It has been suggested that Telugu Yuvata be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2021.

Telugu Desam Party
AbbreviationTDP
PresidentN. Chandrababu Naidu
General SecretaryNara Lokesh
Lok Sabha leaderRam Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu
Rajya Sabha leaderKanakamedala Ravindra Kumar
FounderN. T. Rama Rao
Founded29 March 1982 (39 years ago) (1982-03-29)
HeadquartersNTR Bhavan, Road No. 2, Hyderabad, Telangana, India[1]
Student wingTelugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)[2]
Youth wingTelugu Yuvata[3]
Women's wingTelugu Mahila[3]
Labour wingTelugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)[3]
Peasant's wingTelugu Raithu[3]
IdeologyRegionalism[4][5][6]
Populism[4][6]
Economic liberalism[7]
ColoursYellow
ECI StatusState Party[8]
AllianceNational Front (1989–1996)
United Front (1996–1998)
Third Front (2005–2014)
National Democratic Alliance (1999–2005; 2014–2018)
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Seats in Telangana
Election symbol
Website
www.telugudesam.org

The Telugu Desam Party (TDP; transl. 'Party of the Telugu country'), is a regional Indian political party active in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.[10] The party was founded by N. T. Rama Rao on 29 March 1982. Since 1995 the party has been headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad.

N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Indian National Congress (INC) government in Andhra Pradesh. TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party at the 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[11]

An internal party coup played out in August 1995 and an indignant NTR, who was desperate to explain to anybody who cared to listen about this ‘treachery’ (he used the exact same word in a press meet), finally died in January 1996. The party was taken over by Chandra Babu Naidu [11][12]

On 16 March 2018 the TDP walked out of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA).

After the TDP's electoral defeat in the Lok Sabha and Assembly polls held on 11 April 2019, the TDP's legislative party in the Rajya Sabha merged with that of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).[13]

Ideology and Symbolism

The Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing Telugu regional pride and serving as the party for farmers, backward castes and middle class people. Since the 1990s,[5] it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development.

The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.[14]

Lok Sabha Election History

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation of the state, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. However, in the next election they were reduced to only 2 seats out of 42 contested, which has to this day remained the biggest defeat for the party.

Year General Election Seats won Change of Seats Vote % Change of Vote %
1984 8th Lok Sabha 30 - 4.31% -
1989 9th Lok Sabha 2 Decrease 28 3.29% Decrease 1.02%
1991 10th Lok Sabha 13 Increase 11 2.96% Decrease 0.33%
1996 11th Lok Sabha 16 Increase 3 2.97% Increase 0.01%
1998 12th Lok Sabha 12 Decrease 4 2.77% Decrease 0.20%
1999 13th Lok Sabha 29 Increase 17 3.65% Increase 0.83%
2004 14th Lok Sabha 5 Decrease 24 3.04% Decrease 0.61%
2009 15th Lok Sabha 6 Increase 1 2.51% Decrease 0.53%
2014 16th Lok Sabha 17 Increase 11 2.52% Increase 0.01%
2019 17th Lok Sabha 3 Decrease 14 2.04% Decrease0.48%

Vidhan Sabha election history

Andhra Pradesh

Year Seats Contested Seats won Change of Seats Vote % Change of Vote %
1983 289 201 - 46.3% -
1985 250 202 Increase1 46.2% Decrease0.10%
1989 241 74 Decrease128 36.54% Decrease9.67%
1994 251 216 Increase142 44.14% Increase7.6%
1999 269 180 Decrease36 44.14% Decrease0.27%
2004 267 47 Decrease133 37.59% Decrease6.55%
2009 225 92 Increase45 28.12% Decrease9.47%
2014 237 117 Increase25 43.53% Increase15.41%
Bifurcated Andhra Pradesh
2019 175 23 Decrease79[a] 39.99% -

Telangana

Year Seats Contested Seats won Change of Seats Vote % Change of Vote %
2018 13 2 Decrease 13 3.51% -

List of Chief Ministers

S.No Chief Minister Terms of office
1 N. T. Rama Rao 9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984
16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989
12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995
2 N. Chandrababu Naidu 1 September 1995 – 10 October 1999
11 October 1999 - 13 May 2004
8 June 2014 - 29 May 2019
3 Nadenla Bhaskar Rao 16 August 1984 – 16 September 1984

Union Ministers

Portfolio Minister Tenure Prime Minister
Minister of Information and Broadcasting
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
P. Upendra 6 December 1989 10 November 1990 339 days Vishwanath Pratap Singh
Minister of Rural Development Kinjarapu Yerran Naidu 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 291 days H. D. Deve Gowda
Inder Kumar Gujral
Minister of Commerce Bolla Bulli Ramaiah 29 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 263 days
Minister of Textiles 20 January 1998 19 March 1998 58 days
Minister of Urban Development Ummareddy Venkateswarlu 9 June 1997 19 March 1998 283 days
Minister of Civil Aviation Ashok Gajapathi Raju 26 May 2014 9 March 2018 3 years, 287 days Narendra Modi

National General-Secretary

Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries. The youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh, E. Peddireddy and M. A. Sharif.[15]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Change of seats calculated corresponding to the seats of post-birfurcated state contested in 2014

References

  1. ^ "contact TDP". Telugudesam.org. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF) holds dharna at TSPSC". newswala.com. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "TDP appoints leaders for its frontal wings". The Hindu. thehindu.com. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Encyclopedia Britannica".
  5. ^ a b Suri, K. C. (2004). "Telugu Desam Party: Rise and Prospects for Future". Economic and Political Weekly. 39 (14/15): 1481–1490. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4414865.
  6. ^ a b "Telugu Desam Party (TDP)". Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  7. ^ Price, Pamela; Srinivas, Dusi (August 2014). Piliavsky, Anastasia (ed.). "Patronage and autonomy in India's deepening democracy". Cambridge University Press: 217–236. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107296930.011. ISBN 9781107296930.
  8. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  9. ^ "Telangana Election Results 2018 Live: Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) (MLA) Elections Result, News & Updates". News18.
  10. ^ "TDP plans to emerge as a national party". The Hindu. 27 May 2014 – via www.thehindu.com.
  11. ^ a b "Going back to headlines: A demi-god, a son-in-law, two coups, and two hotels". 19 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Tracing the TDP coup of 1995: The battle between NTR's widow and Naidu resurfaces". 9 February 2017.
  13. ^ Mathew, Liz (23 October 2019). "Explained: Why BJP wants TDP to 'merge' with it in Andhra Pradesh". Indian Express. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  14. ^ "TDP will merge in BJP: former TDP JC Prabhakar Reddy". Business Standard. 11 July 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  15. ^ "TD merges with BJP, Naidu finalises deal". Deccan Chronicle. 1 April 2021.