Varanasi
Varanasi
Clockwise from top-left: Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Dhamek Stupa at Sarnath, Dept of Electrical Engineering at IIT-BHU, Ahilyabai Ghat, Ramnagar Fort
Location of Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Varanasi district in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates (Varanasi): 25°20′N 83°00′E / 25.333°N 83.000°E / 25.333; 83.000
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionVaranasi
HeadquartersVaranasi
Government
 • District MagistrateS. Rajalingam, IAS
 • Police CommissionerMutha Ashok Jain, IPS
 • MayorAshok Tiwari, BJP
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesVaranasi
 • Member of Parliament, Lok SabhaNarendra Modi (Prime Minister of India)
Area
 • Total1,535 km2 (593 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,676,841[1]
 • Estimate 
(2021)
4,110,000
 • Urban
1,597,051 (43.4%)[2]
 • Rural
2,079,790 (56.6%)[2]
Demographics
 • Literacy78.41%
 • Sex ratio913
Language
 • OfficialHindi
 • Additional OfficialUrdu
 • RegionalBhojpuri
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-65
WebsiteOfficial Website

Varanasi district is a district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, with the holy city of Varanasi as the district headquarters. It is also the headquarters of the Varanasi division which contains 4 districts (including Varanasi).

It is surrounded by Mirzapur district, Jaunpur district, Ghazipur district, Chandauli district, and Bhadohi district. The Ganga (Ganges) river flows through the district. Part of the Varanasi division, the district occupies an area of 1,535 square kilometres (593 sq mi) and as of the 2011 Census of India, it had a population of 3,676,841.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1853420,822—    
1865453,414+0.62%
1872502,185+1.47%
1881554,690+1.11%
1891628,380+1.26%
1901681,858+0.82%
1911685,391+0.05%
1921696,188+0.16%
1931745,318+0.68%
1941884,210+1.72%
19511,047,522+1.71%
19611,241,210+1.71%
19711,514,420+2.01%
19811,919,746+2.40%
19912,508,110+2.71%
20013,138,671+2.27%
20113,676,841+1.60%
source:[3]
Religions in Varanasi district (2011)[4]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
84.52%
Islam
14.88%
Other or not stated
0.60%

According to the 2011 census, Varanasi district has a population of 3,676,841,[1] This gives it a ranking of 75th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 2,399 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,210/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.32%.[1] Varanasi has a sex ratio of 909 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 77.05%. 43.44% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 13.24% and 0.78% of the population respectively.[1]

Languages

Languages in Varanasi district (2011)[5]

  Hindi (76.19%)
  Bhojpuri (19.68%)
  Urdu (3.24%)
  Others (0.89%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 76.19% of the population spoke Hindi, 19.68% Bhojpuri, and 3.24% Urdu as their first language.[5] Bhojpuri is the native language of Varanasi, however it is seen as a dialect of Hindi, therefore number of Bojpuri speakers are conflated with Hindi.

Administrative divisions

The district is made up of three tehsils: Varanasi, Pindra and Rajatalab.[6] All 3 are headed by a SDM.

These 3 tehsils are divided into 8 Blocks: Arajiline, Baragaon, Chiraigaon, Cholapur, Harhua, Kashividyapeeth, Pindra and Sewapuri.

Politics

There are eight Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) constituencies: Pindra, Shivpur, Rohaniya, Varanasi North, Varanasi South, Varanasi Cantt., Sevapuri, and Ajagara.

Education

Colleges/Institutes

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Universities

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Varanasi" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Demography"./
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ "Table C-001 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ "Rajatalab tehsil inaugurated". The Times of India. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Indian Institute of Technology(BHU)". www.iitbhu.ac.in. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  8. ^ "IRRI South Asia Regional Centre". 21 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Designer Pool".
  10. ^ "Varanasi Centre".
  11. ^ "Sunbeam".
  12. ^ "Institutions".
  13. ^ "NATIONAL SEED RESEARCH AND TRAINING CENTRE VARANASI".
  14. ^ "Udai Pratap Autonomous College: Accredited B Grade by NAAC :: Affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, VarnasiA College With Potential for Excellence, DST-FIST & DBT-STAR College". www.upcollege.org. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Home". bhu.ac.in.