It has been suggested that Telugu Desam Party, Telangana be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2023.

Telugu Desam Party
PresidentN. Chandrababu Naidu
General SecretaryNara Lokesh
Parliamentary ChairpersonGalla Jayadev
Lok Sabha LeaderRam Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu
Rajya Sabha LeaderKanakamedala Ravindra Kumar
FounderN. T. Rama Rao
Founded29 March 1982; 41 years ago (1982-03-29)
HeadquartersN.T.R. Bhavan,
1-816, Mangalagiri,
Guntur – 522503, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Student wingTelugu Nadu Students Federation[1]
Youth wingTelugu Yuvata[2]
Women's wingTelugu Mahila[2]
Labour wingTelugu Nadu Trade Union Council[2]
Peasant's wingTelugu Raithu[2]
Economic liberalism[5]
Political positionCentre[6]
Colours  Yellow
ECI StatusState party[7]
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Election symbol
Party flag
Telugu Desam Party Flag.png

The Telugu Desam Party (transl.Telugu Country Party; abbr. TDP) is an Indian regional political party with great influence in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.[15] It was founded by the former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh N. T. Rama Rao (N.T.R.) on 29 March 1982 and has focused on supporting Telugu speakers. The party has won a five-time majority in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly and has emerged as the most successful political outfit in the state's history. It is currently the main opposition party in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.[16][17]

From 1 September 1995, the TDP was led by N.T.R.'s son-in-law and the former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu as president of the party. The headquarters of the party is called N.T.R. Bhavan, which is located at Mangalagiri, Guntur.

Ideology and symbolism

The Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing Telugu regional pride and serving as the party for farmers, backward castes and middle-class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development.[18]

The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. The party's official symbol is a bicycle.

Health insurance scheme

Since 2014, every active member is eligible for a life insurance policy of ₹2 lakh to be paid to their family in cases of death or permanent total disability, such as the loss of two limbs of eyes, due to accidents, with additional payouts of ₹5,000 per child (up to two) for educational costs. Active members are also reimbursed for up to ₹50,000 to cover hospital treatment from such accidents.[19]


NT Rama Rao Era (1983-1995)

Main article: Chief Ministership of N. T. Rama Rao

N. Taraka Rama Rao
N. Taraka Rama Rao

As a film actor Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (NTR) is a well-known name not only to the Telugu people but also to the entire country. On November 18, 1977, near Diviseema[20] in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, the sea became turbulent and the Pralaya cyclone that crossed the coast at once caused great destruction to the villages. Thousands of people lost their lives in Horugali and Rakasi waves. The rotting bodies were mass cremated. Officially 14,204 people and unofficially about 50,000 lost their lives in the devastation caused by this typhoon. About 20 thousand acres of crops were damaged. Apart from this, property damage is also estimated to be in crores. People still get excited when they remember that Diviseema was flooded. Film actor NTR, who was shocked by the situation at that time, he took the support of entire film industry by saying that he should stand by the people of Divisea. NTR came to streets and beg everyone to help divisema people. The money donated by people was used to rehabilitate the people of Divisea.

TDP party was founded thinking that we should stand by the people of the state who are struggling with many such problems and put a political party to stand by the people. The party was formed on March 29, 1982 and contested the 1983 elections. The people of Andhra Pradesh, who were fed up with the Congress government which had been ruling for 36 years, gave a great victory to the TDP party in the 1983 elections. On January 9, 1983, NTR was sworn in as the 7th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.[21]

On 16 August 1984, when NTR went to America for the operation, Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, one of the MLAs of the TDP party, took the oath of office with the Governor along with his MLAs as the Chief Minister.[22] On 16 September 1984, NTR along with his MLAs went to Delhi and held a march and dharna against the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Then NTR was once again sworn in as the Chief Minister.

Chandrababu Naidu Era (1995 – present)

Main article: Chief Ministership of Nara Chandrababu Naidu

N. Chandrababu Naidu
N. Chandrababu Naidu

Deepam scheme

A scheme to provide LPG cooking gas connections to rural women created one million LPG connections.[23][24]

Janmabhoomi Programme

(First C.M in India to launch it in February 1996) The Janmabhoomi Programme is designed to involve people in the reconstruction and revitalization of society. It plans to identify problems through Gram Sabha discussions with regional officers, especially in villages. The core concentrated areas are community work, primary school education, drinking water, health and hospitals, family welfare, and environmental protection through watershed and joint forest management activities.[25][26] '


In November 1998, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, then prime minister of India, and Chandrababu Naidu inaugurated the HITEC City (nicknamed Cyberabad) by opening the Cyber Towers, a landmark building in Hyderabad.

