Ministry of Earth Sciences
Ministry of Earth Sciences.jpg
Agency overview
Formed29 January 2006
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersPrithvi Bhavan
Lodi Road New Delhi
28°35′28″N 77°13′32″E / 28.59111°N 77.22556°E / 28.59111; 77.22556
Annual budget2,653.51 crore (US$330 million) (2022-23)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Minister of Earth Sciences (India)

The Ministry of Earth Sciences was formed on 29 January 2006 from a merger of the India Meteorological Department (IMD),[2] the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF),[3] the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune,[4] the Earth Risk Evaluation Centre (EREC), and the Ministry of Ocean Development.[5]


In 1981; the Government of India created a Department of Ocean development (DoD) as a part of Cabinet Secretariat, which was kept directly under the charge of Prime Minister of India. In 1982 it became a separate department and it started carrying out its activities in the field of ocean development. In 2006; it was made a separate Ministry called Ministry of Ocean development. In July 2006 itself the Ministry was again reorganised and the new Ministry of Earth Sciences came into being with various institutions under its ambit. The Government via a resolution in 2006 brought Indian Metrological Department, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology and National centre for medium range weather forecasting and research (NCMRWF) into its administrative control. The resolution also set up an Earth commission just like Atomic energy commission and Space commission.[6][7] Currently, the ministry is headed by Dr Jitendra Singh.


The Ministry's mandate is to look after Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean Science & Technology and Seismology in an integrated manner.

List of Ministers

# Portrait Name Tenure Prime Minister Party
Kapil Sibal.jpg
Kapil Sibal
(Ocean Development)
29 January 2006 22 May 2009 3 years, 113 days Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress
Prithviraj Chavan - India Economic Summit 2011.jpg
Prithviraj Chavan
(Independent Charge)
28 May 2009 10 November 2010 1 year, 166 days
Kapil Sibal.jpg
Kapil Sibal 10 November 2010 19 January 2011 70 days
The Union Minister for Railways, Shri Pawan Kumar Bansal inaugurating the New Block of Civil Hospital at Manimajra, in Chandigarh on April 07, 2013.jpg
Pawan Kumar Bansal 19 January 2011 12 July 2011 174 days
Vilasrao Deshmukh at Innovation Partnerships Event May 8, 2012.jpg
Vilasrao Deshmukh 12 July 2011 10 August 2012 1 year, 29 days
Vayalar Ravi-crop.jpg
Vayalar Ravi 10 August 2012 28 October 2012 79 days
Jaipal Sudini Reddy - Kolkata 2004-11-10 03212 Cropped.jpg
S. Jaipal Reddy 28 October 2012 26 May 2014 1 year, 210 days
Jitendra Singh.jpg
Jitendra Singh
(Independent Charge)
26 May 2014 9 November 2014 167 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
Harsh Vardhan in 2017.jpg
Harsh Vardhan 9 November 2014 7 July 2021 6 years, 240 days
Jitendra Singh.jpg
Jitendra Singh
(Independent Charge)
7 July 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 197 days

List of Ministers of State

Minister of State in the Ministry of Earth Sciences
Minister of state Portrait Political party Term Years
Y. S. Chowdary
Telugu Desam Party 9 November 2014 8 March 2018 3 years, 119 days

Institutions under the Earth System Science Organisation


All institutions under ESSO are connected through National Knowledge Network and its Common User Group (CUG).

Computation Facility

Adithya HPC located at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology is one of the largest computation facility in India.

See also


  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ "India Meteorological Department".
  3. ^ "National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF)". Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology".,
  5. ^ Earth Sciences Ministry is the new name The Hindu, May 11, 2006.
  6. ^ "About us". Ministry of Earth Science. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Ministry of-ocean-development-gets-a-new-name". Down to Earth. Retrieved 16 September 2020.