|Formed||29 January 2006|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
Lodi Road New Delhi
|Annual budget||₹2,653.51 crore (US$350 million) (2022-23)|
The Ministry of Earth Sciences was formed on 29 January 2006 from a merger of the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, and Earth Risk Evaluation Centre (EREC), and the Ministry of Ocean Development.
In 1981; the Government of India created a Department of Ocean development (DoD) as a part of Cabinet Secretariat, which was kept directly under the charge of Prime Minister of India. In 1982 it became a separate department and it started carrying out its activities in the field of ocean development. In 2006; it was made a separate Ministry called Ministry of Ocean development. In July 2006 itself the Ministry was again reorganised and the new Ministry of Earth Sciences came into being with various institutions under its ambit. The Government via a resolution in 2006 brought Indian Metrological Department, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology and National centre for medium range weather forecasting and research (NCMRWF) into its administrative control. The resolution also set up an Earth commission just like Atomic energy commission and Space commission. Currently, the ministry is headed by Dr Jitendra Singh.
The Ministry's mandate is to look after Atmospheric Sciences, Ocean Science & Technology and Seismology in an integrated manner.
|29 January 2006||22 May 2009||3 years, 113 days||Manmohan Singh||Indian National Congress|
|28 May 2009||10 November 2010||1 year, 166 days|
|(1)||Kapil Sibal||10 November 2010||19 January 2011||70 days|
|3||Pawan Kumar Bansal||19 January 2011||12 July 2011||174 days|
|4||Vilasrao Deshmukh||12 July 2011||10 August 2012||1 year, 29 days|
|5||Vayalar Ravi||10 August 2012||28 October 2012||79 days|
|6||S. Jaipal Reddy||28 October 2012||26 May 2014||1 year, 210 days|
|26 May 2014||9 November 2014||167 days||Narendra Modi||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|8||Harsh Vardhan||9 November 2014||7 July 2021||6 years, 240 days|
|7 July 2021||Incumbent||1 year, 3 days|
|Minister of state||Portrait||Political party||Term||Years|
|Y. S. Chowdary||Telugu Desam Party||9 November 2014||8 March 2018||3 years, 119 days|
All institutions under ESSO are connected through National Knowledge Network and its Common User Group (CUG).
Adithya HPC located at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology is one of the largest computation facility in India.