Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi
Seat of GovernmentNew Delhi
Websitewww.delhi.gov.in
Legislative branch
Assembly
SpeakerRam Niwas Goel
Deputy SpeakerRakhi Birla
Members in Assembly70
Executive branch
Lieutenant GovernorVinai Kumar Saxena
Chief MinisterArvind Kejriwal
Deputy Chief MinisterVacant
Chief SecretaryNaresh Kumar, IAS[1]
Judiciary
High CourtDelhi High Court
Chief JusticeManmohan (acting)

The Government of Delhi, officially the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) is the governing body of the Union Territory of Delhi, whose urban area is the seat of the Government of India. It also governs the city or local governments in the area as per the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act.[2][3][4]

Union Territories are governed by the Union Government. There are a few exceptions, such as Delhi and Puducherry which also have their own elected governments with some limitations.[5]

In May 2023, a Supreme Court verdict ruled that the Government of Delhi has power over all administrative services, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), except police, land and public order, and the Lieutenant Governor shall exercise power under the administrative role.[6]

Just a few days after the Supreme Court's judgement, the Central Government issued an ordinance to establish the 'National Capital Civil Services Authority' in Delhi. This ordinance designates the Delhi Chief Minister as the head of the authority, with the Chief Secretary and Home Secretary of the Delhi government serving as members. The primary role of this authority is to oversee the transfer and posting of Group 'A' officers and DANICS officers currently employed in the Delhi government.[7][8]

Local governments

The local or city government is headed by the mayor. The Municipal Corporation of Delhi handled civic administration for the city, and had one mayor.[9]

The Municipal Corporation of Delhi was trifurcated into three bodies, the North Delhi Municipal Corporation, the South Delhi Municipal Corporation and the East Delhi Municipal Corporation in 2012.[10][9] But then, they were reunified on 22 May 2022.

The Delhi Cantonment Board is also a municipality that has jurisdiction in the city, since cantonment boards are municipalities as per the Cantonment Board Act 2006 and are under control of the Ministry of Defence.[11]

Government of NCT of Delhi

The Chief Minister and lieutenant Governor are the heads of the Government. The government consists of the legislative wing, i.e. the present Legislative Assembly of Delhi, which is unicameral, consisting of 70 members of the legislative assembly.

History

The Legislative Assembly of Delhi was first constituted on 17 March 1952 under the Government of Part C States Act, 1951, but it was abolished on 1 October 1956. Its legislative assembly was re-established in the year of 1993, after the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 came into force, followed by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 2021 the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Constitution of India, declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.[12]

The first chief minister of Delhi was Ch. Braham Prakash (INC) and the first woman CM was Sushma Swaraj of BJP. Sheila Dikshit (INC) has been the chief minister for the maximum times (three) and oversaw immense development of the city during her tenure. Guru Radha Kishan (CPI) had the rare distinction of representing his constituency in the Municipal Corporation of Delhi for most years continuously by an individual and Ch. Prem Singh (INC) has won the maximum elections for different civic bodies in Delhi.

Ministers

This section is transcluded from Third Kejriwal ministry#Council of Ministers. (edit | history)

By ministry

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party Ref
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Deputy Chief Minister
  • Finance
  • Public Works
  • Education
  • Tourism
  • Planning
  • Land & Building
  • Vigilance
  • Services
  • Art
  • Culture
  • Language
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)28 February 2023 (2023-02-28) AAP
  • Finance
  • Public Works
  • Education
  • Tourism
  • Planning
  • Land & Building
  • Vigilance
  • Services
  • Art
  • Culture
  • Language
9 March 2023 (2023-03-09)Incumbent AAP
  • Home
  • Health
  • Power
  • Water
  • Industries
  • Urban development
  • Irrigation
  • Flood Control
  • Labour
  • Employment
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)28 February 2023 (2023-02-28) AAP
9 March 2023 (2023-03-09)Incumbent AAP
  • Development
  • General Administration
  • Environment
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Transport
  • Revenue
  • Law & Justice
  • Legislative Affairs
  • Information & Technology
  • Administrative Reforms
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Social welfare
  • SC & ST
  • Cooperative
  • Gurudwara Elections
  • Women & Child
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)19 October 2022 (2022-10-19) AAP[13][14]
19 October 2022 (2022-10-19)Incumbent AAP[15]
  • Food & supply
  • Forest
  • Elections
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP

By year

Cabinet between February 2020 - October 2022
Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party Ref
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Finance
  • Education
  • Tourism
  • Planning
  • Land & Building
  • Vigilance
  • Services
  • Art
  • Culture
  • Language
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Home
  • Health
  • Public Works Department
  • Power
  • Water
  • Industries
  • Urban development
  • Irrigation
  • Flood Control
  • Labour
  • Employment
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Development
  • General Administration
  • Environment
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Transport
  • Revenue
  • Law & Justice
  • Legislative Affairs
  • Information & Technology
  • Administrative Reforms
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP
  • Social welfare
  • SC & ST
  • Cooperative
  • Gurudwara Elections
  • Women & Child
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)9 October 2022 (2022-10-09) AAP[13]
  • Food & supply
  • Forest
  • Elections
16 February 2020 (2020-02-16)Incumbent AAP

Central Government

The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is appointed by the President of India,[17] as agent of President and head of state like governor, on the advice of the Central government. This state government is called the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Government of NCT of Delhi or simply Government of Delhi). It consists of an executive, led by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, a judiciary and a legislature.

