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2022 Indian presidential election

← 2017 18 July 2022 (2022-07-18) 2027 →
Turnout99.12% (1.83%Increase)
 
President Droupadi Murmu official portrait higher version.jpg
Yashwant Sinha - World Economic Forum on East Asia 2008 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Droupadi Murmu Yashwant Sinha
Party BJP AITC
Alliance NDA United Opposition
Home state Odisha Bihar
Electoral vote 676,803 380,177
States carried 21 + PY 7 + NCT
Percentage 64.03% 35.97%
Swing 1.62% Decrease 1.62% Increase

2022 Indian Presidential Election.svg

President before election

Ram Nath Kovind
BJP

President after election

Droupadi Murmu
BJP

The 2022 Indian presidential election was the 16th presidential election in India which was held in 2022 to elect the president of India as the term of incumbent president Ram Nath Kovind was about to expire. The election took place on 18 July 2022 with a turnout of 99.12%.[1][2][3][4]

BJP candidate Droupadi Murmu won the election, defeating Yashwant Sinha, the candidate of the opposition, by a margin of 296,626 votes. That led Murmu to be the 15th President of India, the first tribal and second woman to do so. She is also the first President to be born after independence and is the youngest to occupy the top post.[5][6][7][8]

Electoral system

Further information: President of India § Selection process, and Electoral College (India)

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The President of India is indirectly elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of parliament, the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the 28 states and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the union territories of Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu and Kashmir. As of 2022, the electoral college comprises 776 MPs and 4,033 MLAs (excluding the 90 MLAs of currently dissolved and recently delimited Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly).[citation needed]

The election commission assigns varying numbers of votes to these electoral college members, such that the total weight of MPs and those of MLAs is roughly equal and that the voting power of states and territories is proportional to their population. Overall the members of the electoral college are eligible to cast 1,086,431 votes, yielding a threshold for a majority of 543,216 votes.[citation needed]

The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the President must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders.[citation needed] The election is held by means of a secret ballot under the Instant-runoff voting system.[9] The manner of election of the President is provided by Article 55 of the Constitution.

Article 58 of the Indian Constitution provides that the President and Vice President of India must be citizens of India, and at least 35 years old. The Presidential candidate must be qualified for elections in the same way as a member of the Lok Sabha, and must not hold any office of profit under the Indian government.[10] Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the political parties, in which case each party devises a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The general election in July is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors in turn directly elect the president and vice president.[citation needed]

By convention, the Secretary General, Lok Sabha and the Secretary General, Rajya Sabha are appointed as the Returning Officers by rotation. For the 2017 Presidential election, the Secretary General, Lok Sabha was appointed as Returning Officer. Therefore, for the 2022 Presidential election, the Secretary General, Rajya Sabha Shri P.C. Mody was appointed as the Returning Officer in Notification by ECI on 13 June 2022.[11]

Election schedule

Under sub-section (1) of Section (4) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act 1952, the schedule for the election of the President of India was announced by the Election Commission of India on 9 June 2022.[12][13]

S.No. Event Date Day
1. Issue of election commission's notification calling the election 15 June 2022 Wednesday
2. Last date for making nominations 29 June 2022
3. Date for the scrutiny of nominations 30 June 2022 Thursday
4. Last date for the withdrawal of candidatures 2 July 2022 Saturday
5. Date on which a poll shall, if necessary, be taken 18 July 2022 Monday
6. Date on which counting, if required, shall be taken 21 July 2022 Thursday

Electoral college

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Electoral college member strength

House Total
NDA UPA Others
Lok Sabha
349 / 543 (64%)
91 / 543 (17%)
103 / 543 (19%)
543
Rajya Sabha
104 / 233 (45%)
50 / 233 (21%)
74 / 233 (32%)
228
(excluding 5 vacant seats)
State Legislative Assemblies
1,806 / 4,036 (45%)
966 / 4,036 (24%)
1,253 / 4,036 (31%)
4,025
(excluding 7 vacant seats)
Total
2,259 / 4,796 (47%)
1,107 / 4,796 (23%)
1,430 / 4,796 (30%)
4,796

