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2022 Indian Presidential Election

← 2017 July 18, 2022 (2022-07-18) 2027 →
 
Presidential Candidate Smt. Droupadi Murmu.jpg
Yashwant Sinha IMF.jpg
Nominee Draupadi Murmu Yashwant Sinha
Party BJP None[1]
Alliance NDA United Opposition
Home state Odisha Bihar

Incumbent President

Ram Nath Kovind
BJP



The 2022 Indian Presidential Election will be the 16th presidential election to be held in India. Presently, Ram Nath Kovind is the incumbent President of India. Article 56(1) of the Constitution of India provides that the President of India shall remain in office for a period of five years. Consequent to the expiry of the term of President Ram Nath Kovind, an election poll to fill in the office is scheduled to be held on 18 July 2022 and counting of votes will take place on 21 July 2022.[2] On 21 June 2022, Yashwant Sinha, former AITC leader, was unanimously chosen as common candidate of UPA and other opposition parties for 2022 Presidential Election.[3] On the same day NDA chose Draupadi Murmu as its presidential candidate.[4]

Electoral system

Further information: President of India § Selection process, and Electoral College (India)

The President of India is indirectly elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of parliament, the elected members of the Legislative assemblies of the 28 states and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the union territories of Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu and Kashmir. As of 2022, the electoral college comprises 776 MPs and 4,123 MLAs.

The system assigns varying numbers of votes to these electoral college members, such that the total weight of MPs and those of MLAs is roughly equal and that the voting power of states and territories are proportional to their population. Overall the members of the electoral college were eligible to cast 1,098,903 votes, yielding a threshold for a majority of 549,452 votes.

The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the President must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders. The election is held by means of a secret ballot under the Instant-runoff voting system.[5] The manner of election of President is provided by Article 55 of the Constitution.

Article 58 of the Indian Constitution provides that the President and Vice President of India must be citizens of India, and at least 35 years old. The Presidential candidate must be qualified for elections in the same way as a member of the Lok Sabha, and must not hold any office of profit under the Indian government.[6] Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the political parties, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The general election in July is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors in turn directly elect the president and vice president.

The returning officer for the election was Anoop Mishra, the Secretary General of the Lok Sabha.

Election schedule

Under sub-section (1) of Section (4) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act 1952, the schedule for the election of the President of India has been announced by the Election Commission of India on 9 June 2022.[2]

S.No. Event Date Day
1. Issue of election commission's notification calling the election 15 June 2022 Wednesday
2. Last date for making nominations 29 June 2022 Wednesday
3. Date for the scrutiny of nominations 30 June 2022 Thursday
4. Last date for the withdrawal of candidatures 2 July 2022 Saturday
5. Date on which a poll shall, if necessary, be taken 18 July 2022 Monday
6. Date on which counting, if required, shall be taken 21 July 2022 Thursday

Electoral college

House
NDA UPA Others
Lok Sabha
333 / 540 (62%)
110 / 540 (20%)
97 / 540 (18%)
Rajya Sabha
112 / 231 (48%)
50 / 231 (22%)
69 / 231 (30%)
State legislative assemblies of India
1,762 / 4,019 (44%)
1,031 / 4,019 (26%)
1,226 / 4,019 (31%)
Total
2,207 / 4,787 (46%)
1,191 / 4,787 (25%)
1,392 / 4,787 (29%)

Party-wise votes

Alliance Parties Members of

Lok Sabha

Members of

Rajya Sabha

Members of

State Legislative Assemblies

Total
NDA 1 BJP 210700 60900 184982 456582 42.26%
2 JD(U) 11200 3500 7901 22601 2.09%
3 AIADMK 700 2800 11440 14940 1.38%
4 AD(S) 1400 0 2496 3896 0.36%
5 RLJP 3500 0 0 3500 0.32%
6 AGP 0 700 1044 1744 0.16%
7 MNF 700 700 244 1624 0.15%
8 PMK 0 700 880 1580 0.15%
9 NPF 700 700 126 1526 0.14%
10 UPPL 0 700 812 1512 0.14%
11 NPP 700 0 549 1249 0.12%
12 NISHAD 0 0 1248 1248 0.12%
13 JJP 0 0 1120 1120 0.10%
14 NDPP 700 0 378 1078 0.10%
15 AJSU 700 0 352 1052 0.10%
16 SKM 700 1400 2626 4726 0.43%
17 RPI(A)
18 TMC(M)
19 HAM
20 BPF
21 IPFT
22 PBP
23 JSS
24 RSP
25 AINRC
26 JSP
27 UDP
28 HLP
29 PDF
30 MGP
31 KPA
32 HSPDP
33 Independents 2100 700 3115 5915 0.55%
Total of NDA 233800 72800 219293 525893 48.67%
Non-NDA

Supporting NDA Candidate

34 YSRCP 15400 6300 23850 45550 4.22%
35 BJD 8400 6300 16986 31686 2.94%
36 BSP 7000 700 710 8410 0.78%
37 SAD 1400 0 348 1748 0.16%
38 JCC 0 0 387 562 0.05%
39 MNS 0 0 175
Others Backing NDA Candidate 32200 13300 42456 87956 8.15%
Total Votes for NDA Candidate 264000 86100 261749 613849 56.82%
UPA 1 INC 37100 21700 88384 147184 13.63%
2 DMK 16800 7000 22096 45896 4.25%
3 SS 13300 2100 9800 25200 2.34%
4 NCP 3500 2800 9919 16219 1.50%
5 JMM 700 700 5280 6680 2.30%
6 IUML 2100 1400 2280 5780 0.53%
7 JKNC 2100 0 0 2100 0.19%
8 VCK 700 0 704 1404 0.13%
9 MDMK 0 700 704 1404 0.13%
10 RSP 700 0 2534 3234 0.30%
11 BVA
12 MMK
13 PJP
14 KC
15 KMDK
16 TVK
17 PWPI
18 KC(J)
19 NCK
20 RMPI
21 GFP
22 Independents 0 700 3489 4189 0.39%
Total of UPA 77000 37100 145190 259290 24.02%
Non-UPA Parties

