2022 Indian presidential election

← 2017 18 July 2022 (2022-07-18) Next →
Turnout99.12% (1.83%Increase)
 
Nominee Droupadi Murmu Yashwant Sinha
Party BJP AITC
Alliance NDA UO
Home state Odisha Jharkhand
Electoral vote 676,803 380,177
States carried 21 + PY 7 + NCT
Percentage 64.03% 35.97%
Swing 1.62% Decrease 1.62% Increase


President before election

Ram Nath Kovind
BJP

President after election

Droupadi Murmu
BJP

The 2022 Indian Presidential election was the 16th presidential election in India held on 18 July 2022 to elect the president of India. The incumbent president Ram Nath Kovind did not run for reelection. The election had a turnout of 99.12%.

Bharatiya Janata Party candidate Droupadi Murmu won the election by a margin of 296,626 votes against Yashwant Sinha, the United Opposition candidate.[1][2][3][4] Murmu became the first member of a Scheduled Tribe and second woman to become president, as well as the first president born after independence.[5][6][7][8]

Electoral system

Further information: President of India § Selection process, and Electoral College (India)

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The President of India is indirectly elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of the parliament, the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the 28 states, and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the union territories of Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu and Kashmir. As of 2022, the electoral college comprises 776 Members of Parliament (MPs) and 4,033 Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs), not counting the 90 MLAs of the dissolved Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly.[citation needed]

The Election Commission of India assigns varying numbers of votes to electoral college members, such that the total weight of MPs and MLAs is roughly equal and that the voting power of a state or territory is proportional to its population. Overall, the members of the electoral college are eligible to cast 1,086,431 votes, yielding a threshold for a majority of 543,216 votes.[citation needed]

For a candidate to be in the President's office, they must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders.[citation needed] The election is held by means of a secret ballot under the instant-runoff voting system.[9] The manner of election of the President is provided by Article 55 of the Constitution.

Article 58 of the Indian Constitution provides that the president and vice president of India must be citizens of India and at least 35 years old.[10] Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the political parties, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The general election in July is an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors in turn directly elect the president and vice president.[citation needed]

By convention, the Secretary General, Lok Sabha, and the Secretary General, Rajya Sabha, are appointed as the returning officers by rotation. For the 2017 Presidential election, the Secretary General, Lok Sabha, was appointed as a returning officer. Therefore, for the 2022 Presidential election, the Secretary General of Rajya Sabha Shri P.C. Mody was appointed as the Returning Officer in Notification by ECI on 13 June 2022.[11]

Election schedule

Under sub-section 1 of Section 4 of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act of 1952, the election schedule for the President of India was announced by the Election Commission of India on 9 June 2022.[12][13]

S.No. Event Date Day
1. Issue of election commission's notification calling the election 15 June 2022 Wednesday
2. Last date for making nominations 29 June 2022
3. Date for the scrutiny of nominations 30 June 2022 Thursday
4. Last date for the withdrawal of candidatures 2 July 2022 Saturday
5. Date on which a poll shall, if necessary, be taken 18 July 2022 Monday
6. Date on which counting, if required, shall be taken 21 July 2022 Thursday

Electoral college

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Electoral college member strength

House Total
NDA UPA Others
Lok Sabha
348 / 543 (64%)
91 / 543 (17%)
103 / 543 (19%)
543
Rajya Sabha
120 / 233 (52%)
49 / 233 (21%)
74 / 233 (32%)
228
(excluding 5 vacant seats)
State Legislative Assemblies
2,136 / 4,036 (53%)
1,224 / 4,036 (30%)
1,253 / 4,036 (31%)
4,025
(excluding 7 vacant seats)
Total
2,234 / 4,796 (47%)
1,200 / 4,796 (25%)
1,430 / 4,796 (30%)
4,796

Electoral college vote value composition

House Total
NDA UPA Others
Lok Sabha votes
244,300 / 380,100 (64%)
63,700 / 380,100 (17%)
72,100 / 380,100 (19%)
380,100
Rajya Sabha votes
72,800 / 159,600 (46%)
35,000 / 159,600 (22%)
51,800 / 159,600 (32%)
159,600
(excluding 5 vacant seats)
State Assemblies votes
219,347 / 542,291 (40%)
145,384 / 542,291 (27%)
177,528 / 542,291 (33%)
542,291
(excluding 7 vacant seats)
Total votes
536,447 / 1,081,991 (50%)
246,184 / 1,081,991 (23%)
299,328 / 1,081,991 (28%)
1,081,991

