Chief Secretary of the State
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IAS Anil Kumar Khachi taking charge of Chief Secretary of Himachal Pradesh.jpg
Anil Kumar Khachi as Chief Secretary of Himachal Pradesh
State Secretariat
StatusHead of Permanent Executive
AbbreviationCS
Member ofState Civil Services Board[a]
Committee of Secretaries of the state on Administration[a]
State Crisis Management Committee[a]
Senior Selection Board[a]
Reports to
SeatState Secretariat
AppointerAppointments Committee of the Cabinet
The Chief Secretary is usually the senior most IAS officer of the senior most batch in the state. The appointee for the office is approved by state Chief Minister, based on appointee's ability and strong confidence with him or her.
Term lengthNo fixed tenure is imposed on the office but term can be extended.
Succession23rd (on the Indian order of precedence)
Salary225,000 (US$2,800) monthly[1][2]

The Chief Secretary is the top-most executive official and senior-most civil servant of the state government.[3] The Chief Secretary is the ex-officio head of the state Civil Services Board, the State Secretariat, the state cadre Indian Administrative Service and all civil services under the rules of business of the state government. The Chief Secretary acts as the principal advisor to the chief minister on all matters of state administration.

The Chief Secretary is an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. The Chief Secretary is the senior-most cadre post in the state administration, ranking 23rd on the Indian order of precedence. The Chief Secretary acts as an ex-officio secretary to the state cabinet, therefore called "Secretary to the Cabinet". The status of this post is equal to that of a Secretary to the Government of India.

History

The salary of Chief Secretary of United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, Punjab and Burma was fixed and was same to Joint Secretary to Government of India during the British Raj.[b] As per Warrant or Precedence of 1905,[b] Secretary to Government of India was listed together with Joint Secretary to Government of India and was ranked above the rank of Chief Secretary.[b]

States

Chief Secretaries are members of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) who are the administrative head of state governments.[4] A Chief Secretary functions as the central point of interdepartmental coordination at the departmental level and is classified as being in the Apex Grade.[4][5] Chief Secretary is considered to be 'a linchpin' in the administration.[4][6][7][8] Chief Secretary of the state also acts as the ex-officio Chairman of the State Civil Service Board, which recommends transfer/postings of officers of All India Services and State Civil Services in the state.[4][9][10][11][12][13][14]

Traditionally, the most senior IAS officer within a state is chosen as the Chief Secretary;[15][16][17][18][19][20] however, there are exceptions.[21][22][23][24]

Chief Secretaries are assisted by Additional Chief Secretaries or Special Chief Secretaries, depending on the state, and Principal Secretaries, who are the administrative heads of departments they are assigned to.

Chief Secretaries are chosen by the state's Chief Minister.[25][26][27][28][29] State Chief Secretaries are IAS officers generally equivalent in rank to a Secretary to Government of India and are placed 23rd on Indian Order of Precedence.[30][31]

The post of Chief Secretary of a State Government is equivalent to Vice Chief of the Army Staff/Commanders and officers in the rank of full General and its equivalents in the Indian Armed Forces, and are listed as such in the Order of Precedence.[30][31]

List of current Chief Secretaries in the States of India[32]
S.No. State Capital Chief Secretary Batch
1 Andhra Pradesh Amaravati Sameer Sharma, IAS 1987
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Dharmendra, IAS 1989
3 Assam Dispur Pabon Kumar Borthakur, IAS 1989
4 Bihar Patna Amir Subhani, IAS 1987
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur Amitabh Jain, IAS 1989
6 Goa Panaji Puneet Kumar Goel, IAS 1991
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar Pankaj Kumar, IAS[33] 1986
8 Haryana Chandigarh Sanjeev Kaushal, IAS 1986
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla Ram Dass Dhiman, IAS 1988
10 Jharkhand Ranchi Sukhdev Singh, IAS 1987
11 Karnataka Bengaluru Vandita Sharma, IAS [34] 1986
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Joy Vazhayil, IAS[35] 1987
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Iqbal Singh Bains, IAS 1985
14 Maharashtra Mumbai Manu Kumar Srivastava IAS 1987
15 Manipur Imphal Rajesh Kumar, IAS 1988
16 Meghalaya Shillong Mrs R. V. Suchiang, IAS 1989
17 Mizoram Aizawl Dr Renu Sharma, IAS 1988
18 Nagaland Kohima J. Alam, IAS 1991
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar Suresh Chandra Mohapatra, IAS 1986
20 Punjab Chandigarh Anirudh Tewari, IAS[36] 1990
21 Rajasthan Jaipur Usha Sharma, IAS[37] 1985
22 Sikkim Gangtok Suresh Chandra Gupta, IAS 1986
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai V. Irai Anbu, IAS[38] 1988
24 Telangana Hyderabad Somesh Kumar, IAS 1989
25 Tripura Agartala Kumar Alok, IAS 1990
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Durga Shankar Mishra, IAS 1984
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun Sukhbir Singh Sandhu, IAS 1988
28 West Bengal Kolkata Hari Krishna Dwivedi, IAS 1988

Union territories

In the union territories, which are governed by Administrators, Chief Secretaries are absent. In these territories an Adviser to the Administrator is appointed by the Union Government. However, the union territories of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry, which have been granted partial statehood, do have Chief Secretaries. In Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry, the Chief Minister chooses the Chief Secretary and is appointed by the Lieutenant Governor.[6]

Chief Secretaries and Advisers to the Administrators of Union territories, in general, are junior in rank compared to the Chief Secretaries of the States. The office bearers generally are of the rank Joint Secretary to Government of India and its equivalents. However, in Delhi and Chandigarh, the topmost civil servant is either of the ranks of Secretary to Government of India and its equivalents or Additional Secretary to Government of India and its equivalents.