The Hyderabad Information Technology and Engineering Consultancy City, abbreviated as HITEC City, is an Indian information technology, engineering, health informatics, bioinformatics and business district located in Hyderabad, Telangana, India.[27]

It was commissioned for the promotion of Information Technology in the erstwhile combined state of Andhra Pradesh, by the then Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu, and was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 22 November 1998.[28]

It is spread across 81 ha (200 acres) of land including the suburbs of Madhapur, Gachibowli, Kondapur, Manikonda, Nanakramguda and Shamshabad. The combined technology township is also known as Cyberabad.

Cyber Towers was the first tower to be built for the promotion of Information Technology (IT) within 14 months. The attractive, unique design was selected by N. Chandrababu Naidu in 1997 to stand as a monument in the city of Hyderabad and as an architectural masterpiece in the center of Cyberabad, as well as to transform the City of Pearls, Hyderabad into the City of Destiny for IT and Pharmaceutical companies. The city also set up a separate Cyberabad Metropolitan Police Commissionerate and revamped policing under safety and surveillance. HITEC City has emerged as the symbolic heart of cosmopolitan Hyderabad.[29][30]

E-governance: (First C.M) Launched e-Seva centers in 2001 for paperless and speedy delivery of results to applicants. These e-Seva centers were one-stop solutions providing all government information and services online such as utility bills, banking services, issuing birth and death certificates, written test for drivers licence, government orders, and APSRTC tours and travel operators booking.

Dwakra Mahila Runa Mafi

Helped the DWAKRA Women in the State to waive off their loans.[31]

Post Bifurcation (2014-)


As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period not exceeding ten years. Amaravati is a proposed city and the capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Chief Minister Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu envisioned Amaravati to be the people-centric pioneer Smart City of India, built around sustainability and livability principles, and to be the happiest city in the world. The Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA) was setup to Develop and implement economic development policies for Amaravathi & Capital Region, promote Amaravati & Capital Region for investments from across the globe. Facilitate investments in Amaravati & Capital Region. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone at a ceremonial event in Uddandarayunipalem village on 22 October 2015. Among the innovative features on the drawing board are navigation canals around the city and connecting to an island in the Krishna River. The Government has envisaged an investment needed of US$2–4 billion for the development of the city.

The State Government identified the Capital City area between Vijayawada and Guntur cities on the Southern bank of River Krishna upstream of Prakasam Barrage. The Amaravati Capital City has an area of 217.23 km2 and is spread across 25 villages in 3 mandals (Thulluru, Mangalagiri and Tadepalli) of Guntur district. The 25 villages in the Capital City area have about 1 lakh population in about 27,000 households. The Andhra Pradesh State Cabinet meeting passed a resolution of 1 September 2014 to locate the Capital City in a central place of the state, around Vijayawada, and to go for decentralized development of the state with 3 Mega Cities and 14 Smart Cities. The government under the leadership of Sri Nara Chandrababu Naidu, has found a solution to the problem to the troubles of land acquisition in building a new capital city using “Land Pooling” scheme. It is the world's largest successful voluntary land pooling, with 27,956 farmers offering 33,920 acres within three months, launching the project. The city is being designed to have 51% green space and 10% of water bodies, with a plan to house some of the most iconic buildings there. It is being modeled on Singapore, with the master plan being prepared by two Singapore government-appointed consultants.[32]

Mukhyamantri Yuvanestham

Aims to provide financial assistance to unemployed youth.[33]

Pasupu Kumkuma

Aims to provide financial help to women in self-help groups.[34]

Foundation of Amaravati

His ambition was to make Amaravati one of the happiest cities, encompassing the highest standards of livability and infrastructure with a thriving economic environment. It is the world's largest successful voluntary land pooling, with 27,956 farmers offering 33,920 acres within three months, launching the project.[35]