Party-wise vote (projection)

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Alliance Parties Members of Lok Sabha Members of Rajya Sabha Members of State Legislative Assemblies Total
BJP Candidate NDA 1 BJP 212,100 63,700 185,036 458,036 42.33%
2 JD(U) 11,200 3,500 7,901 22,601 2.09%
3 AIADMK 700 2,800 11,440 14,940 1.38%
4 AD(S) 1,400 0 2,496 3,896 0.36%
5 RLJP 3,500 0 0 3,500 0.32%
6 AGP 0 700 1,044 1,744 0.16%
7 MNF 700 700 244 1,644 0.15%
8 PMK 0 700 880 1,580 0.15%
9 NPF 700 700 126 1,526 0.14%
10 UPPL 0 700 812 1,512 0.14%
11 NPP 700 0 549 1,249 0.12%
12 NISHAD 0 0 1,248 1,248 0.12%
13 JJP 0 0 1,120 1,120 0.10%
14 NDPP 700 0 378 1,078 0.10%
15 AJSU 700 0 352 1,052 0.10%
16 SKM 700 0 133 833 0.47%
17 RPI(A) 0 700 0 700
18 TMC(M) 0 700 0 700
19 HAM 0 0 692 692
20 PJP 0 0 350 350
21 BPF 0 0 348 348
22 IPFT 0 0 182 182
23 PBK 0 0 176 176
24 JSS 0 0 175 175
25 RSP 0 0 175 175
26 AINRC 0 0 160 160
27 JSP 0 0 159 159
28 UDP 0 0 136 136
29 HLP 0 0 112 112
30 PDF 0 0 68 68
31 MGP 0 0 40 40
32 KPA 0 0 36 36
33 HSPDP 0 0 34 34
34 Independents 2,100 700 4,340 7,140 0.66%
Total of NDA 528,942 48.89%
Non-NDA 35 YSRCP[14] 15,400 6,300 24,009 45,709 4.22%
36 BJD[15] 8,400 6,300 16,986 31,686 2.93%
37 BSP[16] 7,000 700 710 8,410 0.78%
38 SS (Shinde) 0 0 7,000 7,000 0.65%
39 JMM[17] 700 700 5,280 6,680 0.62%
40 JD(S)[18] 700 700 4,496 5,896 0.54%
41 SAD[19] 1,400 0 348 1,748 0.16%
42 BVA 0 0 525 525 0.05
43 SDF 0 700 7 707 0.07
44 LJP(RV) 700 0 0 700 0.06
45 JCC[20] 0 0 387 1153 0.11%
46 MNS 0 0 175
47 PWPI 0 0 175
48 JD(L)[21] 0 0 416
49 SS (Uddhav) 13,300 2,100 2,800 18,200 1.68%
50 SBSP[22] 0 0 1,248 1,248 0.12%
51 TDP 2,100 700 3,657 6,457 0.60%
52 RLP 700 0 387 1,087 0.10%
Non-NDA Backing BJP Candidate 137,206 12.69%
Total Votes for BJP Candidate 666,148 61.58%
Opposition candidate (AITC) AITC 1 AITC 16,100 9,100 33,432 58,632 5.42%
UPA 2 INC 37,100 21,700 88,578 147,378 13.62%
3 DMK 16,800 7,000 22,096 45,896 4.24%
4 NCP 3,500 2,800 9,919 16,219 1.50%
5 IUML 2,100 1,400 2,280 5,780 0.53%
6 JKNC 2,100 0 0 2,100 0.19%
7 VCK 700 0 704 1,404 0.13%
8 MDMK 0 700 704 1,404 0.13%
9 RSP 700 0 0 700 0.20%
10 MMK 0 0 352 352
11 KC 0 0 304 304
12 KMDK 0 0 176 176
13 TVK 0 0 176 176
14 KC(J) 0 0 152 152
15 NCK 0 0 152 152
16 RMPI 0 0 152 152
17 GFP 0 0 20 20
18 Independents 0 700 2,264 2,964 0.27%
Total of UPA + AITC 283,961 26.23%
SP+ 19 SP 2,100 2,100 23,438 27,638 2.55%
20 RLD 0 700 1,793 2,493 0.23%
21 Independents 0 700 0 700 0.06%
Left 22 CPI(M) 2,100 3,500 11,086 16,686 1.54%
23 CPI 1,400 1,400 3,457 6,257 0.58%
24 CPI(ML)L 0 0 2,252 2,252 0.21%
25 KC(M) 700 700 760 2,160 0.20%
26 C(S) 0 0 152 1520 0.14%
27 INL 0 0 152
28 JKC 0 0 152
29 KC(B) 0 0 152
30 NSC 0 0 152
31 Independents 0 0 760
Others 32 TRS 6,300 4,900 13,596 24,796 2.29%
33 AAP 0 7,000 14,308 21,308 1.97%
34 RJD 0 4,200 13,476 17,676 1.63%
35 AIMIM 1,400 0 2,139 3,539 0.33%
36 AIUDF 700 0 1,740 2,440 0.23%
37 GJM 0 0 151 151 0.01%
38 ISF 0 0 151 151 0.01%
Non-UPA Backing Opposition candidate 129,767 11.98%
Total Votes for Opposition candidate 413,728 38.29%
Others Undecided 1 BTP 0 0 552 552 0.05%
2 SAD(A) 700 0 0 700 0.11%
3 SWP 0 0 175 175
4 RD 0 0 116 116
5 INLD 0 0 112 112
6 ZPM 0 0 48 48
7 RGP 0 0 20 20
8 KHNAM 0 0 17 17
9 Independents 0 0 363 363 0.03%
Total of Undecided 2,103 0.19%
Total 380,100 159,600
(5 Vacant)
542,291
(7 Vacant)
1,081,991 100%

