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Sambhal district
Location of Sambhal district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Sambhal district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionMoradabad
HeadquartersBahjoi
TehsilsSambhal, Chandausi, Gunnaur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1. Sambhal (Lok Sabha constituency)- Asmoli, Chandausi, Sambhal
2. Budaun (Lok Sabha constituency)- Gunnaur
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1. Sambhal
2. Asmoli
3. Chandausi
4. Gunnaur
Area
 • Total2,453.30 km2 (947.22 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,192,933
 • Density890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy55%
 • Sex ratio889
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Average annual precipitation1150 mm
Websitehttp://sambhal.nic.in

Sambhal district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in India. The district headquarter is Bahjoi town. 993 Villages and 16 Police stations fall under Sambhal district.

History

A folio from the Baburnama: An awards ceremony in Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodi's court before an expedition to Sambhal in the early 16th century.
A folio from the Baburnama: An awards ceremony in Sultan Ibrāhīm Lodi's court before an expedition to Sambhal in the early 16th century.

The district was announced on 28 September 2011 and created by the state government on 23 July 2012 as one of three new districts in the state. At the time of its creation, the state government decided to name the new district "Bhimnagar" in honour of the social reformer, Bhimrao Ambedkar. However, massive protests broke out in Sambhal town and the adjoining rural areas against the move to give a new name to the ancient town.[1] Sambhal had been known by the same name for over five hundred years, had been an important town in medieval India, and had never had any connection with Bhimrao Ambedkar, a Dalit icon. The protests against renaming the town were successful and the government had to revert to the old name of Sambhal.[2]

Geography

The district of Sambhal is part of the Moradabad division in the state of Uttar Pradesh.[3] Bahjoi town serves as its district headquarters.[4] The districts which adjoin Sambhal are (clockwise from north) Amroha, Moradabad, Rampur, Badaun, Aligarh and Bulandshahr.

The nearest major metropolis is New Delhi. Sambhal lies 158.6 kilometres (98.5 mi) due east from New Delhi, past Ghaziabad, Noida and Hapur. The driving time from New Delhi is about 2 hours 40 minutes.[5] Sambhal lies 355 km north-west from the state capital Lucknow.

Administrative divisions

Sambhal district is a part of Moradabad Division. This district is divided into three tehsils: Sambhal, Chandausi, and Gunnaur.

Sambhal district has a single Lok Sabha constituency, the Sambhal constituency. Sambhal district has four Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies: Sambhal, Asmoli, Chandausi and Gunnaur.

Demographics

As per 2011 census, Sambhal district had a population of 2,199,774. The sex ratio as per the census was 891 females for every 1000 males. Literacy rate of Sambhal district is 55%. Scheduled Castes make up 364,286 (16.56%) of the population.[6][7]

Religions in Sambhal district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hindus
66.66%
Muslims
32.88%
Other or not stated
0.46%

Tehsil

Hinduism

Islam

Others

Sambhal

47.29% 52.17% 0.35%

Chandausi

77.85% 21.75% 0.32%

Gunnaur

88.22% 11.39% 0.40%

Hindus are in majority in the district. Muslims are majority in Sambhal tehsil and dominate urban areas.[8]

Languages of Sambhal district (2011)[9]

  Hindi (83.58%)
  Urdu (16.30%)
  Others (0.12%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 80.90% of the population of the district spoke Hindi and 18.57% Urdu as their first language.[9]

Education

Schools

Colleges

Nearby districts

References

  1. ^ UP: Protest in Sambhal Over Change of District's Name Archived 16 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "UP: Protest in Sambhal Over Change of District's Name".
  3. ^ "UP gets three new districts: Prabuddhanagar, Panchsheel Nagar, Bhimnagar". The Indian Express. 29 September 2011. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Bandh in Sambhal over location of new district headquarters". Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  5. ^ "158 Km - Distance from New Delhi to Sambhal". www.distancesfrom.com.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Moradabad" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook: Budaun" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

Coordinates: 28°34′48″N 78°33′00″E / 28.5800°N 78.5500°E / 28.5800; 78.5500