Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Ministry overview
FormedJuly 1942; 81 years ago (1942-07)
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersTransport Bhawan, 1, Parliament Street, New Delhi
28°37′9.58″N 77°12′37.29″E / 28.6193278°N 77.2103583°E / 28.6193278; 77.2103583
Annual budget270,435 crore (US$34 billion)
(2023-24 est.)
[1]
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Ministry executive
Child agencies
Websitemorth.nic.in

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) is a ministry of the Government of India, that is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules, regulations and laws relating to road transport, transport research and in also to increase the mobility and efficiency of the road transport system in India. Through its officers of Central Engineering Services (Roads) cadre it is responsible for the development of National Highways of the country. Road transport is a critical infrastructure for economic development of the country. It influences the pace, structure and pattern of development. In India, roads are used to transport over 60 percent of the total goods and 85 percent of the passenger traffic. Hence, development of this sector is of paramount importance for India and accounts for a significant part in the budget.

History

Creation

The Department of War Transport was formed in July, 1942, by the bifurcation of the then Department of Communications into two Departments:[2]

The functions allocated to the Department of war Transport include Major Ports, Railways Priorities, utilization of road and water transport, Petrol rationing and Producer Gas. Broadly speaking, the functions of the War Transport Department were to coordinate the demands for transport in war time, Coastal Shipping and the administration and development of major ports. Later, the planning of export was undertaken as a corollary to the Departments control of transport priorities also.

Changes made over years

Organisational structure

Regional Offices

Following are the regional offices, each headed by a Regional Officer (RO):

City State / Union Territory
Bengaluru State of Karnataka
Chennai State of Tamil Nadu
Mumbai State of Maharashtra
Kolkata State of West Bengal
Chandigarh Union Territory of Chandigarh
Jaipur State of Rajasthan
Patna State of Bihar
Guwahati State of Assam
Hyderabad State of Telangana
Gandhinagar State of Gujarat
Bhubaneswar State of Odisha
Bhopal State of Madhya Pradesh
Thiruvananthapuram State of Kerala
Lucknow State of Uttar Pradesh
Varanasi State of Uttar Pradesh
Raipur State of Chhattisgarh
Dehradun State of Uttarakhand
Shimla State of Himachal Pradesh
Surat State of Gujarat

The ministry has following wings functioning under it:

Roads Wing

The road wing of the MoRTH is the backbone of the country's road network development programme. It is staffed by officers of the Central Engineering Services (Roads). It is headed by Director General (Road Development) and Special Secretary to the Government of India.[4]

The Road wing of MoRTH is further divided into five Project Zones. Each Project zone is generally vested with responsibility of four to five states for National highway development and development of road network. These five project Zones are headed by five Additional Director Generals (ADG) of Central Engineering Services (Roads) cadre who are assisted by Zonal Chief Engineer of Headquarter and Regional Officers. Regional officers are posted on ground in their respective states for development and maintenance of National Highways through State PWDs.

Main responsibilities of the roads wing are:[5]

Transport Wing

Main responsibilities of the transport wing are:[citation needed]

Planning and Monitoring Zone

This zones are headed by two separate Chief Engineers of Central Engineering Services (Roads). Main responsibilities of this zone are:[citation needed]

Standards and Research (S&R) Zone

This zones is headed by a Chief Engineers of Central Engineering Services (Roads). Main responsibilities of this zone is Preparation of standards/ rules / guidelines for NH development program and related activities.

Agencies

Autonomous bodies

Following are the autonomous agencies under the MoRTH.[3]

Academy

Acts

Over years the ministry has passed several acts to maintain law and order in Road Transport in the country

Statistics

India has one of the largest road networks of over 4.885 million km consisting of :[7]

Road Length Distribution
Roads Length
National Highways/Expressways 1,32,500 km
State Highways 1,56,694 km
Other Roads 56,08,477 km
Total 58,97,671 km

The total road length of India had grown more than 11 times in 60 years from 1951 to 2011; also the length of the surfaced roads had increased about 16 times over the same period. The connectivity in India has tremendously improved due to formation of new surface roads.[8]

10
20
30
40
50
1950-51
1970-71
2000-01
2010-11
  •   Total length of roads (in lakh km)
  •   Total length of surfaced roads (in lakh km)

For development of roads in the country the government has made an allocation of ₹19,423.88 crores under the Central Road Fund for 2013–2014 with the following breakup:[9]

Type Grants
Grants to State Governments and UTs for State Roads ₹2,659.91 crores
Grants to SGs and UTs for inte-state connectivity and roads of national importance ₹262.22 crores
National Highways ₹9,881.95 crores
Rural Roads ₹5,827.20 crores
Railways ₹1092.60 crores
Total ₹19,423.88 crores

Government Initiatives

The government has provided various incentives for private and foreign investments in the roads sector. 100% FDI is allowed in the sectors of land transport to promote building of highway bridges, toll roads, and vehicular tunnels; services incidental to transport such as cargo handling is incidental to land transport; construction and maintenance of roads, bridges; and construction and maintenance of roads and highways offered on build-operate-transfer (BOT) basis, including collection of toll.

A 10-year tax exemption under Section 80 IA has been granted to the highway building projects to attract private investors. The ministry has also framed a ‘Special Accelerated Road Development Programme in North Eastern Region' for improving road connectivity to remote places in this region. The estimated cost of the proposal is US$2.53 billion. The Union Budget 2012–13 proposed an increase of allocation of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways by 14% to 25,360 crore (US$3.2 billion).

The World Bank has approved a US$975 million loan for developing the first phase of the eastern arm of the US$17.21 billion Dedicated Freight Corridor Project in India. The Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd. has tied up with the Japanese Bank of Industrial Cooperation for US$14.56 billion funding as loan for the first phase and it is likely to be commissioned in 2016.[10]

The Prime Minister Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a scheme for development of rural roads in India. The Construction of Rural Roads Project (CRRP) is another initiative focused on rural development.

National Green Highways Program

Ministry of Transport and NHAI has launched the green highways programme in 2016.[11][12][13][14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Union Budget 2020-21 Analysis" (PDF). prsindia.org. 2020.
  2. ^ "Organisational History". Ministry of Shipping, Government of India. Archived from the original on 21 July 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Ninth Report of ERC" (PDF). Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. ^ Kavita, Mrrali. "Know about Parivahan Sarathi & its services -". Get true reviews for the products here. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Wings under Ministry". MORTH. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  6. ^ "IAHE - Contact Us". www.iahe.org.in.
  7. ^ "Annual Report 2013–2014" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Basic Road Statistics" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  9. ^ "CRF 2013–2014 allooction" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Policy and Promotion". Invest India, GOI. Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  11. ^ http://www.nitingadkari.org/pages/PR-pdf/plantation_drive.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ "National Green Highway Mission : Environment for UPSC Exams | IAS EXAM PORTAL - India's Largest Community for UPSC Exam Aspirants". iasexamportal.com.
  13. ^ "Green Highways (Plantation & Maintenance) Policy-2015 - India Environment Portal | News, reports, documents, blogs, data, analysis on environment & development | India, South Asia". www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in.
  14. ^ "Finance ministry rejects Rs 5,000 crore green fund project by road ministry, NHAI". Governance Now. 17 August 2016.

15. https://sarathi.parivahan.gov.in/SarathiReport/sarathiHomePublic.do