KAPU Videshi Vidya Deevena Scheme

Applicable for members from economically weak families of Kapu Community of Andhra Pradesh who aspire to do their Graduate (only MBBS), Post Graduate, MS or Ph.D. Courses abroad. Financial assistance of Rs 1,000,000 (Rs Ten Lakh) shall be granted to the selected applicants through the prescribed process.[36]

Irrigation projects

Completed 9 irrigation projects like gandikota, thotapalli, pattiseema, gollapalli, purushottama patnam, muchumarri project, siddapur project, remaining 7 projects will coompleted by ending of 2018. Krishna Godavari delta Pattiseema project completed in 1 year. Polavaram project works are restarted in and almost 80% of work done. If that project completes, it can serve water for all over state. Handri-Neeva project completed the first phase and distributing water to rayalaseema. Second phase work also completed by around 70%. Godavari -Penna interlinking project phase 1 started. With this Guntur and Prakasham can get enough water. ROADS[37][38][39]

Cyclone Hudhud

Cyclone Hudhud is brutally hit the city of Visakhapatnam in 2014. Chandrababu Naidu swore to rebuild the city and urged the central government to decalre it a natural calamity.[40][41][42]

Then-CM Chandrababu Naidu with PM Modi during Cyclone Hudhud
Then-CM Chandrababu Naidu with PM Modi during Cyclone Hudhud

Poverty reduction

ANNA Canteens serve breakfast, lunch and dinner at Rs 5 to common man [43]

The state government is setting up 203 Anna Canteens in 110 municipalities. Pensions increased from 1000 to 2000 rupees. Rythu Runa Mafi Yojana: Farm loan waiver scheme under which the Andhra Pradesh state government has waived-off farmers loan in the state under 3 phases. NTR Sujala has been implemented in various places across the state where clean water is made accessible at very low cost of only Rs. 2 for 20 Litres of Water.

CBN with Bill Gates at Visakhapatnam

In 2017, Bill Gates again met Naidu at Vishakhapatnam, Addressing the valedictory of the three-day AP AgTech Summit 2017, the co-chair of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation where he recalled that he was really excited at meeting Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu for the first time over 20 years ago.[44] Gates visited the exhibition stalls in the summit along with Andhra Pradesh chief minister. The summit focused on innovative ideas, technologies and global best practices to push agricultural transformation in the state.

Lok Sabha election history

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation of the state, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. However, in the next election they were reduced to only 2 seats out of 42 contested, which has to this day remained the biggest defeat for the party.

Vote share in consecutive Lok Sabha elections
Year Lok Sabha Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
1984 8th N. T. Rama Rao Increase 30 4.31% Increase 4.31% 10,132,859 Opposition [45]
1989 9th Decrease 28 3.29% Decrease 1.02% 9,909,728 Others [46]
1991 10th Increase 11 2.99% Decrease 0.30 8,223,271 [47]
1996 11th N. Chandrababu Naidu Increase 3 2.97% Decrease 0.02 9,931,826 [48]
1998 12th Decrease 4 2.77% Decrease 0.20 10,199,463 Government [49]
1999 13th Increase 17 3.65% Increase 0.88 13,297,370 [50]
2004 14th Decrease 24 3.04% Decrease 0.61 11,844,811 Others [51]
2009 15th Increase 1 2.51% Decrease 0.53 10,481,659 [52]
2014 16th Increase 10 2.55% Increase 0.04 14,099,230 Government [53]
2019 17th Decrease 13 2.04% Decrease 0.51 12,515,345 Others

Legislative election history

Vote share in consecutive United Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections
Vote share in consecutive Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections
Vote share in consecutive Telangana Assembly elections
Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Percentage
of votes
Vote swing Popular vote Outcome Ref.
United Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
1983 7th N.T. Rama Rao
201 / 294
Increase 201 46.30% Increase 46.30% Government
1985 8th
202 / 294
Increase 1 46.21% Decrease 0.09% 10,625,508 Government
1989 9th
74 / 294
Decrease 128 36.54% Decrease 9.67% 13,539,785 Opposition
1994 10th
226 / 294
Increase 152 44.14% Increase 7.60% 13,743,842 Government
1999 11th N. Chandrababu Naidu
180 / 294
Decrease 46 43.87% Decrease 0.27% 14,613,307 Government
2004 12th
47 / 294
Decrease 133 37.59% Decrease 6.28% 13,444,168 Opposition
2009 13th
92 / 294
Increase 45 28.12% Decrease 9.47% 11,826,457 Opposition [1]
2014 14th
117 / 294
Increase 25 32.53% Increase 4.41% 15,746,215 Government [a]
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
2019 15th N. Chandrababu Naidu
23 / 175
Decrease 79 39.26% Steady 12,304,668 Opposition [54]
Telangana Legislative Assembly
2018 2nd N. Chandrababu Naidu
2 / 119
Decrease 13 3.51% Steady 725,845 Others [55]