Centre versus State

The Supreme Court of India in Government of NCT of Delhi v. Union of India ruled that according to the Article 239AA of the Indian constitution, that although the government had to keep him/her informed of its decisions, Delhi's lieutenant governor did not have any independent decision-making powers and had to follow the "aid and advice" of the chief minister-led council of ministers of the Government of Delhi on matters which the Delhi Legislative Assembly could legislate on, viz., all items on the State List (items on which only state legislatures can legislate) and the Concurrent List (items on which both the Parliament of India and the state legislatures can legislate) barring 'police, 'public order' and 'land'.[18][19][20][21][22][23] The court added that on matters referred to him/her, the LG was bound to follow the orders of the president.[20]

Judiciary

The Delhi High Court has jurisdiction over Delhi, which also has two types of lower courts: the Small Causes Court for civil cases, and the Sessions Court for criminal cases. Like other Union territories, the Delhi Police reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India and not the government of NCT of Delhi. Headed by the Police Commissioner, it is one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world.[24] The headquarters of Delhi Police are located Jai Singh Marg, Connaught Place, New Delhi.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Naresh Kumar, 1987-batch IAS officer, to be Delhi's new chief secretary". 19 April 2022.
  2. ^ Idiculla, Mathew (14 June 2018). "The missing tiers". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  3. ^ "The Constitution (Seventy-fourth Amendment) Act, 1993| National Portal of India". www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Delhi assembly note on 69 amendment of act 1991 with new article 239 AA and 239 AB". delhi assembly. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  5. ^ "What is the difference between a state and a union territory?". India Today. 5 August 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  6. ^ Staff, The Wire (11 May 2023). "Delhi Govt Has Legislative Powers Over Services Except Police, Public Order, Land: SC". The Wire. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  7. ^ "Centre creates National Capital Civil Service Authority for transfer, posting of Group A officers in Delhi". government.economictimes.indiatimes.com. 20 May 2023.
  8. ^ "Delhi Govt vs Centre | Central Government Issues Ordinance Providing LG Powers Over "Services" In GNCTD". livelaw.in. 20 May 2023.
  9. ^ a b "Baffling situation of one city, three mayors". Hindustan Times. 19 April 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Department of Law, Justice & Legislative Affairs". 24 March 2017. Archived from the original on 24 March 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  11. ^ "The Cantonments Act, 2006" (PDF). 31 May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  12. ^ The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991
  13. ^ a b c "Delhi minister Rajendra Pal Gautam resigns after row over oath at Buddhism event". Hindustan Times. 9 October 2022. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  14. ^ "President accepts former Delhi minister Rajendra Pal Gautam's resignation". Indian Express. 19 October 2022. Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  15. ^ "Raaj Kumar Anand to replace Rajendra Pal Gautam in Arvind Kejriwal's Delhi Cabinet". India Today. 19 October 2022. Retrieved 28 October 2022.
  16. ^ Bureau, The Hindu (9 October 2022). "Delhi Minister Rajendra Pal Gautam resigns after controversy over religious conversion event". The Hindu. Retrieved 9 October 2022.
  17. ^ "The Constitution of India" (PDF).
  18. ^ Roy, Shreyashi (4 July 2018). "Can Statehood for Delhi Solve the LG vs AAP Power Tussle?". The Quint. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  19. ^ Rajagopal, Krishnadas; Singh, Soibam Rocky (4 July 2018). "Lieutenant Governor bound by 'aid and advice' of elected Delhi govt., rules Supreme Court". The Hindu. New Delhi: N. Ram. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  20. ^ a b Mustafa, Faizan (5 July 2018). "Delhi power tussle: Between the Supreme Court's lines". The Indian Express. New Delhi: Indian Express Group. OCLC 70274541. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Supreme Court to Delhi LG: Don't play decision-maker or obstructionist". The Telegraph. TT Bureau. Agencies. 4 July 2018. OCLC 271717941. Retrieved 24 September 2018.((cite web)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  22. ^ Prakash, Satya (4 July 2018). "SC verdict on power tussle in Delhi explained". The Tribune. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  23. ^ "Supreme Court verdict on AAP government vs Delhi LG: Key points". The Times of India. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 4 July 2018. OCLC 23379369. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  24. ^ "History of Delhi Police". Delhi Police Headquarters, New Delhi, India. Archived from the original on 7 December 2006.