Varanasi
Kashi Vishwanath Temple Kashi Banaras.jpg
Dhamek Stupa Sarnath.JPG
Ramnagar Fort, Ramnagar, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 07.jpg
Dept of Electrical Engineering IIT-BHU.jpg
Varanasi and Ganges.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Dhamek Stupa at Sarnath, Dept of Electrical Engineering at IIT-BHU, Ahilyabai Ghat, Ramnagar Fort
Location of Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates: 25°20′N 83°00′E / 25.333°N 83.000°E / 25.333; 83.000Coordinates: 25°20′N 83°00′E / 25.333°N 83.000°E / 25.333; 83.000
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionVaranasi
HeadquartersVaranasi
Government
 • District MagistrateKaushal Raj Sharma
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesVaranasi
Area
 • Total1,535 km2 (593 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,676,841[1]
 • Estimate 
(2021)
4,110,000
 • Urban
1,597,051 (43.4%)[2]
 • Rural
2,079,790 (56.6%)[2]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitevaranasi.nic.in

Varanasi district is a district in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, with Varanasi city as the district headquarters. It is also called Kashi. According to Hindu and Buddhist mythologies, it is one of the sacred places of pilgrimage for Hindus and Buddhists. It is believed that Lord Shiva along with Parvathi as Vishwanatha and Vishalaakshi reside there to bless devotees. It is surrounded by Mirzapur district, Jaunpur district, Ghazipur district, Chandauli district, and Bhadohi district. The Ganga (Ganges) river flows through the district. It is considered by Hindus to be a sacred and pure river, having the ability to wash away sins when people take a dip in it. Part of the Varanasi division, the district occupies an area of 1,535 square kilometres (593 sq mi) and as of the 2011 Census of India, it had a population of 3,676,841.

Divisions

The district is made up of four tehsils: Varanasi, Pindra, Ramnagr, and Rajatalab,[3] and eight Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituencies: Pindra, Shivpur, Rohaniya, Varanasi North, Varanasi South, Varanasi Cantt., Sevapuri, and Ajagara.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1853420,822—    
1865453,414+0.62%
1872502,185+1.47%
1881554,690+1.11%
1891628,380+1.26%
1901681,858+0.82%
1911685,391+0.05%
1921696,188+0.16%
1931745,318+0.68%
1941884,210+1.72%
19511,047,522+1.71%
19611,241,210+1.71%
19711,514,420+2.01%
19811,919,746+2.40%
19912,508,110+2.71%
20013,138,671+2.27%
20113,676,841+1.60%
source:[4]

According to the 2011 census, Varanasi district has a population of 3,676,841,[1] This gives it a ranking of 75th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 2,399 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,210/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.32%.[1] Varanasi has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 77.05%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 13.24% and 0.78% of the population respectively.[1]

Religions in Varanasi district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Hindus
84.52%
Muslims
14.88%
Other or not stated
0.60%

Languages

Languages in Varanasi district (2011)[6]

  Hindi (76.19%)
  Bhojpuri (19.68%)
  Urdu (3.24%)
  Others (0.89%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 76.19% of the population of the district spoke Hindi, 19.68% Bhojpuri, and 3.24% Urdu as their first language.[6] Bhojpuri is the native language of Varanasi, however since it is not recognized officially and seen as a dialect of Hindi, the number of speakers are conflated with Hindi.

Education

Colleges/Institutes

Universities

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Varanasi" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Demography"./
  3. ^ "Rajatalab tehsil inaugurated". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ "Indian Institute of Technology(BHU)". www.iitbhu.ac.in. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  8. ^ "IRRI South Asia Regional Centre". 21 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Designer Pool".
  10. ^ "Varanasi Centre".
  11. ^ "Sunbeam".
  12. ^ "Institutions".
  13. ^ "NATIONAL SEED RESEARCH AND TRAINING CENTRE VARANASI".
  14. ^ "Udai Pratap Autonomous College: Accredited B Grade by NAAC :: Affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, VarnasiA College With Potential for Excellence, DST-FIST & DBT-STAR College". www.upcollege.org. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Home". bhu.ac.in.