The Government of India exercises its executive authority through a number of government ministries or departments of state. A ministry is composed of employed officials, known as civil servants, and is politically accountable through a minister. Most major ministries are headed by a Cabinet Minister, who sits in the Union Council of Ministers, and is typically supported by a team of junior ministers called the Ministers of State.

Some ministries have subdivisions called departments. For example, the Ministry of Communications has two departments - the Department of Telecommunications and Department of Posts.

Current Ministries

There are 58 Union ministries and 93 departments in India.[1]

Ministry Established Cabinet Minister Minister of State
Agriculture & Farmers Welfare 1947 Narendra Singh Tomar Shobha Karandlaje / Kailash Choudhary
Animal Husbandry, Dairying And Fisheries 2019 Parshottam Rupala Sanjeev Kumar Balyan / Dr. L. Murugan
AYUSH 2014 Sarbananda Sonowal Dr. Munjapara Mahendrabhai
Chemicals and Fertilizers 1991 Mansukh Mandaviya Bhagwanth Khuba
Civil Aviation 1987 Jyotiraditya Scindia General (Retd.) V. K. Singh
Coal 1973 Pralhad Joshi Danve Raosaheb Dadarao
Commerce and Industry 1947 Piyush Goyal Anupriya Singh Patel / Som Parkash
Communications 2016 Ashwini Vaishnaw Devusinh Chauhan
Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution 1946 Piyush Goyal Ashwini Kumar Choubey / Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti
Co-operation 2021 Amit Shah B. L. Verma
Corporate Affairs 2003 Nirmala Sitharaman Rao Inderjit Singh
Culture G. Kishan Reddy Arjun Ram Meghwal / Meenakashi Lekhi
Defence 1947 Rajnath Singh Ajay Bhatt
Development of North Eastern Region 2003 G. Kishan Reddy B. L. Verma
Earth Sciences 2006 Jitendra Singh (Independent Charge)
Education 2020 Dharmendra Pradhan Annpurna Devi / Dr. Subhas Sarkar / Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh
Electronics and Information Technology 2016 Ashwini Vaishnaw Rajeev Chandrasekhar
Environment, Forests and Climate Change 1985 Bhupendra Yadav Ashwini Kumar Choubey
External Affairs 1946 Subrahmanyam Jaishankar V. Muraleedharan / Meenakashi Lekhi / Dr. Rajkumar Ranjan Singh
Finance 1946 Nirmala Sitharaman Pankaj Choudhary / Dr. Bhagwat Kishanrao Karad
Food Processing Industries 1988 Pashupati Kumar Paras Prahalad Singh Patel
Health and Family Welfare 1947 Mansukh L. Mandavia Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar
Heavy Industries 2021 Mahendra Nath Pandey Krishan Pal
Home Affairs 1947 Amit Shah Nityanand Rai / Ajay Kumar / Nisith Pramanik
Housing and Urban Affairs 2017 Hardeep Singh Puri Kaushal Kishore
Information and Broadcasting 1947 Anurag Singh Thakur L. Murugan
Jal Shakti (Water) 2019 Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Prahalad Singh Patel / Bishweswar Tudu
Labour and Employment Bhupendra Yadav Rameswar Teli
Law and Justice 1947 Kiren Rijiju S. P. Singh Baghel
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises 2007 Narayan Tatu Rane Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma
Mines 1957 Pralhad Joshi Danve Raosaheb Dadarao
Minority Affairs 2006 Smriti Irani John Barla
New and Renewable Energy 1992 Raj Kumar Singh Bhagwanth Khuba
Panchayati Raj 2004 Giriraj Singh Kapil Moreshwar Patil
Parliamentary Affairs 1949 Pralhad Joshi Arjun Ram Meghwal / V. Muraleedharan
Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions 1970 Narendra Modi (Additional Charge) Jitendra Singh
Petroleum and Natural Gas Hardeep Singh Puri Rameswar Teli
Planning 2014 Rao Inderjit Singh (Independent Charge)
Ports, Shipping and Waterways 1947 Sarbananda Sonowal Shripad Yesso Naik / Shantanu Thakur
Power 1992 Raj Kumar Singh Krishan Pal
Prime Minister's Office 1977 Narendra Modi (Additional Charge) Jitendra Singh
Rural Development 1980 Giriraj Singh Faggan Singh Kulaste / Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti
Road Transport and Highways 1942 Nitin Gadkari General (Retd.) V. K. Singh
Railways 1947 Ashwini Vaishnaw Danve Raosaheb Dadarao / Darshana Vikram Jardosh
Science and Technology 1971 Jitendra Singh (Independent Charge)
Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2014 Dharmendra Pradhan Rajeev Chandrasekhar
Social Justice and Empowerment 1985 Dr. Virendra Kumar Ramdas Athawale / Abbaiah Narayanaswamy / Pratima Bhoumik
Statistics and Programme Implementation 1999 Rao Inderjit Singh (Independent Charge)
Steel Ram Chandra Prasad Singh Faggan Singh Kulaste
Textiles 1958 Piyush Goyal Darshana Vikram Jardosh
Tourism 1999 G. Kishan Reddy Shripad Yesso Naik / Ajay Bhatt
Tribal Affairs 1999 Arjun Munda Renuka Singh / Bishweswar Tudu
Women and Child Development 1985 Smriti Irani Dr. Munjapara Mahendrabhai
Youth Affairs and Sports 2000 Anurag Thakur Nisith Pramanik

