Delhi Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded1993
Preceded byDelhi Metropolitan Council
Leadership
Ram Niwas Goel, AAP
since 14 February 2015
Deputy Speaker
Rakhi Birla, AAP
since 10 June 2016
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Arvind Kejriwal, AAP
since 14 February 2015
Deputy Leader of the House
(Deputy Chief Minister)
Manish Sisodia, AAP
since 14 February 2015
Leader of the Opposition
Ramvir Singh Bidhuri, BJP
since 24 February 2020
Structure
Seats70
Delhi Assembly 2022
Political groups
Government (62)
  •   AAP (62)

Opposition (8)

Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
8 February 2020
Next election
February 2025
Meeting place
Delhi Vidhan Sabha.jpg
Old Secretariat, Delhi, India
Website
Legislative Assembly of Delhi

The Delhi Legislative Assembly, also known as the Delhi Vidhan Sabha, is a unicameral legislature of the union territory of Delhi in India. At present, it consists of 70 members, directly elected from 70 constituencies. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years unless dissolved sooner.

The seat of assembly is the Old Secretariat building, which is also the seat of the Government of Delhi.

History

The Delhi Legislative Assembly was first constituted on 7 March 1952 under the Government of Part C States Act, 1951; it was inaugurated by Home Minister K. N. Katju. The Assembly had 48 members, and a Council of Ministers in an advisory role to the Chief Commissioner of Delhi, though it also had powers to make laws. The first Council of Ministers was led by Chaudhary Brahm Prakash, who became the first Chief Minister of Delhi.[1][2]

However, the States Reorganisation Commission, set up in 1953, led to the Constitutional amendment through States Reorganisation Act, 1956, which came into effect on 1 November 1956. This meant that Delhi was no longer a Part-C State and was made a Union Territory under the direct administration of the President of India. Also the Delhi Legislative Assembly and the Council of Ministers were abolished simultaneously. Subsequently, the Delhi Municipal Corporation Act, 1957 was enacted which led to the formation the Municipal Corporation.[1]

In September 1966, with "The Delhi Administration Act, 1966", the assembly was replaced by the Delhi Metropolitan Council with 56 elected and five nominated members with the Lt. Governor of Delhi as its head. The Council however had no legislative powers, only an advisory role in the governance of Delhi. This set up functioned until 1990.[1][3]

This Council was finally replaced by the Delhi Legislative Assembly through the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991, followed by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Constitution of India, which declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi and also supplements the constitutional provisions relating to the Legislative Assembly and the Council of Ministers and related matters.[4] The Legislative Assembly is selected for period of five years, and presently it is the seventh assembly, which was selected through the 2020 Legislative Assembly election.

List of assemblies

Assembly Election year Speaker Chief Minister Party Opposition Leader Party
Interim Assembly 1952 N/A Brahm Prakash Indian National Congress N/A Bharatiya Jana Sangh
Gurmukh Nihal Singh
State Reorganization
1st Assembly 1993 Charti Lal Goel Madan Lal Khurana Bharatiya Janata Party N/A Indian National Congress
Sahib Singh Verma
Sushma Swaraj
2nd Assembly 1998 Chaudhary Prem Singh Sheila Dikshit Indian National Congress Madan Lal Khurana Bharatiya Janata Party
3rd Assembly 2003 Ajay Maken
Chaudhary Prem Singh
Vijay Kumar Malhotra
4th Assembly 2008 Yoganand Shastri
5th Assembly 2013 Maninder Singh Dhir Arvind Kejriwal Aam Aadmi Party Harsh Vardhan
6th Assembly 2015 Ram Niwas Goel Vacant
(no opposition with at least 10% seats)
7th Assembly 2020 Ramvir Singh Bidhuri Bharatiya Janata Party