Candidates

On 21 June 2022, Yashwant Sinha, a former AITC leader, was unanimously chosen as the common candidate of UPA and other opposition parties for the 2022 Presidential election.[23] On the same day, NDA chose Droupadi Murmu as its presidential candidate.[24]

National Democratic Alliance

Main articles: Bharatiya Janata Party and National Democratic Alliance

Name Born Alliance Positions held Home state Date announced Ref


Droupadi Murmu

(1958-06-20) 20 June 1958 (age 65)
Baidaposi, Odisha
National Democratic Alliance
(BJP)
Odisha 21 June 2022 [24]

United Opposition (India)

Main articles: All India Trinamool Congress and United Opposition (2022)

Name Born Alliance Positions held Home state Date announced Ref

Yashwant Sinha
(1937-11-06) 6 November 1937 (age 86)
Patna, Bihar
United Opposition
(AITC)
Bihar 21 June 2022 [23]

Potential candidates

Campaign

During her election campaign, Murmu visited various states seeking support. Several opposition parties, including BJD, JMM, BSP, SS, YSRCP, SAD, and JDS, announced support for her candidature prior to polling.[27][28][29][30][31]

Controversy

Congress filed a complaint with the Election Commission against Droupadi Murmu and BJP leaders, alleging poll code violation in Karnataka. The Indian National Congress alleged that the ruling BJP had influenced the MLAs by offering bribes and other inducements in violation of the election code. The MLAs were called for training on voting in the presidential election and allegedly provided luxurious rooms, meals, liquor, drinks and entertainment.[32][33]

Results

Results of the 2022 Indian presidential election[34][35]
Candidate Coalition Individual
votes
Electoral
College votes
%
Droupadi Murmu National Democratic Alliance 2,824 676,803 64.03
Yashwant Sinha United Opposition 1,877 380,177 35.97
Valid votes 4,701 1,056,980 98.89
Blank and invalid votes 53 15,397 1.11
Total 4,754 1,072,377 100
Registered voters / Turnout 4,809 1,086,431 98.86

