Ministry of Earth Sciences
Agency overview
Formed29 January 2006; 18 years ago (2006-01-29)
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersPrithvi Bhavan
Lodi Road New Delhi
28°35′28″N 77°13′32″E / 28.59111°N 77.22556°E / 28.59111; 77.22556
Annual budget2,653.51 crore (US$330 million) (2022-23)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Dr. M. Ravichandran
Websitewww.moes.gov.in

The Ministry of Earth Sciences was formed on 29 January 2006 from a merger of the India Meteorological Department (IMD),[2] the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF),[3] the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune (IITM),[4] the Earth Risk Evaluation Centre (EREC) and the Ministry of Ocean Development.[5]

History

In 1981; the Government of India created a Department of Ocean development (DoD) as a part of Cabinet Secretariat, which was kept directly under the charge of Prime Minister of India. In 1982 it became a separate department and it started carrying out its activities in the field of ocean development. In 2006; it was made a separate Ministry called Ministry of Ocean development. In July 2006 itself the Ministry was again reorganised and the new Ministry of Earth Sciences came into being with various institutions under its ambit. The Government via a resolution in 2006 brought Indian Metrological Department, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology and National centre for medium range weather forecasting and research (NCMRWF) into its administrative control. The resolution also set up an Earth commission just like Atomic energy commission and Space commission.[6][7] Currently, the ministry is headed by Kiren Rijiju.

Functions

The Ministry's mandate is to look after Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean Science & Technology and Seismology in an integrated manner.

Cabinet Ministers

No. Portrait Minister
(Birth-Death)
Constituency
Term of office Political party Ministry Prime Minister
From To Period
Minister in the Department of Ocean Development
1 Rajiv Gandhi
(1944–1991)
MP for Amethi

(Prime Minister)
31 December
1984
2 December
1989
4 years, 336 days Indian National Congress (Indira) Rajiv II Self
2 V. P. Singh
(1931–2008)
MP for Fatehpur

(Prime Minister)
2 December
1989
10 November
1990
343 days Janata Dal Vishwanath Self
3 Chandra Shekhar
(1927–2007)
MP for Ballia

(Prime Minister)
10 November
1990
21 June
1991
223 days Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar Self
4 P. V. Narasimha Rao
(1921–2004)
MP for Nandyal

(Prime Minister)
21 June
1991
16 May
1996
4 years, 330 days Indian National Congress (Indira) Rao Self
5 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(1924–2018)
MP for Lucknow

(Prime Minister)
16 May
1996
1 June
1996
16 days Bharatiya Janata Party Vajpayee I Self
6 H. D. Deve Gowda
(born 1933)
Rajya Sabha MP for Karnataka

(Prime Minister)
1 June
1996
21 April
1997
324 days Janata Dal Deve Gowda Self
7 Inder Kumar Gujral
(1919–2012)
Rajya Sabha MP for Bihar

(Prime Minister)
21 April
1997
18 March
1998
331 days Gujral Self
(5) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(1924–2018)
MP for Lucknow

(Prime Minister)
19 March
1998
3 February
1999
321 days Bharatiya Janata Party Vajpayee II Atal Bihari Vajpayee
8 Murli Manohar Joshi
(born 1934)
MP for Allahabad
3 February
1999
13 October
1999
252 days
(5) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(1924–2018)
MP for Lucknow

(Prime Minister)
13 October
1999
22 November
1999
40 days Vajpayee III
(8) Murli Manohar Joshi
(born 1934)
MP for Allahabad
22 November
1999
22 May
2004
4 years, 182 days
9 Kapil Sibal
(born 1948)
MP for Chandni Chowk

(MoS, I/C)
23 May
2004
29 January
2006
1 year, 251 days Indian National Congress Manmohan I Manmohan Singh
Minister of Ocean Development
(9) Kapil Sibal
(born 1948)
MP for Chandni Chowk
29 January
2006
12 July
2006
164 days Indian National Congress Manmohan I Manmohan Singh
Minister of Earth Sciences
(9) Kapil Sibal
(born 1948)
MP for Chandni Chowk
12 July
2006
22 May
2009
2 years, 314 days Indian National Congress Manmohan I Manmohan Singh
10 Prithviraj Chavan
(born 1946)
Rajya Sabha MP for Maharashtra

