Government of Uttar Pradesh
Seal of Uttar Pradesh.svg
Seat of GovernmentLucknow
Websiteup.gov.in
Legislative branch
Assembly
SpeakerSatish Mahana
Members in Assembly403
CouncilUttar Pradesh Legislative Council
ChairmanKunwar Manvendra Singh (BJP)
Members in Council100
Executive branch
GovernorAnandiben Patel[1]
Chief MinisterYogi Adityanath (BJP)
Deputy Chief MinisterKeshav Prasad Maurya,(BJP)
Brajesh Pathak (BJP)
Chief SecretaryDurga Shanker Mishra, IAS
Judiciary
High CourtAllahabad High Court
Chief JusticeJustice Rajesh Bindal

The Government of Uttar Pradesh (ISO: Uttar Pradesh Sarkār; often abbreviated as GoUP) is the subnational government of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh with the governor as its appointed constitutional head of the state by the President of India.[2] The Governor of Uttar Pradesh is appointed for a period of five years and appoints the chief minister and his or her council of ministers, who are vested with the executive powers of the state. The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the chief minister and his or her council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. The state of Uttar Pradesh's influence on Indian politics is important, and often paramount and/or a bellwether, as it sends the most members of parliament to both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, the state's population being more than 200 million; approximately double that of the next-most populous state.

Legislature

Main articles: Uttar Pradesh Legislature (Vidhan Bhawan), Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, and Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council

The state is governed by a parliamentary system of representative democracy. Uttar Pradesh is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses: the Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) and the Vidhan Parishad (legislative council).[3][4] The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly consists of 404 members who are elected for five-year terms. The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council is a permanent body of 100 members with one-third (33 members) retiring every two years. Since Uttar Pradesh sends the most legislators to the national Parliament, it is often considered to be one of the most important states with respect to Indian politics.[5] The state contributes 80 seats to the lower house of the Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha and 31 seats to the upper house, the Rajya Sabha.[6][7][8][9]

Executive

The government is headed by the governor who appoints the chief minister and his or her council of ministers. The governor is appointed for a period of five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. The governor remains the ceremonial head of the state with the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his or her council of ministers in whom a great deal of legislative powers is vested.

The council of ministers consists of cabinet ministers and ministers of state. The Secretariat headed by the chief secretary assists the council of ministers.[10][11] The chief secretary is also the administrative head of the government.[10][11]

Each government department is headed by a Minister, who is assisted by an additional chief secretary or a principal secretary, who usually is an officer of Indian Administrative Service, the additional chief secretary or principal secretary serves as the administrative head of the department they are assigned to.[10][11] Each department also has officers of the rank of secretary, special secretary, joint secretary etc. assisting the minister and the additional chief secretary or principal secretary.[10][11]

Council of ministers

[12][13][14][15][16][17]

Council of ministers of the Government of Uttar Pradesh[12][13][14][15][17]
S.No. Name of Minister Rank Portfolio
Cabinet ministers[12][13]
1. Yogi Adityanath Chief minister Chief Minister, Home Department
2. Keshav Prasad Maurya Deputy chief minister Rural Development Department
3. Brajesh Pathak Health Department
4. Suresh Khanna Cabinet minister Finance Department
5. Surya Pratap Shahi Agriculture Department
6. Swatantra Dev Singh Water Resource Department
7. Baby Rani Maurya Women and Child Development Department
8. Chaudhary Laxmi Narayan Singh Sugarcane Development and Sugar Industry
9. Jaivir Singh Tourism and Culture Department
10. Dharmpal Singh Animal Husbandry and Dairying Department
11. Nand Gopal Gupta Industrial Development Department
12. Bhupendra Singh Chaudhary Panchayati Raj
13. Anil Rajbhar Labour Department
14. Jitin Prasada PWD Department
15. Rakesh Sachan Micro Small and Medium Enterprises,

Khadi and Villages Industries, Sericulture Industries, Handloom and Textile

16. Arvind Kumar Sharma Nagar Vikas and Power
17. Yogendra Upadhyaya Science and Electronics Department
18. Ashish Singh Patel Tech Education Department
19. Sanjay Nishad Fisheries Department
Ministers of State (Independent charge)
20. Nitin Agrawal State Ministers with Independent Charge Excise & Prohibition
21. Kapil Dev Aggarwal Professional Education & Skill Development
22. Ravindra Jaiswal Stamp and Court Fee, Registration
23. Sandeep Singh Lodhi Basic Education
24. Gulabo Devi Secondary Education
25. Girish Chandra Yadav Sports, Youth Welfare
26, Dharmveer Prajapati Jail, Home Guard
27. Asim Arun N/A
28. Jayant Pratap Singh Rathore N/A
29. Daya Shankar Singh Transport
30. Dinesh Pratap Singh N/A
31. Narendra Kashyap N/A
32. Arun Kumar Saxena N/A
33. Daya Shankar Mishra Dayalu Ayush Ministry
Ministers of state
34. Mayankeshwar Sharan Singh State Ministers Ministry of Parliamentary affairs
35. Dinesh Khatik N/A
36. Sanjiv Kumar Gond N/A
37. Baldev Singh Aulakh Agriculture and Agriculture Education
38. Ajit Singh Pal N/A
39. Jaswant Saini N/A
40. Ramkesh Nishad N/A
41. Manohar Lal Mannu Kori N/A
42. Sanjay Singh Gangwar N/A
43. Brijesh Singh N/A
44. Krishan Pal Malik N/A
45. Suresh Rahi N/A
46. Anoop Pradhan N/A
47. Pratibha Shukla N/A
48. Rakesh Rathore N/A
49. Somendra Tomar N/A
50. Rajani Tiwari N/A
51. Satish Sharma N/A
52. Danish Azad Ansari Minorities Welfare, Waqf and Haj
53. Vijay Laxmi Gautam N/A