Breakdown

This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2022)
State/UT Electors Droupadi Murmu Yashwant Sinha Invalid Abstain
Members of Parliament 771 540 208 15 8
Andhra Pradesh 175 173 0 0 2
Arunachal Pradesh 60 55 4 0 1
Assam 126 104 20 0 2
Bihar 243 133 106 2 1
Chhattisgarh 90 21 69 0 0
Goa 40 28 12 0 0
Gujarat 178 121 57 0 0
Haryana 90 59 30 0 1
Himachal Pradesh 68 45 22 1 0
Jharkhand 81 70 9 1 1
Karnataka 224 150 70 4 0
Kerala 140 1 139 0 0
Madhya Pradesh 230 146 79 5 0
Maharashtra 287 181 98 4 3
Manipur 60 54 6 0 0
Meghalaya 60 47 8 1 4
Mizoram 40 29 11 0 0
Nagaland 60 59 0 0 1
Odisha 147 137 9 0 1
Punjab 117 8 101 5 3
Rajasthan 200 75 123 0 2
Sikkim 32 32 0 0 0
Tamil Nadu 234 75 158 1 0
Telangana 119 3 113 1 2
Tripura 59 41 17 0 1
Uttar Pradesh 403 287 111 3 2
Uttarakhand 70 51 15 1 3
West Bengal 293 71 216 4 2
Delhi 70 8 56 4 2
Puducherry 30 20 9 1 0
Total 4,796 2,824 1,877 53 42
Source: [36][better source needed][37][38]

Reactions

Right after Murmu was announced as the winner, numerous congratulations and wishes from other world leaders were posted on social media. Russian President Vladimir Putin extended his greetings to Droupadi Murmu for being elected as the President of India and hoped for further development of the Russian-Indian political dialogue and productive cooperation in different areas under her leadership.[39] President of the United States, Joe Biden, congratulated her and stated her victory was the "strength of Indian democracy".[40][41] Chinese President Xi Jinping congratulated her and said that he would be willing to work with her to enhance political mutual trust between China and India.[42][43] The Presidents of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bangladesh, and other countries also congratulated her.[44]

