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Telugu Desam Party
AbbreviationTDP
PresidentN. Chandrababu Naidu
General SecretaryNara Lokesh
Lok Sabha leaderRam Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu
Rajya Sabha leaderKanakamedala Ravindra Kumar
FounderN. T. Rama Rao
Founded29 March 1982 (40 years ago) (1982-03-29)
Student wingTelugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)[1]
Youth wingTelugu Yuvata[2]
Women's wingTelugu Mahila[2]
Labour wingTelugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)[2]
Peasant's wingTelugu Raithu[2]
IdeologyRegionalism[3][4]
Populism[3]
Economic liberalism[5]
Political positionCentre[6]
ColoursYellow
ECI StatusState Party[7]
AllianceNational Front (1989–1996)
United Front (1996–1998)
Third Front (2005–2014)
National Democratic Alliance (1999–2005; 2014–2018) United Progressive Alliance (2018–2019)
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Seats in Telangana
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Website
www.telugudesam.org

The Telugu Desam Party (transl.Telugu Nation Party; abbr. TDP) is an Indian regional political party operating in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana at the state and central level.[8] Since its founding by N. T. Rama Rao (often referred to as NTR) on 29 March 1982, the party has focused on supporting Telugu speakers. Since 1995, NTR's son-in-law, N. Chandrababu Naidu, has led the party. The TDP currently holds three Lok Sabha seats, one Rajya Sabha seat, and is the main opposition party in both houses of Andhra Pradesh's legislature.[9]

Soon after its founding, the TDP won a majority in the 1983 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections. As the state's 10th Chief Minister, NTR was the first officeholder not affiliated with the Indian National Congress (INC). In the 1984 Indian general election, the party won 30 Lok Sabha seats despite the INC's national landslide victory, making the 8th Lok Sabha, held from 1984 to 1989, the only session to have a regional party as the main opposition.[10]

On 16 March 2018, the TDP quit the National Democratic Alliance over the Bharatiya Janata Party not allocating special funding to Andhra Pradesh.[11]

Ideology and symbolism

The Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing Telugu regional pride and serving as the party for farmers, backward castes and middle-class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development.[12]

The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. The party's official symbol is a bicycle.

Health insurance scheme

Since 2014, every active member is eligible for a life insurance policy of ₹2 lakh to be paid to their family in cases of death or permanent total disability, such as the loss of two limbs of eyes, due to accidents, with additional payouts of ₹5,000 per child (up to two) for educational costs. Active members are also reimbursed for up to ₹50,000 to cover hospital treatment from such accidents.[13]

History

NTR Era (1983-1995)

In 1982, N. T. Rama Rao subsidized the cost of rice to ₹2/kg to support food access. The INC's failed attempt at undercutting their prices led the TDP to a landslide victory in the 1983 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections.[14]

Telugu Ganga Project

Telugu Ganga Project is an inter-state project formulated to irrigate 5.75 Lakh acres in drought-prone areas of Kurnool, Kadapa and Chittoor Districts of Rayalaseema and upland areas of Nellore District in Andhra Pradesh. It conveys 15 TMC of Krishna water to Chennai City for drinking purposes from the contribution of three Krishna River basin States, Maharashtra, Karnataka and erstwhile Andhra Pradesh with 5 TMC from each State. In 1983, the Hon’ble Chief Minister of A.P., Sri N.T.Rama Rao and the Hon’ble Chief Minister of T.N., Sri M.G.Ramachandran laid the foundation stone of the S.P.V.B. Reservoir of Telugu Ganga Project, which was inaugurated by the then-Prime Minister of India, Smt. Indira Gandhi.[15]

C.B.N Era (1995 – 2019)

N. Chandrababu Naidu
N. Chandrababu Naidu

The Deepam scheme to provide LPG cooking gas connections to rural women created one million LPG connections.[16][17]

Janmabhoomi Programme (First C.M in India to launch it in February 1996): The Janmabhoomi Programme is designed to involve people in the reconstruction and revitalization of society. It plans to identify problems through Gram Sabha discussions with regional officers, especially in villages. The core concentrated areas are community work, primary school education, drinking water, health and hospitals, family welfare, and environmental protection through watershed and joint forest management activities.[18][19] '

HITEC City

In November 1998, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, then prime minister of India, and Chandrababu Naidu inaugurated the HITEC City (nicknamed Cyberabad) by opening the Cyber Towers, a landmark building in Hyderabad.