Electoral college vote value composition

House Total
NDA UPA Others
Lok Sabha votes
244,300 / 380,100 (64%)
63,700 / 380,100 (17%)
72,100 / 380,100 (19%)
380,100
Rajya Sabha votes
72,800 / 159,600 (46%)
35,000 / 159,600 (22%)
51,800 / 159,600 (32%)
159,600
(excluding 5 vacant seats)
State Assemblies votes
219,347 / 542,291 (40%)
145,384 / 542,291 (27%)
177,528 / 542,291 (33%)
542,291
(excluding 7 vacant seats)
Total votes
536,447 / 1,081,991 (50%)
246,184 / 1,081,991 (23%)
299,328 / 1,081,991 (28%)
1,081,991

Party-wise vote (projection)

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Alliance Parties Members of Lok Sabha Members of Rajya Sabha Members of State Legislative Assemblies Total
BJP Candidate NDA 1 BJP 212100 63700 185036 458036 42.33%
2 JD(U) 11200 3500 7901 22601 2.09%
3 AIADMK 700 2800 11440 14940 1.38%
4 AD(S) 1400 0 2496 3896 0.36%
5 RLJP 3500 0 0 3500 0.32%
6 AGP 0 700 1044 1744 0.16%
7 MNF 700 700 244 1644 0.15%
8 PMK 0 700 880 1580 0.15%
9 NPF 700 700 126 1526 0.14%
10 UPPL 0 700 812 1512 0.14%
11 NPP 700 0 549 1249 0.12%
12 NISHAD 0 0 1248 1248 0.12%
13 JJP 0 0 1120 1120 0.10%
14 NDPP 700 0 378 1078 0.10%
15 AJSU 700 0 352 1052 0.10%
16 SKM 700 0 133 833 0.47%
17 RPI(A) 0 700 0 700
18 TMC(M) 0 700 0 700
19 HAM 0 0 692 692
20 PJP 0 0 350 350
21 BPF 0 0 348 348
22 IPFT 0 0 182 182
23 PBK 0 0 176 176
24 JSS 0 0 175 175
25 RSP 0 0 175 175
26 AINRC 0 0 160 160
27 JSP 0 0 159 159
28 UDP 0 0 136 136
29 HLP 0 0 112 112
30 PDF 0 0 68 68
31 MGP 0 0 40 40
32 KPA 0 0 36 36
33 HSPDP 0 0 34 34
34 Independents 2100 700 4340 7140 0.66%
Total of NDA 528,942 48.89%
Non-NDA 35 YSRCP[14] 15400 6300 24009 45709 4.22%
36 BJD[15] 8400 6300 16986 31686 2.93%
37 BSP[16] 7000 700 710 8410 0.78%
38 SS (Shinde) 0 0 7000 7000 0.65%
39 JMM[17] 700 700 5280 6680 0.62%
40 JD(S)[18] 700 700 4496 5896 0.54%
41 SAD[19] 1400 0 348 1748 0.16%
42 BVA 0 0 525 525 0.05
43 SDF 0 700 7 707 0.07
44 LJP(RV) 700 0 0 700 0.06
45 JCC[20] 0 0 387 1153 0.11%
46 MNS 0 0 175
47 PWPI 0 0 175
48 JD(L)[21] 0 0 416
49 SS (Uddhav) 13300 2100 2800 18200 1.68%
50 SBSP[22] 0 0 1248 1248 0.12%
51 TDP 2100 700 3657 6457 0.60%
52 RLP 700 0 387 1087 0.10%
Non-NDA Backing BJP Candidate 137,206 12.69%
Total Votes for BJP Candidate 666,148 61.58%
Opposition candidate (AITC) AITC 1 AITC 16100 9100 33432 58632 5.42%
UPA 2 INC 37100 21700 88578 147378 13.62%
3 DMK 16800 7000 22096 45896 4.24%
4 NCP 3500 2800 9919 16219 1.50%
5 IUML 2100 1400 2280 5780 0.53%
6 JKNC 2100 0 0 2100 0.19%
7 VCK 700 0 704 1404 0.13%
8 MDMK 0 700 704 1404 0.13%
9 RSP 700 0 0 700 0.20%
10 MMK 0 0 352 352
11 KC 0 0 304 304
12 KMDK 0 0 176 176
13 TVK 0 0 176 176
14 KC(J) 0 0 152 152
15 NCK 0 0 152 152
16 RMPI 0 0 152 152
17 GFP 0 0 20 20
18 Independents 0 700 2264 2964 0.27%
Total of UPA + AITC 283,961 26.23%
SP+ 19 SP 2100 2100 23438 27638 2.55%
20 RLD 0 700 1793 2493 0.23%
21 Independents 0 700 0 700 0.06%
Left 22 CPI(M) 2100 3500 11086 16686 1.54%
23 CPI 1400 1400 3457 6257 0.58%
24 CPI(ML)L 0 0 2252 2252 0.21%
25 KC(M) 700 700 760 2160 0.20%
26 C(S) 0 0 152 1520 0.14%
27 INL 0 0 152
28 JKC 0 0 152
29 KC(B) 0 0 152
30 NSC 0 0 152
31 Independents 0 0 760
Others 32 TRS 6300 4900 13596 24796 2.29%
33 AAP 0 7000 14308 21308 1.97%
34 RJD 0 4200 13476 17676 1.63%
35 AIMIM 1400 0 2139 3539 0.33%
36 AIUDF 700 0 1740 2440 0.23%
37 GJM 0 0 151 151 0.01%
38 ISF 0 0 151 151 0.01%
Non-UPA Backing Opposition candidate 129,767 11.98%
Total Votes for Opposition candidate 413,728 38.29%
Others Undecided 1 BTP 0 0 552 552 0.05%
2 SAD(A) 700 0 0 700 0.11%
3 SWP 0 0 175 175
4 RD 0 0 116 116
5 INLD 0 0 112 112
6 ZPM 0 0 48 48
7 RGP 0 0 20 20
8 KHNAM 0 0 17 17
9 Independents 0 0 363 363 0.03%
Total of Undecided 2,103 0.19%
Total 380100 159600
(5 Vacant)
542291
(7 Vacant)
1081991 100%

