Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Nitin J. Gadkari
Ministry overview
FormedJuly 1942; 79 years ago (1942-07)
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersTransport Bhawan, 1, Parliament Street, New Delhi
28°37′9.58″N 77°12′37.29″E / 28.6193278°N 77.2103583°E / 28.6193278; 77.2103583
Annual budget91,823 crore (US$12 billion) (2020-21 est.) [1]
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Ministry executives
  • Giridhar Aramane, IAS, Secretary
  • I.K. Pandey, Director General (Road Development) and Special Secretary to Government of India
Child agencies
Websitemorth.nic.in

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) is a ministry of the Government of India, that is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules, regulations and laws relating to road transport, transport research and in also to increase the mobility and efficiency of the road transport system in India. Through its officers of Central Engineering Services (Roads) cadre it is responsible for the development of National Highways of the country. Road transport is a critical infrastructure for economic development of the country. It influences the pace, structure and pattern of development. In India, roads are used to transport over 60 percent of the total goods and 85 percent of the passenger traffic. Hence, development of this sector is of paramount importance for India and accounts for a significant part in the budget.

History

Creation

The Department of War Transport was formed in July, 1942, by the bifurcation of the then Department of Communications into two Departments:[2]

Functions

The functions allocated to the Department of war Transport include Major Ports, Railways Priorities, utilization of road and water transport, Petrol rationing and Producer Gas. Broadly speaking, the functions of the War Transport Department were to coordinate the demands for transport in war time, Coastal Shipping and the administration and development of major ports. Later, the planning of export was undertaken as a corollary to the Departments control of transport priorities also.

Changes made over years

There are two departments under it:

Organisational structure

Following are the autonomous agencies, subordinate offices regional offices under the Director General.[3]

Agencies

Regional Offices

The ministry has following wings functioning under it:

Roads Wing

The road wing of the MORTH is the backbone of the country's road network development programme. It is staffed by officers of the Central Engineering Services (Roads). It is headed by Director General (Road Development) and Special Secretary to the Government of India.[5]

The Road wing of MORTH is further divided into five Project Zones. Each Project zone is generally vested with responsibility of four to five states for National highway development and development of road network. These five project Zones are headed by five Additional Director Generals (ADG) of Central Engineering Services (Roads) cadre who are assisted by Zonal Chief Engineer of Headquarter and Regional Officers. Regional officers are posted on ground in their respective states for development and maintenance of National Highways through State PWDs.

Main responsibilities of the roads wing are:[6]

Transport Wing

Main responsibilities of the transport wing are:[citation needed]

Planning and Monitoring Zone

This zones are headed by two separate Chief Engineers of Central Engineering Services (Roads). Main responsibilities of this zone are:[citation needed]

Standards and Research (S&R) Zone

This zones is headed by a Chief Engineers of Central Engineering Services (Roads). Main responsibilities of this zone is Preparation of standards/ rules / guidelines for NH development program and related activities.

Acts

Over years the ministry has passed several acts to maintain law and order in Road Transport in the country

Statistics

India has one of the largest road networks of over 4.885 million km consisting of :[7]

Road Length Distribution
Roads Length
National Highways/Expressways 1,32,500 km
State Highways 1,56,694 km
Other Roads 56,08,477 km
Total 58,97,671 km

The total road length of India had grown more than 11 times in 60 years from 1951 to 2011; also the length of the surfaced roads had increased about 16 times over the same period. The connectivity in India has tremendously improved due to formation of new surface roads.[8]

10
20
30
40
50
1950-51
1970-71
2000-01
2010-11
  •   Total length of roads (in lakh km)
  •   Total length of surfaced roads (in lakh km)

For development of roads in the country the government has made an allocation of ₹19,423.88 crores under the Central Road Fund for 2013–2014 with the following breakup:[9]