Members of Legislative Assembly

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
North Delhi District
1 Narela Sharad Chauhan Aam Aadmi Party
Central Delhi District
2 Burari Sanjeev Jha Aam Aadmi Party
3 Timarpur Dilip Pandey Aam Aadmi Party
North Delhi District
4 Adarsh Nagar Pawan Kumar Sharma Aam Aadmi Party
5 Badli Ajesh Yadav Aam Aadmi Party
North West Delhi District
6 Rithala Mohinder Goyal Aam Aadmi Party
North Delhi District
7 Bawana (SC) Jai Bhagwan Aam Aadmi Party
North West Delhi District
8 Mundka Dharampal Lakra Aam Aadmi Party
9 Kirari Rituraj Govind Aam Aadmi Party
10 Sultan Pur Majra (SC) Mukesh Kumar Ahlawat Aam Aadmi Party
West Delhi District
11 Nangloi Jat Raghuvinder Shokeen Aam Aadmi Party
North West Delhi District
12 Mangol Puri (SC) Rakhi Bidlan Aam Aadmi Party
North Delhi District
13 Rohini Vijender Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
North West Delhi District
14 Shalimar Bagh Bandana Kumari Aam Aadmi Party
North Delhi District
15 Shakur Basti Satyendra Kumar Jain Aam Aadmi Party
North West Delhi District
16 Tri Nagar Preeti Tomar Aam Aadmi Party
North Delhi District
17 Wazirpur Rajesh Gupta Aam Aadmi Party
18 Model Town Akhilesh Pati Tripathi Aam Aadmi Party
Central Delhi District
19 Sadar Bazar Som Dutt Aam Aadmi Party
20 Chandni Chowk Parlad Singh Sawhney Aam Aadmi Party
21 Matia Mahal Shoaib Iqbal Aam Aadmi Party
22 Ballimaran Imran Hussain Aam Aadmi Party
23 Karol Bagh (SC) Vishesh Ravi Aam Aadmi Party
New Delhi District
24 Patel Nagar (SC) Raaj Kumar Anand Aam Aadmi Party
West Delhi District
25 Moti Nagar Shiv Charan Goel Aam Aadmi Party
26 Madipur (SC) Girish Soni Aam Aadmi Party
27 Rajouri Garden Dhanwati Chandela Aam Aadmi Party
28 Hari Nagar Raj Kumari Dhillon Aam Aadmi Party
29 Tilak Nagar Jarnail Singh Aam Aadmi Party
30 Janakpuri Rajesh Rishi Aam Aadmi Party
South West Delhi District
31 Vikaspuri Mahinder Yadav Aam Aadmi Party
32 Uttam Nagar Naresh Balyan Aam Aadmi Party
33 Dwarka Vinay Mishra Aam Aadmi Party
34 Matiala Gulab Singh Aam Aadmi Party
35 Najafgarh Kailash Gahlot Aam Aadmi Party
36 Bijwasan Bhupinder Singh Joon Aam Aadmi Party
37 Palam Bhavna Gaur Aam Aadmi Party
New Delhi District
38 Delhi Cantonment Virender Singh Kadian Aam Aadmi Party
39 Rajinder Nagar Durgesh Pathak Aam Aadmi Party Won in 2022 bypoll necessitated after resignation by Raghav Chadha
40 New Delhi Arvind Kejriwal Aam Aadmi Party
South East Delhi District
41 Jangpura Praveen Kumar Aam Aadmi Party
42 Kasturba Nagar Madan Lal Aam Aadmi Party
South Delhi District
43 Malviya Nagar Somnath Bharti Aam Aadmi Party
New Delhi District
44 R K Puram Pramila Tokas Aam Aadmi Party
South Delhi District
45 Mehrauli Naresh Yadav Aam Aadmi Party
46 Chhatarpur Kartar Singh Tanwar Aam Aadmi Party
47 Deoli (SC) Prakash Jarwal Aam Aadmi Party
48 Ambedkar Nagar (SC) Ajay Dutt Aam Aadmi Party
South East Delhi District
49 Sangam Vihar Dinesh Mohaniya Aam Aadmi Party
New Delhi District
50 Greater Kailash Saurabh Bharadwaj Aam Aadmi Party
South East Delhi District
51 Kalkaji Atishi Aam Aadmi Party
52 Tughlakabad Sahi Ram Aam Aadmi Party
53 Badarpur Ramvir Singh Bidhuri Bharatiya Janata Party
54 Okhla Amanatullah Khan Aam Aadmi Party
East Delhi District
55 Trilokpuri (SC) Rohit Kumar Mehraulia Aam Aadmi Party
56 Kondli (SC) Kuldeep Kumar Aam Aadmi Party
57 Patparganj Manish Sisodia Aam Aadmi Party
58 Laxmi Nagar Abhay Verma Bharatiya Janata Party
Shahdara District
59 Vishwas Nagar Om Prakash Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
East Delhi District
60 Krishna Nagar S.K Bagga Aam Aadmi Party
61 Gandhi Nagar Anil Kumar Bajpai Bharatiya Janata Party
Shahdara District
62 Shahdara Ram Niwas Goel Aam Aadmi Party
63 Seemapuri (SC) Rajendra Pal Gautam Aam Aadmi Party
64 Rohtas Nagar Jitender Mahajan Bharatiya Janata Party
North East Delhi District
65 Seelampur Abdul Rehman Aam Aadmi Party
66 Ghonda Ajay Mahawar Bharatiya Janata Party
Shahdara District
67 Babarpur Gopal Rai Aam Aadmi Party
North East Delhi District
68 Gokalpur (SC) Surendra Kumar Aam Aadmi Party
69 Mustafabad Haji Yunus Aam Aadmi Party
70 Karawal Nagar Mohan Singh Bisht Bharatiya Janata Party

Office bearers

Office Holder Since
Lt. Governor Vinai Kumar Saxena 26 May 2022
Speaker Ram Niwas Goel 14 February 2015
Deputy Speaker Rakhi Birla 10 June 2016
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Arvind Kejriwal 14 February 2015
Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia 14 February 2015
Leader of Opposition Ramvir Singh Bidhuri 24 February 2020

Assembly building

The building was originally built in 1912, designed by E. Montague Thomas to hold the Imperial Legislative Council and subsequently the Central Legislative Assembly (after 1919), until the newly constructed Parliament House of India in New Delhi (Sansad Bhawan) was inaugurated on 18 January 1927.[1]

The building also housed the Secretariat of the Government of India, and was built after the capital of India shifted to Delhi from Calcutta. The temporary secretariat building was constructed in a few months' time in 1912. It functioned as the Secretariat for another decade, before the offices shifted to the present Secretariat Building on Raisina Hill.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "History of Delhi Legislative Assembly". Legislative Assembly of Delhi website.
  2. ^ "Brahm Prakash: Delhi's first CM, ace parliamentarian". Hindustan Times. 27 September 2013. Archived from the original on 1 March 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Delhi Metropolitan Council(1966–1990)". Delhi Legislative Assembly. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  4. ^ THE CONSTITUTION (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991
  5. ^ "Architectural marvels for the new capital". Hindustan Times. 20 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2 November 2014.