List of current Chief Secretaries/Advisor to Administrators of Union territories[32]
S. no Union territory Capital Chief Secretary/Advisor to Administrator Batch
1 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair Jitendra Narain, IAS 1990
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh Manoj Parida, IAS 1986
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman A. K. Singh, IAS 1985
4 Delhi New Delhi Naresh Kumar, IAS[39] 1987
5 Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (May–Oct)
and Jammu (Nov–Apr)
Arun Kumar Mehta, IAS 1986
6 Ladakh Leh Umang Narula, IAS 1989
7 Lakshadweep Kavaratti Mihir Vardhan, IAS
8 Puducherry Pondicherry Rajeev Verma, IAS 1992

See also

References

  1. ^ "Report of the 7th Central Pay Commission of India" (PDF). Seventh Central Pay Commission, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
  2. ^ "7th Pay Commission cleared: What is the Pay Commission? How does it affect salaries?". India Today. 29 June 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  3. ^ "What are the Roles and Functions of Chief Secretary of a State?". Preserve Articles. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw Hill Education. pp. 4.3–4.5. ISBN 978-9339204785.
  5. ^ "Describe the role and importance of Chief Secretary in State government". Parivarthan. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b Saikumar, Rajgopal (23 May 2015). "More constitutional than political". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  7. ^ Choudhary, Amit Anand (25 April 2017). "Chief secretary can be shifted, but not DGP: Supreme Court". Times of India. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  8. ^ "Centre's stand on giving Najeeb Jung final say on transfer-postings is illegal: Venugopal". The Economic Times. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  9. ^ "PM, CMs final authority to decide premature transfer of civil servants". Daily News and Analysis. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Now, Civil Services Boards to recommend transfers of IAS, IPS, IFS officers in J&K". Daily Excelsior. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Civil services board to oversee officers' postings". The Hindu. Thiruvananthapuram. Special Correspondent. 1 May 2014. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  12. ^ Jain, Bharti (31 January 2014). "2-year fixed postings for IAS, IPS and forest service". Times of India. New Delhi. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  13. ^ Chhibber, Maneesh (31 January 2014). "Centre notifies 2-yr tenure for IAS, IPS, Forest Service officers". The Indian Express. New Delhi. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Fixed 2-year tenure for IAS, IPS, IFoS officers". The Hindu. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  15. ^ "PK Gupta is new Haryana chief secretary". Hindustan Times. 28 November 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Meghalaya: Senior most IAS officer Y Tsering appointed as Chief Secretary of Meghalaya". The Northeast Today. 25 May 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Raghotham Rao is new Chief Secretary". The Hindu. 29 February 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Sumit Mullick appointed as Maharashtra Chief Secretary". Zee News. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Nalini Netto assumes charge as Kerala chief secretary". Malayala Manorama. 2 April 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Dr K M Abraham, new Kerala Chief Secretary". Times of India. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Shakuntla Jakhu takes over as new Haryana Chief Secretary". Daily News and Analysis. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  22. ^ "D J Pandian is new Gujarat chief secretary". Business Standard. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  23. ^ Ali, Muddasir (7 September 2015). "B R Sharma is JK's new Chief Secretary". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Subhash Chandra Khuntia is new Chief Secretary of Karnataka". The Hindu. 28 September 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  25. ^ "Appointment of Harinder Hira as Chief Secretary of Himachal Pradesh" (PDF). Department of Personnel, Government of Himachal Pradesh. 31 March 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Appointment of Basudev Banerjee as Chief Secretary of West Bengal" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms, Government of West Bengal. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Appointment of Aditya Prasad Padhi as Chief Secretary of Odisha" (PDF). Department of General Administration, Government of Odisha. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  28. ^ "Appointment of Vinod Kumar Pipersenia as Chief Secretary of Assam" (PDF). Department of Personnel, Government of Assam. 22 May 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Appointment of J.N. Singh as Chief Secretary of Gujarat" (PDF). Department of General Administration, Government of Gujarat. 30 July 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  30. ^ a b "President's Secretariat" (PDF). Secretariat of the President of India. Rajya Sabha. 26 August 1979. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  31. ^ a b Maheshwari, S.R. (2001). Indian Administration (6th Edition). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Ltd. p. 666. ISBN 9788125019886.
  32. ^ a b "Chief Secretaries of States and Union Territories (as on 9 January 2022)" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  33. ^ "Pankaj Kumar appointed new chief secy of Gujarat". The Indian Express. 27 August 2021. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  34. ^ "CM Bommai names Vandita Sharma as Karnataka's new chief secretary". The Hindustan Times. 28 May 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  35. ^ "V P Joy takes over as new chief secretary". The Times of India. 1 March 2021.
  36. ^ "Breaking News Live Updates Sept 23: Anirudh Tewari is new Punjab Chief Secretary, Vini Mahajan shunted". India Today. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  37. ^ "Senior Bureaucrat Usha Sharma Appointed Rajasthan's 2nd Woman Chief Secretary". NDTV. Press Trust of India. 31 January 2021.
  38. ^ "Irai Anbu is the new Tamil Nadu Chief Secretary". The Hindu. 7 May 2021. Retrieved 31 May 2022.
  39. ^ "Naresh Kumar, 1987-batch IAS officer, to be Delhi's new chief secretary". Hindustan Times. 19 April 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d As chairman.
  2. ^ a b c As per published records and the book named "The India List and India Office List 1905" as published by India Office and India Office Records.

Bibliography