Candidates

On 21 June 2022, Yashwant Sinha, a former AITC leader, was unanimously chosen as the common candidate of UPA and other opposition parties for the 2022 Presidential election.[23] On the same day NDA chose Droupadi Murmu as its presidential candidate.[24]

National Democratic Alliance

Main articles: Bharatiya Janata Party and National Democratic Alliance

Name Born Alliance Positions held Home state Date announced Ref

President Droupadi Murmu official portrait higher version.jpg

Droupadi Murmu

(1958-06-20) 20 June 1958 (age 64)
Baidaposi, Odisha
National Democratic Alliance
(BJP)
Odisha 21 June 2022 [24]

United Opposition (India)

Main articles: All India Trinamool Congress and United Opposition (India)

Name Born Alliance Positions held Home state Date announced Ref
Yashwant Sinha IMF.jpg

Yashwant Sinha
(1937-11-06) 6 November 1937 (age 84)
Patna, Bihar
United Opposition
(AITC)
Bihar 21 June 2022 [23]

Campaign

During her election campaign, Murmu visited various states seeking support for her candidature. Several opposition parties like BJD, JMM, BSP, SS, YSRCP, SAD, JDS among others had announced support for her candidature prior to polling.[25][26][27][28][29]

Incidents

Congress filed a complaint with the Election Commission against Droupadi Murmu and BJP leaders, alleging poll code violation in Karnataka. The Congress party alleged that the ruling BJP had influenced the MLAs by offering bribes and other inducements in violation of the election code. The MLAs were called for training on voting in the presidential election and allegedly provided luxurious rooms, meals, liquor, drinks and entertainment.[30][31]

Results

Results of the 2022 Indian presidential election[32][33]
Candidate Coalition Individual
votes
Electoral
College votes
%
Draupadi Murmu National Democratic Alliance 2,824 676,803 64.03
Yashwant Sinha United Opposition 1,877 380,177 35.97
Valid votes 4,701 1,056,980 98.89
Blank and invalid votes 53 15,397 1.11
Total 4,754 1,072,377 100
Registered voters / Turnout 4,809 1,086,431 98.86

