The Government of India exercises its executive authority through a number of government ministries or departments of state. A ministry is composed of employed officials, known as civil servants, and is politically accountable through a minister. Most major ministries are headed by a Cabinet Minister, who sits in the Union Council of Ministers, and is typically supported by a team of junior ministers called the Ministers of State. A union minister also known as cabinet minister.

Some ministries have subdivisions called departments. For example, the Ministry of Communications has two departments - the Department of Telecommunications and Department of Posts.

Current Ministries

There are 54 Union ministries and 93 departments in India.[1]


These are independent departments working under the direct supervision of the Prime Minister's Office.

Former ministries

The following ministries once functioned, but have since become defunct, generally because of a merger with another ministry or division into new ministries.

See also



  1. ^ "Integrated Government Online Directory". Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "History". Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India". Retrieved 2016-06-06.