(MoS, I/C)
28 May
2009
10 November
2010
1 year, 166 days Manmohan II
(9) Kapil Sibal
(born 1948)
MP for Chandni Chowk
10 November
2010
19 January
2011
70 days
11 Pawan Kumar Bansal
(born 1948)
MP for Chandigarh
19 January
2011
12 July
2011
174 days
12 Vilasrao Deshmukh
(1945–2012)
Rajya Sabha MP for Maharashtra
12 July
2011
10 August
2012
1 year, 29 days
13 Vayalar Ravi
(born 1937)
Rajya Sabha MP for Kerala
10 August
2012
28 October
2012
79 days
14 S. Jaipal Reddy
(1942–2019)
MP for Chevella
28 October
2012
26 May
2014
1 year, 210 days
15 Jitendra Singh
(born 1956)
MP for Udhampur

(MoS, I/C)
27 May
2014
9 November
2014
166 days Bharatiya Janata Party Modi I Narendra Modi
16 Harsh Vardhan
(born 1954)
MP for Chandni Chowk
9 November
2014
30 May
2019
6 years, 240 days
31 May
2014
7 July
2021
Modi II
(15) Jitendra Singh
(born 1956)
MP for Udhampur

(MoS, I/C)
7 July
2021
18 May
2023
1 year, 315 days
17 Kiren Rijiju
(born 1971)
MP for Arunachal West
18 May
2023
Incumbent 305 days

Ministers of State

No. Portrait Minister
(Birth-Death)
Constituency
Term of office Political party Ministry Prime Minister
From To Period
Minister of State in the Department of Ocean Development
1 C. P. N. Singh
MP for Padrauna
15 February
1982
2 February
1983
352 days Indian National Congress (I) Indira IV Indira Gandhi
2 Shivraj Patil
(born 1935)
MP for Latur
29 January
1983
31 October
1984
3 years, 262 days
4 November
1984
31 December
1984
Rajiv I Rajiv Gandhi
31 December
1984
22 October
1986
Rajiv II
3 K. R. Narayanan
(1921–2005)
MP for Ottapalam
22 October
1986
2 December
1989
3 years, 41 days
4 M. G. K. Menon
(1928–2016)
Rajya Sabha MP for Rajasthan
25 December
1989
10 November
1990
320 days Janata Dal V. P. Singh V. P. Singh
5 Rangarajan Kumaramangalam
(1952–2000)
MP for Salem
2 July
1992
2 December
1993
1 year, 153 days Indian National Congress (I) Rao P. V. Narasimha Rao
6 Eduardo Faleiro
(born 1940)
MP for Mormugao
18 December
1993
16 May
1996
2 years, 150 days
Minister of State for Earth Sciences
7 Ashwani Kumar
(born 1952)
Rajya Sabha MP for Punjab
19 January
2011
28 October
2012
1 year, 283 days Indian National Congress Manmohan II Manmohan Singh
8 Y. S. Chowdary
(born 1961)
Rajya Sabha MP for Andhra Pradesh
9 November
2014
9 March
2018
3 years, 120 days Telugu Desam Party Modi I Narendra Modi

Institutions under the Earth System Science Organisation

Networking

All institutions under ESSO are connected through National Knowledge Network and its Common User Group (CUG).

Computation Facility

Adithya HPC located at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology is one of the largest computation facility in India.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ "India Meteorological Department". www.imd.gov.in.
  3. ^ "National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF)". www.ncmrwf.gov.in. Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology". www.tropmet.res.in.,
  5. ^ Earth Sciences Ministry is the new name The Hindu, May 11, 2006.
  6. ^ "About us". Ministry of Earth Science. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Ministry of-ocean-development-gets-a-new-name". Down to Earth. Retrieved 16 September 2020.