Breakdown

This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (July 2022)
State/UT Electors Draupadi Murmu Yashwant Sinha Invalid Abstain
Members of Parliament 771 540 208 15 8
Andhra Pradesh 175 173 0 0 2
Arunachal Pradesh 60 55 4 0 1
Assam 126 104 20 0 2
Bihar 243 133 106 2 1
Chhattisgarh 90 21 69 0 0
Goa 40 28 12 0 0
Gujarat 178 121 57 0 0
Haryana 90 59 30 0 1
Himachal Pradesh 68 45 22 1 0
Jharkhand 81 70 9 1 1
Karnataka 224 150 70 4 0
Kerala 140 1 139 0 0
Madhya Pradesh 230 146 79 5 0
Maharashtra 287 181 98 4 3
Manipur 60 54 6 0 0
Meghalaya 60 47 8 1 4
Mizoram 40 29 11 0 0
Nagaland 60 59 0 0 1
Odisha 147 137 9 0 1
Punjab 117 8 101 5 3
Rajasthan 200 75 123 0 2
Sikkim 32 32 0 0 0
Tamil Nadu 234 75 158 1 0
Telangana 119 3 113 1 2
Tripura 59 41 17 0 1
Uttar Pradesh 403 287 111 3 2
Uttarakhand 70 51 15 1 3
West Bengal 293 71 216 4 2
Delhi 70 8 56 4 2
Puducherry 30 20 9 1 0
Total 4796 2824 1877 53 42
Source: [34][better source needed][35][36]

Reactions

Right after Murmu was announced as the winner, numerous congratulations and wishes were posted globally. Russian President Vladimir Putin extended his greetings to Droupadi Murmu for being elected as the President of India and hoped for further development of the Russian-Indian political dialogue and productive cooperation in different areas under her leadership.[37] President of the United States, Joe Biden, congratulated her and called her victory the 'strength of Indian democracy'.[38][39] Chinese President Xi Jinping congratulated her and said that he would be willing to work with her to enhance political mutual trust between China and India.[40][41] The Presidents of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bangladesh and other countries also congratulated her.[42]