List of Chief Ministers

Further information: List of chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh

No. Portrait Name
Tenure Assembly Ministry
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
NT Rama Rao
N. T. Rama Rao
9 January 1983 16 August 1984 7 years, 195 days 7th Rao 1
16 September 1984 9 March 1985
9 March 1985 2 December 1989 8th Rao 2
12 December 1994 1 September 1995 10th Rao 3
The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Shri N. Chandrababu Naidu calling on the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on January 12, 2018 (2) (cropped).jpg
N. Chandrababu Naidu
1 September 1995 11 October 1999 13 years, 245 days Naidu 1
11 October 1999 13 May 2004 11th Naidu 2
8 June 2014 29 May 2019 14th Naidu 3
Nadendla Bhaskara Rao, June 2017
N. Bhaskara Rao
16 August 1984 16 September 1984 31 days 7th Steady

List of Speakers of Lok Sabha

No. Portrait Name
Tenure Parliament Prime Minister
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
G. M. C. Balayogi in New Delhi, India, 2001.jpg
G. M. C. Balayogi
24 March 1998 19 October 1999 3 years, 341 days 12th Atal Bihari Vajpayee
22 October 1999 3 March 2002 13th

List of Union Ministers

Portfolio Minister Tenure Prime Minister Government
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
Minister of Information and Broadcasting P. Upendra 6 December 1989 10 November 1990 339 days Vishwanath Pratap Singh Janata Dal
(National Front)
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Minister of Rural Development Kinjarapu Yerran Naidu 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 291 days H. D. Deve Gowda
Inder Kumar Gujral
Janata Dal
(United Front)
Minister of Commerce Bolla Bulli Ramaiah 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 263 days
Minister of Textiles 20 January 1998 19 March 1998 58 days
Minister of Urban Development Ummareddy Venkateswarlu 9 June 1997 19 March 1998 283 days
Minister of Civil Aviation Ashok Gajapathi Raju 26 May 2014 9 March 2018 3 years, 287 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
Ministry of Science and Technology & Earth sciences (State) Y. S. Chowdary 9 Nov 2014 9 March 2018 3 years, 120 days


List of Presidents

No. Portrait Name
Tenure Ref.
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
United Andhra Pradesh
NT Rama Rao
N. T. Rama Rao
(1923 - 1996)
29 March 1982 1 September 1995 13 years, 156 days
The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Shri N. Chandrababu Naidu calling on the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on January 12, 2018 (2) (cropped).jpg
N. Chandrababu Naidu
(1950 -)
1 September 1995 29 May 2015 19 years, 270 days
National committee
The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Shri N. Chandrababu Naidu calling on the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on January 12, 2018 (2) (cropped).jpg
N. Chandrababu Naidu
(1950 -)
29 May 2015 Incumbent 7 years, 324 days [56][57][58]
Andhra Pradesh unit
1 Kimidi Kalavenkata Rao
(1952 -)
30 September 2015 20 October 2020 5 years, 20 days [59]
2 Kinjarapu Atchannaidu
20 October 2020 Incumbent 2 years, 180 days [60]
Telangana unit
L Ramana.png
L. Ramana
(1961 -)
30 September 2015 9 July 2021 5 years, 282 days [61][62]
Vacant (9 July 2021- 19 July 2021) 10 days
Bakkani Narsimhulu.png
Bakkani Narasimhulu
(1960 -)
19 July 2021 10 November 2022 1 year, 114 days [63]
Kasani Gnaneshwar Mudiraj.png
Kasani Gnaneshwar Mudiraj
(1954 -)
10 November 2022 Incumbent 159 days [64][65][66]
Andaman and Nicobar Islands unit
1 N. Manikya Rao Yadav Incumbent [67]

National General-Secretary

Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries. The youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh,[68]


  1. ^ Outcome-Government is restricted to Andhra Pradesh


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