Chief Minister of Union Territory of Puducherry
புதுச்சேரி முதல்வர்
పుదుచ్చేరి ముఖ్యమంత్రి
പുതുച്ചേരി മുഖ്യമന്ത്രി
Ministre en chef de Pondichéry
Incumbent
N. Rangasamy
since 7 May 2021
(2 years ago)
 (2021-05-07)
StyleThe Honourable
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member of
AppointerPresident of India
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
5 years and is subject to no term limits.
Inaugural holderEdouard Goubert
Formation1 July 1963
(60 years ago)
 (1963-07-01)
Websitepy.gov.in

The chief minister of Puducherry is the chief executive of the Indian union territory of Puducherry. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the lieutenant governor is a union territory's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Puducherry Legislative Assembly, the union territory's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The President of India appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1963, Puducherry has had 10 chief ministers. The longest-serving and current chief minister, N. Rangasamy from All India N.R. Congress held the office for over thirteen years in multiple tenure. The former Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation M. O. H. Farook has the second-longest tenure and V. Vaithilingam from Indian National Congress has the third-longest tenure. The inaugural holder Édouard Goubert has the shortest tenure (only 1 year, 71 days). There have been seven instances of president's rule in Puducherry, most recently in 2021.

The current incumbent is N. Rangasamy of the All India N.R. Congress since 7 May 2021.

List of chief counsellors of State of Pondicherry (1954-63)

Further information: First Representative Assembly of Pondicherry and Second Representative Assembly of Pondicherry

The French settlements in India were in transition period between the de facto transfer day (i.e. 1 November 1954) and the de jure transfer day (i.e. 16 August 1962). In January 1955, The Indian union government by an order renamed these four French settlements in India as State of Pondicherry.[2]: 20  Both these transfer days are official holidays within the UT of Puducherry.

The list of chief counsellors:

List of chief ministers of Puducherry UT (since 1963)

The Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 that came into force on 1 July 1963 and the state of Pondicherry got converted into the Union territory with effect from the same day. Also, its Representative Assembly was converted into Legislative Assembly.

No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Elected constituency Term of office[7] Assembly
(Election)
Ministry Appointed by Political party[a]
(Alliance)
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 Edouard Goubert
(1894–1979)
Mannadipet 1 July 1963 10 September 1964 1 year, 71 days 1st
(1959 election)
Goubert S. K. Datta Indian National Congress
2 V. Venkatasubba Reddiar
(1909–1982)
Nettapakkam 11 September 1964 9 April 1967[RES] 2 years, 210 days 2nd
(1964 election)
Reddiar I S. L. Silam
3 M. O. H. Farook
(1937–2012)
Karaikal North 9 April 1967 6 March 1968[RES] 332 days Farook I
(2) V. Venkatasubba Reddiar
(1909–1982)
Nettapakkam 6 March 1968[§] 17 September 1968 195 days Reddiar II
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 18 September 1968 16 March 1969 179 days Dissolved N/A N/A
(3) M. O. H. Farook
(1937–2012)
Kalapet 17 March 1969[§] 2 January 1974 4 years, 291 days 3rd
(1969 election)
Farook II B. D. Jatti Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 3 January 1974 5 March 1974 61 days Dissolved N/A N/A
4 S. Ramassamy
(1939–2017)
Karaikal South 6 March 1974 28 March 1974 22 days 4th
(1974 election)
Ramassamy I Cheddi Lal All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 29 March 1974 1 July 1977 3 years, 94 days Dissolved N/A N/A
(4) S. Ramassamy
(1939–2017)
Karaikal South 2 July 1977[§] 12 November 1978 1 year, 133 days 5th
(1977 election)
Ramassamy II B. T. Kulkarni All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 13 November 1978 15 January 1980 1 year, 63 days Dissolved N/A N/A
5 M. D. R. Ramachandran
(Unknown)
Mannadipet 16 January 1980 23 June 1983[NC] 3 years, 158 days 6th
(1980 election)
Ramachandran I B. T. Kulkarni Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 24 June 1983 15 March 1985 1 year, 264 days Dissolved N/A N/A
(3) M. O. H. Farook
(1937–2012)
Lawspet 16 March 1985[§] 7 March 1990 4 years, 356 days 7th
(1985 election)
Farook III T. P. Tewary Indian National Congress
(5) M. D. R. Ramachandran
(Unknown)
Mannadipet 8 March 1990[§] 2 March 1991[NC] 359 days 8th
(1990 election)
Ramachandran II Chandrawati Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 3 March 1991 3 July 1991 122 days Dissolved N/A N/A
6 V. Vaithilingam
(1950–)
Nettapakkam 4 July 1991 25 May 1996 4 years, 326 days 9th
(1991 election)
Vaithilingam I Harswarup Singh Indian National Congress
7 R. V. Janakiraman
(1941–2019)
Nellithope 26 May 1996 21 March 2000[NC] 3 years, 300 days 10th
(1996 election)
Janakiraman Rajendra Kumari Bajpai Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
8 P. Shanmugam
(1927–2013)
Yanam 22 March 2000 23 May 2001 1 year, 219 days Shanmugam I Rajani Rai Indian National Congress
24 May 2001 27 October 2001[RES] 11th
(2001 election)
Shanmugam II
9 N. Rangasamy
(1950–)
Thattanchavady 27 October 2001 12 May 2006 6 years, 313 days Rangasamy I
13 May 2006 4 September 2008[RES] 12th
(2006 election)
Rangasamy II Madan Mohan Lakhera
(6) V. Vaithilingam
(1950–)
Nettapakkam 4 September 2008[§] 15 May 2011 2 years, 253 days Vaithilingam II Govind Singh Gurjar
(9) N. Rangasamy
(1950–)
Kadirkamam 16 May 2011[§] 5 June 2016 5 years, 20 days 13th
(2011 election)
Rangasamy III Iqbal Singh All India N.R. Congress
10 V. Narayanasamy
(1947–)
Nellithope 6 June 2016 22 February 2021[NC] 4 years, 261 days 14th
(2016 election)
Narayanasamy Kiran Bedi Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 23 February 2021 6 May 2021 72 days Dissolved N/A N/A
(9) N. Rangasamy
(1950–)
Thattanchavady 7 May 2021[§] Incumbent 2 years, 351 days 15th
(2021 election)
Rangasamy IV Tamilisai Soundararajan C. P. Radhakrishnan All India N.R. Congress
(National Democratic Alliance)

See also

Notes

Footnotes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party in some cases. The union territory government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these may not be listed here.

References

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian union territory governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Puducherry as well.
  2. ^ "Indian Affairs Record (Vol. I and II)". Diwan Chand Indian Information Center. 1955.
  3. ^ A. Moin Zaidi (1976). "The Encyclopaedia of Indian National Congress". S. Chand Publications. p. 229.
  4. ^ Shriman Narayan, K.P.Madhavan Nair (1956). "Report Of The General Secretaries". Indian National Congress.
  5. ^ "Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru" (PDF). Jawaharlal Nehru. Oxford University Press. 1961. p. 156.
  6. ^ a b G. C. Malhotra (2004). Cabinet Responsibility to Legislature. Lok Sabha Secretariat. ISBN 9788120004009.
  7. ^ The ordinal number of the term being served by the person specified in the row in the corresponding period

See also