Type Grants
Grants to State Governments and UTs for State Roads ₹2,659.91 crores
Grants to SGs and UTs for inte-state connectivity and roads of national importance ₹262.22 crores
National Highways ₹9,881.95 crores
Rural Roads ₹5,827.20 crores
Railways ₹1092.60 crores
Total ₹19,423.88 crores

Government Initiatives

The government has provided various incentives for private and foreign investments in the roads sector. 100% FDI is allowed in the sectors of land transport to promote building of highway bridges, toll roads, and vehicular tunnels; services incidental to transport such as cargo handling is incidental to land transport; construction and maintenance of roads, bridges; and construction and maintenance of roads and highways offered on build-operate-transfer (BOT) basis, including collection of toll.

A 10-year tax exemption under Section 80 IA has been granted to the highway building projects to attract private investors. The ministry has also framed a ‘Special Accelerated Road Development Programme in North Eastern Region' for improving road connectivity to remote places in this region. The estimated cost of the proposal is US$2.53 billion. The Union Budget 2012–13 proposed an increase of allocation of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways by 14% to 25,360 crore (US$3.4 billion).

The World Bank has approved a US$975 million loan for developing the first phase of the eastern arm of the US$17.21 billion Dedicated Freight Corridor Project in India. The Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd. has tied up with the Japanese Bank of Industrial Cooperation for US$14.56 billion funding as loan for the first phase and it is likely to be commissioned in 2016.[10]

The Prime Minister Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a scheme for development of rural roads in India. The Construction of Rural Roads Project (CRRP) is another initiative focused on rural development.

National Green Highways Program

Ministry of Transport and NHAI has launched the green highways programme in 2016.[11][12][13][14]

List of Ministers of Road Transport and Highways

No Name Portrait Term of office Political Party Prime Minister
1 John Matthai
(As Minister of Transport)
15 August 1947 22 September 1948 1 year, 38 days Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar
(As Minister of Railways and Transport)
22 September 1948 13 May 1952 3 years, 234 days
3 Lal Bahadur Shastri
13 May 1952 7 December 1956 4 years, 208 days
4 Jagjivan Ram
7 December 1956 17 April 1957 131 days
(3) Lal Bahadur Shastri
(As Minister of Transport and Communications)
17 April 1957 28 March 1958 345 days
5 S. K. Patil 29 March 1958 24 August 1959 1 year, 148 days
6 P. Subbarayan
2 September 1959 10 April 1962 2 years, 220 days
(4) Jagjivan Ram
10 April 1962 31 August 1963 1 year, 143 days
7 Raj Bahadur
10 April 1964 24 January 1966 1 year, 289 days
8 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(As Minister of Transport, Aviation,
Shipping and Tourism)
24 January 1966 13 March 1967 1 year, 48 days Indira Gandhi
Minister of Transport and Shipping
9 V. K. R. V. Rao 13 March 1967 14 February 1969 1 year, 338 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
10 Kotha Raghuramaiah 14 February 1969 5 February 1973 3 years, 357 days
(7) Raj Bahadur
5 February 1973 8 November 1973 276 days
11 Kamalapati Tripathi 8 November 1973 10 February 1975 1 year, 94 days
12 Uma Shankar Dikshit 10 February 1975 1 December 1975 294 days
13 G. S. Dhillon 1 December 1975 24 March 1977 1 year, 113 days
14 Morarji Desai
24 March 1977 14 August 1977 143 days Janata Party Morarji Desai
15 Anant Prasad Sharma
14 January 1980 19 October 1980 279 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
16 Veerendra Patil 19 October 1980 2 September 1982 1 year, 318 days
17 C. M. Stephen 2 September 1982 2 February 1983 153 days
18 Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy 2 February 1983 7 September 1984 1 year, 218 days
(16) Veerendra Patil 7 September 1984 31 December 1984 115 days
19 Ziaur Rahman Ansari
(Independent Charge)
31 December 1984 25 September 1985 268 days Rajiv Gandhi
20 Bansi Lal
(As Minister of Transport)
25 September 1985 24 June 1986 272 days
21 Mohsina Kidwai 24 June 1986 22 October 1986 120 days
Minister of Surface Transport
22 Rajesh Pilot
(Independent Charge)
22 October 1986 2 December 1989 3 years, 41 days Indian National Congress Rajiv Gandhi
23 K. P. Unnikrishnan 6 December 1989 10 November 1990 339 days Janata Dal V. P. Singh
24 Manubhai Kotadia 10 November 1990 26 April 1991 167 days Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar
25 Chandra Shekhar
26 April 1991 21 June 1991 56 days
26 Jagdish Tytler
(Independent Charge)
21 June 1991 15 September 1995 4 years, 86 days Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
27 M. Rajasekara Murthy
(Independent Charge)
15 September 1995 16 May 1996 244 days
28 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
16 May 1996 1 June 1996 16 days Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
29 T. G. Venkatraman 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 291 days Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
30 R. Muthiah
19 March 1998 8 April 1998 20 days All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Atal Bihari Vajpayee
31 M. Thambidurai
8 April 1998 8 April 1999 1 year, 0 days
32 Nitish Kumar
9 April 1999 5 August 1999 118 days Samata Party
33 Jaswant Singh
5 August 1999 13 October 1999 69 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(31) Nitish Kumar
13 October 1999 22 November 1999 40 days Samata Party
34 Rajnath Singh
22 November 1999 25 October 2000 338 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(28) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
25 October 2000 7 November 2000 13 days
Minister of Road Transport & Highways
35 B. C. Khanduri
(Independent Charge till 24 May 2003)
7 November 2000 22 May 2004 3 years, 197 days Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
36 T. R. Baalu
22 May 2004 22 May 2009 5 years, 0 days Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Manmohan Singh
37 Kamal Nath
28 May 2009 19 January 2011 1 year, 236 days Indian National Congress
38 C. P. Joshi
19 January 2011 16 June 2013 2 years, 148 days
39 Oscar Fernandes
17 June 2013 25 May 2014 344 days
40 Nitin Gadkari
26 May 2014 Incumbent 7 years, 152 days Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi

List of Ministers of State

Ministers of State For Road Transport and Highways
Minister of state Portrait Political party Term Years
Krishan Pal Gurjar
Bharatiya Janata Party 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 167 days
Pon Radhakrishnan
9 November 2014 3 September 2017 2 years, 298 days
Mansukh L. Mandaviya
5 July 2016 30 May 2019 2 years, 329 days
V. K. Singh
30 May 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 148 days

See also

References

  1. ^ "Union Budget 2020-21 Analysis" (PDF). prsindia.org. 2020.
  2. ^ "Organisational History". Ministry of Shipping, Government of India. Archived from the original on 21 July 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Ninth Report of ERC" (PDF). Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. ^ "IAHE - Contact Us". www.iahe.org.in.
  5. ^ Kavita, Mrrali. "Know about Parivahan Sarathi & its services -". Get true reviews for the products here. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Wings under Ministry". MORTH. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Annual Report 2013–2014" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Basic Road Statistics" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  9. ^ "CRF 2013–2014 allooction" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Policy and Promotion". Invest India, GOI. Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  11. ^ http://www.nitingadkari.org/pages/PR-pdf/plantation_drive.pdf
  12. ^ "National Green Highway Mission : Environment for UPSC Exams | IAS EXAM PORTAL - India's Largest Community for UPSC Exam Aspirants". iasexamportal.com.
  13. ^ "Green Highways (Plantation & Maintenance) Policy-2015 - India Environment Portal | News, reports, documents, blogs, data, analysis on environment & development | India, South Asia". www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in.
  14. ^ "Finance ministry rejects Rs 5,000 crore green fund project by road ministry, NHAI". Governance Now. 17 August 2016.

15. https://sarathi.parivahan.gov.in/SarathiReport/sarathiHomePublic.do