Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
Seal of Uttar Pradesh.svg
The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Shri Yogi Adityanath meeting the President, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on February 10, 2018 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Yogi Adityanath

since 19 March 2017 (2017-03-19)
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member of
Reports toGovernor of Uttar Pradesh
Residence5, Kalidas Marg, Lucknow
SeatLucknow
AppointerGovernor of Uttar Pradesh
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
PrecursorPremier of United Provinces
Inaugural holderGovind Ballabh Pant
Formation26 January 1950
(72 years ago)
 (1950-01-26)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister
Salary
  • 365,000 (US$4,600)/monthly
  • 4,380,000 (US$55,000)/annually
WebsiteOffice of the Chief Minister

The chief minister of Uttar Pradesh is the principal minister in chief of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

On 26 January 1950 Govind Ballabh Pant, premier of United Provinces, became the first chief minister of the newly renamed Uttar Pradesh. Including him, 11 out of UP's 21 chief ministers belonged to the Indian National Congress. Among these is V. P. Singh, a future prime minister of India, as was Charan Singh of the Rashtriya Lok Dal. On ten occasions, most recently in 2002, the state has come under President's rule, leaving the office of chief minister vacant. UP has also had two women chief ministersSucheta Kripalani and Mayawati. Akhilesh Yadav of the Samajwadi Party served as the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017; having taken the oath at 38 years of age, he is the youngest person to have held the office. Only three chief ministers completed their official tenure of five years: Sampurnanand, Akhilesh Yadav, and Yogi Adityanath.

Yogi Adityanath of the Bharatiya Janata Party is serving as the incumbent chief minister since March 19, 2017.

Oath as the state chief minister

The chief minister serves 5 years in the office. The following is the Oath of the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh:

I, <Name of Chief Minister>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as a Minister for the State of Uttar Pradesh and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.

Premier of United Provinces (1937–50)

The United Provinces, headquartered in Allahabad was a province of British India that comprised present day Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council.

Premier of United Provinces (1937–50)
No Portrait Name Term of office[2] Party Assembly Appointee

(Governor)

Took Office Left Office Tenure
1
MuhammadSaidKhan.jpg
The Nawab of Chhatri 3 April 1937 16 July 1937 104 days Independent 1st Assembly

(1937 Elections)

Sir Harry Graham Haig
2
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg
Govind Ballabh Pant 17 July 1937 2 November

1939

2 years, 108 days Indian National Congress
- Vacant

(Governor's Rule)

3 November 1939 31 March 1946 6 years, 148 days N/A Dissolved -
(2)
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg
Govind Ballabh Pant 1 April 1946 25 January

1950

3 years, 299 days Indian National Congress 2nd Assembly

(1946 Elections)

Sir Francis Verner Wylie

Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh

No Portrait Name Constituency Term of office[2][3] Assembly[4]
(Election)
Party[a]
1
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.jpg
Govind Ballabh Pant Bareilly 26 January 1950 20 May 1952 4 years, 335 days Provincial Assembly

(1946 Elections)