supporting IND Candidate

AITC+ 23 AITC 16100 9100 33432 58632 5.43%
24 GJM 0 0 151 151 0.01%
SP+ 25 SP 2100 2100 23438 27769 2.57%
26 RLD 0 700 1793 2493 0.23%
27 SBSP 0 0 1248 1248 0.12%
28 Independents 0 700 0 700 0.06%
Left 29 CPI(M) 2100 3500 11086 16686 1.55%
30 CPI 1400 1400 3457 6257 0.58%
31 CPI(ML) 0 0 2252 2252 0.21%
32 KC(M) 700 700 760 2160 0.2%
33 C(S) 0 0 152 1520 0.14%
34 INL 0 0 152
35 JKC 0 0 152
36 KC(B) 0 0 152
37 NSC 0 0 152
38 Independents 0 0 760
RJD 39 RJD 0 4200 13476 17676 1.64%
Oth 40 AIMIM 1400 0 2139 3539 0.33%
41 AIUDF 700 0 1740 2440 0.23%
Independent Backing Parties 24500 22400 96492 143392 13.28%
Total Votes for IND (UPA) Candidate 101500 59500 241682 402682 37.31%
Others TRS 1 TRS 6300 4900 13596 24796 2.30%
AAP+ 2 AAP 0 7000 14250 21250 1.97%
3 BTP 0 0 552 552 0.05%
Others 4 TDP 2100 700 3657 6457 0.60%
5 JD(S) 700 700 4496 5896 0.55%
6 RLP 700 0 387 1087 0.10%
7 LJP(RV) 700 700 1617 2455 0.23%
8 SDF
9 JD(L)
10 SWP
11 ISF
12 RD
13 INLD
14 ZPM
15 RGP
16 KHNAM
17 Independents 0 0 360 360 0.03%
Total of Undecided (Others) 10500 14000 38353 62853 5.82%
Total 378000 159600 541794 1079394 100%
(3 Vacant) (5 Vacant) (10 Vacant)

Electoral college partisan composition

House Total
NDA UPA Others
Lok Sabha votes
233,800 / 378,000 (62%)
77,000 / 378,000 (20%)
67,200 / 378,000 (18%)
378,000
Rajya Sabha votes
72,800 / 159,600 (46%)
37,100 / 159,600 (23%)
49,700 / 159,600 (31%)
159,600
State legislative assemblies votes
218,900 / 541,794 (40%)
145,190 / 541,794 (27%)
177,704 / 541,794 (33%)
541,794
Total votes
525,500 / 1,079,394 (49%)
259,290 / 1,079,394 (24%)
294,604 / 1,079,394 (27%)
1,079,394

Candidates

Name Born Alliance Positions held Home state Date announced Ref

Governor of Jharkhand Draupadi Murmu in December 2016.jpg

Draupadi Murmu

(1958-06-20) 20 June 1958 (age 64)
Baidaposi, Odisha
National Democratic Alliance
(BJP)
Odisha 21 June 2022 [4]
Yashwant Sinha IMF.jpg

Yashwant Sinha
(1937-11-06) 6 November 1937 (age 84)
Patna, Bihar
United Opposition
(IND)
Jharkhand 21 June 2022 [3]
A. Manithan Journalist and social worker Tamil Nadu [7][8][9]
Daya Shankar Agrawal Retired professor Delhi
Jeevan Kumar Mittal Business of facilitating identity Delhi
K. Padmarajan Doctor and businessman Tamil Nadu
Lalu Prasad Yadav Farmer and social worker Bihar
Mandati Thirupathi Reddy N/A Andhra Pradesh
Mohammad A. Hamid Patel N/A Maharashtra
Om Prakash Kharbanda Doctor and Chief of Centre for Dental Education and Research Delhi
Saira Bano Mohammad Patel Housewife Maharashtra
Shyam Nandan Prasad N/A Bihar
T. Ramesh N/A Tamil Nadu

Results

Results of the 2022 Indian presidential election[10]
Candidate Coalition Individual
votes
Electoral
College votes
%
Draupadi Murmu NDA
Yashwant Sinha United Opposition
Valid votes
Blank and invalid votes
Total 100
Registered voters / Turnout 4,809 1,086,431

See also

References

  1. ^ Yashwant Sinha is the president candidate of United Opposition (India)
  2. ^ a b "Presidential elections on July 18, counting, if needed, on July 21: Election Commission". The Indian Express. 9 June 2022. Retrieved 9 June 2022.
  3. ^ a b Livemint (21 June 2022). "Opposition fields Yashwant Sinha as Presidential candidate". mint. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  4. ^ a b Singhal, Ashok (21 June 2022). "Draupadi Murmu, tribal leader and former governor, is NDA's choice for president". India Today. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  5. ^ The Constitution of 1950 use the term Single transferable vote, which is now used for a system with multiple-member constituencies. When there is only one of the latter, the system is now called Instant-runoff voting
  6. ^ "The Constitution of India" (PDF).
  7. ^ Shrivastava, Rahul (16 June 2022). "Lalu Prasad Yadav is Presidential candidate. It's not who you think". India Today. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  8. ^ "Fresh nominations for Presidential election 2022 filed; updated list". cnbctv18.com. 17 June 2022. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Presidential polls: 11 candidates file nominations on 1st day". Zee News. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  10. ^ Presidential elections on July 18, counting, if needed, on July 21: Election Commission