh". India Today.
  23. ^ "Why the most backward castes are crucial for BJP's sandwich alliance to succeed in Uttar Pradesh".
  24. ^ "Uttar Pradesh polls: BSP, SP and BJP leaving no stone to come up trumps".
  25. ^ "BJP joins race for Brahmin votes with 'prabuddha varg sammelans' in UP". Economic Times. 6 September 2021. Brahmins constitute 13 per cent of the population and are considered as major opinion makers in Uttar Pradesh.
  26. ^ a b Hebbar, Nistula (3 May 2019). "BJP striving to please Rajputs and Brahmins". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  27. ^ "How BJP is changing the caste arithmetic in Uttar Pradesh | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". Dnaindia.com. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-02-15.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. ^ "UP govt declares holiday on Maharana Pratap Jayanti to 'woo' Thakur voters". English.pradesh18.com. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  30. ^ "Brahmins population in India".
  31. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2017 | Indian National Congress | AAP | BJP | NDA | Samajwadi Party | Candidates List | Opinion Poll | Exit Poll | Election News Malayalam". Manoramaonline.com. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  32. ^ People of India: Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part One edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 21 to 23 Manohar Publications
  33. ^ C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttar Pradesh (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 July 2020.