Ministry of character training (To be included)

Departments

These are independent departments working under the direct supervision of the Prime Minister.

Dysfunctional ministries

The following ministries once functioned, but have since become defunct, generally because of a merger with another ministry or division into new ministries.

Ministry name Established Defunct Fate
Agriculture August 1947 1 February 1951 Merged to constitute the Ministry of Food and Agriculture.[2]
Food 29 August 1947
Food and Agriculture 1 February 1951 October 1956 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Food.
Agriculture October 1956 17 April 1957 Merged once again to form the Ministry of Food and Agriculture.[2]
Food
Food and Agriculture 17 April 1957 January 1966 Merged with the Ministry of Community Development and Cooperation to form the Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Community Development and Cooperation. The new ministry was renamed the Ministry of Agriculture in 1971, with four departments.[2]
Agriculture January 1966 1983 The Department of Food was separated from the ministry, and elevated to the new Ministry of Food and Civil Supplies.[2]
Food and Civil Supplies 1983 June 1991 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Food and the Ministry of Civil Supplies.[2]
Food June 1991 4 June 1997 Merged to form Ministry of Food and Consumer Affairs with three departments - Department of Food & Civil Supplies, Department of Sugar and Edible Oils and Department of Consumer Affairs. On 15 October 1999, the new ministry was renamed as the Ministry of Consumer Affairs & Public Distribution, having the same three departments. On 17 July 2000, the Ministry of Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution was renamed as the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, with two departments - Department of Food & Public Distribution and Department of Consumer Affairs.[2]
Civil Supplies
National Resources and Scientific Research 1951 [3]
Irrigation and Power 1952 November 1974 Bifurcated into a separate Department of Irrigation under the reconstituted Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, and a separate ministry.[3]
Agriculture and Irrigation November 1974 22 July 1980 Following the formation of the Ministry of Irrigation in June 1980, three items of work were transferred from the ministry to the new ministry, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation was renamed the Ministry of Agriculture.[3]
Energy and Irrigation January 1980 9 June 1980 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Energy and the Department of Irrigation (which was brought under the ministry in January 1980) was elevated to the new Ministry of Irrigation.[3]
Irrigation 9 June 1980 January 1985 Merged with the Ministry of Power to once again, form the Ministry of Irrigation and Power.[3]
Irrigation and Power January 1985 September 1985 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Power and the Department of Irrigation was re-constituted as the Ministry of Water Resources. On 31 July 2014, the Ministry of Water Resources was renamed as Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.[3]
Surface Transport 22 October 1986 17 November 2000 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Shipping and the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
Small Scale Industries and Agro and Rural Industries October 1999 September 2001 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries and the Ministry of Small Scale Industries.
Agro and Rural Industries September 2001 2007 Merged with the Ministry of Small Scale Industries to form the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Small Scale Industries September 2001 2007 Merged with the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries to form the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Overseas Indian Affairs May 2004 7 January

2016

Merged with the Ministry of External Affairs
Communications and Information Technology (India) August 1947 5 July 2016 Bifurcated into the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and the Ministry of Communications (India)
Drinking Water and Sanitation 2011 30 May 2019 Merged with the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and formed Ministry of Jal Shakti
Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation September 1985 30 May 2019 Merged with Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to form Ministry of Jal Shakti constituted with Department of Water Resources and Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation
Ministry of Urban Development 07 July 2017 Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
Minister of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation 07 July 2017 07 July 2017 Ministry Of Housing and Urban Affairs

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Integrated Government Online Directory". goidirectory.gov.in. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "History". dfpd.nic.in. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India". wrmin.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-06.