Indian National Congress
20 May 1952 27 December 1954 1st
(1951 election)
2
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Shri Swarupanand.jpg
Sampurnanand Varanasi South 28 December 1954 9 April 1957 5 years, 344 days
10 April 1957 6 December 1960 2nd
(1957 election)
3 Chandrabhanu Gupta Ranikhet South 7 December 1960 14 March 1962 2 years, 298 days
14 March 1962 1 October 1963 3rd
(1962 election)
4 Sucheta Kripalani Menhdawal 2 October 1963 13 March 1967 3 years, 162 days
(3) Chandrabhanu Gupta Ranikhet 14 March 1967 2 April 1967 19 days 4th
(1967 election)
5
Prime minister Charan Singh.jpg
Charan Singh Chhaprauli 3 April 1967 25 February 1968 328 days Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 25 February 1968 26 February 1969 1 year, 1 day Dissolved N/A
(3) Chandrabhanu Gupta Ranikhet 26 February 1969 17 February 1970 356 days 5th
(1969 election)
Indian National Congress
(5)
Prime minister Charan Singh.jpg
Charan Singh Chhaprauli 18 February 1970 1 October 1970 225 days Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 1 October 1970 18 October 1970 17 days N/A
6 Tribhuvan Narain Singh 18 October 1970 3 April 1971 167 days Indian National Congress (O)
7 Kamalapati Tripathi Chandauli 4 April 1971 12 June 1973 2 years, 69 days Indian National Congress
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 13 June 1973 8 November 1973 148 days N/A
8
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna stamp (cropped).jpg
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Bara 8 November 1973 4 March 1974 2 years, 21 days Indian National Congress
5 March 1974 29 November 1975 6th
(1974 election)
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 30 November 1975 21 January 1976 52 days N/A
9
Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari.jpg
Narayan Dutt Tiwari Kashipur 21 January 1976 30 April 1977 1 year, 99 days Indian National Congress
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 30 April 1977 23 June 1977 54 days Dissolved N/A
10
Ram Naresh Yadav (cropped).jpg
Ram Naresh Yadav Nidhauli Kalan 23 June 1977 27 February 1979 1 year, 249 days 7th
(1977 election)
Janata Party
11
Banarasi Das 2013 stamp of India (cropped).jpg
Banarasi Das Hapur 28 February 1979 17 February 1980 354 days
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 February 1980 9 June 1980 113 days Dissolved N/A
12
Visit of Vishwanath Pratap Sing, Indian Minister for Trade, to the CEC (cropped).jpg
Vishwanath Pratap Singh Tindwari 9 June 1980 18 July 1982 2 years, 39 days 8th
(1980 election)
Indian National Congress
13 Sripati Mishra Isauli 19 July 1982 2 August 1984 2 years, 14 days
(9)
Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari.jpg
Narayan Dutt Tiwari Kashipur 3 August 1984 10 March 1985 1 year, 52 days
11 March 1985 24 September 1985 9th
(1985 election)
14 Vir Bahadur Singh Paniyara 24 September 1985 24 June 1988 2 years, 274 days
(9)
Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari.jpg
Narayan Dutt Tiwari Kashipur 25 June 1988 5 December 1989 1 year, 163 days
15
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Shri.Mulayam Singh Yadav , addressing at the National Development Council, New Delhi on December 9, 2006 (cropped).jpg
Mulayam Singh Yadav Jaswantnagar 5 December 1989 24 June 1991 1 year, 201 days 10th
(1989 election)
Janata Dal
16
Kalyan Singh1.jpg
Kalyan Singh
Atrauli 24 June 1991 6 December 1992 1 year, 165 days 11th
(1991 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 6 December 1992 4 December 1993 363 days Dissolved N/A
(15)
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Shri.Mulayam Singh Yadav , addressing at the National Development Council, New Delhi on December 9, 2006 (cropped).jpg
Mulayam Singh Yadav Jaswantnagar 4 December 1993 3 June 1995 1 year, 181 days 12th
(1993 election)
Samajwadi Party
17
Mayawati.jpg
Mayawati N/A 3 June 1995 18 October 1995 137 days Bahujan Samaj Party
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
18 October 1995 17 October 1996 1 year, 154 days Dissolved N/A
17 October 1996 21 March 1997 13th
(1996 election)
(17)
Mayawati.jpg
Mayawati Harora 21 March 1997 21 September 1997 184 days Bahujan Samaj Party
(16)
Kalyan Singh1.jpg
Kalyan Singh Atrauli 21 September 1997 12 November 1999 2 years, 52 days Bharatiya Janata Party
18 Ram Prakash Gupta MLC 12 November 1999 28 October 2000 351 days
19
Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh.jpg
Rajnath Singh Haidergarh 28 October 2000 8 March 2002 1 year, 131 days
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 8 March 2002 3 May 2002 56 days Dissolved N/A
(17)
Mayawati.jpg
Mayawati Harora 3 May 2002 29 August 2003 1 year, 118 days 14th
(2002 election)
Bahujan Samaj Party
(15)
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Shri.Mulayam Singh Yadav , addressing at the National Development Council, New Delhi on December 9, 2006 (cropped).jpg
Mulayam Singh Yadav Gunnaur 29 August 2003 13 May 2007 3 years, 257 days Samajwadi Party
(17)
Mayawati.jpg
Mayawati MLC 13 May 2007 15 March 2012 4 years, 307 days 15th
(2007 election)
Bahujan Samaj Party
20
Akhilesh Yadav.jpg
Akhilesh Yadav MLC 15 March 2012 19 March 2017 5 years, 4 days 16th
(2012 election)
Samajwadi Party
21
The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Shri Yogi Adityanath in New Delhi on February 10, 2018 (cropped).jpg
Yogi Adityanath MLC 19 March 2017 25 March 2022 5 years, 255 days 17th
(2017 election)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Gorakhpur Urban 25 March 2022 Incumbent 18th
(2022 election)

Timeline

Yogi AdityanathAkhilesh YadavRajnath SinghRam Prakash GuptaMayawatiKalyan SinghMulayam Singh YadavVir Bahadur SinghSripati MishraVishwanath Pratap SinghBanarasi DasRam Naresh YadavND TiwariHemwati Nandan BahugunaKamalapati TripathiTribhuvan Naraian SinghCharan SinghSucheta KripalaniChandra Bhanu GuptaSampurnanandGovind Ballabh Pant

Notes

  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Uttar Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ a b Chief Ministers. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  3. ^ President's rule. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  4. ^ Date of Constitution & Dissolution of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha Archived 12 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  5. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.