The Hyderabad Information Technology and Engineering Consultancy City, abbreviated as HITEC City, is an Indian information technology, engineering, health informatics, bioinformatics and business district located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India.[20]

It was commissioned for the promotion of Information Technology in the erstwhile combined state of Andhra Pradesh, by the then Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu, and was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 22 November 1998.[21]

It is spread across 81 ha (200 acres) of land including the suburbs of Madhapur, Gachibowli, Kondapur, Manikonda, Nanakramguda and Shamshabad. The combined technology township is also known as Cyberabad.

Cyber Towers was the first tower to be built for the promotion of Information Technology (IT) within 14 months. The attractive, unique design was selected by N. Chandrababu Naidu in 1997 to stand as a monument in the city of Hyderabad and as an architectural masterpiece in the center of Cyberabad, as well as to transform the City of Pearls, Hyderabad into the City of Destiny for IT and Pharmaceutical companies. The city also set up a separate Cyberabad Metropolitan Police Commissionerate and revamped policing under safety and surveillance. HITEC City has emerged as the symbolic heart of cosmopolitan Hyderabad.[22][23]

E-governance: (First C.M) Launched e-Seva centers in 2001 for paperless and speedy delivery of results to applicants. These e-Seva centers were one-stop solutions providing all government information and services online such as utility bills, banking services, issuing birth and death certificates, written test for drivers licence, government orders, and APSRTC tours and travel operators booking.

Dwakra Mahila Runa Mafi

Helped the DWAKRA Women in the State to waive off their loans.

After Bifurcation from 2014 – 2019 Sunrise Andhra Pradesh-Vision 2029

Amaravati

As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period not exceeding ten years. Amaravati is a proposed city and the capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Chief Minister Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu envisioned Amaravati to be the people-centric pioneer Smart City of India, built around sustainability and livability principles, and to be the happiest city in the world. The Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA) was setup to Develop and implement economic development policies for Amaravathi & Capital Region, promote Amaravati & Capital Region for investments from across the globe. Facilitate investments in Amaravati & Capital Region. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone at a ceremonial event in Uddandarayunipalem village on 22 October 2015. Among the innovative features on the drawing board are navigation canals around the city and connecting to an island in the Krishna River. The Government has envisaged an investment needed of US$2–4 billion for the development of the city.

The State Government identified the Capital City area between Vijayawada and Guntur cities on the Southern bank of River Krishna upstream of Prakasam Barrage. The Amaravati Capital City has an area of 217.23 km2 and is spread across 25 villages in 3 mandals (Thulluru, Mangalagiri and Tadepalli) of Guntur district. The 25 villages in the Capital City area have about 1 lakh population in about 27,000 households. The Andhra Pradesh State Cabinet meeting passed a resolution of 1 September 2014 to locate the Capital City in a central place of the state, around Vijayawada, and to go for decentralized development of the state with 3 Mega Cities and 14 Smart Cities. The government under the leadership of Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu, has found a solution to the problem to the troubles of land acquisition in building a new capital city using “Land Pooling” scheme. It is the world's largest successful voluntary land pooling, with 27,956 farmers offering 33,920 acres within three months, launching the project. The city is being designed to have 51% green space and 10% of water bodies, with a plan to house some of the most iconic buildings there. It is being modeled on Singapore, with the master plan being prepared by two Singapore government-appointed consultants.[24]

Mukhyamantri Yuvanestham

Aims to provide financial assistance to unemployed youth.[25]

Pasupu Kumkuma

Aims to provide financial help to women in self-help groups.[26]

Foundation of Amaravati

His ambition was to make Amaravati one of the happiest cities, encompassing the highest standards of livability and infrastructure with a thriving economic environment. It is the world's largest successful voluntary land pooling, with 27,956 farmers offering 33,920 acres within three months, launching the project.[27]

KAPU Videshi Vidya Deevena Scheme

Applicable for members from economically weak families of Kapu Community of Andhra Pradesh who aspire to do their Graduate (only MBBS), Post Graduate, MS or Ph.D. Courses abroad. Financial assistance of Rs 1,000,000 (Rs Ten Lakh) shall be granted to the selected applicants through the prescribed process.[28]