After the election results came out, tribal communities in several states celebrated her victory.[45][46] Many minority tribal communities in Bangladesh, including the Santal community, congratulated Murmu.[47]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2022 Indian Presidential Elections: Press note". Election Commission of India.
  2. ^ ANI [@ani] (21 July 2022). "While President-elect #DroupadiMurmu got a vote in all states, Opposition's Presidential candidate Yashwant Sinha drew a blank in Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland, & Sikkim" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 July 2022 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ "Polling for Presidential Elections 2022 held peacefully today". Election Commission of India. 18 July 2022.
  4. ^ Mehrotra, Vani (21 July 2022). "President Election 2022 Result LIVE Updates: Droupadi Murmu wins, Yashwant loses, celebrations begins". Indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Presidential Election 2022-Declaration of Result". Election Commission of India. 28 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Draupadi Murmu is India's first tribal and youngest President ever - Oneindia News". Oneindia.com. 21 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  7. ^ Cariappa, Anuj (18 July 2022). "Presidential Election Results 2022 updates: Murmu declared winner, secures 64% of votes against Sinha's 36%". Oneindia. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  8. ^ Mathur, Swati (22 July 2022). "President of India 2022: Draupadi Murmu elected first tribal President of India, second woman to assume nation's top office". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  9. ^ The Constitution of 1950 use the term Single transferable vote, which is now used for a system with multiple-member constituencies. When there is only one of the latter, the system is now called Instant-runoff voting
  10. ^ "The Constitution of India" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Election to the Office of President of India, 2022 (16th Presidential Election)". Election Commission of India. 6 June 2022.
  13. ^ "Presidential elections on July 18, counting, if needed, on July 21: Election Commission". The Indian Express. 9 June 2022. Archived from the original on 9 June 2022. Retrieved 9 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Presidential Polls 2022: Jagan Mohan Reddy's YSRCP backs NDA candidate Draupadi Murmu". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  15. ^ Sharma, Vikash (22 June 2022). "Presidential election: Extend support to daughter of Odisha, CM Naveen appeals to MLAs". odishatv.in. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  16. ^ "BSP Chief Mayawati supports Murmu, says wasn't called to opposition meets". The Economic Times. 26 June 2022. Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  17. ^ "Presidential Elections 2022: Hemant Soren-led JMM likely to support NDA candidate Draupadi Murmu, say sources". TimesNow. 22 June 2022. Archived from the original on 22 June 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  18. ^ "Draupadi Murmu is "suitable and competent" candidate for President: Deve Gowda". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  19. ^ "Presidential Election 2022: BJP's former ally SAD to back Draupadi Murmu". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  20. ^ "Jcc Backs Murmu For Prez, Says It's A Moment Of Pride For Tribals | Raipur News - Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. 24 June 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  21. ^ "Presidential Elections 2022: Raja Bhaiya's party extends its support to Droupadi y". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  22. ^ "Will take call on supporting Draupadi Murmu in four days, says SP ally Om Prakash Rajbhar". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  23. ^ a b "Opposition fields Yashwant Sinha as Presidential candidate". mint. 21 June 2022. Archived from the original on 22 June 2022. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  24. ^ a b Singhal, Ashok (21 June 2022). "Draupadi Murmu, tribal leader and former governor, is NDA's choice for president". India Today. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  25. ^ "Presidential election: Gopalkrishna Gandhi declines offer to be opposition candidate". The Times of India. 20 June 2022. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 18 June 2023.
  26. ^ Tare, Kiran (16 June 2022). "Why Sharad Pawar turned down offer to be Opposition's presidential candidate". India Today. Retrieved 18 June 2023.
  27. ^ "Droupadi Murmu to visit Karnataka today, seek support for presidential polls". Hindustan Times. 10 July 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  28. ^ "Murmu to visit Kolkata today to seek support". The Indian Express. 9 July 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  29. ^ Bandari, Pavan Kumar. "YS Jagan declares YSRCP support to Draupadi Murmu, says social justice be prevailed". The Hans India. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  30. ^ "Droupadi Murmu gets warm welcome in Bengaluru by CM, meets Deve Gowda". Hindustan Times. 11 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  31. ^ "Sad Backs Murmu In Prez Polls". The Times of India. 2 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  32. ^ "Presidential election: Congress files complaint with EC against Droupadi Murmu, BJP leaders, alleging poll code violation - The Real Kashmir News". 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  33. ^ "Presidential Polls 2022: Why Congress Has Moved EC Against Droupadi Murmu For Poll Code Violation". outlookindia.com. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  34. ^ "While President-elect #DroupadiMurmu got a vote in all states, Opposition's Presidential candidate Yashwant Sinha drew a blank in Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland, & Sikkim". Twitter.com. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  35. ^ "Number Theory: Comparing Droupadi Murmu's win with her predecessors". Hindustan Times. 21 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  36. ^ ANI [@ANI] (21 July 2022). "Presidential election: State wise results - ANI" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  37. ^ "Presidential election: Droupadi Murmu vs Yashwant Sinha state wise results". News18.com. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  38. ^ 64 फीसदी वोट के साथ द्रौपदी मुर्मू की शानदार जीत, यशवंत सिन्हा को तीन राज्यों में नहीं मिला वोट. A. B. P. Live (in Hindi). 21 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  39. ^ "Congratulations to Draupadi Murmu, President-elect of the Republic of India". President of Russia. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  40. ^ "President Murmu: Joe Biden said - Draupadi Murmu is proof of the strength of Indian democracy, congratulations from all over the world". Nsbb.in. 22 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  41. ^ "President Murmu : जो बाइडन बोले- द्रौपदी मुर्मू भारतीय लोकतंत्र की मजबूती का सुबूत, दुनियाभर से मिली बधाइयां". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  42. ^ Krishnan, Ananth (25 July 2022). "Chinese President congratulates Murmu". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  43. ^ "Xi extends congratulations to new Indian president". Xinhua News Agency. 25 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  44. ^ "Xi Jinping, global leaders congratulate President Droupadi Murmu". The Economic Times. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  45. ^ "Tribals of Seemanchal celebrate Droupadi Murmu's election win". Hindustan Times. 22 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  46. ^ PTI (22 July 2022). "'Gaddi' tribals of J&K celebrate Droupadi Murmu's victory". ThePrint. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  47. ^ "Bangladesh: Minority ethnic communities celebrate election of Droupadi Murmu as India's President | DD News". ddnews.gov.in. Retrieved 30 July 2022.