After the election results came out, tribal communities in several states celebrated her victory.[43][44] Many minority tribal communities in Bangladesh specially the Santal community also celebrated her win.[45]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2022 Indian Presidential Elections: Press note". Election Commission of India.
  2. ^ ANI [@ani] (21 July 2022). "While President-elect #DroupadiMurmu got a vote in all states, Opposition's Presidential candidate Yashwant Sinha drew a blank in Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland, & Sikkim" (Tweet). Retrieved 23 July 2022 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ "Polling for Presidential Elections 2022 held peacefully today". Election Commission of India. 18 July 2022.
  4. ^ Mehrotra, Vani (21 July 2022). "President Election 2022 Result LIVE Updates: Droupadi Murmu wins, Yashwant loses, celebrations begins". Indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Presidential Election 2022-Declaration of Result". Election Commission of India. 28 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Draupadi Murmu is India's first tribal and youngest President ever - Oneindia News". Oneindia.com. 21 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  7. ^ Cariappa, Anuj (18 July 2022). "Presidential Election Results 2022 updates: Murmu declared winner, secures 64% of votes against Sinha's 36%". Oneindia. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  8. ^ Mathur, Swati (22 July 2022). "President of India 2022: Draupadi Murmu elected first tribal President of India, second woman to assume nation's top office". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  9. ^ The Constitution of 1950 use the term Single transferable vote, which is now used for a system with multiple-member constituencies. When there is only one of the latter, the system is now called Instant-runoff voting
  10. ^ "The Constitution of India" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 May 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Election to the Office of President of India, 2022 (16th Presidential Election)". Election Commission of India. 6 June 2022.
  13. ^ "Presidential elections on July 18, counting, if needed, on July 21: Election Commission". The Indian Express. 9 June 2022. Archived from the original on 9 June 2022. Retrieved 9 June 2022.
  14. ^ "Presidential Polls 2022: Jagan Mohan Reddy's YSRCP backs NDA candidate Draupadi Murmu". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  15. ^ Sharma, Vikash (22 June 2022). "Presidential election: Extend support to daughter of Odisha, CM Naveen appeals to MLAs". odishatv.in. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  16. ^ "BSP Chief Mayawati supports Murmu, says wasn't called to opposition meets". The Economic Times. 26 June 2022. Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  17. ^ "Presidential Elections 2022: Hemant Soren-led JMM likely to support NDA candidate Draupadi Murmu, say sources". TimesNow. 22 June 2022. Archived from the original on 22 June 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  18. ^ "Draupadi Murmu is "suitable and competent" candidate for President: Deve Gowda". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  19. ^ "Presidential Election 2022: BJP's former ally SAD to back Draupadi Murmu". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  20. ^ "Jcc Backs Murmu For Prez, Says It's A Moment Of Pride For Tribals | Raipur News - Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. 24 June 2022. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  21. ^ "Presidential Elections 2022: Raja Bhaiya's party extends its support to Droupadi y". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  22. ^ "Will take call on supporting Draupadi Murmu in four days, says SP ally Om Prakash Rajbhar". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  23. ^ a b "Opposition fields Yashwant Sinha as Presidential candidate". mint. 21 June 2022. Archived from the original on 22 June 2022. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  24. ^ a b Singhal, Ashok (21 June 2022). "Draupadi Murmu, tribal leader and former governor, is NDA's choice for president". India Today. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  25. ^ "Droupadi Murmu to visit Karnataka today, seek support for presidential polls". Hindustan Times. 10 July 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  26. ^ "Murmu to visit Kolkata today to seek support". The Indian Express. 9 July 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  27. ^ Bandari, Pavan Kumar. "YS Jagan declares YSRCP support to Draupadi Murmu, says social justice be prevailed". The Hans India. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  28. ^ "Droupadi Murmu gets warm welcome in Bengaluru by CM, meets Deve Gowda". Hindustan Times. 11 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  29. ^ "Sad Backs Murmu In Prez Polls". The Times of India. 2 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  30. ^ "Presidential election: Congress files complaint with EC against Droupadi Murmu, BJP leaders, alleging poll code violation - The Real Kashmir News". 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  31. ^ "Presidential Polls 2022: Why Congress Has Moved EC Against Droupadi Murmu For Poll Code Violation". outlookindia.com. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  32. ^ "While President-elect #DroupadiMurmu got a vote in all states, Opposition's Presidential candidate Yashwant Sinha drew a blank in Andhra Pradesh, Nagaland, & Sikkim". Twitter.com. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  33. ^ "Number Theory: Comparing Droupadi Murmu's win with her predecessors". Hindustan Times. 21 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  34. ^ ANI [@ANI] (21 July 2022). "Presidential election: State wise results - ANI" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  35. ^ "Presidential election: Droupadi Murmu vs Yashwant Sinha state wise results". News18.com. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  36. ^ 64 फीसदी वोट के साथ द्रौपदी मुर्मू की शानदार जीत, यशवंत सिन्हा को तीन राज्यों में नहीं मिला वोट. A. B. P. Live (in Hindi). 21 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  37. ^ "Congratulations to Draupadi Murmu, President-elect of the Republic of India". President of Russia. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  38. ^ "President Murmu: Joe Biden said - Draupadi Murmu is proof of the strength of Indian democracy, congratulations from all over the world". Nsbb.in. 22 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  39. ^ "President Murmu : जो बाइडन बोले- द्रौपदी मुर्मू भारतीय लोकतंत्र की मजबूती का सुबूत, दुनियाभर से मिली बधाइयां". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  40. ^ Krishnan, Ananth (25 July 2022). "Chinese President congratulates Murmu". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  41. ^ "Xi extends congratulations to new Indian president". Xinhua News Agency. 25 July 2022. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  42. ^ "Xi Jinping, global leaders congratulate President Droupadi Murmu". The Economic Times. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  43. ^ "Tribals of Seemanchal celebrate Droupadi Murmu's election win". Hindustan Times. 22 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  44. ^ PTI (22 July 2022). "'Gaddi' tribals of J&K celebrate Droupadi Murmu's victory". ThePrint. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  45. ^ "Bangladesh: Minority ethnic communities celebrate election of Droupadi Murmu as India's President | DD News". ddnews.gov.in. Retrieved 30 July 2022.