Irrigation projects

Completed 9 irrigation projects like gandikota, thotapalli, pattiseema, gollapalli, purushottama patnam, muchumarri project, siddapur project, remaining 7 projects will coompleted by ending of 2018. Krishna Godavari delta Pattiseema project completed in 1 year. Polavaram project works are restarted in and almost 80% of work done. If that project completes, it can serve water for all over state. Handri-Neeva project completed the first phase and distributing water to rayalaseema. Second phase work also completed by around 70%. Godavari -Penna interlinking project phase 1 started. With this Guntur and Prakasham can get enough water. ROADS[29][30][31]

HUD-HUD Cyclone

Hud Hud cyclone is brutally hitted the vizag at that time It need the biggest need of leadership. CBN rose above everyone and helped Vizag recover at jet speed.[32][33][34]

CBN with Modi during HudHud Cylone
CBN with Modi during HudHud Cylone

Higher education

Major universities like IIT,IIM, AIIMS, AMRITA,VIT, SRM came to state under his governance.[35][36]

Poverty reduction

Anna Canteen
Anna Canteen

ANNA Canteens serve breakfast, lunch and dinner at Rs 5 to common man [37]

The state government is setting up 203 Anna Canteens in 110 municipalities. Pensions increased from 1000 to 2000 rupees. Rythu Runa Mafi Yojana: Farm loan waiver scheme under which the Andhra Pradesh state government has waived-off farmers loan in the state under 3 phases. NTR Sujala has been implemented in various places across the state where clean water is made accessible at very low cost of only Rs. 2 for 20 Litres of Water.

CBN with Bill Gates at Visakhapatnam

In 2017, Bill Gates again met Naidu at Vishakhapatnam, Addressing the valedictory of the three-day AP AgTech Summit 2017, the co-chair of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation where he recalled that he was really excited at meeting Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu for the first time over 20 years ago.[38] Gates visited the exhibition stalls in the summit along with Andhra Pradesh chief minister. The summit focused on innovative ideas, technologies and global best practices to push agricultural transformation in the state.

Lok Sabha election history

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation of the state, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. However, in the next election they were reduced to only 2 seats out of 42 contested, which has to this day remained the biggest defeat for the party.

Vote share in consecutive Lok Sabha elections
1984
4.31%
1989
3.29%
1991
2.99%
1996
2.97%
1998
2.77%
1999
3.65%
2004
3.04%
2009
2.51%
2014
2.55%
2019
2.04%
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
1984 8th Lok Sabha N.T. Rama Rao
30 / 543
Increase 30 4.31% Increase 4.31% 10,132,859 Opposition [39]
1989 9th Lok Sabha
2 / 543
Decrease 28 3.29% Decrease 1.02% 9,909,728 Others [40]
1991 10th Lok Sabha
13 / 543
Increase 11 2.99% Decrease 0.30 8,223,271 Others [41]
1996 11th Lok Sabha N. Chandrababu Naidu
16 / 543
Increase 3 2.97% Decrease 0.02 9,931,826 Others [42]
1998 12th Lok Sabha
12 / 543
Decrease 4 2.77% Decrease 0.20 10,199,463 Government [43]
1999 13th Lok Sabha
29 / 543
Increase 17 3.65% Increase 0.88 13,297,370 Government [44]
2004 14th Lok Sabha
5 / 543
Decrease 24 3.04% Decrease 0.61 11,844,811 Others [45]
2009 15th Lok Sabha
6 / 543
Increase 1 2.51% Decrease 0.53 10,481,659 Others [46]
2014 16th Lok Sabha
16 / 543
Increase 10 2.55% Increase 0.04 14,099,230 Government [47]
2019 17th Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Decrease 13 2.04% Decrease 0.51 12,515,345 Others