Judiciary

See also: Allahabad High Court

The judiciary in the state consists of the Allahabad High Court in Allahabad, the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court, district courts and session courts in each district or Sessions Division, and lower courts at the tehsil level.[10][18] The President of India appoints the chief justice of the High Court of the Uttar Pradesh judiciary on the advice of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India as well as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh.[10][19] Other judges are appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Chief Justice of the High Court.[10][18] Subordinate Judicial Service, categorized into two divisions viz. Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services and Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service is another vital part of the judiciary of Uttar Pradesh.[10][19] While the Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services comprise the Civil Judges (Junior Division)/Judicial Magistrates and civil judges (Senior Division)/Chief Judicial Magistrate, the Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service comprises civil and sessions judges.[10] The Subordinate Judicial Service (viz. The district court of Etawah and the district court of Kanpur Dehat) of the judiciary at Uttar Pradesh is controlled by the District Judge.[10][19][20]

Administration

See also: Divisions of Uttar Pradesh and Districts of Uttar Pradesh

Divisional administration

The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh is made up of 75 administrative districts, that are grouped into 18 divisions. Each division consists of 3-7 districts. A divisional commissioner, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is responsible for heading the administration of a division, the Divisional minister is also responsible for the collection of revenue and maintenance of law and order in his or her division.[21][22][23][24]

There are also eight police zones and eighteen police ranges in the state. Each zone consists of 2-3 ranges and is headed by an additional director general-ranked officer of the Indian Police Service (IPS). Whereas a range consists of three to four districts and is headed by an inspector general-ranked or a deputy inspector general-ranked IPS officer.

District administration

A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a district magistrate and collector (DM), an IAS officer. The district magistrate is responsible for coordinating the work between various departments in the district, is responsible for law and order in the district and is also given the power of an executive magistrate. The DM is assisted by a number of officers belonging to the Provincial Civil Service and other state services.[21][25][26][27]

A senior superintendent of police or superintendent of police, a gazetted officer (PPS or IPS in case of SP and IPS in case of SSP) of Uttar Pradesh Cadre, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. He or she is assisted by other junior to SSP/SP rank IPS and PPS gazetted officers in addition to Uttar Pradesh Police non-gazetted officials.[citation needed]

A divisional forest officer, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, in the rank of deputy conservator of forests, is responsible for managing the forests, the environment, and wildlife-related issues of the district with the assistance of the Uttar Pradesh Forest Service.[citation needed]

Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as public works, health, education, agriculture, animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the various state services. These officers have to report to the DM of the district.[citation needed]

Politics

The politics of Uttar Pradesh is dominated by the Bharatiya Janata Party, Samajwadi Party, Indian National Congress and the Bahujan Samaj Party. The Bharatiya Janata Party occupies the current government headed by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Governor of Uttar Pradesh". uplegisassembly.gov.in. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Role of The Governor". upgovernor.gov.in. Raj Bhavan Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 7 April 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Parishad structure". Legislative Bodies of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha structure". Legislative Bodies of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 17 April 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  5. ^ Four other states seen as barometer of support for federal government. "Legislative elections in Uttar Pradesh". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Statewise List". 164.100.47.5. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Rajya Sabha". Rajya Sabha. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  8. ^ Verinder Grover. Legislative Council in State Legislatures. Deep & Deep Publications. pp. 37–255. ISBN 978-81-7100-193-4. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Composition of Rajya Sabha" (PDF). Rajya Sabha. New Delhi: Rajya Sabha Secretariat. pp. 24–25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "CONSTITUTIONAL SETUP". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw-Hill Education. pp. 4.1–4.5. ISBN 978-9339204785.
  12. ^ a b c "कैबिनेट मंत्री" [Cabinet Ministers]. Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  13. ^ a b c "Cabinet Ministers". Uttar Pradesh CMO. Uttar Pradesh Government. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  14. ^ a b "राज्य मंत्री (स्वतंत्र प्रभार)" [State Ministers (Independent Charge)]. Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Ministers Of State (Independent Charge)". Uttar Pradesh CMO. Uttar Pradesh Government. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  16. ^ "राज्य मंत्री" [State Ministers]. Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  17. ^ a b "State Ministers". Uttar Pradesh CMO. Uttar Pradesh Government. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  18. ^ a b "Uttar Pradesh judiciary". Maps of India. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  19. ^ a b c Gopal K. Bhargava; Shankarlal C. Bhatt (2005). Land and people of Indian states and union territories. 28. Uttar Pradesh. Delhi: Gyan Books Pvt Ltd. pp. 31–33. ISBN 978-81-7835-384-5. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  20. ^ "Subordinate Civil Judiciary in Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Allahabad High Court. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  21. ^ a b "Constitutional Setup". Government of Uttar Pradesh. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  22. ^ Maheshwari, S.R. (2000). Indian Administration (6th Edition). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Ltd. pp. 563–572. ISBN 9788125019886.
  23. ^ Singh, G.P. (1993). Revenue administration in India: A case study of Bihar. Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 26–129. ISBN 978-8170993810.
  24. ^ Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw Hill Education. pp. 5.1–5.2. ISBN 978-9339204785.
  25. ^ Maheshwari, S.R. (2000). Indian Administration (6th Edition). New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Private Ltd. pp. 573–597. ISBN 9788125019886.
  26. ^ Laxmikanth, M. (2014). Governance in India (2nd Edition). Noida: McGraw Hill Education. pp. 6.1–6.6. ISBN 978-9339204785.
  27. ^ Singh, G.P. (1993). Revenue administration in India: A case study of Bihar. Delhi: Mittal Publications. pp. 50–124. ISBN 978-8170993810.

Bibliography