Sasana Sabha election history

United Andhra Pradesh

Vote share in consecutive United Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections
1983
46.30%
1985
46.21%
1989
36.54%
1994
44.14%
1999
43.87%
2004
37.59%
2009
28.12%
2014
32.53%
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
1983 N.T. Rama Rao
201 / 294
Increase 201 46.30% Increase 46.30% Government
1985
202 / 294
Increase 1 46.21% Decrease 0.09% Government
1989
74 / 294
Decrease 128 36.54% Decrease 9.67% Opposition
1994
226 / 294
Increase 152 44.14% Increase 7.60% Government
1999 N. Chandrababu Naidu
180 / 294
Decrease 46 43.87% Decrease 0.27% Government
2004 12th Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
47 / 294
Decrease 133 37.59% Decrease 6.28% 13,444,168 Opposition
2009 13th Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
92 / 294
Increase 45 28.12% Decrease 9.47% 11,826,457 Opposition
2014 14th Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
117 / 294
Increase 25 32.53% Increase 4.41% 15,746,215 Government

Andhra Pradesh

Vote share in consecutive Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections
2019
39.26%
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
2019 15th Andhra Pradesh Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu
23 / 175
Decrease 79 39.26% Steady 12,304,668 Opposition [48]

Telangana

Vote share in consecutive Telangana Assembly elections
2018
3.51%
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
2018 2nd Telangana Assembly N. Chandrababu Naidu
2 / 119
Decrease 13 3.51% Steady 725,845 Others [49]

List of Chief Ministers

Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

Further information: List of chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure Assembly Ministry
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
1
NT Rama Rao
N. T. Rama Rao


(1923–1996)

9 January 1983 16 August 1984 7 years, 195 days 7th Rao 1
16 September 1984 9 March 1985
9 March 1985 2 December 1989 8th Rao 2
12 December 1994 1 September 1995 10th Rao 3
2
Chandra Babu Naidu
N. Chandrababu Naidu


(1950–)

1 September 1995 11 October 1999 13 years, 245 days Naidu 1
11 October 1999 13 May 2004 11th Naidu 2
8 June 2014 29 May 2019 14th Naidu 3
3
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, June 2017
N. Bhaskara Rao


(1936–)

16 August 1984 16 September 1984 31 days 7th Steady

List of Union Ministers

Portfolio Minister Tenure Prime Minister Government
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
Minister of Information and Broadcasting P. Upendra 6 December 1989 10 November 1990 339 days Vishwanath Pratap Singh Janata Dal
(National Front)
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Minister of Rural Development Kinjarapu Yerran Naidu 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 291 days H. D. Deve Gowda
Inder Kumar Gujral
Janata Dal
(United Front)
Minister of Commerce Bolla Bulli Ramaiah 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 263 days
Minister of Textiles 20 January 1998 19 March 1998 58 days
Minister of Urban Development Ummareddy Venkateswarlu 9 June 1997 19 March 1998 283 days
Minister of Civil Aviation Ashok Gajapathi Raju 26 May 2014 9 March 2018 3 years, 287 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
Ministry of Science and Technology & Earth sciences Y. S. Chowdary 9 Nov 2014 9 March 2018 3 years, 120 days

National General-Secretary

Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries. The youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh,[50]

Presidents

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Tenure Designation Ref.
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
United Andhra Pradesh
1.
NT Rama Rao
N. T. Rama Rao
(1923 - 1996)
29 March 1982 1 September 1995 13 years, 156 days President
2.
Chandra Babu Naidu
N. Chandrababu Naidu
(1950 -)
1 September 1995 29 May 2015 19 years, 270 days
National committee
1.
Chandra Babu Naidu
N. Chandrababu Naidu
(1950 -)
29 May 2015 29 May 2017 2 years, 0 days National President [51][52]
2. 29 May 2017 Incumbent 5 years, 207 days [53]
Andhra Pradesh unit
1. Kimidi Kalavenkata Rao
(1952 -)
30 September 2015 20 October 2020 5 years, 20 days State President [54]
2. Kinjarapu Atchannaidu
20 October 2020 Incumbent 2 years, 63 days [55]
Telangana unit
1. L. Ramana
(1961 -)
30 September 2015 20 October 2020 5 years, 20 days State President [56][57]
2. 20 October 2020 9 July 2021 262 days
3.
Bakkani Narsimhulu.png
Bakkani Narasimhulu
19 July 2021 4 November 2022 1 year, 108 days [58]
4.
Kasani Gnaneshwar Mudiraj.png
Kasani Gnaneshwar Mudiraj
(1954 -)
4 November 2022 Incumbent 48 days [59][60]
Andaman and Nicobar Islands unit
1. N. Manikya Rao Yadav Incumbent State President [61]

Notes

References

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